The Economic Impact of International Tourism to Overcome the


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Home / Archives / Vol 8 No 2 (2017): JEMT Volume VIII Issue 2(18) Spring 2017 / Article


Pancasila University, Indonesia Devi Roza Krisnandhi KAUSAR

Pancasila University, Indonesia

The tourism sector has an important role in the Indonesia economy for the income resources, to create a job and to decrease the poverty. The research objective is to evaluate the factors impact of tourism Indonesia economy and give the government policy to overcome unemployment and poverty. He statements of problem in this research is to answer the current problem in Indonesia to decrease the number of unemployment and poverty through in increasing the tourist sector. Using the econometric model, the relationship among of the variables will have impact to other variable as unemployment, poverty when is given shock to any variable in tourist sector. The result research (1) the increasing consumption price index 10% will increase inbound tourist of Singapore, Australia is followed the expenditure and other impact increasing the poverty and unemployment, cost of hajj. (2) the increasing of the exchange rate 10 % will increase inbound tourist of Malaysia, Japan but decrease from Singapore and Australia and other impact increasing of cost of hajj. (3) the decreasing of rupiah the exchange 10% will increase inbound tourist of Singapore, Australia is followed the expenditure and other impact decreasing the poverty and unemployment. The conclusion is the variables CPI and Exchange rate will give the impact to inbound-tourist, unemployment and poverty which is important for the government’s policy.

[1] Botti, L. et al. 2007. An Econometric Model of Tourism Demand in France. Tourist an International Multidisciplinary Journal of Tourism, 2(1): 115-126. [1] Choyakh, H. 2008. Modeling Tourism Demand in Tunisia Using Cointegration and Error Correction Models. London: Physica-Verlag. [2] Gujarati, D.N. 2003. Basic Economics. Singapore: Mc Graw Hill. [2] Hendijani, R. B., Yulian. 2016. Local People’s Perception regarding Tourism Development: The Case of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, 7(3): 512-518. Available at: /jemt/article/view/361 [3] Koutsoyianis, A. 1978. Theory of Econometrics. 2nd Edition. Great Britia: Happer & Row Publisher, Inc. [1] Krongkaew, M., Chamnivickorn, S., and Nitithanprapas, I. 2006. Economic Growth, Employment and Poverty Reduction Linkages: The Case of Thailand. Employment and Poverty Discussion Paper No. 20. [2] Laksono, A. 2011. Dampak Ekonomi PAriwisata International pada Perekonomian Indonesia: Suatu Pendekatan Ekonometrika dan Input Output. Institute Pertanian Bogor. [4] Mankiw, N. G. 2007. Macroeconomics 6th Edition. Worth Publisher. New York. [3] Meyer, D. F., and Meyer, N. 2016. The Relationship between the Tourism Sector and Local Economic Development (LED): The Case of the Vaal Triangle Region, South Africa. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, 7(3): 466-472. [1] Saunders, P. 2002. The Direct and Direct Effects of Unemployment on Poverty and Inequality. Social Policy Research Centre Discussion Paper, No. 118. University of New South Wales, Sydney. [4] Shusheng Li, Zhao-hui Liang. 2009. The Development and Economic Impact of Tourism in China. Future Information Technology and Management Engineering, FITME '09. Second International Conference on. INSPEC Accession Number: 11084799. DOI: 10.1109/FITME.2009.90. Publisher: IEEE [1] Son, H. H. and Kakwani, N. 2004. Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction: Initial Condition Matter. Working Paper no 2. United Nations Development Programmed International Poverty Centre, Brasilia. [5] Spillane, J. 1987. Ekonomi Pariwisata. Sejarah dan Prospeknya, Kanisus. Yogyakarta. [6] Stabler M, Sinclar. 2010. The Economics of Tourism. 2nd Edition. London. Rutledge. [7] Supriyadi, E. 2014. SAS Statistics Software. In-Media. Jakarta. Indonesia. [3] Yap Ghialy, 2010. An Eco metric Analysis of Australian Domestic Tourism Demand. Dissertation Faculty of Business and Law Cowan University. *** Badan Pusat Statistik. Statistk Indonesia 2012 Jakarta. (Badan Pusat Statitstik Publishing 2012.



SUPRIYADI, Edy; KAUSAR, Devi Roza Krisnandhi. The Economic Impact of International Tourism to Overcome the Unemployment and the Poverty in Indonesia. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, [S.l.], v. 8, n. 2, p. 451-459, june 2017. ISSN 2068-7729. Available at: . Date accessed: 13 jan. 2018. doi:

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Vol 8 No 2 (2017): JEMT Volume VIII Issue 2(18) Spring 2017


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The Economic Impact of International Tourism to Overcome the

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