New Jersey State Facts Statehood: December 18, 1787 Rank:3rd Nickname: The Garden State Bird -Eastern Goldfinch Flag - Google Image Search Save a picture of the state flag in your home directory Flower -Purple Violet Song - "I'm From New Jersey !" click here to view lyrics Tree - Red Oak Motto ( a phrase to describe the purpose or goals of s group) -Liberty and Prosperity
Geography New Jersey is either the 4th smallest state or the 47th largest state depending on your perspective. Regardless, New Jersey is occupied by 4 main land regions; the Atlantic Coastal Plain, the Piedmont, the New England Upland, and the Appalachian Ridge and Valley Region. The largest land area, the Atlantic Coastal Plain, covers the southern 3/5 of New Jersey. More than half of this area, characterized by gently rolling hills, is less than 100 feet above sea level. In the east the landscape consists of pine forests and salt marshes. Closer to the Atlantic coast, the salt marshes are more plentiful and shallow lagoons and meadows characterize the area. Along the coast lie New Jersey's resort areas; including Atlantic City, Ocean City, and Cape May. In the west and southwest, along the Delaware River, the fertile soil supports farming. The Piedmont lies northeast of the Atlantic Coastal Plain. About 20 miles wide, this area covers only about 1/5 of the state. The Piedmont includes the industrial cities of Elizabeth, Patterson, Jersey City, and Newark. New Jersey's major rivers (Hudson River, Passaic River, Remapo River, Raritan River) are found in this area supporting the industrial development. West of the Peidmont is the New England Upland. This area, sometimes called The Highlands, includes flat-topped ridges of rock and extends into Pennsylvania and New York. This area is characterized by the many beautiful lakes nestled among the ridges. In the northwest corner of the state is the Appalachian Ridge and Valley Region. This mountainous area includes the Kittatinny Mountains that run parallel to New Jersey's northwestern border. The Delaware Water Gap is where the Delaware River has cut through the Kittatinny Mountains. The wide Appalachian Valley lies southeast of the Kittatinny Mountains. Shale and limestone formation can be found in the valley along with dairy cattle and apple orchards.
Appalachian Valley in the northwest has highest elevations; Appalachian Highlands, flat topped northeast-southwest mountain ranges; piedmont plateau, low plains broken by high ridges; coastal plain, covering three-fifths of the state in southeast, gradually rises to gentle slopes.
Map - Google Image Search Save a map of the state in your home directory Land Area: 7,417 square miles - ranked 47th in total area Number of counties:21
Economy New Jersey has been a leader in industry since Thomas Edison established his research laboratory in Menlo Park in 1876. The color television and videotape recorder were both invented in New Jersey research facilities. The state continues to be a leader in technology. New Jersey produces chemicals, pharmaceuticals, machinery, electronic equipment, and processed foods. Pipelines carrying oil from Texas and Oklahoma come to an end in Bayonne, New Jersey. Oil refineries in nearby Carteret and Linden process this natural resource. Agriculture plays a major role in the state’s economy. Dairy products, fruits, nuts, vegetables, and greenhouse and nursery items are produced. New Jersey is a leading transportation and shipping center with busy ports located on the Newark and New York Bays. The state is also a thriving vacation destination due to its ocean resorts, lakes, mountains, and forested areas.
Population: 8,717,925 people 3 Largest Cities: Newark, 280,666 people Jersey City, 239,614 people Paterson, 149,843 people Click on city name to learn more
Capital City: Trenton has been the state capital since 1790. Situated between Philadelphia and New York City, it is an important transportation hub Its pottery industry dates from Colonial times. Other leading manufactures include metal products, rubber goods, textiles, and plastics. Trenton's population and industrial production declined in the late 20th century. However, there was suburban development especially to the city's northeast.
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Famous Person Famous New Jerseyites- click here to search for a name of a famous New Jerseyites Select a name and do a Google Search on your famous New Jerseyites
Click here for more information on New Jersey Index | Grades | Classroom | Theme | Subject | Science | Games Mrs. Hays [email protected]
South Newton Elementary School 13188 S. 50 E. Kentland, IN 47951 219-474-5167 w [email protected]