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Diversity in the workplace


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Finding a welcoming employer Alaina G Levine outlines strategies to help graduates find employers who understand the value of a diverse workforce Let’s get right to the point: diversity is good for business. Differences in culture, background, language, race, gender, education and more all influence the way teams perform in a dynamic marketplace, and the direction of that influence is generally positive. Indeed, a landmark 2009 study of US companies found that organizations with more racial and gender diversity in their workforces do better on sales, customer numbers and other measures of business success (2009 American Sociological Review 74 208). So when companies push for greater diversity in hiring, they aren’t enacting policies out of a philanthropic philosophy. On the contrary, they realize that diversity feeds into their bottom line via some fairly simple maths: more diversity = better innovations = better products = larger market share = > £$7¥. One business leader who shares this view is Seema Kumar, who holds a bachelor’s degree in physics and is now vicepresident for innovation and global health communications at Johnson & Johnson. “Diversity isn’t something that sits on the side,” Kumar attests. “It should be part of the DNA of who we are as people, groups, companies and societies.” With 135 000 employees and millions of customers worldwide, she explains, if Johnson & Johnson doesn’t think about diversity and inclusion in its workforce, then “we are missing opportunities. Innovation is our lifeblood, and it is inspired by a diversity of people and viewpoints”. Miriam Keshani is another strong advocate of diversity in the workplace. A physicist who earned a Master’s degree in nanomaterials from the University of Cambridge, Keshani works at Sparrho, a London-based start-up that created a


novel search and recommendation engine for scientific information. As the firm’s “chief happiness officer”, she explains, her job is to represent the interests of people who use Sparrho’s products. Doing that well requires her to be open to different perspectives, and it helps that in her small firm of five people, there are five nationalities represented and seven languages spoken. “Managers who hire only in their own image lead to a monoculture, which [stifles] innovation,” Keshani says. “We won’t succeed if we can’t develop something innovative, and we can’t be innovative if we don’t include diversity in the way we make product development and hiring decisions.” Despite the evidence and the experiences of some enthusiastic champions, though, not all employers are fully on board. It is one thing for an organization to sing “hooray for diversity”, but something quite another to ensure that its mission, hiring practices and policies all line up in support of a more inclusive zeitgeist. And unfortunately, the low numbers of women and minorities working in physics-related fields suggest that much remains to be done. So how can physics graduates find employers whose commitment to diversity goes beyond lip service?

Truth or public relations?

A good starting point for analysing a company’s devotion to non-uniformity is to examine the set of policies that fly under the banner of diversity, inclusion and equity. The details matter. For example, not all diversity policies specifically mention transgender people. Ruth Mills, an IT specialist with a Master’s degree in chemistry who works at Connect Advertising and Marketing, a

Shrewsbury-based advertising agency, notes that this can be particularly concerning for those who are still in the process of transitioning to their new identity. Mills is transgender, and her own experience was positive: when she transitioned full time to female in 2013, her employer was very supportive. “If you have someone who is transgender who can transition and work as themselves, it is so much more natural and they become so much happier, and more productive, creative, engaged, communicative and collaborative,” she says, adding that prospective employees should look for policy language that specifically mentions transitioning, rather than “a blanket diversity statement”. When you research a company or university, it’s also worth paying attention to the images you see on its website, annual report or videos. Do you see a mixture of faces? Or a sea of clones? According to Meg O’Connell – president of Global Disability Inclusion, a firm that consults with companies to implement inclusive policies and programmes for people with disabilities – marketing materials can reveal a company’s hidden successes or obvious biases. In particular, she looks for photos of people in wheelchairs or with other visible disabilities in corporate publicity material, as this may be a sign that the firm supports those with disabilities and is willing to provide accommodations and tools to help them  succeed. Others, however, are sceptical about whether diversity in promotional products reveals anything useful about the true diversity of a company. Chanda PrescodWeinstein, a cosmology postdoc at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, is a longtime advocate for under-represented minorities in science. She says that P hy sic s Wor ld  Mar ch 2016


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in her experience, “pictures are always public relations”. Jabbar Bennett, associate provost for diversity and inclusion at Northwestern University, agrees that appearances can be telling, yet deceiving. Suppose you’re on an interview, he says, and “you are a woman or a person of colour, and the only people you’re seeing during the interview are women and people of colour”. This could be a sign that there is something amiss, he explains, “as these individuals alone most likely do not constitute the entire search committee”. Misguided, ignorant, or plain inappropriate hiring practices may “put people of colour in a pool because they need a person of colour on the list to say they are diverse”. But while the presence of diverse faces in marketing materials or among a company’s current employees is not a cast-iron guarantee, O’Connell argues that their absence is probably worse. When she scrutinizes a diversity mission declaration and finds that the extent of the company’s stance on inclusiveness is simply the statement “we don’t discriminate”, she says, “that tells me they are not being open, welcome and inclusive”. Similarly, if the company’s careers page doesn’t mention employees with disabilities, notes O’Connell, “the talent will go elsewhere”.

In the hiring line

The actual hiring process can be another useful guide. When Rolf Danner, an openly gay physicist, was recruited by global security firm Northrop Grumman, “a big part of the decision-making process was whether they offered domestic partner benefits”, he says. “They were listed as achieving 100% on the Human Rights Index and on the policy side they checked all the boxes.” The corporation also had a non-discrimination policy based on sexual orientation and related affinity groups. “I was really excited about this!” he exclaims. At the same time, though, Danner was also cautious. “People’s thinking takes longer than policies to catch up,” he warns. “What’s more important is what it’s like at the everyday working level. ‘Acceptance’ is not good enough for me.” Danner took a number of steps to determine how inclusive his potential company would be. In his interview, he told the decision-maker that he was openly gay and asked what the work environment was like. He also contacted the people with whom he would be collaborating to “gauge their comfort level” and took note of the language they used in chatting with him. For example, a red flag might have been if “I said something about my husband, and they echoed back ‘your P hy sic s Wor ld  Mar ch 2016

Signs of a supportive employer Do they have a noticeably diverse employee base? Do they have policies relating to hiring people from different backgrounds and accommodating the needs of people of different abilities? ●● Do they have any high-profile executives who are open about being (for example) disabled, gay or transgender in their public profiles? ●● Do they have an executive dedicated to diversity initiatives, such as a chief diversity officer? ●● Do they advertise with and recruit at events put on by organizations that foster diversity, such as the Women in Science and Engineering (WISE) campaign? ●● Are they participating in formal initiatives to support diversity in science, such as the Athena SWAN campaign or Project Juno? ●● Are there groups within the company to help mentor and support women and members of other under-represented minorities in science, technology, engineering and maths (STEM)? ●● Is there “top-down” support for these groups, as opposed to employees needing to organize them on their own in an unofficial or ad hoc fashion? ●● Do they use the same language as you do in describing yourself? For example, if you mention your spouse, do they respond by using the word “partner” instead? ●● Do they provide opportunities for prospective employees to communicate with current staff and inquire about their experiences at the firm? ●● ●●

partner’” – an indication that the speaker was not fully comfortable with the idea of gay families and relationships. Reassured by what he heard, Danner accepted the job, and after he was hired in 2004, he got in touch with Northrop Grumman’s LGBT affinity group. Although the fact that the affinity group existed was a good sign of the company’s stance on diversity, Danner recalls that when he first met with the chair of the LGBT group, the other man asked Danner if it was okay for them to be seen together in the cafeteria – implying that there might be a concern over Danner being “outed by affiliation”, he says. “I was surprised by this. If this is what employees are worried about, then they self-censor,” and can’t do their best work. Nowadays, Danner works for the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and “the world for LGBT employees has really changed a lot in these 12 years”. His CV lists his affiliation with the US National Organization of

Companies realize that diversity feeds into their bottom line: more diversity = better innovations = better products = larger market share

Gay and Lesbian Scientists and Technical Professionals – in part, he says, as a shortcut to save time as to whether an organization is even worth his time. “Do your due diligence,” he recommends. “You don’t want to regret joining the company after you make the investment. Ask questions, even if they are hard. The company may just surprise you.”

How firms find the best employees

Companies dedicated to diversity and inclusion will devote resources to recruit at conferences and events and through publications and networks that attract diverse individuals. For example, to broaden the pipeline of STEM professionals from underrepresented groups, Kumar points out that Johnson & Johnson has teamed up with the New York Academy of Sciences and major firms PepsiCo Foundation, ARM and Cisco to launch the Global STEM Alliance, which consists of 230 partners in more than 100 countries. The New York Academy’s senior vice-president for education, Meghan Groome, explains that its purpose is to diversify and keep more people in the STEM pipeline. But positive actions aren’t limited to large organizations. Keshani notes that to improve its market potential, Sparrho regularly recruits at regional networking events. “In London, there are lots of events that celebrate diversity,” she says, “and we make it a point to go there.” Sparrho is also involved with organizations such as Code First: Girls, which works to increase the number of women in tech careers. A major aspect of attracting top talent is ensuring that job advertisements do not convey a misleading impression of who



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Hitting the ‘eject’ button

the ideal candidate should be, and therefore contribute to perceived biases. Kyler Kuehn, an instrument scientist at the Australian Astronomical Observatory (AAO) in Sydney, is a member of the AAO diversity committee. The group provides advice to internal hiring committees, including on issues of using gender-neutral language in marketing materials. “We want the absolutely best candidate,” he says, “and using

and say ‘oh, that’s just his management style’ ”. If you feel there is something wrong, there is something wrong. Faas recommends making a record of all of the things Dr Wolf is doing, from seemingly small actions (such as excluding you from meetings) to larger actions such as unwelcome touching or overtly offensive and demeaning language. Take note of when and where the incident occurred and who may have witnessed it. Educate yourself about your legal rights (which will vary depending on where you live and, sometimes, who your employer is), and seek out “safe harbours” of groups who can assist you. Astronomy Allies is one such assembly that has emerged in recent years; according to its website (www.astronomyallies.com), its primary purpose is to “listen, and to provide you with a safe space to air your frustrations and talk through what you want to do next”. The decision of what to do next will depend on your individual circumstances. However, do bear in mind that you have a right (not merely a privilege) to work in an environment that is physically and mentally safe. You do not have to “take it”. No matter how powerless you may feel, you do have the power to extract yourself from Dr Wolf’s clutches, and part of that power is determining how you will do this. For some, this will involve seeking help from others, sharing what has taken place and filing formal (perhaps even criminal) charges. For others, it may mean that you physically remove yourself from Dr Wolf’s orbit. You are a sovereign person, so you and only you get to decide what you want to do. And if you need a bit of motivation, consider this: “Life’s too short,” says Keshani. “Leave if you are not happy.” iStock/PhotoProdra

Suppose you followed all the advice, did your due diligence, and found a company or university that seemed welcoming and supportive of you and your professional goals. But then, unfortunately, something changed. Maybe your wonderful manager left and was replaced by someone much less inclusive. Or maybe your initially friendly and warm PhD supervisor turned out to be “friendly” in a decidedly uncomfortable, unprofessional and inappropriate way. Once you find yourself in a nasty situation, with a boss or a colleague who has crossed the line, how do you escape? In academic science, especially, there is no easy answer. Protégés’ reputations are tied to their principal investigators’ outputs. The overall community is small, and your sub-sub-sub field may be practically picosized, with perhaps only three other people on the planet who understand your area of expertise (and who seemingly hold all the cards in terms of job opportunities). And at the centre of this minute cluster is “Dr Wolf”, the individual who is causing you trouble and distress. In this kind of situation, the first thing to do is to recognize that you are not imagining it. “Don’t internalize it and talk yourself out of it. Don’t play it down,” stresses Miriam Keshani, a physicist who works at a London-based IT start-up called Sparrho. “Question the incident rather than questioning yourself. Understand the issues, and then talk to someone who can offer neutral advice.” Indeed, Andrew Faas, a workplace consultant and author of The Bully’s Trap: Bullying in the Workplace (Tate Publishing, 2015), affirms “you must rely on your gut instinct that there is something out of the norm”. This is especially critical when others might try to “rationalize the behaviour

language like ‘he’ or ‘him’ can discourage talented women from applying.” Kuehn observes that polices and cultures that support inclusivity and equity often benefit employers as well as employees. Kuehn’s organization, for example, has a generous family leave policy and a very family-friendly philosophy, which, he says, makes him “feel more loyal”. Ultimately, the biggest thing a company can do for both

its own success and that of its staff is to let employees be themselves. At her firm, says Mills, “nobody gives a damn who you are, as long as you are good at your job, present yourself professionally and contribute to the team. It’s pretty cool”. Alaina G Levine is a science careers writer and author of Networking for Nerds (Wiley, 2015). She is based in Tucson, Arizona, US

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The Institute of Physics is awarding 150 scholarships to talented individuals starting teacher training in the 2016/2017 academic year. Become an IOP scholar at www.iop.org/scholarships. [email protected]

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Fully funded PhD and EngD studentships in Photonics and Quantum Sciences £ competitive | Scotland | available immediately Institute of Photonics and Quantum Sciences Fully funded PhD and EngD scholarships are available with durations of 3 – 4 years, depending on the specific scholarship. Part-time study is also possible. Research Areas: • Ultrafast Laser Science and Technology • Condensed Matter • Quantum Technology • Applied Optics and Laser Systems • Micro- and Nanophotonic Devices • Astrophotonics • Applied Photonics (EngD with industrial placement)

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Funding Scholarships include full fees and an annual stipend from £14,057 (PhD minimum) to £20,323 (EngD). Entry Qualifications Normal entry requirements are a first-class or 2:1 MPhys/MSci/MEng degree, or equivalent performance at MSc level in a relevant subject. Exceptional BSc graduates with significant research experience may also be considered. Residency and nationality restrictions apply. Further Details For information on current projects and detailed eligibility criteria visit www.ipaqs.hw.ac.uk/phd. or contact Dr. Fabio Biancalana ([email protected]).



“I enjoyed ICFO’s dynamics very much, constantly reinventing itself and very open to new ideas. If you have ambition and are willing to work for it, you will get all the support you need.” (Dr. Jan Gieseler, former ICFO PhD student, currently Postdoc at Harvard University)

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The Program: The purpose of the Doctoral School Solids4Fun is to determine the interplay between various parameters and properties of a wide range of different inorganic solids. Research and training in Solids4Fun is concentrated around four central issues, which are covered by the research activities of the faculty members: Surface structure and reactivity, Designed and artificial matter, Electronic properties and correlations, Optical properties and ultrafast dynamics. Additional information is available on the homepage of the Doctoral School. http://solids4fun.tuwien.ac.at/ Faculty Members: P. Blaha, S. Bühler-Paschen, J. Burgdörfer, U. Diebold, J. Fleig, K. Held, A. Pimenov, G. Rupprechter, J.Schmiedmayer, G. Strasser, K. Unterrainer. Research at TU Wien: The city of Vienna provides a very high quality of life. The Technical University is renowned within the international scientific community for its high level of research. There are strong possibilities for study in both chemistry, physics, and electrical engineering . Details of the application process is available on the Solids4Fun homepage http://solids4fun.tuwien.ac.at/phd_program We are looking for 1-2 doctoral students per faculty member. The doctoral positions are financed by 3 year scholarships according to the funding scheme of the Austrian Science Fund. The funding can be extended for one additional year contingent on a placement at one of our international partner institutions. Highly qualified female candidates are expressly encouraged to apply. Applications by the candidates can be submitted until the 31st of March 2016. Later applications will be kept for subsequent admission dates. Physics World

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Physics and Maths Project Management Information Technology

ATLAS ELEKTRONIK UK is expanding its world leading position as an Innovative Maritime Systems provider. Building on our consistent growth in the last five years we are now developing our capabilities across all areas of the maritime domain. Our 2 year graduate development scheme will see you undertake a graduate project and become an active part in work that matters from day one. For full descriptions please visit: www.atlas-elektronik.com/careers/students/graduates-uk. Please send a covering letter and CV stating the position applied for in the subject line by 17th March to [email protected]

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Benefits include: Free gym on-site Flexible working policy Award winning pension scheme Generous leave allowance Salary sacrifice car scheme

Due to the nature of our work and the projects you will be working on, all candidates must be eligible to gain security clearance. ATLAS ELEKTRONIK UK Ltd is an Equal Opportunities employer and welcomes applications for all posts from suitably qualified people regardless of age, disability, ethnicity, gender, marital status, sexual orientation, religion or belief. Only successful applicants will be contacted. Our engineering graduate scheme is IMechE accredited.


IOP Best Practice in Professional Development Awards 2016 Rewarding commitment

• Developing people

Call for entries If your organisation promotes the professional development of its physicist employees, enter the IOP Best Practice in Professional Development Awards. The awards commend, celebrate and promote the very best in training and professional-development opportunities for physicists at any stage of their career. Winning one of these awards is the ideal way to demonstrate how highly you value both your people and the role that physics plays in society.

To apply, visit iop.org/bestpractice or email [email protected] Deadline for entries: 30 June 2016

PhD studentships in the Science & Technology of PhD studentships Fusion Energy in the Science & Technology of Fusion Energy A doctoral training programme in fusion energy, including materials, instrumentation and plasma science. A doctoral training programme in fusion energy, including materials, instrumentation and plasma science.

Are you a little bit geeky?

With support from EPSRC, Culham Centre for Fusion Energy, AWE and the Central Laser Facility, the Universities of Durham, Liverpool, Manchester, Oxford and York have formed the With support from EPSRC, CulhaminCentre for Fusion Energy, AWE and theEnergy. Central Laser EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training the Science and Technology of Fusion Facility, the Universities of Durham, Liverpool, Manchester, Oxford and York have formed the EPSRC Centre Doctoral Training in the Scienceof and of Fusion Energy. With ITER underforconstruction and the operation NIFTechnology in the US, fusion energy is entering an exciting new era. We work with world-leading facilities, including JET, MAST, Orion and With ITER under operation of NIFPlasma in the US, fusionisenergy entering the Central Laser construction Facility, whileand ourthe Low Temperature research linkediswith major an exciting new era. We work with world-leading facilities, including JET, MAST, Orion and international companies in areas such as semiconductor processing. the Central Laser Facility, while our Low Temperature Plasma research is linked with major international companies in areas such as semiconductor processing. Our PhD training programme offers: -  fully funded 4-year research studentships Our PhD training programme offers: -  a comprehensive taught programme in fusion energy, including materials and plasma -  fully funded 4-year research studentships to preparetaught you forprogramme your research project: no prior specialist knowledge is -  science a comprehensive in fusion energy, including materials and plasma assumed science to prepare you for your research project: no prior specialist knowledge is -  exciting research projects, linked to world-leading fusion facilities assumed -  -  materials, instrumentation and plasma research projects for fusion energy exciting research projects, linked to world-leading fusion facilities -  -  projects in instrumentation high energy density physicsresearch and laboratory materials, and plasma projectsastrophysics for fusion energy -  -  experimental projects superconductivity, spectroscopy, projects in high energyincluding density physics and laboratory astrophysicscontrol technology data analysis -  and experimental projects including superconductivity, spectroscopy, control technology -  extensive opportunities for international collaboration and travel and data analysis -  extensive opportunities for international collaboration and travel For more information on the Fusion-CDT and studentships visit www.fusion-cdt.ac.uk For more information on the Fusion-CDT and studentships visit www.fusion-cdt.ac.uk


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Get your hands on the problem solvers of tomorrow, today. The White Rose Industrial Physics Academy is seeking industrial projects for groups of 3rd and 4th year undergraduate physics students. Computation; simulation; instrumentation; metrology; materials; big data. Our students are ready for any technical challenge you can throw at them. The White Rose Industrial Physics Academy (WRIPA) is a HEFCE funded initiative to increase the interaction between undergraduate physics students and UK technical industry. WRIPA is coordinated by the Universities of York and Sheffield and is focused on increasing the flow of relevantly trained graduates into technical careers. This call for projects is associated with modules running across the WRIPA universities. Project start dates will be October 2016 and run until May 2017. Successful projects will be allocated to the most appropriate University based on access to relevant academic expertise and specialist equipment. For recent case studies see www.wripa.ac.uk To discuss an idea please email: [email protected]

Career Opportunities Competitive Salaries, Generous Holidays, Annual Bonus, Pension, Private Healthcare Laser Quantum Ltd, Emery Court, Vale Road, Stockport, Cheshire SK4 3GL Laser Quantum is looking for exceptional individuals to join our team and contribute towards a wide range of initiatives within a rapidly growing Laser Company with offices in Manchester, Hannover, Konstanz and San Jose.The successful candidate must be educated to BSc or PhD level; have a proven scientific background ideally with experience working with DPSS or Ultrafast laser systems; be able to work under pressure and to achieve deadlines; be self motivated and a team player ; and will possess excellent communication and interpersonal skills. Following an intensive training programme in our Stockport facility, during which you will be expected to learn about the manufacture and production of all of our laser products, you will be promoted to a full time role within one of the following areas of the business: Laser Production responsible for laser assembly and testing within our manufacturing facility.

Open PhD positions in Physics, University of Vienna

Research and Development into our wide range of DPSS and Ultrafast laser systems.

The Vienna Doctoral School of Physics, UniPhyDocs, is a newly established doctoral program at the University of Vienna to select and support promising young researchers on their way towards a doctoral degree in physics. It aims at building an intra-faculty community with ample opportunities for exchange and mutual support. The Faculty of Physics is active in five key research areas, including

New Product Introduction functioning as the technical engineering link between our R&D and production departments.

• Quantum Optics, Quantum Nanophysics & Quantum Information • Computational Physics • Complex Nanoscale Matter • Theoretical Particle/ Gravitational/Mathematical Physics • Environmental research with an emphasis on Aerosol & Isotope Research

Sales and Marketing responsible for promoting the company, generating sales for the business and supporting customers and distributors worldwide.

A number of PhD openings are advertised on physik.univie.ac.at/ vds-physics (alternatively: vds-physics.univie.ac.at). We invite applications for up to 8 open PhD positions with all required documents before March 31st 2016. The preselection will be based on the candidates’ previous academic and scientific achievements as well as the potential to find a scientific match at our faculty. Candidates are encouraged to select their field of interest already during their application. Hearings with the preselected candidates are scheduled for mid-May 2016 in Vienna. Accepted students can start their thesis at a time agreed with their PhD supervisor.

Please send your c.v. together with a covering letter to [email protected]

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Product Management responsible for ensuring excellence in the performance of a product during its lifetime, interacting with customers to ensure we provide the highest possible quality at the most competitive price.

This represents a truly exciting opportunity for a dynamic and ambitious individual with a track record of success to develop their career in a successful international business.


Finding one physicist of this calibre would be almost impossible.

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EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Materials for Demanding Environments

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Join Europe’s top

engineers and scientists in electrical and electronic technology In 2016 the European Patent Office recruits more than 200 engineers and scientists to work as patent examiners. Our engineers and scientists work at the cutting edge of technology, examining the latest inventions in every technical field in order to protect and promote innovation in Europe. Do you have a diploma in physics or engineering, a good working knowledge of at least two of our official languages? Become part of our team of patent-examiners in Munich or The Hague! We offer a competitive net basic salary (EUR 5.200-7.400) per month, depending on experience) as well as various benefits and allowance.

To find out more about working as a patent examiner, and for details of our benefits package, visit our website at www.epo.org/jobs


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Fully-funded studentships available on our 4-year PhD programme for this September. Apply now!

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The CDT in Materials for Demanding Environments (M4DE) works closely with industrial partners including BP, Rolls Royce, EDF Energy, Amec Foster Wheeler and AWE amongst others.

Research Themes: • • • • •

Materials Fundamentals Materials Performance Reliable Design & Structural Integrity Degradation Mechanisms & their Control Imaging and Characterisation

Please get in touch or visit our website for more information and latest project details.

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10 fully funded places available in Applied Photonics The Centre for Doctoral Training in Applied Photonics is offering 10 fully funded places to exceptional candidates. The CDT offers a 4 year programme with an emphasis on research and development in a commercial environment. Most research in the Centre takes the form of EngD projects but some PhD projects will be available. The Engineering Doctorate (EngD) is an alternative to the traditional PhD for students who want a career in industry. The programme combines PhD-level research projects with masters-level technical and MBA courses, and the students spend about 75% of their time working directly with a company. Funds are also available to support company employees who wish to study for an EngD whilst remaining in employment.

Centre for Doctoral Training in Applied Photonics


Fee plus stipend of a minimum £20,3 26 for EngD researchers and £15,3 26 for PhD researchers.

Entry Qualifications 1st class or 2.1 degree at MPhys or MEng level in physical sciences, particularly physics and electrical engineering graduates. Exceptional applicants from a BSc or BEng programme are also to be considered.

Centre for Doctoral Training in Applied Photonics www.cdtphotonics.hw.ac.uk

Further Details For further details and list of current projects and eligibility criteria please visit www.cdtphotonics.hw.ac.uk or contact Professor Derryck Reid e: [email protected] t: 0131 451 3792

Careers in Data Analytics & Scientific Software for STEM Graduates & Postgraduates Tessella is a global data analytics and software services consultancy that works with some of the world’s leading organisations in energy, pharmaceuticals, consumer goods and the public sector. We are scientists and engineers who enjoy solving complex, real-world problems that call upon our deep domain knowledge and technical expertise. From increasing productivity in the development of new medicines to designing satellites to observe and understand the universe, the projects we undertake require innovative thinking and the ability to adapt to new technologies, industries and environments. We recruit high achievers from leading universities who are enthusiastic about science, technology and software. All roles require a scientific or numerate degree (minimum 2:1) and programming experience in one of: Java, C++, C#, Python, MATLAB or similar. Applicants with Masters and PhDs are encouraged.

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Imperial College London Centre for Doctoral Training in Medical Imaging

The King’s College London and Imperial College London EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training (CDT) in Medical Imaging brings together two world leading research-focused universities in a unique collaboration to create an interdisciplinary training approach specifically designed to meet challenges in Healthcare and Medical Imaging. The CDT in Medical Imaging offers: • Fully funded 4 year PhD studentships • Minimum stipend £16,000 • High quality training, including transferable skills training specifically designed for doctoral training • Personal and professional development in a cohort • Substantial research skills training in the first year Project areas include: • Imaging (PET, MR, PET/MR, Ultrasound, CT, optical imaging, SPECT) • Applications (cardiology, neurology, oncology, perinatal) • Methodology (image acquisition and image reconstruction; imaging chemistry and imaging biology; image computing and computational modelling; machine learning; image analysis) • Techniques (radiochemistry, radiopharmacy, radiobiology, nuclear medicine) More information: Website http://www.imagingcdt.com Email [email protected]

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5 Post Doctoral Research Associateships in High-Intensity Laser Plasma Interactions and Particle Acceleration using Plasma Salary range: £26,537 - £30,738

The Cockcroft Institute is significantly expanding its activity in novel methods of particle acceleration through new faculty appointments at Lancaster University (Physics Department) in laser-plasma interactions, enhanced partnership with the University of Strathclyde, national/international collaborations and access to world-class experimental facilities at SCAPA, CLF, Daresbury Laboratory and overseas.

We invite applications in the following research areas:

High-intensity laser-plasma interaction physics is an area of research that combines significant intellectual challenges with new applications that could revolutionize many areas of science, technology and engineering. Plasma based particle accelerators have experimentally demonstrated acceleration gradients many orders of magnitude larger than conventional accelerator technology and could lead to either miniaturization of accelerators for science, industry and medicine or an economical way to leapfrog the current energy frontier in high energy physics. In high intensity matter interactions, prolific energetic radiation beams are produced with unprecedented temporal and spatial properties.

Successful candidates will hold (or soon hold) a PhD in Physics, Astrophysics, Applied Mathematics or a related discipline and have a strong background in plasma physics. Experience with large-scale laser facilities (experimental positions) and/or scientific computing (numerical modeling position) is desirable.

• Laser Wakefield Acceleration and Radiation Generation • Laser Plasma Ion Acceleration • High Intensity Laser-Plasma Physics • Plasma Wakefield Acceleration • Numerical Modeling of Laser-Plasma Accelerators

Apply online and/or find further information at http://hr-jobs.lancs.ac.uk/. The deadline for applications is 31st March 2016 and initial appointments will be for 2 years.

MSc in Nuclear Science & Technology

PG Diploma, PG Certificate & CPD also available.

Nuclear Technology Education Consortium Educating the nuclear workfor"t;e since 2005.

ACCREDITED BY: Eng ineering



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The lnst�ute of Mate
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20 modules available in one week taught face to face format with 10 of these available in distance learning format.

Accredi ted Programme..

The Institution of Engineering and Technology

Course Delivered by: The University of Birmingham University of Central Lancashire Defence Academy of the United Kingdom Imperial College London University of Leeds University of Liverpool The University of Manchester The University of Sheffield



nuclear institute

For more information:




Physics World

March 2016

Whether you're already working in the nuclear industry or looking to move into this rapidly growing sector, enhance your career prospects on a unique programme that will improve your personal and professional skills on a diverse range of reactor technology and decommissioning modules.


The University of Manchester

• The

University Of � Sheffield.

www.ntec.ac.uk Tel: 0161 275 4575 Ema i I: [email protected]


Wind and Marine Energy Systems PhD Research Studentships Study for a PhD with the UK’s leading Universities in Wind and Marine Energy Research Centre and become qualified to contribute to these dynamic and fast growing sectors. The PhD programme covers a number of disciplines that include:  Postgraduate-level training in all aspects of wind and marine energy systems  Professional development enabled through course accreditation by the IET and IMechE  Research and industrial engagement The UK Wind and Marine Energy Research Centre, a collaboration between the Universities of Strathclyde and Edinburgh, are pleased to offer 10 prestigious 4 year EPSRC research studentships for talented engineering or physical science graduates to undertake a PhD in wind and marine energy research. Successful students will join the EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Wind and Marine Energy Systems, which is jointly hosted by these national centres of excellence. Accreditation is provided at the CDT by the IET and IMechE enabling students to develop professionally throughout the course and work towards the competencies required for Chartership.

Course Details Our CDT offers a unique programme, combining training and research which will aid graduates in transitioning into careers in the wind and marine energy sector. With proven and rapidly growing international demand for highly qualified engineers and researchers, this course offers high level training which is attractive to industries. To prepare for this exciting future, graduates will work closely with manufacturers, developers and researchers. This multidisciplinary programme brings together graduates from various science and technology disciplines to create a unique community of researchers. Training covers all aspects of wind and marine energy systems including the wider socioeconomic context. The Centre for Doctoral Training currently has students from the following backgrounds:  Electrical Engineering  Mechanical Engineering  Civil Engineering  Physics  Mathematics  Aeronautical Engineering  Structural Engineering  Chemical Engineering  Telecommunications  Renewable Energy

Entry Requirements Studentships are available to UK and eligible EU citizens with (or about to obtain) a minimum of a 2.1 or a Masters degree in Physical Science or Engineering. These competitive Studentships will commence each year in October and will cover University fees and provide a competitive stipend.  Full awards (stipend and fees) are available for suitably qualified candidates who are UK or EU citizens and have been living in the UK for at least 3 years prior to the start of the programme.  There is one full studentship (stipend and fees) available for an exceptional EU/UK candidate who has not been living in the UK.  Applications will also be considered from applicants who secured funding from other scholarships schemes. Applicants must be able to demonstrate enthusiasm, creativity, resourcefulness and a mature approach to learning.

Applying Non-UK candidates whose mother language is not English must provide a certificate of proficiency in the English language http://www.strath.ac.uk/elt/courses/  IELTS (Academic): 6.5 overall (no individual band less than 5.5)  PTE (Academic): 62 overall (minimum component score 51) Applications for October 2016 entry must be received by 31st July. Interviews will take place prior to this and up until 31st Aug. Applications submitted later than 31st July may be considered for the next in-take. Please note that applicants should NOT include a research proposal in the online application. To apply now for October 2016 intake, please follow the application link: http://ben.mis.strath.ac.uk/pguserprofile/control/enterDetailsPage For further details on our PhD Studentships or Centres please visit: http://www.strath.ac.uk/windenergy/ and http://www.eng.ed.ac.uk/research/institutes/ies For further enquiries contact Drew Smith, CDT Administrator: Tel: 0141 548 2880, Email: [email protected]

Register now to receive our e-mail alerts 70

Physics World

March 2016

School of Physics & Astronomy

Our school is renowned for world-leading and award winning work with NASA and ESA. We play a major role in the design and operation of the worldwide network of laser interferometers leading the search for gravitational waves. We also host the Kelvin Nanocharacterisation Centre and have a leading role in the exploitation of data from the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. MSc Astrophysics MSc Physics: Advanced Materials* MSc Physics: Energy & Environment* MSc Physics: Global Security* MSc Physics: Life Sciences* MSc Physics: Nuclear Technology*

MSc Sensor and Imaging Systems MSc Theoretical Physics* *Sept and Jan intake for suitably qualified candidates




Accelerator Science MSc Course length: 1 year full-time




This course covers the fundamental techniques and tools of accelerator science, equipping you for a successful career in working with accelerators. Course Structure: 6 project based modules + laboratory module + research project Entry requirements: A good Bachelor’s degree in physics or a similar subject, such as mathematics or engineering.

From software engineers to administrators, from fire fighters to health and safety officers – every kind of thinking is welcome here. Take your career somewhere special.

163769c (CERN) A5 Portrait.indd 1

Physics World

March 2016

For more information: Website: http://www.hud.ac.uk/courses/full-time/ postgraduate/accelerator-science-msc/

Ta k a r t cer e p er n.ch/care

Contact: [email protected] 07/11/2011 14:57


Balzan Postdoctoral Researcher The Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophysics Cranfield has a proven track record of nanotechnology research, with Center (WIPAC) at the University Wisconsinextensive of expertise across its strategic themes of energy, environment, Madison invites applications for the Balzan manufacturing, aerospace, automotive, healthcare, security and defence. Fellowship for outstanding postdoctoral fellows.

Energy and Environmental Nanomaterials Research WIPAC maintains and operates IceCube under

Professor Robert Dorey, Chairwith in Nanomaterials, a cooperative agreement the National [email protected] Science Foundation. We also lead or have Personal energy generation significant roles in other projects, for example Local power generation solutions including thermoelectric generation from waste and solar construction of the Askaryanheat, Radio Array and solid oxide fuel cells and piezoelectric harvesting from vibrations. participation in the dark matter experiment and structural health monitoring DM-Ice, the High-AltitudeEnvironmental Water Cherenkov UsesCherenkov of nanotechnology and nanomanufacturing to enable sensors for structural health and Observatory in Mexico, and the monitoring. Telescope Array to be built inenvironmental Chile and the Environmentally-friendly nano & micro manufacturing Canary Islands in Spain. Our researchers are NanoSurvey, and microscale also involved in the Dark Energy the synthesis and additive manufacturing techniques that minimise energy, materialand and chemical usage. Fermi Gamma-ray space telescope, the development of future instruments such as Fate of nanomaterials the CHIPS (CHerenkov Detectors in Mine Pits) Risk assessment approaches for manufactured nanomaterials and their suitability, as well as the project. We thus offer great opportunities toemerging nanotechnologies. risk associated with candidates interested in multi-wavelength astronomy and neutrino physics. Applicants should submit a cover letter, CV, and a brief Specialist postgraduate courses statement of research interests to [email protected] ContinuingThree professional & short MSc Successful candidates should be able to carry letters ofdevelopment reference should alsocourses be sent separately by the out a rigorous independent research program • Applied Nanotechnology • Microsystems and Nanotechnology writers to the same email address. Review of applications will in experimental particle astrophysics, neutrino • Nano and begin Microtechnologies Energy • Advanced Materials April 15, for 2016, and continue until the position is filled. physics, or astronomy. The appointment will • Nano & Microscale Rapid • Ultra Precision and Nanoengineering Inquiries canPrototyping be directed to Francis Halzen, Wisconsin IceCube be for a 3-year fellowship. In addition to • Surface Engineering & Coatings • Nanomedicine Particle Astrophysics Center, 222 W. Washington, Madison, WI competitive salary, the position comes with an • Environmental Risk Management 53705 ([email protected]). independent research budget of $20k/year.


Erasmus Mundus

Master of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (EMM-nano)

CO-ORDINATOR: Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Belgium) EDUCATIONAL PARTNERS: Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Belgium) Chalmers Tekniska Högskola, Göteborg (Sweden) Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble (France) Technische Universität Dresden (Germany) l l l l

ASSOCIATED RESEARCH PARTNERS: IMEC, Leuven, Belgium CEA-LETI, Grenoble, France Leibniz Institute for Solid-State and Materials Research, Dresden, Germany

l l l

Contact information:

Prof. Guido Groeseneken (K.U.Leuven), Co-ordinator Erasmus Mundus Master of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology


[email protected] www.emm-nano.org Physics World

March 2016

Two black holes merge into one – The SXS (Simulating eXtreme Spacetimes) Project

Graduate physics at The University of Mississippi


instein's theory of gravity continues to fascinate and inspire. As part of the LIGO Scientific Collaboration, researchers in our department are turning an ear to the cosmos, listening for the dynamical rumbling of space-time itself. We’re proud that our students and faculty are authors on the historic paper announcing the first detection of gravitational waves. Our department grants Master's and PhD degrees in physics, and all students admitted to our graduate program receive full financial support. We offer exciting research opportunities in atmospheric physics, condensed matter physics, gravity, high energy physics, and physical acoustics. The University of Mississippi carries the R1 Carnegie designation reserved for doctoral universities with the highest level of research activity.

Scholarships and Fellowships available Fully-funded for International students

The University of Mississippi

Department of Physics and Astronomy http://phy.olemiss.edu | [email protected]


22 & 23 April 2016, NEC, Birmingham Visit the UK’s leading engineering recruitment exhibition for: The Dodd-Walls Centre is a National Centre of Research Excellence in New Zealand. Fully-funded scholarships are available across our research themes * Photonic Sensing and Imaging * Photonic Sources and Components * Quantum Fluid and Gases * Quantum Manipulation and Information

• Jobs with leading employers

• Women in Engineering Forum

• Professional Development Hub

• Free Careers Advice

• Inspirational careers seminars

• CV and Interview Clinics

Register now at EngineerJobs.co.uk Recruiting companies include:

Supported by:

Applications are taken year-round - see doddwalls.ac.nz for details. In association with:

Follow us #NECR16 @engineerjobs_uk

Physics World

March 2016

*All information correct at time of press


Pioneer tomorrow’s technology. PhD opportunities in photonics. Photonics challenges perceptions and expands possibilities in industries as diverse as healthcare, transport, defence, communications, manufacturing and the environment. Join us and find out how to kick start your career with a PhD at the Optoelectronics Research Centre. UK students receive enhanced funding including: – paid PhD tuition fees – a tax-free bursary of £18K per annum



Physics World

March 2016


NEW for 2015 entry.

MSc Physics and Technology of Nuclear Reactors

MSc Advanced Materials Modelling (ICME)

This one year MSc programme is open to graduates of any physical science, engineering or mathematical discipline wishing to go into the nuclear industry. Integrated labs and tutorials each week bring together a wide range of topics and provide examples and guidance in person.

This one year MSc programme in advanced materials modelling focuses on theory and simulation of microstructure and material behaviour for industrial application in aerospace, automotive and energy sectors. Open to graduates of all physical science, engineering or mathematical disciplines with an interest in research or industrial applications.

n n n

Summer project usually taken in industry. Sponsored by companies within the UK nuclear industry Funding available


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1st programme of its kind in the UK Funding available


NEW for 2015 entry.

MSc Physics for Radio Engineering

MSc Nuclear Decommissioning and Waste Management

The first dedicated MSc in the UK for Physics graduates on the application of electromagnetism to radio frequency engineering. This one year programme provides education and training for Physicists to become innovators in the rapidly expanding fields of radio frequency, microwave and millimetre wave engineering.

This one year multidisciplinary MSc programme is for graduates from a science-based background, wishing to go into the nuclear industry. It covers a range of the skills required to work in the nuclear industry and is co-taught with the academic staff from the Schools of Geography, Earth and Environmental Science, Physics and Chemistry.

n n n

Designed in consultation with British industry Exciting emerging disciplinary field Demand for Radio Engineers in UK industry is high


Physics World

March 2016



Industrial advisory board of nuclear companies, including the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA). Funding available





Funding the foundations of your future!

The IET offers a range of undergraduate and postgraduate scholarships and prizes worth up to £10,000.

IET Diamond Jubilee Scholarships

IET Engineering Horizons Bursary

IET Grants for Final Year Students

IET Postgraduate Scholarships

Approximately 100 scholarships of at least £1,000 per year are available to students commencing an IET accredited Bachelor’s or MEng degree course in the UK in Autumn 2016.

New in 2016! Bursaries of £1,000 per year for undergraduate students on IET accredited degree courses and apprentices starting an IET Approved Apprenticeship scheme. For those who have overcome personal challenges to pursue an engineering education.

Ten IET grants of £1,000 are available to students who will be commencing the FINAL year of an IET accredited degree course at a UK university in Autumn 2016 and who expect to obtain 60 per cent or more (i.e. a 2:1 or above) in their end of year exams.

If you have started your PhD or EngD research programme, achieved a 2:1 or higher in your first degree and are an IET member (or are interested in becoming a member), then why not apply for an IET Postgraduate Scholarship worth up to £10,000?

Could you be eligible? To find out more and apply, go to www.theiet.org/scholarships The Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET) is working to engineer a better world. We inspire, inform and influence the global engineering community, supporting technology innovation to meet the needs of society. The Institution of Engineering and Technology is registered as a Charity in England and Wales (No. 211014) and Scotland (No. SCO38698).

Physics Graduate –Internal Sales Engineer Location: Hertfordshire Are you a recent Physics graduate looking for a fantastic career opportunity? Are you looking to put your excellent people skills to good use? Are you looking to combine and apply your strong communication skills and physics expertise in your next job? Are you looking for a rewarding career with rapid career progression? If the answer is “Yes”to all these how would you like to work for a highly regarded global manufacturer of photomultiplier tubes, imaging equipment, optical semiconductor elements, image processing and measuring equipment? This is an exceptional opportunity with Hamamatsu Photonics Ltd, a leading global scientific organisation who are looking for a bright and enthusiastic graduate with a minimum 2:1 degree in a Physical Science. Regular Tasks • Explaining product brochures and technical information to customers, and providing technical advice where appropriate. • Providing application support to customers wherever possible. • Providing both written and verbal quotations to customers and entering into commercial negotiation to secure the business. • Probing for commercial information from enquires. • Providing literature and other information to customers. • Progressing all sales leads to secure the business, or when necessary to investigate why the business was not successful. • Providing technical and commercial information to the parent company, then liasing with engineers to help answer customers queries. • Keeping customer database and all other company filing systems up to date, after corresponding with a client. • Providing support to team of field sales engineers, and their customers, when they are out of the office.


• Keeping an “activity log”of clients contacted. • Attending the monthly sales meeting to discuss business. Less Frequent and Other Possible Tasks

• Helping to set-up and attend exhibitions. • Helping to write advertisements and press releases, where necessary. • Helping to resolve customer logistical problems. • Helping to produce reports showing sales data, when requested. • Obtaining competitor technical and commercial information. • Studying market trends and finding new applications. • Helping to find new business opportunities by looking at particular application and market areas: calling unknown clients, mailshots, etc. This is done in conjunction with sales managers. • Helping to produce sales forecasts, when requested. • Demonstrating technical equipment, when appropriate. • Performing other sales related tasks as requested by the sales manager. How to apply: The package includes a Competitive basic salary, generous annual bonus subject to meeting the agreed targets, subsidised gym membership and private health cover. Training will be provided as required –this company has a history of successfully developing new hires into outstanding performers in the commercial environment. To apply please send your CV and a covering letter by email to the address below only.

Davanti Solutions Ltd [email protected] Tel: 01727 751077, Mob: 07854 085963

Physics World

March 2016

GraduateCareers October 2016 Target the best candidates for your graduate vacancy Contact Natasha Clarke today to find out how to get your vacancy noticed. E-mail [email protected] Tel +44 (0) 117 930 1864

Physics World

March 2016



Diversity in the workplace - Bright Recruits

GraduateCareers March 2016 In association with Diversity in the workplace iStock/EtoileArk Finding the right employer for you physicsworld physic...

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