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fopkj

laiknd x.ks'k [kqx'kky ^x.kh*



jekÁlkn f?kfYM;ky ^igkM+h*

vPNk fy[okj gks.kk dk okLrk ;w t:jh N fd ge vi.kk yksxkssa igpk.kka] owadk lq[k nq%[k dh ckr lkspkA tc rd ys[kd o[k }h rhu lky jbZd o[k dh :M+h] clxkˇ] ·wan] vj clUr lc dks etk fu ysb ysanks] o[k dh ckr fu le> ldnksA ;fn ow o[k dks Hkwxksy vj bfrgkl fu tk.knks r o[k dk eu[;ksa dks LoHkko fu tk.k ldnksA gekjk vi.kk igkM+h fjokt Nu] gekfj r vi.kh gh laLœfr NA



èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

1

Ëkkn lkfgR; vj laLœfr dh ekfld if=dk l

o"kZ % 1

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vad % 5

ladYiuk laLFkkid lEiknd lEiknd lalkËku

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vUokj vkdYiu fHkrjk js[kkadu dkVwZu lEikndh; dk;kZy;

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fnlEcj] 2015

RNI No. UTTGAR/2015/63986

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eksy % [email protected]&

yksds'k uokuh lq'khyk cMksyk x.ks'k [kqx'kky ^x.kh* fouksn ?ku'kkyk] txnh'k cMksyk txnh'k usxh jkds'k ^jkdk* pUÊfot; vjksM+k yrk 'kqDyk vk'kh"k dqekj Ëkkn 126] fodkl ekxZ ikSMh+ &246 001 nwjHkk"k % $91&9412079537

bZ&esy % [email protected] ,d lkyS lnL;rk % [email protected]& #I;k fnYyh lEidZ % ,[email protected]] fny'kkn dkWyksuh] fnYyh&110 095 lEidZ % 09013285624

if=dk ek NI;ka fopkj fy[ok: dk vi.kk fopkj Nu] ;ka [kq.kS lEiknd eaMy dks jkft gks.k t:jh uh NA

2

èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

LoRokfËkdkjh] Ádk'kd] eqÊd lq'khyk cMksyk }kjk Áxfr fÁafVax Ásl] ,tsalh pkSd ikSMh+ ] ikSM+h x<+oky ls eqfÊr djkdj ^Ëkkn* dk;kZy; % 126 fodkl ekxZ ikSM+h&246 001 ls Ádkf'krlaiknd % x.ks'k [kqx'kky ^x.kh*

;s eSus Ëkkn

ge vj gejk yksd lalkËku cy iSfy r fljQ yks.k vj xqM+ gh vkSanks NkS HkSj fcfV vj f.k dS teuS ckr Nu ËkkSa f;] ij oha ih<+h dk yksx NSa Nu vfc gekjk chp tkSa dks ;ks dke vi.kk gkFkw ls d;ks± NA vkf[kj ; Ëkjfr rc du nsafn jS gksfy ;[kk jSokL;wa rSa owadk t:jr dh lfc Ëkkf.k] ;ks r Ëkjrh dks lr NkS ;h Ëkjrh dk izfr rkSdksa yxko gh NkSA tuks cwrks&ruks mitks] esur eu[;ksa fd vj lr Ëkjrh dksA ;h uk ;ks MkaMk&dkaBkS ek gks.k ofˇ mit pkgs oks [ksrh dh jS gks ;k c.kq fd oha dks duks mi;ksx dfj rS tekuk dk yksxksau fd lc pht ;f[k mift xsfuA T;kafd t:jr NS oks lc Ëkjrh ek ekStwnA thou T;w.kksa tks p;s.kks NkS oks lc ;[k ekStwn] osfd otg NS oksa yksxksa dks lyhdk vj mi;ksx dk okLrk t:jh pht rS;kj dj.kk dks rjhdkA oks lfc Ëkkf.k vkt fc Nu ij gequ rkSafd vuns[kh dfj ns] vj Ëkhjs&Ëkhjs ge [kqn gh fclj X;ka fd ; pht gekjk okLrk druk dkeS N] ;ha dks gekjk thou ek D;k mi;ksx ‡s ldn vj ;sdks mi;ksx dk nxM+k&nxfM+ D;k QSnk NA cl ;habZ Hkwy ls oks lc gekjk gkFkq ls fudˇxs ; gekjk dkekS fu jSxs tcfd gerS vkt fc t:jr N os lkeku fdA osfd txk ek ge vkSj lkeku vj HkkSr gh [krjukd lkeku dks mi;ksx dj.kk NkSaA x<+oky dk yksd ek tks lc lkt lkeku mi;ksx ek y;sanks NkS L;ks gequ vi.kk gkFkqu [os nsA iSfy ge vi.kk os lkt lkeku dks lEEkku fu dj lD;ka] osfd txk ek geqrS HkSj dks lkeku tknk vkdf"kZr dj.kks jSA tu fd iŸkˇkSa eS ns[kY;ks d[k ekˇq dk iŸkk vc d[k IykfLVdS IysVA cl bfu tjk&tjk dS gekfj lfc pht yksi gksan xSfu fQj ge owadk mi;ksx dk rkSj rjhdkSa fc fclfj X;ka vj vc ukM fl jx;kZ.kka jank idha dkSf.k eaxk dk flA tc rd gekjk ikl ckfM+ >axksjks jS r osrS yqdkS.kS yaX;k jkSa vj vc tc gekjk ikl uh N r oks jkt ^Hkkst* tu [k;s.kks NA vc os LOkkn rSa iwjh nqfu;k ek LFkkfir djs.kks N vj tSa [ksrh ij oks ukt gksanks NkS o [ksrh ckat iksM+ha NA tks gekjks ;ks MkaMk&dkaBkS dk jSokL;wa dks yk.kks&iSuks NkS L;ks fc gequ NksfM+ ns] nsL;ksa dh lkSj ek Qqjfd iSj.k yX;k vj owa QqjQq;wZau nq[;kjk gksan x;ka] ij bu irk fu yfx fd fgaokˇh dkaB~;wa dk uthd oks yok] R;wa[kk NksM+h QS'ku dSjh nq[;kjks fu gks.kks r D;k gksa.kA ij ns[kkns[kh vj yksxksa fd fldklkS;w± ek vi.kk 'kjhj fc [os nsfuA tuk jedV gksank Nk MkaMk&dkaBkSa dk yksx ruk fu jS X;k;kA Ëkkn dks ;s eSukS dks vad vi.kk yksd lalkËkuksa ij dsfUÊr N tSek geqrS vj gekjk i<+njkSa rS oks reke tkudkjh ehyfy tkSa rS ge fcljh X;ksa] ; gequ fcljS ;fyuA ij gekjk yksd ek vT;wa fc rkSa rSa lSad.kS HkkSr xqatl S NuA ;s vad ek gekjk okLrk gekjh ih<+h dk nkuk l;k.kk fy[okj owa tkudk;wZa Ygsfd gekjk ;s vad ek mifLFkr NuA tkSadks vi.kS thou dks rtqckZ uS ih<+h dk okLrk iwjh dh iwjh fdrkc NuA ;s vad ek t[k o;kso`º fy[okj 80 lky dk fo|knŸk 'kekZ th vi.kk vuqHkoksa Ygsfd gekjk nxM+ Nu r b± Ëkjrh dk chtq dh le> rSa Ygsfd nqfu;k Hkj dk fo'ofo|ky;ksa ek chtksa dk ckjkek crkS.k oˇk fot; tM+Ëkkjh th oha tkudkjh Ygsfd gekjk chp NuA gekjk taxˇkSa dh xaHkhj tkudkjh Ygsfd fefJr ou dks lans'k i;kZoj.k dk {ks= ek iwjh nqfu;k rS ns.k oˇk txr flag pkSËkjh ^taxyh* th dk vuqHko ;[k Nu r fo'ofo|ky; dk vkpk;Z izkså eksgu iaokj ;ksa MkaMk&dkaBkSa dk ukS xkSa dh LFkkiuk ek HkwxHkhZ; vj HkkSxksfyd le> rS crkSank ys[k Ygsfd vad ek Ádkf'kr NuA x<+ofˇ ys[ku ek vi.kk rjkSa dk u;k fo"k;ksa Ygsfd Ëkkn dks ;ks vad ,d vyx iok.k Ygsfd vkidk gkFkqek ikSN~;ksa NA Ëkkn lkspn fd i<+njk ;s yksd dk lEcUËk ek tks fc ;fu tkudkjh j[knu r oha tkudkjh miyCËk djSfd if=dk dk ekË;e ls vi.kk yksd vj nqfu;k dh lef.k ikSaNS ldnuA • x.ks'k [kqx'kky ^x.kh* èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

3

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mŸkjk[k.M dk yksd lalkËku • ikM+k yksdthou ek ekˇq • gek: [kkuiku gek: LokLF; • fxyks; (xqM+ p w h) • mŸkjk[k.M ek fefJr c.k • xksV • mŸkjk[k.M ek ck°l • HkkSr dke dks N H;waˇ •
4

èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

& & & & & & & & & & & &

ftrsUÊ pkSgku fot; tM+Ëkkjh MkWå chå,lå usxh txrflag pkSËkjh ^taxyh* fo|knŸk 'kekZ nso dqekj eyklh txeksgu Mkaxh vuqlw;k Álkn ?kk;y ,yå eksgu fxjh'k d.Moky dqyohj flag fc"V dSyk'k pUÊ

7 9 12 15 17 19 21 23 25 28 30 32

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MkWå eksgu iaokj

36

&

x.ks'k [kqx'kky ^x.kh*

38

&

uwru rUuq iUr

40

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fxjh'k lqfUÊ;ky

43

yksder

laiknd th tSn~;ks tqgkjA Ëkkn dk rhu vad dBkdfB if
jSA okj ikSMh+ vj xaxkikj fVgjh gw.kk dk ckotwn fHk ;k ^yVd* loZLoh r ‡s] ij dfe os ek fHk Nu tu fd csatoky th dq lku d;w± NA [kM+h cksyh dq ^vksdkjkUr* mPpkj.k rSa egkohj izlkn f}osnh thu~ ljLorh dk ekË;e ls gh ^vdkjkUr* c.kS vj vkt ns[kY;k&[kfM+ cksfy fgUnh ‡sxs ij dkSjoh cksfy fg j;ha NA ;ka dk okLrk Doh cM+q ?kijksˇ duS toZr fHk uhA cl] laiknd th vi.kk vfËkdk:a dq iz;ksx djhd fujis{k Hkko ls Nk°V&fujkˇ djfn jkok vj ys[okjksa rSa fHk gqjL;k.kk jkokA x<+okfˇ x| Hkk"kk vQh lqËkj tkfyA vc rdk vadq ek lkfgR; fd NiNih vUokj fn[ks.kh NA lkfgR; fd foËkkSa ek x<+okfˇ dS fHk Hkk"kk rSa VDdj ns lfDn ij ^iz;kstuewyd* vj ^Lekjd lkfgR;* fd foËkkSa ek de fy[ks.kw NA dFkk] ukVd] leh{kk&lekykspuk] dfork] xhr] O;aX; fd eqf[M+ ij pyDokj NSp a ij ^fucaËk*] [kkl djh yfyr fucaËk fd rik± fHk yikx ekj.k iksMf+ yA ^Ëkkn* ,d tX; NA ;s ek gj rjka fd E;ˇkx vj ;s tk=k ek gj i;k.kksa ij tksr txkS.k t:fj NA mEehn N fd gekjk iN~;k.kS ;k tk=k t:j gksedq.MkSa ikSaNfyA • MkWå izhre viN~;ka.k nwukfxjh] vYeksMk+ ] mŸkjk[k.M

èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

5

mŸkjk[k.M dk yksd lalkËku

ikM+k yksdthou ek ekˇq

C

ftrsUÊ flag pkSgku

tUe % 25 Qjojh] 1973 #fp % fganh vj x<+okyh ek ys[ku lEÁfr % dksV}kj ek o"kZ 2003 ls odkyr lEidZ % xz k e o i=ky; ineiq j lq[kjkSa] dksV}kj 6

èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

;ks&ikS.kS gks pk gkSfj dkfjtq dk ∂okM+ (QksM+) ek [kk.kq ijksl.kkS irˇk gksau ;k iwtk lkexzh ËkukS iqMd + k] :fM+ vj cLkX;kˇe dke&Ëkkaf.k dukS cxr cp.kkS okLrk eq.Me ;k ihfBe ËkukS Narˇw gksau] xksB&xqBÓkje ?kkl&y[kM+q sy ;k >~;kˇ (csy) dh egRoiw.kZ txk jkbA lkekftd ifjos'k dk cny.k ls iqjf.k&ijaijkxr pht&cfLr;w° oqG Á;ksx de t:j Ogs xS] ij nxM+k&nxfM+ ;uq fc yxn fd vxj ;w° iqj.kk lkËkuqa oqG fey.kq lkSaxq gks] r tjor iM+.k ij yksx owaFkS t:j [kqT;kyk! vc tjk ekˇq dk ckje t.knkSA ekˇq owG okuLifrd uke p~ Bahunia Vahili-Caesalpiniaecea Family fd ;ha >sy ; >~;kˇ (yxqfy) rSb fganhe ^ekyw*] ckaXyke ^psgqjyrk* ;k ^'kheqj*] dUuM+ek ^pEcksfy*] ey;kye ek ^eksÍuofy*] ejkBhe~ ^pacwfy*] usikfye HkksykZ*] mfM+;k ek ^l;kyh*] laLœre~ ^vLekUrdk*] rfey ek ^eanjkbZ* vkfn ukeq ls t.kS tkanA ekˇq rSa csy ÁtkR;qa dh cM+h Átkfr ek xS.ks tkankA ;kadq >~;kˇ 20 ls 30 ehVj rd c<+n vj cM+k&cM+ Mkyksa ij fyiVs fd QSysankA ;k°dk ruk 20 lsaVhehVj rd eksVk gksanu vj Nky js'ksnkj gksanA ekˇqdk ikr cMk pkSMk+ vj }h fgLlksa ek caV~;ka yxnuA ekˇq >sykd lCch fgLlk Hkksr dked gq°nuA ;ha >syS xq.k rS ns[khdhb iqj.kk yksxqu ;k°ls c.k&cf.kdh pht&cfLr c.kkS.k 'kq: dSfj fnuhA ikM+k xkSa ek ekˇq ls irˇk vj iqMd + k] Narˇq] iYyk ;k QfM+dk] yxyk] ean# ;k eanjk tfu mi;ksfx pht c.knuA ;k°dk nxM+ ekˇq dk Qy] iwGy vj >~;kˇ dk ruk&csy dks fHk Á;ksx dj;s tkUnq N;ksA • irˇk vj iqM+dk % C;ks&ikS.kS vj gkSfj dkfjtqe ∂okM+ (QkSM) ek lkewfgd Hkkst dh ijaijk iqjf.k Pk~A ∂okM+e [kk.kq ijksl.kk okLrk

mŸkjk[k.M dk yksd lalkËku

ekˇq dk ikrqy Narˇks c.k;s tkank Nk;kA ck°ld ruksa fd cjhd MaMh Naryksa oqG
7

mŸkjk[k.M dk yksd lalkËku

• yxqyk ;k jLlh % ekˇq >syS Nky js'ksnkj gksUn! ;k°ls ;sdq Á;ksx yxqyk c.kkS.kk okLrk dj;s tkankA ekˇq Nky rS dPpq ruk ls fudy.k ek vklkuh jSUn vj ikf.ke fHkxS fd ;w uje Ogs tkankA ;ka[kqf.k ^,SMw* cksY;s tkankA ,sMw eanjk ; ean# cukSa.kk dke vk.kk nxfM+ N°ryk iYyk dq
cSB.kkS vj tjor iM+.k ijS lh.kkS fMlk.kk [kqf.k fc dj;s tkan NkSA ?kje ean# fu gks.kq HkYyq fu eU;s tkUnks NkSA • vU; mi;ksx % ekˇq ikr] ,sMw (Nky) dk nxM+k&nxfM+ ekˇq dk Qwy] Qy vj ruk dq fc yksx Á;ksx djnk NkA ekˇq fd ,d Átkfr rS Xohjkˇ uke ls t.ksb tkankA ekˇq&Xohjkˇ lQsn&xqykch jax dk Qwy fn[k.k e vkd"kZd r yxnS Nu ;kafd dqiY;q dks lkx fc 8

èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

c.k;s tkanA ekˇq dk Qy [kqf.k VkafV cksynuA VkafV ych&piVh gksan] tSdk fHkrj 6&7 pyeyk cht januA VkafV rS vkfxe idSfd cht fc ifd tanu vj ;kadq Lokn cfM;k gksanA XoSj&?klsfj ekˇqd >~;kˇe VkafV;w° rS [kqT;kank Nk vj cM+k pko ls VkafVd chtq rS [kkan&f[kykUnk N;kA ;k°dk vykok ekˇq >sykd >;kM+k txk.kkS dke vkanhA ;q fooj.k crkSan fd ikM+S yksdthou ek ekˇqfd mi;ksfxrk Hkksr egRoiw.kZ jkbA ;sdq ÁR;sd Hkkx mi;ksxh gks.k ls ;[kk Yo[kqy vif.k tjor dk fglkc ls ;kadq Á;ksx fHk dSfjA ;k t:j gSafd ckr N fd vc lkekftd ifjos ' k dkQh cnfy x;s vj yks x vc ekˇq fd pht&cfLr;w° d txk ctkje~ fey.k ofy phtq ijS tknk fuHkZj januA ;uq byS fHk Ogs 'kSn~ fd vc xkSa ek iSfy tuq ekgkSy fu j;s vj yksx ehur dj.k ;k dS gSad dks ,Slku Ygs.ks txk dqN #I;k [kjp.k lkSaxq le>nuA ;fn vkt ekˇq dk mRikn t#jr i<+u ij rS;kj ehfy ldu r yksx vc fHk owaFkS t:j vki.kkykA ekˇq nxM+ Yo[kqdq vi.;klkS fj'rk fc Pk~A Vhjh fd Áflº ^flaxksfj* fd egd vj Lokn fc vkf[kj ekˇqeS fyiVSfd eSlwj OgsA ikM+d xkSa ek LFkkuh; tjor dk fglkc ls vkt fc ekˇq dq mi;ksx gksanA drxS yksdxhrqe ekˇq&Xohjkˇ dq ftdj gks.k fHk ;s fj'rk rS fg r cFkkUnA qq

mŸkjk[k.M dk yksd lalkËku

gek: [kkuiku gek: LokLF;

,

d tekuk ek tc ge ,d nqljk rSa feYnk Fkka r lsok lkSafˇ dk ckn iqNnk Fkka LokLF; ikf.k [kqc N vj ?kj ek Ëku pSu fBd NA gekfj iSfy fpark vPNq LokLF; vj ËkupSu dq eryc vPNq i'kqËku FkSA LFkkfu; [kku iku dk lkFk ySanw ;kfu ngh nwËk gekjk LokLF; fl tqM~;qa FkkSA cksYnk Fkk fltSdk ?kj ek ySnq os lf.k lkx D;k pSanqAfi ikM+ksa fcfV ?kh&nwËk dh xk<+ cxfn FkSA gekfj [ksrh ek fofoËkrk ;qDRk Qly gksafn FkSA gekfj [ksrksa dh lkj Qlyksa fl yfn jkafn FkSA ;ka dk vykok taxy vj xkM+ xËksjksa fcfV gj Ωrq vj ekSle ek gekjk cqtqxZ Hkkafr&Hkkafr dk Qy&Qwy vj lkx lCth dV~B dfjd etk fl [kkank FkkA gekfj [kk| lqj{kk LokoyEch FkSA gj ?kj ek vi.kk dksBkj&Hk.Mkj ges'kk vUUk fl Hkj~;ka jkank FkkA ;fn dHkh C;ks&cjkr ek vUUk fte.k gks r T;knk vUu dk [kkfrj [kk|kUUk dk iapsfr vUUk Hk.Mkj fcfV xsgwa&pkoy o vU; vukt mËkkj&iSNw ysank FkkA vkt dqN fo'okl fu dfj ldnq fd dHkh gekjk xkSa eqYd [kk|kUUk dk ekeyk ek vkRe fuHkZj jb gksykA ijUrq ;k lPPkkbZ N gek: [kk.kq is.kq Hkh HkkSr ikSf"Vd vj rkdr ns.k okˇq FkS rfHk os tekuk gekjk cqtqxZ ^HkM+* jSuA lqizflº yksd xk;d ujsUnz flag usxhu fy[ks ohj HkM+q dq ns'k---x<+ns'kA HkM+ [kwc rkdroj gksank FkkA oqafd rkdr dk izek.k vkt Hkh gekjk chp ckou x<+ksa dk ijk.kk [kan~okj vj iapsfr pkSarjk ns[k.k d miyCËk NuA truk otu vkt ÿsu mBkSns oruk vdsyk HkM+ mBkank FkkA HkM+ksa dk vykok lkekU; yksx Hkh [kwc rkdroj gksank FkkA dHkh dqN nq[k r[kyhQ dS lf.k fu jan FkSA gka vpkud egkekfj dq t:j [krjk dHkh dHkh jan FkkS ij lkekU; rkSj ij u df[k chekfj FkS u df[k MkDVj dh t:jr jafn FkkSA ,d LoLFk vkSj [kq'kgky lekt FkS igkM+ ekA fparu euu djk vkf[kj gekjk cqtxZq ksa dk vPNk LokLF; dq D;k jkt FkkSA ;kadq iSyq jkt FkkS vPNq [kkuikr] 'kqº ikf.k vj 'kqº gokA gekjk vPNk [kkuiku ek dksn]w >axks:] dkS.a kh vj ph.kk vkfn ize[q k FkSA ;s dk

fot; tM+/kkjh tUe % 5 vDVwcj] 1953 œfr;k° % fpidks ] [kuu fojks / kh vkUnksyu ek lfÿ; Hkkxhnkjh orZ e ku ek cht cpkvks vkUnksyu dk lw=/kkjA tokgj yky usg: fo'ofo|ky;] thåchå iUr d` f "k ,oa ÁkS | ks f xdh foåfoå] gs å uåcåxå ds U nz h ; fo'ofo|ky;] Jh nso lqeu fo'ofo|ky; vj thåchå iUr fgeky;u i;kZoj.k ,oa fodkl laaLFkku ek ijEijkxr cht ,oa d`f"k ij O;k[;kuA ikjEifjd [ksrh vj cht ij csfYt;e] caXykns'k] usiky] eysf'k;k vj nf{k.k v›hdk dks Hkze.k vj O;k[;kuA lEidZ % xzke ,oa i=ky;&tM+/kkj xkao] ok;k ujsUnzuxj fVgjh x<+oky èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

9

mŸkjk[k.M dk yksd lalkËku

lkFk] nwËk] ngh] eD[ku] ?kh vj eV~Bk t:j bLrseky djnk vj eV~Bk ns.k dq fjokt FkkSA mis{kk ;k vutkuk ek Hkh FkkA Hkkafr&Hkkafr dh nkˇ vj lkx HkqTTkh gksna h FkSA ;fn dSfd Cok;ks± lkf.k okLrfod rkSj ek [kwc rkdroj phtsa [kka.k d fefYn FkSA dksnq dFkxk C;k;ha xkSMh+ &HkSfa l fu r iM+kl s h ngh] eV~Bk t:j nsna k FkkA irk vkt dqN fo'okl fu dfj ldnq fd dHkh rkdroj vj ikSf"Vd N vkt gh fu pYnq FkS fd ySna q fu;sA gekjk xkSa eqYd [kk|kUUk dk ekeyk ek vkRe iks"k.k dk tkudkj vj MkDVj ;ka dk vykok gj ekSle ek fuHkZj jb gksykA ijUrq ;k lPPkkbZ N gek: crS jSuA 'kwxj] eËkqesg vj ta x yh] Qy&Qw y vj [kk.kq is.kq Hkh HkkSr ikSf"Vd vj rkdr ns.k vU; dbZ chekfj;ks a e lfCt;ka Hkh [kwc feYnh FkSA okˇq FkS rfHk os tekuk gekjk cqtqxZ ^HkM+* jSuA vktdy MkDVj efjtksa rSa dksnq o >axksjk [kk.k dh lykg rckfj fyLV c.kks.a k dh t:jr lqizflº yksd xk;d ujsUnz flag usxhu fy[ks nh jSuA ij tckfj igkM+dk fu FkS fdarq vkt ;fn ge fyLV ohj HkM+q dq ns'k----x<+n's kA HkM+ [kwc rkdroj yksx dksnq] >axks: [kkank Fkk c.kk r 50 fl vfËkd rjg gksank FkkA oqafd rkdr dk izek.k vkt Hkh mafd gM~Mh druk etcwr dk taxyh Qy&Qwy] lfCt gekjk chp ckou x<+ksa dk ijk.kk [kan~okj vj gksanh FkSA Mkykefr ;k axks: ngh] cf.k jksVh] Bx jksVh] ckM+h iY;ks vkfn [kwc [kkank Fkk ijUrq eV~Bk vj e.k>ksyh o >ksyh o xgFk dk Qk.kk dk nxM+k ;fn dqbZ esgeku vkSf.k r yqfd&fNfi d [kkank FkkA ;fu liksM+h d [kkank FkkA [kka.k dk rkSj rfjdk ;k vkt Hkh >axksjk dh Hkh ckr NA njvly 'kgj fcfV X;wa dh xksjh Hkk"kk ek [kk.k dh jSLih tksjnkj FkSA [kk.k ek LOkkn vkSj jksVh vj pkoy dq Hkkr 'kgjh dfFkr lH; lekt dh etk r fujkfy FkSA vj [kk.k dh r`fIr Hkh ∫os tkans FkSA fu'kkuh ek.knk FkkA Cok;ks± lf.k lklq dksnk dh jksVh] >axks: >axksjk dh [khj vj NafNMq r cM+h 'kkSd fl [kkank gh Fkk lkFk gh >axksjk dk nxM+k pSalq] >ksyh e.k>ksyh] da M kyh dh dkQyh vj Qk.kq etknkj jSLihA ∫;wan dk fnuksa xF;k.kh lnhZ tqdke tkM+q nwj HkXkkSanw FkkSA gekjk [kkuiku ek lkeq f gd Hkks t ;k C;ks&cjkr] eqaM.k] Jkº vkfn dk volj ij fte.k dh izFkk Hkh tksjnkj FkS A vkt Hkh vus d fgLlks a ek lkeqfgd Hkkst ek nky&Hkkr gh ijksL;k tkanksA iaxr ek fte.k dq vyx vkUkUn NA [kk.k is.k vj ijksl.k dq iq: vuq'kklu NA HkM~Mw dh nky vj d<+kgh dk Hkkr dw Lokn ,d 10

èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

mŸkjk[k.M dk yksd lalkËku

ckj [kkfy r fQj Hkqfy fu ldnkA vktdy 'kgjksa fcfV C;ks&cjkR;ksa ek [kM+k[kfM+ dq fjokt Hkh xkS&xkS e vkS.k YgxsA ;s fl tqBq&iqBq vj xatxat dS rjg dq [kq.k Hkys gh fefy tkanq ij [kk.k dq etk vj r`fIr fcYdqy fu gksafnA xkSa e Hkh cjkr dk ikS.kksa d vDlj [kM+k[kfM+ [kk.kk dq

bartke dj.k Ygfxu ij tc [kk.k fd ckfj vkSanks r vDlj cjkfr dk ikS.kk iaxr ek cSfBd ljksyk dq idka;q nky&Hkkr T;knk ilUn djnkuA Hkys HkM~Mw ek ifd Nseh] mM+n vj rkS j dh nky dh yMcM+h nky vj Hkkr dq vkuUn gh dqN vkSj NA iqjk.kk yksx [kkuiku gh uk cfYd nkarks lf.k etcwr djuk dk [kkfrj cq [ k.kk P;w M + k ] Hkq T ;k] X;ksa &HkV~V] ekjlk vj fry o fljksyk feySd cqdk.k dq etk gh dqN vkSj NA ;k=k ek tkafn nka ;k ?kj ek >ViV [kk.kk ek lŸkw Hkh de mi;ksxh uh NA bZ gekjk >ViV [kk.kk ;k QkLV QwM NuA vxj ge igkM+ dh [ksrh vj taxy ls izkIr [kkuiku dh jSLih ;k djhc Ms<+ lkS fl vfËkd rjg dq [kkuiku dh jSLih ns[kka r djhc Ms<+ lkS ls vfËkd rjg dq [kkuiku vkt Hkh vusd fgLlksa e yksx [kknkuA eSu vi.kh iqLrd flmŸkjk[k.M esa [kkuiku dh laLœfrfi ek ;wa [kkuiku dks fooj.k fy[ksA ,d lykg ; N fd ;fn vki lq[k vj LOkLFk jk.k pank vj chekjh nwj HkxkS.k pank r dksnw] >axks:] dkS.kh] xkFk] HkV~V] daMkfy vj vU; taxyh Qy&Qwy lkx HkqTkh t:j [kkmuA vkt iks"k.k dk tkudkj vj MkWDVj Hkh ; lykg nh nsanuA qq èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

11

mŸkjk[k.M dk yksd lalkËku

fxyks; (xqM+ p w h)

ifjp;

fx

MkWå chå,lå usxh

tUe % 20 vxLr] 1957 œfr;k° % ns'k dh ize[q k cky if=dkvksa dk okLrk fp=kadu mŸkjk[k.M ek fp= izn'kZfu;ka lEÁfr % fpfdRlkf/kdkjh izkFkfed LokLF; dsUÊ] iks[kM+k] ikSMh+ 12

èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

yks; ,d HkkSr gh lqizflº vj xq.kdkjh] lfc txkSa ek loZ= lqyHk oukS"kfËk NA x<+okfˇ Hkk"kk ek bZa vkS"kfËk FkS fxySbZ] fxyS fCk cksY;s tkanA ;sdq ,d uke ve`rk (cgq Ok"kkZ;q vj ve`r dq leku xq.kdkjh gks.k dks dkj.k) Hkh NA ;sdq ruk dkVh FkSa fHk= pÿkdkj fLFkfr n`f"Vxkspj gksUn rfc ;sdq ,d uke pÿkaxh ;k pÿ y{k.kk fc NA ; vkS"kfËk ouLifr txr dh Menispermaceae dqy dh N vj ;sdq okUkLIkfrd uke Tinospora-Cordifolia NA ;sfd ,dkËk tkfr FkksMk+ HkkSr vUrj ls Tinospora sinensis vj Tinospora crispa fc feynuA xq.kËkeZ fc yxHkx leku gksUnhuA ; vkS"kfËk cgqo"kkZ;q] ekaly] vkjksfg.kh yrk tSdks ruk gk:] iRRkk ,dkUrj vj ‚n;kdkj (iku dk iRRkksa dks ln`'k] pedhyk)] iq"i&ihyk xqPNkSa ek Qy eVj dk leku] ekaly id.k ij yky] o"kkZ Ωrq ek Qwy vj 'khr dky ek Qy yx nhuA ;sdq fo'ks"k vax tks ge vkS"kfËk :i ek iz;ksx dj nkSa oks p ;sdq rukA ;Fkk laHko fxyS dks iz;ksx rktk :i ek dj.k pSUn fQj fc ;fn ;sdq laxzg dj.k gks r o"kkZ Ωrq dk ckn 'khrdky ek dj.k pSUnA ; vkS"kfËk l;Z Hkkjr ek lqyHk gksUnA gek: mRRkjk[k.M dks x<+oky vj dqek≈a tuinksa dk f'kokfyd ou [k.Mksa ek] rjkbZ Hkkoj dk xje bykdksa ek nsgjknwu] Ωf"kds'k] jkeuxj] dk'khiqj] vYeksM+k ek lfc txk vklkuh ls gksUnA • jklk;fud la?kVu vj xq.k ËkeZ % ;ha vkS"kfËk dks ,d uke ve`rk ;Fkk uke rFkk xq.k dks ln`'k NA ;kuh ve`r dk leku xq.kdkjhA b± vkS"kfËk dk jklk;fud la?kVu ek Tinosporin, Berberin vkfn {kkjkHk (Alkaloida) vj ,d frr (dM+qok) Glycoside Cieloin i;s tkanA ;sdk vykok ,d mM+u'khy rsy vj clkEYk i;s tafnunA ;sdk ruk ls ,d Starch (e.M ln`'k) tS FkS fxyks; lRo (lr fxyS) cksynu] fudynkA fxyS jl ek dM+oh] dqN d"kkHk (dlSyk) gksUnA ;k vfXu (ikpdkfXu vFkkZr Metabolism) FkS c<+k.k oˇh (nhiuh;) xzkgh (LRkEHkd vFkkZr jksd.k okyh)] jDRk 'kksËkd (jDRk dks 'kqº dj.k okyh)] gkFk] iSjksa dh

mŸkjk[k.M dk yksd lalkËku

dks iz;ksax vusd 'kkL=h; ;ksxqa dk :Ik ek fofHkUUk jksx tyu vj isV dh tyu FkSa 'kkUr dj.k ofˇ (nkg fuokj.k duk dk okLrk iz;ksx gksUnkA ;q dbZ 'kkL=h; iz'kked)] 'kjhj dk frU;k nks"k okr fiRRk vj dQ rSa ;ks x q ek IoM+ n k ;Fkk la ' keuh oVh] ve` r kfj"V] 'kkUr dj.k okyh (f=nks"k 'kked)] o; LFkkiu (;kfu n'kewykfj"V] lathouh oVh] pUnzizHkk oVh] P;ouizk'k] tYnh cq
13

mŸkjk[k.M dk yksd lalkËku

fxyS ‚n; FkS cy nh.k ofy jDRk'kksËkd vkSj jDRk • dQt Toj % tS Toj ek [kkalh gksUn ;s ek fxyS dks oËkZd Hkh NA byS;h ;sdks iz;ksx fcekjh dk ckn dh tq dk<+k nxM+h NksVh ihiy dks pw.kZ vj 'kSn feySdh ns.k nqcZyrk p os ek fc ;s FkS iz;qDRk djnukA th.kZ vfrlkj pSUnA ek Hkh ;sdq iz;ksx djs tkanA To: ek dS fc izdkj dks • v#fp % fxYkS dk rktk jl ek ihiy dk pw.kZ vj 'kSn ;Fkk th.kZ&Toj] fo"ke To: ek ;sdq iz;ksx djs tkan ;s feySdh ;sls Hkw[k Hkh c<+nk vj [kkalh ek Hkh ykHk ls tSj dks nkg vj r`".kk (I;kl) ek vkjke feyn gksUnA vfXu c<+nk vj nqcZyrk nwj gksUnA • ihfy;k ek % fxYkS dq lr dk lkFk Hk`axjkt dk pw.kZ] okRkjDRk (Gout) tks fd Uric Acid dks c<+.k dks dkj.k dqVdh pw.kZ vj iquuZok dk pw.kZ] HkqabZ vkoyk dks pw.kZ gksUn vkSj vkeokr (Rhematism) ;s nq;k izdkj dk jksx vj feJh feySdh iz;ksx djs tkUnA tksMk+ as ek gksUnh vkSj vktdy dh thou 'kSyh dk dkj.k HkkSr gh vfËkd ek=k ek gks.kk NuA ;wa ek fc ;sdq v'kkrhr • [kqV~Vk ryok dh tyu % fxYkS vj vj.Mh dk chtksa FkS nS ek feySdh yxk.k ls [kqV~Vk dk ryok dh tyu ykHk gksUnA ;sdk vykok ;q Doh Hkh yEch chekjh dk feVnh NA okn dh nqcy Z rk vj {k; jksx ek fc fn;s tkanA {k; jksxh FkS vU; vkS"kfËk;ksa dk nxM+h fxyS dq iz;ksx ls tYnh fxyS FkS xqM+ dk lkFk [kk.k ij dCt nwj gksUnA lksaB dk LokLF; ykHk fn[ks tkUnA nxM+ [kk.k ls tksMk+ s dks jksx ;s dk vykok ;sdq fo'ks"k ek vkjke feynkA xksew= dk iz;ksx jlk;u dk :Ik ek ;sdq fo'ks"k vax tks ge vkS"kfËk :i ek iz;ksx nxM+ ys . k ls 'yhpn gksUnA jlk;u dq vFkZ LoLFk dj nkSa oks p ;sdq rukA (Qhyikao Filariasis) ek Hkh O;fDRk dq LokLF; FkS vkjke feynkA iwokZi{s k;k vfËkd lEEkqur] Js"B vj iz'kLr c.kk.kq N vFkkZr 'kjhj dh thouh'kfDRk • vfXueka| % fxyS] ykSax] nky phuh ;wa lfc phtksa RkSa ihlh dh fnu ek }h ckj ys.k eUnkfXu nwj gksUn] Hkw[k c<+k.kq tS FkS ge (Untality) cksy ldnkSA vFkkZr fxyS dk vPNh yxnA iz;ksxls ,d LoLFk O;fDRk Hkh vi: LokLF; FkS vkSj vfËkd lEequr c.kk ldn vIk: vUnj jksx izfrjksËkd • Toj dk ckn dh detksjh ek % fxyS] fpjk;rk] lksaB {kerk dq fodkl dSj ldn tSls Doh Hkh jksx fu ‡kA vkfn dks pw.kZ }h ckj ys.k pSUnA fxyks; dks iz;ksx DokFk (dk<+s) dk :Ik ek] pw.kZ dk ;sdk vykok fxyS dq 'kkL=h; ;ksxksa dks iz;ksx Hkh fofHkUUk :i ek ;k fxyS dk lr dk :i ek djs ldsanA ;kals jksxksa dk fuokj.k dk okLrk gksUnA eos'kh dk mnj fodk: rsy vkfn FkSa flº djhfd rsy dks iz;ksx dbZ izdkj dk ek Hkh ;sdq mi;ksx djs tkUnkA tksM+ksa dk jksxksa ek gksUnA lcls cM+h ckr ;k N fd izdf` r dh ; nsu euq"; leqnk; dqN O;kogkfjd dk jksx fuokj.kkFkZ vj O;LFkkiudkjh NA geFkSa ;s dks iz;ksx • xfB;k % fxyS dks dk<+k lqcsj lke is.k ls iqjk.kw ls dj.k ek Doh fc ladksp fu dj.k pSUnkA ;k vkS"kfËk fujkin iqjk.kw xfB;k vj (Rhematism) ek ykHk feynA N vaxt sz h nok;wa dh rjk ;s dk Doh Hkh nq"izHkko fu gksUnk tkS • ew= lEcUËkh jksx % fxyks; dk lr ek fxyS dks dk<+k FkSa ge lkbM bQSDV CkksynkaA ;sFkS vki yxkrkj yECkk VSe fiyk.k ls ew= lEcUËkh jksxksa ek HkkSr gh ykHk gksUnA rd Hkh iz;ksx dfj ldnkaA ysfdu ;sdk nksgu dk lkFk&LkkFk • xehZ dk QksM+k QqUlh % fxyS dks dk<+k ls ;sek ykHk ;sdq laj{k.k fc t:jh NA gksUnA fxyS FkSa ;FkklEHko rkth vj gjh gh iz;ksx ek dj.k • 'Oksr iznj % dk<+k ;k lr fxyS dks iz;ksxA pSUnkA gka ;fn fu ehy ldfn rk ;s dq laxzg cjlkr • ‚n; dh ËkM+du % dS Hkh dkj.k ls yEch fcekjh ls dk ckn 'khr Ωrq ek dSfd os dks iz;ksx djs ldnkA ‚n; dh ËkM+du c<+.k ek Hkh ;sdks iz;ksx NA fxYkS ;fn uhe dk isM+ ij p<+h ‡k r oha fxyS FkS uhe fxyks; Coynha vj o fxyS vkSj Hkh xq.kdkjh gksUnk buq • Toj % lfc izdkj dk To:ek ;sdq fujkin iz;ksx gksUnA fxyS dk dk<+k ek feJh feySdh ih.k ls firt 'kkL=q ek o.kZu NA Toj ek ykHkA qq 14

èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

mŸkjk[k.M dk yksd lalkËku

mŸkjk[k.M ek fefJr c.k

;q

xq cfV mŸkjk[k.M (fgeky;) tSo&fofoËkrk dks Hk.Mkj jS;AS ckfu&ckfu dk Mkˇk&cksVk] Qy&Qwy] tM+h&cwVh vj ckfu&ckfu dks vukt&ikf.k gekjh HkkS r cfM+ fcjklr jS ; s A ij tc cfV phM+ c.kksa dks foLrkj mŸkjk[k.M eka gks;s gekjk ckS.k (taxy) ,dy iztkfr dk c.khd jSxhu vj phM+ c.kksa ek yx.k ofˇ vkxu gekjh TkSo&fofoËkrk rSa uqdlku igqp a k;sA vkt gekjk lke.kh ik.kh dks ladV] pkjk dks ladV] oU; izkf.k;ksa dks ladV iSnk gksbZ X;sA tS dq vlj gekjh [ksrh ij iM+]s ; fc ,d otS N fd iyk;u dh xfr ek rsth vk;sA pkjk vj b±Ëku dh iwfrZ dk okLrk tukuk c.kksa ek nwj&nwj rd dbZ ehy tkUnk jSuA ;h owadh fnup;kZ Hkh jS;As eS o"kZ 1974 ek chå,lå,Qå cfV NqV~Vh ek ?kj vk;s r ns[kh xkSa dk yksx ckS.k tS;ka NuA irk pys fd ,d tukuh
txr flag pkSËkjh ^taxyh*

tUe mikfËk

% 10 fnlEcj] 1950 % xz h u ,Ecs l Mj vkW Q mŸkjk[k.M lEidZ % xzke o iksLV&dksV eYYkk ftyk #Êiz;kx mŸkjk[k.M èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

15

mŸkjk[k.M dk yksd lalkËku

vkt tks lcls cM+h {ks = h; yks x ks a u ,d lfVZ f Qds V ns d h eS a rS pkjk vj bZËku dh iwfrZ dk okLrk tukuk c.kksa ckr esjk eu rS ijs'kku djnh ^ta x yh* dh mikfËk ls ek nwj&nwj rd dbZ ehy tkUnk jSuA ;h owadh ok N ckS.k dk izkf.k;ksa }kjk lEEkkfur djs rc cfV eSa fnup;kZ Hkh jS;sA eS o"kZ 1974 ek chå,lå [ksrh rS rckg dj.k dhA iSyh ^taxyh* c.kh x;waA oSbZ le; ,Qå cfV NqV~Vh ek ?kj vk;s r ns[kh xkSa dk r mŸkjk[k.M lhekUr fdlku dk ikl [ksrh dh tehu de y[ku≈ ek ioZrh; fodkl yksx ckS.k tS;ka NuA N nwljh c"kkZrh Qly dh dk izeq[k lfpo Jh MkWå HkkSr de mRiknu dh tehu vkjå,lå Vksfy;k th fefJr ou dks ns[k.k ,Su vj owau vi.kk i= }kjk lEiw.kZ mRRkjk[k.M ek ;fu fefJr N vj ok Hkh oU; izkf.k;ksa }kjk lekIr gks.kh NA xks.kh cu yxkS.k dks lHkh foHkkxwa rSa funsZ'k nsbZA oSdk ckn ckanj] lwaxj] tM+kS] ljkS vj Hkkyqvksa vj xqynkj }kjk la;qDRk ou izcUËku dk }kjk xkaoksa ek fefJr c.kksa dks yxkS.k dks dk;Z 'kq: gks;sA vc ou foHkkx dh Hkh le> ek ckr cSBh X;s rFkk owau Hkh fefJr c.kksa rSa yxkS.k dw dke 'kq: djhA ;h eha pkanw NkS vj vc lHkh txgksa ij fefJr iztkfr dk Mkˇk cksVk yx.kk NuA Ok"kZ 1974 ek 'kq: djh dk;Z vkt fefJr ou dks ,d ekMy c.kh X;s tSdk fHk= 60 iztkfr dk o`{k 25 izdkj dh ?kkl] 25 izdkj dh tM+h&cwfV;ka] pk;iŸkh] vnjd] gYnh] bZykbph dk lkFk&lkFk tyok;q fuekZ.k

dks dk;Z gks;wa p tSek LVksu rduhfd oqM rduhfd vj xn~nk ;U= rduhfd dks dk;Z djh X;sA yk[kksa yksx fefJr ou ekMy dks voyksdu dj pqdhuA vusd fo'ofo|ky;] dkyst] Ldwy dk Nk= vi.kk 'kksËk lEcUËkh Kku vtZu dk okLrk yxkrkj vkSUnk jkSUnkA vesfjdk] baXyS.M] vkLV™sfy;k dk Nk= vj laLFkkxr yksxksa dk }kjk fefJr ou ekMy dks voyksdu djh X;sA f; xfrfofËk esjks mRlkg fc c<+kaSnuA

tu&Ëku dh HkkSr gkfu gks.khA vko';drk N le; jkSUnk vxj gy uh fudˇn r lkjks ikfjfLFkfrdh ra= fcxM+h tkyksA igkM+ [kkyh ‡s tkyk tq fd jkT; vj ns'k dk okLrk 'kqHk ladsr uh gksyksA esjks lq>ko N fd xks.kh&cUnjksa rSa idM+hd us'kuy ikfd±x ek j[kh tk;ksA ;wadks cUË;kZdj.k djh tkS] c.kksa ek Qyksa dk o`{kksa dks jksi.k djh tkS tksfd vklkuh ls djh tS lD;ksan vxj vko';drk N r bPNk 'kfDRk dh tksfd ljdk: ek gks.k pSUnh œf"k ([ksrh) jkSyh r yksx igkM+ ek jkSyk ugh r iyk;u ‡sfd igkM+ [kkyh ∫os tkyksA xkSa NksMh+ d yksx lM+dw ij vi.kk dwMk+ c.kksyk rc ladV iSnk ‡s tkywA qq

fo'o iqLrd esyk ek Ëkkn 16

èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

mŸkjk[k.M dk yksd lalkËku

xksV

t

c igkM+ksa ek yksx dqN cfl r xha ij vkokxeu dk lkËku lhfer Nk;kA dqek;wa ek jkeuxj] gY}kuh] Vudiqj vj x<+okˇ ek nqxM~Mk vj Ωf"kds'k utnhdh cl LVs'ku Nk;kA rc ;wa LVs'kuw ls t:jh lkeku vi.kk ?kkSj rd Ygk.kk dk lkËku ?kksM+k] [kPPkj ;k fQj cdjh NS fd r vkneh [kqn tSdh yw.k] xqM+ vj diM+k vi.kh ihB ek YgkUnq NkS] tSdw xks: FkSa xkfHku dj.kk dk ykyp ls xksV ek Hksth nhUnk Nk;kA xks: HkSL;wa FkSa caËk.kk dw jLlh [kqUVk jSUn Nk; ij ckxh] lkaM [kqyk jSan Nk;k tw ck?k ls lqj{kk djh xks:a FkS cpkUnk Nk;kA xksV ek eu[;wa rSa o c[k;w± rSa jS.kk dk okLrk ckal dh [kifp;ksa ls c.kh Nkarh ;k iyh c.k;s tkafn NS tq ekˇw dk iRRkk vj ekˇw csy dh jLlh (,sMw) dh lgk;rk ls cq.ks tkafn NS tks dbZ lky rd dke nhfUn NSA rsy dk [kkyh fVu FkSa dkVh fc iyh c.k;s tkanh NSA xksV tSa ekS fd iqaxfM~;wa gksUnh oha ekS dh ftEEksnkjh vkS: ls dqN tknk gksfUn NSA iYYkk

fo|knŸk 'kekZ

mez % 80 o"kZ œfr;k° % vkB iqLrd Ádkf'kr lEeku % nl lkyS [kcjlkj] x<+ofˇ Hkk"kk vj lkfgR;] Hkw o ty laj{k.k vj tSfod [ksrh dk {ks = es a mYYks [ kuh; dk;Z izxfr'khy fdlku lEEkku ls lEEkkfur lEidZ % xzke lkaxqM+k] i=ky; lwyk vlokyL;wa] ikSMh+ x<+oky èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

17

mŸkjk[k.M dk yksd lalkËku

lj.kk dhy ?kSV.kk vj vi.kk lkeku Nkarh&iYYkh dhyk&T;wMk+ s FkSa dS txk ek vj lqcsj mBh ubZ txk ek xks : ckaËk.kk (eˇxksV lj.kh) ;w owadks dke NkSA tcfd jkr dh pkSdhnkjh dk okLrk 2&3 vkSj vkneh nxM+k vkUn Nk;kA xks: ek mT;kˇk dk okLrk tc ykyVsu dw izpyu 'kq: ‡ks X;k rc r ykyVsu gksfUn NS ij os ls iSyh dqˇaS dk lqjf{kr vxyk lky dk okLrk j[kh nhUn Nk;kA fNYYkk H;wˇ dk D;kM+k ls dke pykUn Nk;A lHkh XoByk b fo'okl NkS fd XoB;;ka [ksrw ek Hkjiwj Qly izk;% jkr dk [kk.kk dk okLrk vkVw ?kj ls xwUnh fytkUnk ∫osyh vj [ksrksa ek i'kqvksa dk eyew= thoka'k rRoksa dh Nk;kA XokB dw dke izpfyr Hkkstu nky&qaxjk dh Qly dVh.kh r xksV eq.Ms lkjh dh rjQ ,s tkfUn NSA eˇl.kk dh mifLFkfr ls dhpM+ vj xUnxh dw gks.kks fuf'pr vj eq.Ms dh iqaxM+h tfu&tfu xksB~;;sanh xS ruh&rhu NkS tq LokLF; dk okLrk gkfudkjd NkSA HkknkSa ekl dh owaek TkqrkbZ vj vkM+h dkUMh dukS dke Hkh nxM+k&nxM+h xehZ ek xkS'kkyksa dk csM dejksa ek jS.k ls c[kjh chekj pyn jSUn NkSA cXokˇ vkUn&vkUn dkQh tehu xqB;;s ∫os tkfUn NS ;wa leL;kvksa dk gy dk okLrk Hkh xksV tkfUn NS vj rc joh dh Qly cks.k dh rS;kjh ∫os tkfUn Ëkjs tkfUn NSA xksV igkM+h thou dh LokLF; le`fº NS rc xksV okil ?k: rSa ykSfV tkfUn NSA bUuS&mUUkS ls vj LOkkoyEcu dh l'kDrËkqjh NSA Yg;ka xks:&HkSalk okil os xkSa rd XoByk gdS nhUn Nk; qq

fo'o iqLrd esyk ek Ëkkn 18

èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

mŸkjk[k.M dk yksd lalkËku

mŸkjk[k.M ek ck°l

ck°l ,d ifjp;

ck°

l us dsoy Hkkjr dh laLœfr dw vykok iwokZ laLœfr dw ,d egRowi.kZ vax pA ;s dh cgq mi;ksxh gks.kk dk dkj.k ;s Fks vusd ukeksa ls t.ksa tkan&tu ck°l laLœfr] gS: lksuk] xjhc vkfnew dw NIij vkSj dkfQu fVEcj dw ÿSfMy vkfnA ck°l ?kkl ifjokj dw iksf'k;k (xSzfeuh) tkfr ls lEcfUËkr pA Hkkjr ek ck°l dh 125 Lons'kh vkSj nxM+ gh fons'kh iztkfr 23 thul (oa'k) ls lEcfUËkr NA Hkkjr ek ck°l 10-3 fefy;u gSfDV;j {ks= ek QSY;w° NA tks eksVk rkSj ij ns'k dw dqy ou {ks= dks 12-8 izfr'kr NA ck°l leqnz ry fcfV 4000ehå rd dh ≈°pkbZ rd ‡s tkanA ;s dh vPNh mit [kq.ks dh 8 fMxzh lSfYl;l ls 36 fMxzh lSfYl;l rd dw rkieku p;sanks nxM+ ek 1000 feehå dh cj[kk i;kZIr gksanA ;s [kq.ks dh vknzrk (ueh) dh Hkwfe fd t:jr iM+nA Hkkjr ek dsoy d'ehj gh ,d bu txg N t[k ckal izkœfrd :i ls iSnk fu gksanksA Hkkjr ek iSnk gks.k oˇks eq[; ck°l&thul vjaMkusfj;k] cSEcwlk] pkbeksuks cSEcwlk] MSUM™ksDysel] MkbuksDyksvk] tkbtsUVksDyksek] bUMksdSysel] vkWysUM™k] fM™isuksLVsfd;e] QkbykLVsdht vkSj FkSeuksdsysel vkfn iztkfr izpqj ek=k ek feyfnuA lcls T;knk ck°l dh iSnkokj Hkkjr dk iwohZ jkT; v:.kkpy izns'k] vklke] ef.kiqj] fetksje] ukxkyS.M] flfDde] f=iqjk vj if'pe caxky ek vfËkd ek=k ek iSnk gksanA

nso dqekj eyklh

mŸkjk[k.M ek ck°l dh fLFkfr gekjk mŸkjk[k.M ek dbZ izdkj dk MkˇkcksVk feynu&phM+] nsonkj] Hkksti=] fjaxky] Hkhey] [kfMd] ib;ka] esgy] P;wjk] lky] 'kh'ke] ckat ,oa ck°l vkfnA b± lHkh vR;Ur mi;ksxh NuA ysfdu ;°w lc e ck°l dh mi;ksfxrk cgqr T;knk NA mŸkjk[k.M e ck°l cgqr cM+k Hkw Hkkx e miyCËk NA mŸkjk[k.M dk vyx&vyx LFkkuksa ek ;sfd vyx&vyx iztkfr feynuA ij ljdkjksa dh xyr uhfr;ksa dk dkj.k ;w Ëkhjs&Ëkhjs cgqr de gksna tk.kw NA mŸkjk[k.M dk Hkkcj ,oa rjkbZ {ks=ksa ek MSUM™kDs ysel fLV™Dl iztkfr dks cgqr cM+ks taxy NkSA b± iztkfr FkSa ge ykBh ck°l ls Hkh t.knk Nk° vkSj igkM+ dk xkaoksa ek cSEcwlk ,oa v:UMsufs 'k;k iztkfr dks ck°l i;kZIr ek=k ek feYnks] ;s FkaS ge pkbZ ckal dk ukS ls gh T;knk t.knkA

tUe lfpo

% 5 twu] 1967 % ioZrh; xzkeh.k fodkl ,oa lsok lfefr lEidZ % eyklh Hkou] utnhd dkWUosUV Ldwy ineiqj lq[kjkSa dksV}kj èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

19

mŸkjk[k.M dk yksd lalkËku

ck°l dw mi;ksx mŸkjk[k.M dk ioZrh; {ks= ek ck°l dks mi;ksx lk[;wau cVsu d;sZ tk.kw NA xzkeh.k yksx ;sa ls tu ck°l dks NIij ;k fQj ?kkSj c.kknk Nk;k nxM+S jkst dke e vk.k ofy pht tu B~oijh] pVS] da?kh] lqIIkk] ia[kk vj vukt j[k.kk [kqf.k cM+k cM+k DoUUkk c.kkank Nk;kA ;kadk lkFk gh ck°l dk dqEiˇksa dks lkx Hkh cM+k pko ls [kk°nk Nk;kA xk°o dk yksxksa }kjk [ksrh ckM+h dw dke NksM+.k ls ck°l dks mi;ksx uk dk cjkcj jS X;sA tcfd xkSa dk yksx iSfy ck°l dks mi;ksx vi.kk iqx.kkSa dh esaMksa eka ysxsxh Hkw dVko Hkh jksdnk Nk;k vj vi.kk ikf.k dk izkœfrd lzksr dk ,sap ckal dh jks i .kh djnk Nk;k T;ka ls Hkw ty lap; dks dke Hkh gksanks NkSA tka ls iwjk lky Hkj iansjks ek ik.kh xk°o oyks Fksa i;kZIr :i ls fujUrj feuaw jsna ks NkSA vkt dk le; e Hkh ckal bu pht p fd eksjn nka Hkh vkfne nxM+ 'ke'kku rd e`R;q l∏;k dk :i e Hkh nxM+ e tkanA ij orZeku le; e ckal dks mi;ksx cgqr de os X;kA mŸkjk[k.M dk tq dk'rdkj Nk;k m orZeku thou 'kSyh dk vuqlkj viMk mRikn ek u;k iu fu yS lkdkA tS dkj.k ≈°dk mRikn fd fcÿh fu ‡s ldh vj ;ks jkstxkj dks lkËku fu c.k ldhA tcfd ns'k dk

mŸkjh] iwohZ {ks= dk nLrdkjksa u tekuk dk nxM+h uS QS'ku ek ckal ls QuhZpj] ltkoVh pht tu&edku ek yx.k oyh VkbYl vkSj ubZ&ubZ VSDuksykWth dks iz;ksx djh Fksa [kwclwjr gVl dks fuekZ.k djh tS FkSa yksxksa u HkkSr ilUn dfj vj ;sbZ otS ls ns'k dk mŸkj] iwohZ jkT;ksa ek ckal ,d ykHkdkjh O;olk; dk :i ek LFkkfir ‡sxAs

ck°l dk {ks= ek Lo;a lsoh laLFkk vj mŸkjk[k.M ljdkj dw iz;kl 1995 ek Lo;a lsoh laLFkk ioZrh; xzkeh.k fodkl ,oa lsok lfefr ineiqj lq[kjkS dksV}kj }kjk xzke&jruiqj lq[kjkS o xzke&dksVM+h
20

èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

mŸkjk[k.M dk yksd lalkËku

HkkSr dke dks N H;waˇ

x

<+okˇ ek gks.k ofˇ Mkfˇ cksB~;wa ek H;waˇ dks HkkSr egRo NA H;waˇ Hkhey dk ukS ls t.ks tkan tks xzhfi;k vkfIVok dqy dh Mkfˇ NA H;waˇkS Mkˇks HkkSr cM+ks fu gksanksA MkaMk dkBkSa dk jScklh H;waˇ dk egRo lk[;wa fcfV rS t.knuA ;ha Mkfˇ dks rkSadk thou ek HkkSr mi;ksx NuA H;waˇS iŸkh xksj cN: dk okLrk HkkSr ikSf"Vd e.ks tanuA oSKkfud crkSanu fd H;wˇS iR;wa ek 'kr izfr'kr izksVhu dh ek=k gksUnA ;kay H;waˇ xksj cN: dk okLrk HkkSr gh vPNks vkgkj e.ks tkanA crkSanu fd H;waˇ [kk.k ls xkSfM+ HkSL;wa dks nwËk gh fu c<+nks cydu ;ha pkjk iRRkh ls owadk nwËk dh xq.koŸkk Hkh vPNh gksanA yksx ;kayS ySafn xkSfM+ HkSaL;w dk pkjk dk okLrk H;waˇ YgkSanuA H;waˇ rS xkSj cM+k pko ls ls fc [kanuA ,d H;waˇS Mkfˇ ls ,d lky dk yxHkx 75 fdyks pkjk iŸkh ‡s tkanA H;waˇ dh ,d [kkfl;r gkSfj fc N fd H;waˇ rS truS cxr dVnk L;w rfFk cxr fQj ekSˇ tkan vj gjckj mruS >IkU;ˇq ‡s tkanA H;waˇ t[k xkS: dk pkjk okLrk HkkSr mi;ksxh N rf[k H;waˇ dk vkSj fc HkkSr mi;ksx yksx djnuA H;waˇS QkSaVX;wa ls js'kk fudˇn ;s js'kk ls c.k.k ofˇ Mksj dks HkkSr tknk mi;ksx [ksrh ckM+h vj ?kj dk dke ek gksUnA reke lalkËkuq dk chp vkt fc H;waˇk L;ksˇq fd mi;ksfxrk vif.k txk ek NA H;awˇk dk js'kk rSa L;ksˇq cksys tkUnA L;ksˇq fudy.kk dk okLrk H;waˇ dkVh rS fd QkSVX;wa rSa ikf.k ek Mˇs tkan ,d eSuk ckn H;waˇS fHkxha QksVX;wa ls L;ksˇq NM+;s tkUn vj tks QkSaVX;wa dks y[kM+q jkSan rkSadk D;kM+k c.k;s tanuA tks vkx txk.kk dk ek y;s tanuA H;waˇ dk D;kM+k (fNYYkk) cf<+;k txnu ;kayS rkS FkS vkx txk.kk dke YganuA L;ksˇq ls jLLkh c.k;s tkan o jLlh t[k [ksrh ckM+h dke dk yxqY;wa dks dke djn of[k o jLlh pkjikbZ cq.k.kk dke fc vkSanA x<+okˇ ek dfr laLFkk H;waˇk L;ksˇqu cSx] pVS] QksYMj Vqify] fnofˇ ij yVdkS.k oˇk oky gSafxx tfu phT;wa rSa fc c.kkS.kk Nu tks fcxjSyk fc gksanu vj etcwr fcA

txeksgu Mkaxh

tUe lekt

% 19 tqykbZ] 1971 % lkekftd ,oa ijkfofËkd dk;ZdrkZ lEidZ % xzke Mkaxh] i=ky; uSFkk.kk efu;kjL;wa] ikSMh+ x<+oky èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

21

mŸkjk[k.M dk yksd lalkËku

H;wˇ a S ydM+h cM+h etcwr gksan ;ku yksx vi.kk edkuq ij H;wˇ a S fxaMdh yxkSna uA iqjk.kk yks x cks y nu fd tS fHkrj H;wˇ a S fxaMdh yxh janu o[k vkx txkS.k ls oks fxaMdh vkSj etcwr ∫os tanuA ;ku yksx dwMk+ Nk.kkS H;wˇ a S dh gh fxa M dh yxkS a n k NkA dqYgM+k Hkdh.k] dqVˇ tM+k]s nkFkh gFkU;M+ks fc H;wˇ a k c.k;sna k NkA vj H;wˇ a S lksVxh xksj gdk.kks] gkSˇ yxkSna cxr cˇn gdk.kkS vj xq# yksx bLdqY;ksa rSa lqËkj.kkSa fc o"kqZ rd H;waˇS lksVxh mi;ksx dnkZ jSfuA H;w a ˇ dh Nky dk mi;ksx tuuk eqaM Ëkw.kkS fc lk[;wa fcfV djnu vkt fc H;waˇ nqU;k dk lcls cf<+;k 'kSEiw ls fc vPNw e.ks tkan ?kj xkSa ek r yksx rSuS eq.M ËkksanuA cksynu fd H;waˇu eq.M Ëkks.k ls ckˇ eqyeS vj pedhyS fu gksank cfYd eq.M ij [kkSl fc fu gksafn H;waˇ ij xaHkhjrk ls dke djs tkS r H;waˇ ls 'kSEiw dk okLrk rjy vj ikSMj }h cuh 'kSEiw c.k;s ldsanA H;waˇ dh ,d [kkfl;r ;k fc N fd ;q v∂oh tke tkanA H;waˇ dk cht tSrS xkSj c[kjkSa dk nxM+k 22

èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

nxfM+ euf[k vj p[kqyk fc [kS fnanu L;wa chtw ls gh H;waˇ dh Mkfˇ tke ta n u rS [kqf.k vyx ls Doh ulZ j h fu [kks y .k iM+fnA

H;waˇS iŸkh xksj cN: dk okLrk HkkSr ikSf"Vd e.ks tanuA oSKkfud crkSanu fd H;wˇS iR;wa ek 'kr izfr'kr izksVhu dh ek=k gksUnA ;kay H;waˇ xksj cN: dk okLrk HkkSr gh vPNks vkgkj e.ks tkanA crkSanu fd H;waˇ [kk.k ls xkSfM+ HkSL;wa dks nwËk gh fu c<+nks cydu ;ha pkjk iŸkh ls owadk nwËk dh xq.koŸkk Hkh vPNh gksanA yksx ;kayS ySafn xkSfM+ HkSaL;w dk pkjk dk okLrk H;waˇ YgkSanuA H;waˇ rS xkSj cM+k pko ls ls fc [kanuA ,d H;waˇS Mkfˇ ls ,d lky dk yxHkx 75 fdyks pkjk iŸkh ‡s tkanA H;waˇ dh ,d [kkfl;r gkSfj fc N fd H;waˇ rS truS cxr dVnk L;w rfFk cxr fQj ekSˇ tkan vj gjckj mruS >IkU;ˇq ‡s tkanA

H;wˇ a dk mRiknu vj rS ls rS;kj gks.k oˇk mRiknq dk okLrk ljdkj vj laLFkkxr Lrj ij dksf'k'k djs tkmu r xzkeh.k {ks= ek iSnk gks.k ofˇ ;k Mkfˇ xzkeh.k {ks= ek gh ,d vkfFkZd lalkËku dk :i ek LFkkfir ‡s ldnA eË;e tyok;q ek yxHkx }h gtkj ehVj rd dh mapkbZ ek gks.k oˇk H;wˇ a dk okLrk ljdkj fpRRkfˇ ‡s tkS r H;w a ˇ mRRkjk[k.M jkT; dk okLrk HkkSr gh mi;ksxh ‡s ldnA H;waˇ dk t[k vi.kk HkkSRk mi;ksx Nu of[k H;wˇ a Mkfˇ cksV;~ aw rS dVs.k ls fc cpkSna t[k H;wˇ a dk Mkˇk gksna u r H;wˇ a ij gh ?kkl dk ij[kq.Mk yx;s tanuA vj t[k H;wˇ a fu gksna k r[k ij[kq.Mk yxkS.kkS yksx lqryk dk okLrk NM+NfM+ Mkˇ;wa dkVh Y;afnu T;ka lS txaˇks dks Hkkjh uqdlku gksan fdySfd o[k fljQ ij[kq.Mk yxkS.kk dk okLrk gh Mkˇ~;aw fd cfy p<+S tkanA qq

mŸkjk[k.M dk yksd lalkËku


ek

jks ;q mŸkjk[k.M vj ; x<+Hkwfe fiNyh chloha lnh dk iwokZº rd iwjh rjkSa ls ftenkj fdlk.k dkexk: fd vj Ik'kqikydq fd deZ L Fkyh NS A gekjk iw o Z t vi.kq tkjt[;jk [ksrhckM+h ij fuHkZj jSank NkA nxMS+ vi.kh vkthfodk vi.kh tUeHkwfe ek dek.kkS yksxksa dk dbZ rjkSa dk dkeËkaËkk ;ha nsoHkwfe e rtfct dnkZa Nk;kA ;[k rd fd iqjk.kk jSckL;wau oawa
vuqlw;k izlkn ^?kk;y*

tUe % 22 tqykbZ] 1970 lEÁfr % f'k{kk foHkkx ek vË;kid lEidZ % xz k e cs j h[kky] eys B h] ekSankM+L;w° pkSandksV] ikSM+h x<+oky èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

23

mŸkjk[k.M dk yksd lalkËku

dk xkSa e vkt fHk ehytanu iqjk.kk tekuk dk ?kj xkao dks vj csjkstxk: dh vkthfodk dks cM+ks vËkkj c.k dwMk+ lc .k IokMyq ,d vkSj lPps ;k fHk N fd sy xsA HkyS gh fiNyk flyksVk] tanjk (vkVkpDdh dk ikV)] frcfj dk Hkou HkhM+k nhoky c.kk.kks n'kdq cfV iwjk eqYd dh rtZ dk [kaHk eksfj 'kgrhj pkS[kV ;[k rd fd feL=h dkjhfxjh dq lwË;w° QjSa vi.kk igkM+ vapy dh ikyrw tkuo: dk dhyk [kw°Vk Hkh ekVS b±V dq mi;ksx ls vc u;k uDdk'khnkj cM+k
fo'o iqLrd esyk ek Ëkkn 24

èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

mŸkjk[k.M dk yksd lalkËku

mŸkjk[k.M ek IkjflEeksu vj uSDVjhu

;

fn vkS.k tk.kk lkËkuksa dq fodkl uh gksan rc nqU;k dk ckjkek gekjh tudkjh HkkSr gh de gkasnhA Lkapkjk lkËkuksa dq deky N fd nqU;k vkt cgqr N~ofV yxnh vkSj l;kZ nqU;k dks dks.kk dqepjksa dk ckjk ek ge t.nk NuA vkt vkS.k tkf.k ∫os r vkilnkjh Hkh c<+hA gequ ,d nwljk fd Hkk"kk fcx.k 'kq: djh vj lh[khA ;sdk ckn vyx vyx txkSa dk [kkuiku igukok Hkh gequ vi.kkbZA Ckhloha 'knh lcls T;knk cnykSa ofˇ jSA ;sdk ckn ,d txk fcVh nwljh txkS tk.k ls rduhdh dh vnykcnyh gks.k ykfxA nwljk ns'kwa ek c.u ofˇ Hkkafr&Hkkafr dh pht lfCc txk c.u yfx rA ;sls iSfYk dqN pht lhfer txkSek df[k c.kfn NSA Bhd ;k ckr lfCt] Qy vj] Qwyksa ij Hkh ykxw ∫osA cht] ikSËkksa dq fc vknku iznku gks.k ls Hkh HkkSr cnykS fn[;sA ;fn bu fu gksan r Hkkjrek dbZ rjkSa dh Qly fu gksanA vkt ge vYYkq] VekVj] L;ks fcVh P;k rd mxkS.kk Nu r~ fHk.Mh ckuh lCth Hkh fons'kh Ëkjrh dh gh lkSxkr NA P;k dk fu;kZrk ekeyk ek r Hkkjr vkt nqfu;kek phuk ckn nwljk LFkku ij NA vkt gekjk œf"k foKkuu ;rh mUUkSfr rjDdh d;hZ fd nqfu;kdk dS Hkh Hkkx ek tq fHk mxS tkan osdk okLrk cl gejk ikl lkjh tudkjh ekStwn NA dS pht mxk.kS okLrk ekVw] tyok;q o HkkSxksfyd gkyr du gks.k p;san ge ;sek iokZ.k c.kh X;ka vkt gj pht gj ns'k ek gks.kh N%A rc fc [ksrh ls tqM;ka u;k u;k iz;ksx gks.kk NuA vj ;q flyflyk vxuS c<+n tk.kks NA vkt fons'kh Ëkjrh dq Qy lsc mŸkjk[k.M dq lcls vfËkd fcd.k oyq Qy cf.kX;sA ysfdu ;[k nwljk Qy yxkS.kk dh Hkh crsjh xqatl S N ij ;ha fn'kkek ek dke dUu dh t#ZZr NA ;fn ;wa dk ckxku ;[k yxka r ;s ls ;[kfd vkfFkZdh etcwr ‡s ldn vj yksxksa l.kh dke fey ldnksA mŸkjk[k.Ms ËkrhZ ij }h buk Qyksa dq vkSj mRIkknu ∫os ldnA tks ;[kkfd Ëkjrh dk okLrk ,dne u;k Nu ysfdu ;[kfd tyok;q dk okLrk ; ,dne fQV NuA B.Mksa orkoj.k o vuqdwy gkyr ;ks Qyksa dk mxk.kk okLrk ,dne ekfQd NuA ;waek ,d ijfleksu Nk rks nwljksa Qy Nk uSDVjhuA f; }hdk }h Qyksa ij tq Hkh iz;skx djS xsfu oq lQy

,yå eksgu

lEiknu % foKku i=dkfjrk dk i=dkj ns ' k dh reke Áfrf"Br if=dkvksa dk okLrk ys[ku lfpo % mes'k MksHkky Le`fr V™LV ikSMh+ x<+oky èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

25

mŸkjk[k.M dk yksd lalkËku

jSfuA ;s okLrk ;ksa ij vxuS dke gks.k p;sanA vfc leL;k ;qadk izlkj dh NA fdys fd jkT; ek u rk ;ksafd ikSËk miYkCËk N% vj u dye ghA ysfdu dqN nwj fgekpy ek ;s miyCËk NuA ;qaek uSdVjhu vkMw+ dh gh ,d ,d vyx fdLe NkA ij tc vki ;sRkS [kSY;k r ;sd Lokn iqye tu yxyksA lkekU; vkMq dh rjS ;s Qyek HkSj fcfV jksavk fu gksnk cfYd ;q iqye tu fpQˇq gksanA Lokn Hkh iqye vj vkMw tu Nk ij ;sdq Hksj fcVh xSjks yky jax gksanA ij fHkrj tc vkMq dh xqByh fudynh rHkh irk pyn fd ;q iqye fu cyfd vkMw N%A ;sdq Lokn fc vkMw ls vPNq gksanA vkMq vj uSdVjhu dq dqy ijflZdk N ysfdu Qy vyx vyx gh NuA x
èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

fg NA Vguh dk yx.k ij vxyk lky ek ;s ij Qy gks.k yxnkA vkMq ek T;q [kwfc N ogh ;s Qyek fc NA ;qdq otu 50 ls 80 xzkek chp gksanA id.k ij ;sek [kq'kcw Hkh vknA nql# Qy ijfleksu ewy :Ik ls ,d tkikuh Qy NA ;sd oSKkfud uke Mk;ksLikbjksl NA phu vj dksfj;k ek fc ;wa gtkjksa lky iSfy fcVhu vfLrŸo ek NA ;sd fooj.k o[k d iqjk.kk nLrkostksa ek fc feynksA phu ;sdq lcls cM+ksa mRiknd ns'k NA t[k lkyHkjd iSnkoj 3-5 fefy;u Vu NA ;sdk ckn dksfj;k vj tkiku dq LFkku NA ;sdk vykok ;wjksi dk ns'kq eka fc ;sdq mRiknu gks.kw NA Hkkjr ek ;s Qy dq izos'k 1940 ek ‡sA fgekpy ek ;sdk 400 gså {ks=Qy ek QSY;ka ckxku NuA ;sdk cktkj vfc miyCËk fu N dkj.k ;sdw u;w Qy gks.k NkA nqljk ek ckr ; N fd ;fn ekax ‡s Hkh tkvks r mRiknu fc de gh NA ysfdu vesfjdk dh t[k rd ckr N o[k ;sdq mRiknu nqxq.kq gks.k ls vc ;q Qy Hkh ?kjksaek nwljk Qyksa dh Vksdjh ek fn[ks.k ykfxA ;sd Hkh jkT; dk igkM+h {ks= ek mRIkknu dh vPNh laaHkkouk NA iqjksyk dh rjQaq o[kdk izxfr'khy fdlku ;qºohjflag jkor dk iqxM+ksa esa ;sdk 8&10 Mkˇk Nu] tq vPNk Qy ns.kk NuA dqN vkSj yks[kwad Hkh ;s Qy dk ikSËk yxk;k NA ;sd ikSËk fgekpy fcfV feynhA pkj lky ek ;sdq isM+ Qy ns.k ySd ‡s tkanksaA ;q fc vkSlr vkdkj dq isM N vj leqÊk ry fcVh 4500 QhV ls 6000 gtkj QhV dk chp ek mŸkjh
mŸkjk[k.M dk yksd lalkËku

feynksA [kk.kk vykS ;s ls dbZ pht c.kS tS ldnhA twl ls ysdj lwi] iqfMax] lykn] pkWdysV] vkblÿhe ek ;sdk iz;skx gksa.k yX;kuA ,sdk vykSa ;sdq tSe vkfn Hkh c.kk;s tS ldnA ;q Qy foVkfeu lh] foVkfeu ,] dSjkVhukWbM o eSxuhf'k;e o iksVsf'k;e dq vPNq Jksr NkA ;sek Qkbcj dh vPNh ek=k feynhA dbZ vË;;uksa ls lkfcr ∫os N fd ;s Qy ek dqN ,UVh Qaxy inkFkZ NuA ;sdk vykS ;sek ,UVh dSalj jlk;u gwwan rFkk dqN ;uk inkFkZ Hkh ik;s tkan tq U;wjksyksftdy {kj.k ofˇ fcekfj;ksa ek QSnk nsanA ;q fny dk jksx ek fc QSnk nsan dkj.k ;sdk lsou ls otu de gksanA vU; [kk|kUUk fefy tkykA b [kk|kUUk vPNk LokLF; dh rkyh&dqath LokLF; fOkKku dh Hkk"kk ek ge cksfy ldnksa fd ikjaifjd Vhdkdj.k dh lkexzh NA gekjk lekt e dksnk fl cf.k jksVh] Bx jksVh] ckM+h iY;ks vkfn [kwc [kkank Fkk ijUrq ;fn dqbZ esgeku vkSf.k r yqfu&fNfi d [kkank FkkA ;fu >axksjk dh Hkh ckr NA njvly 'kgj fcfV X;wa dh xksjh jksVh vj pkoy dq Hkkr 'kgjh dfFkr lH; lekt dh fu'kkuh ekUnk FkkA O;kfj;ksa lf.k lklq dksnk dh jksVh] >axks: vj eV~Bk ns.k dq fjokt FkkSA mis{kk ;k vutkuk ek Hkh Cokfj;ksa lkf.k okLrfod rkSj ek [kwc rkdroj phtsa [kka.k d fefYn FkSA dksnq drrk rkdroj vj ikSf"Vd N vkt iks"k.k dk tkudj vj MkDVj crS nSuA 'kwxj] eËkqesg vj vU; dbZ chekfj;ksa e vktdy MkDVj efjtksa rSa dksnq o >axksjk [kk.k dh lykg nh jSuA ij tckfj igkM+dk yksx dksnq] >axks: [kkank Fkk mafd gM~Mh druk etcwr gksanh FkSA Mkykefr ;k
e u yeM+u ij Hkh gM~Mh VqfV tkansA fQj [kk.k dq rfjdk druk vPNq FkkSA dksnk dh jksVh ?kh eD[ku dk lkFk [kkank Fkk vj >axks: ngh] eV~Bk vj e.k>ksyh o >ksyh o xgFk dk Qk.kk dk nxM+k liksM+h d [kkank FkkA [kka.k dk rkSj rfjdk ;k vkt Hkh Hkk"kk ek [kk.k dh jSLih tksjnkj FkSA [kk.k ek LOkkn vkSj etk r fujkfy FkSA fdUrq [kk.k dh r`fIr Hkh ‡s tkans FkSA >axksjk dh [khj vj NafNMq r cM+h 'kkSd fl [kkank gh Fkk lkFk gh >axksjk dk nxM+k pSalq] >ksyh e.k>ksyh] daMkyh dh dkQyh vj Qk.kq etknkj jSLihA ∫;wan dk fnuksa xF;k.kh 'knhZ tqdke tkM+q nwj HkXkkSanw FkkSA gekjk [kkuiku ek lkeqfgd Hkkst ;k C;ks&cjkr] eqaM.k] Jkº vkfn dk volj ij fte.k dh izFkk Hkh tksjnkj FkSA vkt Hkh vusd fgLlksa ek lkeqfgd Hkkst ek nky&Hkkr gh ijksL;k tkanksA iaxr ek fte.k dq vyx vkUkUn NA [kk.k is.k vj ijksl.k dq iq: vuq'kklu NA HkM~Mw dh nky vj d<+kgh dk Hkkr dw Lokn ,d ckj [kkfy r fQj Hkqfy fu ldnkA vktdy 'kgjksa fcfV C;ks&cjkR;ksa ek [kM+k[kfM+ dq fjokt Hkh xkS&xkS e vkS.k YgxsA ;s fl tqBq&iqBq vj xatxat dS rjg dq [kq.k Hkys gh fefy tkanq ij [kk.k dq etk vj r`fIr fcYdqy fu gksafnA xkSa e Hkh cjkr dk ikS.kksa d vDlj [kM+k[kfM+ [kk.kk dq bartke dju Ygfxu ij tc [kk.k fd ckfj vkSanks r vDlj cjkfr dk ikS.kk iaxr ek cSfBd ljksyk dq idka;q nky&Hkkr T;knk ilUn djnkuA Hkys HkM~Mw ek ifd Nseh] mM+n vj rkSj dh nky dh yM+[kM+ nky vj Hkkr dq vkuUn gh dqN vkSj NA iqjk.kk yksx [kkuiku gh fd vfirq nkarks lf.k etcwr djuk dk [kkfrj cq[k.kk P;wMk+ ] HkqT;k] xsg&aw HkV~V vj ekjlk vj fry o fljksyk feySd cqdk.k dq etk gh dqN vkSj NA ;k=k ek tkafn oDr ;k ?kj ek >ViV [kk.kk ek lRRkw Hkh de mi;ksxh uh NA bZ gekjk >ViV [kk.kk ;k QkLV QwM NuA vxj ge igkM+ dh [ksrh vj taxy ls izkIr [kkuiku dh jSLih ns[kka r djhc Ms<+ lkS fl vfËkd rjg dq [kkuiku dh jSLih ns[kka r djhc Ms<+ lkS ls vfËkd rjg dq [kkuiku vkt Hkh vusd fgLlksa e yksx [kknkuA eSu vi.kh iqLr flmŸkjk[k.M esafi [kkuiku dh laLœfr ek ;ks [kkuiku dq fooj.k fy[ksA ge LOkkfn"V] xq.koŸkk o ikSf"Vd [kkuiku dh n`f"V fl ,d lykg ; N fd ;fn vki lq[k vj LOkLFk jk.k pank vj chekjh nwj HkxkS.k pank r dksnw] >axks:] dkS.kh] xkFk] HkV~V] daMkfy vj vU; taxyh Qy&Qwy lkx HkqTkh t:j [kkmuA vkt iks"k.k dk tkudkj vj MkWDVj Hkh ; lykg nh nSuA qq èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

27

mŸkjk[k.M dk yksd lalkËku

iSys xkfˇ vkt ojnku

iqa

fxjh'k d.Moky

tUe % 15 ebZ] 1959 œfr;k° % jkeokal jslk mRiknu dk pfpZr O;fDrRo lEidZ % 93] CykWd Vhå,påMhålhå dkWyksuh nsgjk[kkl] nsgjknwu 28

èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

xM+ ek jkeckal te.k ,d xkˇh le>s tkanh NSA ij ehu vi.k iqaxM+ ek jkeckal gh yxS n~;sA yksxksa u ikxy cqu 'kq: djnsbA ?kj~;k yksx cksYnk r Doh ckr uh NS ij i<~;ka&fy[;ka yksxksau dqN Tkknk gh gYyk eps nsA [kSj ehu r vijk fny ek Bk.kS NS fd jkeckal u gh jkstxkj dk lkËku tqVk.ku vj yfx X;ksa vi.k Ë;ku ekA ;k dgkuh N ftyk ikSMh+ x<+oky dk ;eds'oj Cykd dk fdelkj xkSa dhA vij xkSa fdelkj cVhd i<+kbZ 'kq: dfjdh vj b.Vj ek Qsy gks.kk ckn i<+kbZ dUUkkS dks fcYdqy eu uh dfjA HkSth yksxksau HkkSr le>kbZ ij feu uh ekfuA HkSth yksx mM+hlk dk ftyk laHkyiqj ckejke taxy ek Bsdsnkjh djnk N;kA eh owa dk nxM+ ?kqe.kwa rSa o[k pyh X;ksaA o[kh jkeckal dk ,d cgqr cM+ks QkeZ NkSA tSdq o[kk yksx eqxkZ&QkeZ cksynuA eh fc ,d fnu ?kqe.kkS [kq.k os QkeZ ek pyh X;ksaA cl Eksjk fnekx ek cSBhX;k fd gejk Hkh druk ckatk iqaxM+k Nu o[k fc eh jkeckal gh yxkSyksaA vj yX;wa jkeckal dh [ksrh dj.kk dk tqxkM+ ekA mM+hlk cVh jkeckal gkbfczM ikSËkk ysdh vi.kk xkSa fdelkj v;ksa vj vi.kh ulZjh rS;kj djhA ulZjh rS;kj dUUk ek esjk cM+k HkSth u esjh iwjh enn djhA ?kkSjS vkfFkZd fLFkfr Bhd uh NSA feu cSad cVh yksu ysdh dke 'kq: dfj nsA tc ulZjh ek ikSËkk rS;kj ‡sxs r vij ckat iqaxM+k ek jkeckal IykUVs'ku yxk.k 'kq: djnsA lu~ 1980 ek tks lksp.k 'kq: dfj r lu~ 1982 ek IykUVs'ku yxk.kk dks dke 'kq: ∫os X;kA feu jkeckal r yxSns ij vc ;sdks dj.k D;k N ;ks lksph fd ijs'kku ∫osX;ksaA fdyS fd mM+hlk ek jkeckal dk HkkSr cM+k QkeZ N;k vj ow yksx osdk lsyw (js'kk) dYkdRRkk csp nhank N;k ij gekjk r HkkSr de iqaxM+k ek gh jkeckal N;kA cl lkspn&lkspn flykbZ ek gkFk yfx X;kA dHkh flykbZ e'khu r pyS uh NS ij tc xˇk&xˇk yx tkan r dqN u dqN r dUu gh iksMn+ ksA fnekx ek tksj iM+h r fnekxu Hkh dke dUUk 'kq: dSj n~;k vj jkeckal dk lsyw u diM+k ek lhV c.kSd dke 'kq: ∫os X;kA tc jkeckal dk lhV c.khxsu r feu jkeckal u Vksih] cVqvk vj HkkSr lh pht c.kk.k 'kq: dj nsA tc vi: yx;wa jkeckal rhu lky ckn dV.k ySd ‡s r rc rd feu ?kj~;k jkeckal u gh lc lkeku c.kk.k 'kq: dfj

mŸkjk[k.M dk yksd lalkËku

ns NkSA ,d lcls cM+h ckr ;k N fd tw rjhdk vj tw rhFkZ Nu o[k cVh gerSa tw ykHk feu p;sanw oks vHkh rduhd ehu rc 'kq: dfj NS oks vHkh rd lHkh yksx rd geFkSa fu feyhA tu tks izlkn ;ksa Ëkkewa ek p<+;s vi.kk.kk NuA Doh Hkh u;h pht vj ubZ rduhd vkt tkanw os rSa LFkkuh; yksxksa dk }kjk c.kkbZ jkeckal] Hkhey rd dSu 'kq: uh djhA lu~ 1992&93 ek måizå ljdkj LFkkuh; dPPkkeky ij vkËkkfjr Vksd;wZa ek fn;sa ldsanksA ek mRRkjk[k.M fodkl foHkkx lfpo Jh vkjå,lå Vksfy;k b± rjQ ljdkj vxj FkksM+k Ë;ku ns n~;ks r gtkjksa LFkkuh; thu jkeckal dk fodkl dk ckjk ek lksph vj iw: csjkstxkj efgykvksa vj Tokuksa rSa jkstxkj miyCËk ∫os mRRkjk[k.M ek jkeckal ifj;kstuk 'kq: djS vj vkB ftyksa ldnksA ek vkB Lo;a lsoh laLFkkSu jkeckal ifj;kstuk ek dke eq[;ea=h th dk nxM+ ;s lEcUËk ek dkQh ppkZ 'kq: djhA gekj igkM+ ek tu xkSa dk xkSa catj iM+h xsu] os ∫osA vc ns[knka fd ppkZ dk D;k ifj.kke vkanuA igkM+ksa fglkc ls igkM+ ek jkeckal ek jkeckal dk vykok HkkSr dh [ks r h dh HkkS r tknk tknk js'kk ofˇ ouLifr Nu la H kkouk NuA fdyS fd tSdq o[kk yksx eqxkZ&QkeZ cksynuA eh fc tkSadq mi;ksx dqVhj m|ksx dk jkeckal dh [ksrh dks u r ,d fnu ?kqe.kkS [kq.k os QkeZ ek pyh X;ksaA :Ik ek ‡s ldnks A ij ik.kh dh toZr N vj u cl Eksjk fnekx ek cSBhX;k fd gejk Hkh vko';drk p ljdkj dks jkeckal rS taxyh tkuojksa ls druk ckatk iqaxM+k Nu o[k fc eh jkeckal gh Ë;ku bZ rjQka tk.kk dksA feu dqN uqdlku ikSaNnA vkt Hkhey dk dbZ mRikn rS;kj yxkS y ks a A vj yX;w a jkecka l dh [ks r h dj.kk dk VS e ek txk&txk d;ka Nu tkSadks mi;ksx ge dk tq x kM+ ekA mM+ h lk cVh jkecka l gkbfcz M izkœfrd js'kksa ls c.kh phtksa vi.kk rhFkksZa ek vk.k oˇk ikS Ë kk ys d h vi.kk xkS a fdelkj v;ks a vj vi.kh dh HkkSr tknk ekax NA lu~ rhFkZ;kf=;ksa }kjk p<+;s tk.k 1989&90 ls vkt rd dbZ ulZjh rS;kj djhA ulZjh rS;kj dUUk ek esjk oˇk izlkn dk Fkkˇh dk :Ik ckj gekjh laLFkk rSa jkeckal cM+k HkSth u esjh iwjh enn djhA ?kkSjS vkfFkZd ek dj ldnkaA eh vxj ls c.kh Vksih] gSV vj HkkSr fLFkfr Bhd uh NSA feu cSad cVh yksu ysdh Hkhey lsˇw fd ckr dUUkw NkSa lkeku fu;kZr dk vkMZj fc dke 'kq: dfj nsA tc ulZjh ek ikSËkk rS;kj r os ls c.kh Mksj eSV~l ge fey.kk NuA ij dPPkw eky ∫osxs r vij ckat iqaxM+k ek jkeckal IykUVs'ku vijk lHkh ljdkjh vkfQlksa u gks.kk dk dkj.k ge vkMZj ek djhrSa gtkjksa yksxksa rSa yxk.k 'kq : djns A lu~ 1980 ek tks lks p .k uh ys ld.kk NkaA ljdkj jkstxkj miyCËk djS ldnkaA 'kq : dfj r lu~ 1982 ek IykUVs ' ku yxk.kk vxj b± rjQ FkksM+k Ë;ku n~;ks eh ,d cM+h ckr vki dks dke 'kq : ‡s X;kA r jkeckal ,d HkkSr cM+ksa yksxksa rSa crk.k pkanks fd esjk dq V hj m|ks x dks :i ys ifjokj ek Doh Hkh ljdkjh ldnksA ou foHkkx }kjk py.k okˇh ;kstuk tu dSEik] vj vU; ukSd;w± ek uh jkbZA vi.kk 5 gsDVs;j jkeckal tk;dk vkfn dk }kjk jkeckal IykUVs'ku djs tkm r IykUVs'ku dk }kjk t[k feu gh vi.kk iwjk ifjokj dks HkkSr vPNks ifj.kke feyh ldnuA tu fd ge lfCCk Hkj.k iks"k.k] i
fo'o iqLrd esyk ek Ëkkn èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

29

mŸkjk[k.M dk yksd lalkËku

:fM+;k

g

dqyohj flag fc"V ^fNycV~V*

tUe % 5 vDVwcj] 1954 œfr;k° % fNyoV~V lrl;h]
èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

ekjk x<+okˇk iqjk.kk tekuk ifjos'k tc ;[k Doh xkM+h eksVj lM+d ;k fodklk Doh fc lkËku fu Nk;k vj gekjk iqjk.kk yksx viM+k lhfer lkËkukS ek viM+q xqtj clj djnk Nk;k rc fd gekjk x<+okˇ ek xkSa xkSˇk ek yksx viM+k dqVhj y?kq m|ksx ek C;Lr jSdh vi.kk xqtj clj djnk Nk;k tSek drxh bu N~oV~Vk EoV~Vk dke Nk;k tuq yqokj v.kL;ˇk dke ek yks[kjk dke djnk Nk;k Doh T;wM+ cksVh Doh Mkˇk] daMk] Moy.kk] lqIIkk] ?khM+k] NoM+k] M~okjk] B~oijh c.kS :M+;k dke djnk Nk;k Doh 'kYYkh dke (dkjisUVj) Doh feL=h Doh ften: ([ksrh dke) Doh nthZ (vkSth) dke cktk ctk.kk dke ;kuh viM+k bfUUk dlo (ËkUËkkSa) ls tqM+~;k Nk;kA bfUUk dlck dke ek ,d dlc NkS :fM+;kA :fM+;k Doh tkr u cfYd ,d ËkUnk NkS tS eka fjaxkˇk] ckal] vj tB rqaxˇk cjhd HkkSdks dS Nhfy f; yksx] NoS yxk.k [kqf.k N~ohaMk] Mkyw] lqIIkq] B~oijk] ?khM+k] NoM+k] vUUk Ëku [kqf.k N~oVk cM+k M~okjk D;kˇk idk.kkS xfjUMk vj NkSuk fpU[kksa Roi.kk (jkfr ek nok.kk [kqf.k) RoI;k bfu HkkUMksa dS fjaxkˇk Nhfy d vj ckal Nhfy dk c.kknA ;ks yksx ;sbZ dke ls vifM+ xqtj clj dkn Nk;k ;[k rd fd tc C;ksyh (dS ukSuh C;ks) gksUnks NkS r C;ksek fc fjaxkˇS iap Hkk.Mh (lqIIkh] nq.kdUMh] lxqu d.Mh] daxqˇq vj ojMfy) ;ks ikap HkkUMksa dS :fM+;k c.kkn Nk vj nxM+k ek ,d fiVkj fc tSek fd C;ksyh diM+k jkSank Nk oS fiVkj Qj laxqˇq vj eqUM~;k yxS fd rkˇS O;oLFkk fc jSUnh NSA vkt teuk ek fiVkj flji n;OrkSa dk iqj.kk Fkkuksa ek |[k.kka [kqf.k feYnh ;[k rd fd ujadkjk iqtS ek tc ujadkj n;Ork vifM+ eSf.k vkek FkS fonk djnk ;k uUnk nsoh FkS ghr fonk djnk r osfd tkxjksa eka CoYnk& rhdS n~;wayq HkSf.k ukSMkfy dkS xS.kks ∑ ∑ ∑ I;wayfM+ fiVkj n~;wyks HkSf.k fljk dh r lfM;ksa nhlkSa dk [kkfrj fey tqxY;ksa tyeka ∑ ∑ ∑

mŸkjk[k.M dk yksd lalkËku

:fM+;ksa lcls tknk dke dS cxr NohUMk ls gksUnks NkS tks t[k rqaxk LoVxkS dS qaxjk cw[kk nxM+ owaFkS Ëkq;s tkUn NkS NoSy Ëkq;ka diM+ks Qj bfUUk Ëkwe (ped) vkfUn NS fd vkt oSd lef.k lkc.k vj fMVTkSUV fc dqN uh N gekjk iq[;ksa fd ,d fe'kky (ely) fdµflmLrjk c.k;ha nkfM+ vj NoSd Ëkqa;k ykjksa Qj ,d g∂rk rd ped gh jSUnfi

lhfer lkËku gw.kk dkj.k :fM+;ksa dke dkQh pYnw NkS oks yksx oS dkek cny dS cxr vUUk ysank Nk lC; HkkfUM dwafM r ckal vj fjax.k tknk gksfUn ekf.k] ikFkh] M~oy.kha] lqfIIk] Mkyk] M~okjk] NoM+k N~ohUMk B~oijk fclˇk (vUUk ?kE;k.kk [kqf.k) fiVkj] dY;ks dUMk] nq.kd.Mh] iqt;ksa ek ckjk eyQq.M [kqf.k Ëkanksˇh tS Qj NŸkj Vads tkafn] lxqu dfUM ;[k rd fd eq.M d[kj.kkk [kqf.k daxqyk fc ;ks lc dke :fM+;ksa dk gksUnk Nk ;s teuk lkËku gw.kk dkj.k HkkfUM dwfUM vkt yxHkx ykirk lh ‡sxhA :fM+;k dke vkt yxHkx lekfIr Qj N ;s dke ek Doh ckal vj fjaxkˇq fNy.kq jSUn r Doh dS Hkk.Mk esl yxk.kw jSUn r Doh daxqyk c.kk.k [kqf.k fjaxkˇk lhd c.kk.kq jSUn r Doh Ëkkxk Qj yisVh daxqyk esl yxk.kq jSUn ;ks dlc gekfj ikSjkf.kd laLœfr nxM+ p fdyS fd gejk x<+okˇ ek n~;ks |;Crksa dk tkxj ek fc dqN bfUUk dlcksa d ftxj vkUn tu fd ujflaxk tkxjks ek&txjh Coynµ rc xk;k xkSjk ik: :fM+;k dk iklk] ;s nknk :fM+;k nknk ehdw Nq;k Mkfy ns c.kk;h Mkfy Hkksfj Y;k;k ik: pksiM+;kˇq ekVw] dS ekVk fd xkSjk fryk lkr D;kjh c.kSuk lkr D;k:a ek cwr xkSjk dsljh dks chtk] ,d csfˇ nwËk pkjk ,d osfˇ if.;k bfUUk ftxj lwuk laiqV c.kk.kk ckjk ek lwtk lqukj] vj dfB;k Yokj ;ks ftxj foa tkxjksa eka vkUnA bUUkk dS;h dlc (ËkUnk) Nh tks vkt fc gekjk xzkeh.k ifjos'k vj thou ls ,d ne tqM;~ ka Nh vj lkËku miyCËk gks.kk dkj.k vkt lekfIr dxkj Qj Nha ;w dke ËkUnkSa FkSa thfor j[k.kk [kqf.k vj vifM+ laLd`fr FkS cpk.k [kqf.k ge FkSa fc vj ljdkj dS fc iz;kl d;waZ p;s.kw NA qq èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

31

mŸkjk[k.M dk yksd lalkËku

gek: yk.kks iSauks

x

dSyk'k pUÊ

tUe % 1 vxLr] 1974 œfr;k° % ikjEifjd os'kHkw"kk dk pfpZr dkjhxj lEidZ % gYnkikuh] utnhd vkdk'kok.kh] xksi's oj] peksyh 32

èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

<+okˇ dh HkkSxksfyd ifjfLFkfr;ksa dk fglkc ls gh ;[k dk jSckL;aw dks vi.kks yk.kks iSauks NA tks ;[k jkS.k oˇksa rSa ;[k fd B.M ls cj[kk ikf.k ls cpS fd j[knks NkS nxM+S tuks yk.kks iSauks NkS oks ;[k gh rS;kj Hkh djs tkanks NkSA ;[kdk fglkc ls gh ;[k dk diM+k] ykjk&yŸkkSa dk ukS fc NkA vc r cnynk oDrk vj QS'ku dk nxM+h lc ,dufl ‡sxsA iSfy MkaMk dkaBkSa dk yksx vi.kk iguko ls fc vyx iaN.ks tkank NkA gekjk tks yk.kk iSuk dk diM+k gksank Nk oks ;uk Nkµ • xHkZ dkapqˇh % LohyM+k ukSU;kˇq rSa ;k iSyh dkapqˇh gksanh NS tS rSa xHkZ dkapqˇh cksY;s tkanks NkSA ;k xHkZ dkapqyh xks ew= (xkSar)] jk[k ([;k:) dM+~Okh] dq.ktw] QwY;k: tfu tM+h&CkwfV~;ksa ls Ëkks;s tkanks NkSA tka ls ;ks diM+k 'kqº ‡s tkanks NkSA uu fruwa dk ;s iSyk diM+k dks cM+ks egRo gksanks NkS ;ka ls uu fru jksx C;kË;wa ls cpnk NkA • xF;wM+&cq[kyh % nqljk vj frljk eSuk dk ckn ls rhu&pkj lky rd dk cPpk rSa iSj;s tk.k oˇks diM+k xF;wM+&cq[kyh gksanks NkS tks vkt uS&uS diM+k vkS.k ls yxHkx gjph xSA xF;wM&+ cq[kyh cPPkksa dk okLrk MV~V diM+k gksanks NkS ;ka ls cPPkk fujksx jkSank Nk xF;wM+ rSa dbZ txk gekjk mŸkjk[k.M+ ek cq[kyh Hkh cksYnk] vj~ iqjk.kk yksx ;s[kqf.k BM vaxM+h Hkh cksYnk NkA ;ks diM+k mu r H;waˇ (fHkdwyk) dk yQjksa mckˇh rSa c.kSa tkUnw NkSA tSek jk[kw ([;k:) vj~ jhBk esykSa dk nxM+h id;s tkanks NkSA ;kSa frifV~V;k can.;ka cfny caËks tkUnw NkSA • lYnjkt % ;ks rhu lky ls vkB rd dk ukSU;kˇq dks gksUnks NkS ] ;s ykjk ls lq[k&lqfoËkk ns[kh vaxjstwu QkSt dk okLrk tokuksa rSa Maxjh c.kS] tw vkt Hkh fn[ks.kh NuA ij gekjk xkfr dks lYnjkt gjph xsA lYnjkt rSa uku&frUuksa rSa mBq.k&cSBq.k eka lq[k lqfoËkk vj~ izkœfrd fÿ;kvksa dk okLrk Doh fc dqltw fu gksanks NkSA fQj ;w lYnjkt xqteSyw tu c.k;s tkUnks NkSA rc dS fnuksa rd vxj Ëo;sUnw fc u r eSyw fu fn[ksUnw NkSA fQj ;s dk nxM+k&nxM+h T;knk rj xje diM+k ;k fQj Qwykysu eysf'k;k xkMk ;k fcystj ;k [kn~nj dks c.k;s tkanks NkSA ;ks xŸkh yxk.k ek cMq gh vklu NkSA 'kk;n byS gh ;sdks ukS

mŸkjk[k.M dk yksd lalkËku











lYnjkt j[kh gksyqA ;w gh bu diMk N% tS ij jkt 'kCn yX;waA yaxksVh % yaxksVh thou ek vkfne dks lcls cM+ks egRoiw.kZ oL= NA ;S FkSa iSj.k vj fudˇ.k dk iSFkj HkkSr fdoanfr fc NuA yaxksVh lwrh diM+k ek T;knrj c.k;s tkanhA ;s dh yEcS yxHkx Ms<+ xt ls ysdh }h xt rd gksUnh NSA yaxksVh rSa 15 lky dk ckn ls iSjs tkanks NkSA taX;k % ,d xt ls ysdh Ms~< xt rd c.ksa tkUnw NkSA T;knkrj 12 lky ls ≈ij dk vkfne iSjnk Nk] dke&dkt vj~ Ëkk.k&ËkUËkk dj.k okˇk yksxksa dk okLrk cf<+;k NkSA T;knkrj xk<+k lwfr iV~Vknkj ls c.k;s tkUnksA tSrsa ckn eka vxjstksau fudj uke ns;h] vkt dh ih
• cUMh&xath % xath lwrh] eysf'k;k diM+ dh cf.k xath dh 'kjhj rSa xje o 'khry j[k.k ek cMh Hkwfedk pA BaM gks pk xje }h cxr ek iSjs tkUnksA ,d r jsc vj nqljh lhnk ;k vkMh c.k;h tkUnhA dhlk t:j gksUnk Ë;yk iSlk okLrk ckWbZ rjQ rkfd nS.kk gkFk ls fudys lkdwA xath dh rklhj ekSle foijhr gksUnksA vkt ctkj ek xath caMh dk cny Hks"V miyCËk ek rS;kj NA • R;wa[kk % R;wa[kk Hkaxwyk d.Mkˇh l.k fHkadqyk tu Mkyk cksVksa dk js'kksa (yQjksa) ls c.knksA BaM xje du Hkh ekSle ek iSjs tkUnks NSk tq vkt gjfp xs R;ksa[kk ifjokj dks dqy ;k fojklr dk :i ek jksaUnq N nknk ijnknk u c.kSa vj ukfr ikSrk cjrrk Nk fdys fd etcwr dk nxM&nxM+ dqy dh lku Hkh gksUnh NSA ;s dks Hkkj yxHkx }h fdyq ls pkj fdyq rd gksUnq NkSaA • ikW[kqyk % ika[kqyk] iS;k ± diM+kas dk HkSj fcVh iSjs tkUnA HkSj dh BaM o xje FkSa 'kjhj ek fu yx.k nsanA vj~ ;s ls cM+h ckr Hkhrj d diM+kaS FkS eSyw fu gks.k nsUnwA ;w T;krkj ≈u dks fg gksUnw ij vc ≈u dh ek=k de gks.k ls ;ks Ëkks.k&lq[k.k dk lgwfy;r ls lwfr [knj tu vkSj Hkh diM+ksa ek fey tkUnksA mPp fgeky; ek jkS.k oˇk yksxksa dh xkrh ek vkt Hkh ns[ksanA ;ks fnu ek xfr yxk.kw vj~ jkfr ek fcNk.kq dq dke ek Hkh y;s tkUnksA • lnjh % igkM+ksa dq buq oL= N] tSdh igpk.k fons'kh eUk[;w ls eqxy jktk yksxwu rd djhA lnjh ≈u dh gh gksUnh NS ij ckn ek vkSj diM+kas ek Hkh c.k;s.k yxhA lnjh ,d eku lEeku o lekt dk Tk.;ka&e.;ka yksxksa dh xkfr ij gh fn[kSUnh NSA ij ifjorZu dk nx.k vke gksUnh X;sA ;s I;kV vLrj eryc nqOk: diM+k yXnw N% HkSj dk rjQk fdlk fu gksUnk NkA • fejtbZ % fejtbZ igkM+ dks iSukok HkkSr ckn ek ‡s] fdyS fd tks yksx jktLFkku cVs mŸkjk[k.M dk MkaUMh&dkaB~;w dk rjQ ;S u oks yksx gh fejtbZ Ygsdh ,Su vj rc cVs ;w igukok x<+okˇ dh igpk.k ∫osxAs fejtbZ iSyh jktk&jTok.kksadk yksx ;k ≈adk ifjokj dk yksx gh èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

33

mŸkjk[k.M dk yksd lalkËku

iSjnk NkA ij ckn&ckn ek vke tu dq Hkh iSUokx c.khxSA fejtbZ Hkh dbZ xkSVk % ,d ;uq diM+k N tSdh vi.kh igpk.k gh vyx jSA vaxjst ewxy vj~ Hkkjrh; yksxksu Hkh ;sdh NdS rkjhQ dfjA ij gej lektu ;s dh dnj uh dkjhA HkSjd yksxksau ;SFkS f>axksyk Coky] ;[k&rd dh ;s ij dfork ca.kA Hkkjr ek gh u cfYd fo'o ek Hkh ;su [;kfr iSA flgBdj cSBk pkUn ,d fnu ekrk ls og cksyk flyoknks ek° eq>s ≈u dk eksVk ,d f>axksykfi ;ks oh >xksVk N tSfd N~oha dforkSa ek fc gksa;h NuA ;w iSyh ≈u dk Ëkkxksu gh c.knks NkSA ;ks fejtbZ dq NksVw :i N] ;s dk I;kV n~ok: diM+k yxnksA T;knkrj mPp fgeky; dk yksx ;k fQj BaMh ?kkfV;ksa dk yksxksa dq iguko jsA ;s ij rhu cn~nh caËks tkUnh NS] ;s rSa Doh Hkh eksVw irˇks vknhe iSj ldnks NkSA ;s fd cukoV frifV;ka c.kS tkUnh NS] le; dk nxM cnyk≈ gksUnks jS r ;ks ljt] e[key] xkMk] [knj] Qwykysu vj eSVh dks Hkh c.knksA • Qrksxh % enZU;k diM+kas ek Qrksxh dh cMh txk NA lHkh diM+kas dk ,sp a ek ;s Qj (cktw) ckSyk fu gksUnk fdys fd ;q vi.kh [kwclwjrh dk nxf.k I;kV dk yjksa dh [kwclwjrh Hkh crksUn bZ ;sfd isNk.k N fd cMq oh gksUn tks nqljksa dk ckj ek iSyh lkspnA Qrksxh ,sd xt ls lok xt rd ;k Ms<+ xt rd dk diM+k ls c.ks tkUnA ;sdk :i ns[kh iaå tokgjyky usg: th u Qrksxh [kwc iSjh vj okadk ckn ;k Qrksxh iwjk ns'k ek tokgj dV dk ukS ls t.;s xsA fczzfV'k xouZj u r ;s rs okLdV uke nhu vj vi.kq vax oL= c.ksAa tS FkSa vaxt sz w u psLVj uke ns fd m|ksx dk :i ek fodflr dfjA vkt Qrksaxh usrk ea=h] lUrjh] vQlj fQYe usrk vfHkusrks dh lku c.kh pA 34

èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

• dksV % dksV HkkSr ckn ek gek: isUokx ‡s tc fons'kh gekjh MkMh dkaBh ;k gekjk yksx 'kgj dh rjQ xSu os dk ckn gh ;q gek: vax oL= cf.kA dksV Hkh iSyh fons'kh oL= NkSA ;[k ≈u dh ek=k T;knk gks.k ls ≈u dks dksV c.kkSank NkA dksV dh BaM dk nxM+k&nxM+h QS'ku dh Hkh ekax jsA ;s dks egRo iSfy vQlj lkfg ek jS fQj vke vkfnfe Hkh vif.k ;ksX;rk dk izn'kZu dk okLrk ;s rSa iSj.k yxsA ij vkt bu dqN uh lc ,d tuk vj QS'ku ek fn[;sanuA • Vksih % Vksiyk ,d bu vax oL= p tu ge Doh Hkh 'kCn fy[knk vj fcuk ySu [kSaP;k 'kOn fn[ksUn mfu fcuk Vksiyk dks vkfne fn[ksUnA Vksiyk QS'ku ckn ek] isyh t:jr NA gekjk thou ek Vksiyk BkaVh&ixM+h dks cM+ks egRo NA ,d rk igpk.k nql: eku lEeku dks lwpd fc NA gekjk igkM+ ek Vksih dk dbZ :i jsu ij x<+okˇh xksy Vksih dq egRo vi.kk vki ek vyx gh NA iSyh rkfe] lSj] ek.kq] ikfFk] fu gksUnk NkA r Vksiyk ls gh lkWVq iSNq mËkkj ixkˇ ysf.k nsf.k gksUnh NSA ,d xksy Vksiyk ek }h fdyksa ;kfu pkj lsj vukt vkUnq NA iqj.kk yksx cksynk Nk fd ,d vkUuk ek }h Vksiyk HkkSjh p.kk vkUnk NkA Vksiyk xksy dk ckn yEck (ukokyk) duqfM;k] >kWiokˇks] cUnjeq[;k okˇq] pq∂Qk okˇk Vksi fc pyu ek ,suA ck°nqa dk ykjk yRrk • [k.Msyh % [k.Msyh] lkQk] eqUMslh] ?kqa?kVh] fiNksM+k] lHkh dq ,d gh :i p ;sdq cMq egRo N tq lekt ek iSyh fcVh vknj lEeku dk :i ek NA T;knkrj lwrh ≈uh e[keyh] flYdh] fcYdh] eVdk flYdh] eaxS k flYdh] eysL;k vkfn tu diMksa dks ,d lhnk lknq Vkyq js tks fd C;ksBqyksa (ckWnksa) dh lkt lTtk ek Lok.kq yxnksA • vaxfM % vaxMh tukuksa dks lcls iqjk.kq vax oL= euS tkUn ; }h izdkj ls c.k;s tkUn] ,d rk lknq tks iSfy tekuk ek xjhc yksxks dk okLrk] tkSa ek xS.kk ikrk fu gksUnk Nk] vj ,d tks ekynkj tukuk tkSa ek NDdh xS.kk ikrk gksUnk NkA mPp

mŸkjk[k.M dk yksd lalkËku

fgeky; vj xaxkM dk yksxksa dh Hkh vyx&vyx vaxMh gksUnh NSA xS.kk ikrksa dks Hkkj dk fglkc ls muh fetkt dh vax.kh c.k;s tkUnh NS fd Hkkjh xS.kksa dks jkWpq u gks] tu fd eksVk galqˇk dk okLrk xksy fre.;k c.ks tkUnq NkSA vaxfM dk cktq (ckSayk) Hkh ikSaNh Ëkkxqyk dq vuq:i c.ks tkUnh NSA vax.kh dq HkC; :i vaxzstks u vj eqxy 'kkldksu Hkh HkkSr ilaUn dfj vj vi.kk tukuksa dk okLrk c.kSA vax.kh dk ckjk ek gekjk fxrk:u iSyh cSVh vkt rd dqN u dqN iV t:j felSuA • [k.M vaxMh % [k.M vaxM+h buks vËkks oL= N tS FkSa iSfy jktk egkjktk yksxksa dk tukuk gh iSjnk NkA fQj ckn ek ;q oL= lc yksx iSUUk yx xsfuA [k.M vaxMh Nkrh Qj iSj.k okˇq diM+k NA ;s ls Nkrh fd fcekjh tu xkWB] dSalj tu vkt lq.k ek vk.kq N] buk jksx fu gksUnk NkA fons'kh dEiuh Hkh [k.M+ vax.kh dk tu vax oL= cq.k.kh NA • lnjh % lnjh ls BaM xje dks Doh vlj uh gksUnw] ;k Hkh ,d lknh dk :i esa vj~ nwl: vLrj dk :i eka c.;s tkUn] lnjh ,d r ckSˇ a k okˇh] vj~ nwljh fcuk ckSˇ a k dh c.;S tkUnhA ;s Hkh ≈uh] [kn~nj] eys';k] QwykuSu] lwrh ljt tuk diM+kas ls c.knh NSA lnjh dks T;knk izpkj vaxjst] eqxy vj~ x<+oky dk jktkSu djh] ckfd dke&dkth yksxksa dk okLrk lnjh t:jh NSA • pksfˇ % pksfˇ Qrksxh dk nxM~ iSj.k oˇw diM+k NA ;ks Hkh dqrhZ tu diM+k gh NA pksfˇ T;knkrj mej njkt tuuksa dq oL= eus tkUnwA pksˇh] ?kk?kjk vj Qrksxh ,d tksMh+ dq lthyw igukok NA pksfˇ pefdyk diM+k ;k pVdnkj gh c.kS tkanh NSA vkt pksfˇ u Hkh QS'ku dk nxM+h u;ks :i ËkS;kZyhA • Qrksxh % tukukSa ek Qrksxh dq pyu vkt Hkh NA Qrksxh diM+k dk ,Sp a yx;s tkUnw vj~ Lok.kq Hkh yxnqA ;q ,d xt dk vksj&Ëkksj c.k tkanksA Nkrh&ihB] isV ek yx.k okˇh B.M ls cpko dj.k ek Qrksxh ennxkj gksUnhA • fcykst % fcykst vaxjsth 'kCn fcVs 'kq: ‡sA ;s rSa iSfy xfr cksYnk Nk] ij dqN le; ckn vaxjsth 'kCn ls ;s dq u;w uke fcykst iksMh+ A fcykst dk Hkh drh :i Nu~] ,d r 'kknw fcykst vj~ ,d ekuejT;kr fcykstA lekt dk Tk.;ka&e.;ka eu[kh gh rS iSjnk NkA eku&ejT;kn fcykst can xkSyq] dej rd yEcw vj~ yEck ckSaˇk] T;ka ls iq: xkr












ls ysdh pkj xt ls Hkh T;knk yECkS dks gksUnks NkSA dke&dkth tuuksa dks isV cËk.kkSa dks lkjks gksUnks NkSA ;s ls tukuksa dks isV dHkh Hkh HkSj fuvkUnw NkSA T;knkrj ;w lwrh diM+k ls c.k;s tkUnksA xkfr&ik[kh % cS[kksa tu Hkh tuuksa dq ik[kqyk ∫ksUnw NA dS fc diM+k dk ckn ,sap cVh yxS tkUnw NA xfr Ëkksfr tUk gh ‡ksUnh NA Ëkksrh dk Hkh }h :i fn[ksa.;k dq feynh] [kM+h Ëkksrh] ctkjS Ëkksrh tSFkss [kqPkY;k Ëkksfr Hkh cksYnauA ij~ eq.M eka iYyq fugksUn] [kM+h Ëkksfr ek eq.M ek liDdw dSj ldnu] Ëkksfr NS xt ls lk<+s NS xt rd gksaUnhA yOok % yOok T;knkrj ≈uh dh gh c.kS tkUnw NkSA ij vkt dk fnu ek lwfr] eSfV tu diM+ksa dk Hkh fn[kS tkUnuA fgeky; dk utnhd jkS.k okˇk yksxksa dks igukok gh jsxs] yOok yxHkx ik°p xt ls NS xt dk vksj&Ëkksj dks gksUnksA ?kk?kjk % ?kk?kjk tukuksa dks vax oL= NA vkt ;s dh txk ek dS nqljk diM+k u fy;syhA tSrsa yksx ySaxk cksuk NuA ?kk?k: tukuksa dk mB.k&cSB.k eka lkSaxks gksUnksA T;knkrj ;w lwfr js'keh] QwykySu] VsfjdksV dks c.k;s tkUnksA ;ks tukU;ksa ij 'kthyw Hkh yxnksA VaijSyq % VaijSyq 'kCn vi.kk vki ek HkkSapd 'kCn NA ij ;q Vaijsyk (dkepyk≈) 'kCn dks viHkza'k NA fgUnh ek ;s rSa iSVhdksV cksYnk] tks fd I;kV dks dksV NA ;ks Hkh lkËkkj.k lhnq c.knksA ij u;q&u;q QS'ku dk vka.k ls ;sdk :i eka Hkh cnyks fn[kS] T;knkrj eys';k] lwfr ls gh c.k;s tkUnks] tks fd ?k?kjh dq lcls NksVq :i e.ks tkUnksA >xqyh % >xqyh ik°p lky fcVs ckjg~&rsjg lky rd dh ukSU;ksa dks diM+k NA ckn eka ;sdq uke QjkSd cksysX;k] >xqyh dk dbZ :i fn[k.;k dks feynha] >xqyh] >xqyk] daBfj;kyh >xqyh] jkSal >xqyh tuk dbZ >xqyh izpfyr Nu] ;s lwfr] js'keh] QwykySu] Qwynkj] fpVdknkj tu diM+ksa ls c.k;s tkUnhA yypV~Vk % yyPkV~Vk dq vFkZ (ykj pV.k oˇks) gksUnA rhu eSuk fcVs vkB&ukS lky rd dk uu fruksa dh ykj pwafn NS r rkSadk diM+k fxyk ∫os tkank Nk r ;kaadk okLrk yypV~Vk xkSˇk eka caËks tkUnks NkSA ;sdk iSFkj cM+h ckr ; NS fd RkSdk I;kV tok.k~] dkyq th:] gSMh+ ] fpjSrw] dqVh j[kh tkUnh NSA rSa ek ykj iksMh+ dh lHkh tM+h&cqfV;ksa dh ghd ukSuk dk eq[k eka yxnh jksUnh NA r nkar Hkh Bhd oDr ij vksUnk Nk vj~ rsdq LokLFk Hkh vcy jSUnw NkSA qq èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

35

ukS

x<+okˇ ek txkSa dk ukeksa dks egRo

bZ

MkWå eksgu flag iaokj

tUe % 15 Qjojh] 1964 œfr;ka % 56 'kks Ë k i= o iq L rd Ádkf'kr] 27 'kksËk Nk=w dks 'kksËk dk;Z lEeku % vUrjkZ"V™h; Hkwxksy dkaxzsl ;q o k Hkw x ks y os r k lEeku gkyS . M efuVks c k fo'ofo|ky; dukMk dh QSyksf'ki xSLV flfVtu vkWQ bf.M;k vokMZ lEÁfr % Ákså gsåuåcå dsÊh; x<+oky fo'ofo|ky;] Jhuxj x<+oky 36

èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

Ëkjrh ek tFkxk fc uke Nu fl eu[;ksa dk gh j[;ka NuA vyx&vyx txkSa dk vyx&vyx uke o[k dk lkaLœfrd ewY;ksa] 'kSfy] yksxksa dk lewg vj fopkj] rkSafd Hkk"kk] o[kS izd`fr] dke] HkwE;kˇ vj Hkwfe dk egRo dh otS ls fc iM+nu vj iM~;ka NuA b± Ëkjrh dk izkœfrd rRoksa ek eq[; :Ik ls ty] tehu] tyok;q NA laLœfr ,d laLdkj N vj laLœfr xfr'khy gksUn vj ;ks ohadks [kkl xq.k NA tSa laLœfr ek xfr fu jkSfa n L; vfLrRo ek fc fu jkSfa nA tc dS fc txk dk ukeksa rS Ygs fd tk.kdkjh fYg;s tkan r uke dk 'kCn ls iSfy osdks vFkZ yxkS.kS dksf'k'k gksUnA fo}ku crkSanu fd v›hdk] ,f'k;k vj ;wjksi egk}hiksa dk txkSa dk uke Hkk"kkvksa ls tksM+.kek dfBuS gksanu tcfd mŸkjh vesfjdk] nf{k.kh vesfjdk] vkLV™sfy;k vj U;wthyS.M ek tks uke feynu rkSa fd mRifŸk HkkSxksfyd dkjdkssa] rRoksa] r[k dk vUrZlEcUËk vj LFkkuh; fHkUUkrk dh otS ls t.ksa tanuA {ks=h; fHkUUkrk vj izkœfrd fofoËkrk fc LFkkuh; ukeksa dh tkudkjh dk okLrk egRoiw.kZ gksanA uke dh ; [kkl ckr t:j gksUn fd dS fc xkSa ;k cLrh dks uke oha txk dk ,sfrgkfld vj lkaLœfrd i{k rSa mtkxj djnA ;kuS ,sfrgkfld vj lkaLœfrd Hkwxksy dk tkudkjksa dk okLrk LFkku uke dks egRo HkkSr tknk gksanA bfrgkldkj crkSanu fd dSfc txk dh uke dh mRifŸk fc mFkxS iqjk.kh N tFkxk o[k cl.k oˇk eu[kh NuA gka bu t:j ‡s fd ih<+h nj ih<+h tfu fodkl gks.kw jS rfu ukeksa ek fc cnykS gks.kk jSfu pkgs oks eu[;ks dk gksmu pk txkSa dk tu iqjk.kk cqFkkM+ vc cwFkkjke ‡sxsfu vj ejxnuk txk vc jkËkkcYYkHkiqje dk ukS ls tk.ks tkanA ukeksa dk ekeyk ek ; ckr fc egRoiw.kZ N fd iSfy t[k t[k fc eu[;ksafd clkxr ‡s gksfy r[k r[k izkœfrd cukoV vj clkxr dk vkËkkj ij fc ukS Ëkjs xsfu tufd x<+okˇ ek t[k t[k Ëkkj] [kky] lS.k] ?kkV] cxM+ Nu r o txk osbZ ukS ls t.ks tkan tu vkxjk[kky] xqEk[kky] pkScV~Vk[kky] ukSxkao[kky] eokËkkj] tk[kËkkj] vatuhlS.k] dksVyhlS.k] ikVhlS.k] O;kl?kkV] eSBk.kk?kkV] ykecxM+] ukjk;.kcxM+ bR;kfnA

ukS

x<+okˇ dh uke ijEijk ek ,d vkSj ckr egRoiw.kZ {ks= dk ikjEifjd Kku dh tkudkjh fc feynuA dS txk N fd dfr txk ukeksa dk uke ij Ëkjs tkanu ;kfu dS dk ukS ls oha txk dh LFkkfud fo'ks"krk NA osdks irk pyn vkfnek ukS ij txkS ukS Ëkjs tkanA tu xksfoUniqj] œ".kuxj tu fd Doh Ëkkj N ;ka ls o[k dk Hkwxksy dks irk pfy tkan vj x<+okfˇ ek txkSa dk ukS ls tkfr iN~;.ks xsfu tu fd ; igkM+h gksyhA lS.k N r ?kkVh gksyh ;k lery txk McjkyL;wa dk Mcjky] ldyk.kk iV~Vh dk ldykuh] gksyh vj [kkˇ N r ; ;fu txk gksfy t[k }h rhu Ëkk: dks ikf.k dV~Bk gksna ks gksyksA ?kkV iVokyL;w a dk iVoky x<+ o kˇ ek ;ka d k lUnHkZ uke dh ; [kkl ckr t:j gksUn fd dS fc xkSa ;k cxM+ N r unh dk fdukjk gksyks ;kfu uke ls gh HkkSxksfyd Fkksdnkjksa ls tksM+s xsfu df[k ;k cLrh dks uke oha txk dk ,s f rgkfld vj tk.kdkjh ∫os tkanA Fkksdnkjksa dh tkfr ls txk lka L œfrd i{k rS a mtkxj djnA ;kuS iPN;.ks xsfu tu vLokˇq dh uke j[k.kk ek yksxksau vlokyL;wAa df[k ,d tkfr ,sfrgkfld vj lkaLœfrd Hkwxksy dk tkudkjksa Ëkkj [kkˇ dk vykok unh dk yksx tknk jkS.k dh otg dk okLrk LFkku uke dks egRo HkkSr tknk vj igkM+h dks ukS fc 'kkfey ls o txk oha tkfr dk ukS ls gksanA bfrgkldkj crkSanu fd dSfc txk dh dfjuA df[k uke dk vxuS t.ks xs tu
37

uokpkj

xhrksa ls fl[k;s.kh xf.kr

xh

x.ks'k [kqx'kky ^x.kh*

tUe œfr;k° lEiknu lEÁfr

38

% % % %

22 vÁSy] 1968 cq
èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

rq dh vif.k jaxr gksan To xk.k ek] lq.k.k ek vj up.k ek eSlwl d;sZ tkanA ij xhrq ek xf.kr ;k xf.kr dk xhr] lwf.k Nu dSu vkt rd f; ckr] xhr dks xf.kr ls D; eryc\ ij ,d efu[k u xhrq rS xf.kr ls tksMh+ ,d u;ks dke dj nsA oks xhrq ls xf.kr fl[kkS.kkS dke dj.kks NA ikSM+h ftyk dks dksV Cykd dk jktdh; b.Vj dkWyst [kksykpkSajh ek i<+kSa.k oˇk xf.kr fo"k; dk xq#th ohjsUÊ [kadfj;ky xf.kr dk izfr ukSU;kˇq ek #fp iSnk dj.kk okLrk ,d u;ks iz;ksx dj.kk NuA fl xhrq dk ekË;e ls xf.kr i<+kSa.kk NuA xf.kr ek ;ks vi.kk rjkSa dks uokpkj N tks iwjh nqfu;k ek 'kk;n vi.kk rjkSa dks iSyks iz;ksx gksyksA ohjsUnz [kadfj;ky xf.kr ek uokpkj dk okLrk t.ks tkanu iSfy rkSu o"kZ 2004 ek jktdh; b.Vj dkWyst dSykl ckaxj #Êiz;kx ftyk ek y[kM+kaS dk VqdM+k dfV&dfV xf.kr dk ekWMy c.kSfu tks jkT; dh xf.kr dh iSyh pyfn fQjfn iz;ksx'kkyk dk ukS ls t.ks xsA xf.kr dk u;k iz;ksxq dk okLrk [kadfj;ky th yksdxk;d ujsUÊflag usxh th dk xhrksa dks mi;ksx dfj vj fl ekË;fed d{kkSa dk Nk=q rSa xf.kr dk dfB.k lEcksËkksa rSa le>kS.kk okLrk usxh th dk xhrksa rSa QkewZyk dh rjkSa yxkS.kk NuA T;ka ls xf.kr rSa ukSU;kˇ jkspd .kk NuA [kadfj;ky xq#thu crS fd fo|kfFkZ tu tksM+ dj.kk Nu r fl ËkukRed la[;k dks ËkukRed la[;k nxM+ tksM+ nsnu ij ËkukRed la[;k nxfM+ Ω.kkRed la[;k tqMf+ y fd ?kVfy ;kaek Hkzfer ‡s tanu ;k Ω.kkRed la[;k] Ω.kkREkd la[;k ls D; gksfy ;u le>.k ek rkSa lf.k fnDdr ‡s tkanA ;ks le>kS.kk okLrk rkSu usxh th dk xhr dks lkjks Ygs fd& u Doh rs: (Ω.kkRed) u Doh es: (&) eryc dks esy ($) pk dkaMk yX;ka b± nqU;k ek lc VDdksa dks [ksy pk xhr dh iSfy }h ySuq ek Ω.kkRed la[;k Ω.kkRed la[;k ls ;ksx rSa fl[kkSanA u Doh rs: (udkjkRed) ;kfu Ω.kkRed] u Doh es:

uokpkj

dh lafÿ;k dks ;s ÿe ls gy d;w± p;s.kks NA (udkjkRed) Ω.kkRed la[;k tks ;ksx dh ukSU;kˇ xhr dh ,d ySu ls dks"Bd oˇk lafÿ;k ek gksmu r nqlfj iafDRk ek esy ;kfu iz'u gy dj.kk fd fofËk le> xsfuA feyki vFkkZr tqMk+ o rSa n'kk±n ;kus tqM+ tkanuA o`Ÿk dh ifjHkk"kk le>kS.kksa rkSu fcUnh tu &5&3 = &8 oˇkS xhr mBS fd& vxuS ns[knkSa fdµ u cSB u cSB fcUnh uk cSB p[khZ ek Vdk Nu r VdVdk ;kfu ËkukRed $ ;kek rkSu xhr dk p[khZ 'kCn dks lkjks Vdk fu Nu r >d>dk ;kfu ohjs U Ê [ka d fj;ky Ygs vj le>S fd pj eryc pyk;eku Ω.kkRed& f[klk Hkks;k± lfc rsjk [kkyh cVok ekj ËkDdk fcUnqvksa dks fcUnq iFk vj fQj }h 'kCn j[k vFkkZr fcUnqvksa rSa vxuS j[k rc ; xfr ,d o`Ÿk dh vkœfr c.kS nsanA Ω.kkRed (&) xhrq ek xf.kr i<+kSank xq#th [kadfj;ky th u crS vFkkZr ËkukRed la[;k dks Ω.kkRed la[;k dk nxfM+ ;ksx dh lafÿ;k ek ?kVko gh gksyks tu $3&4 = &1 fd tSa xf.kr ls fo|kFkhZ ckSx ljnk Nk vc lhab xf.kr nxM+S oks ukSU;kˇq rSa bu fc le>kSnu fd ifj.kke ek rS xhrksadk nxfM+ fl[k.kS jkSal ls cPPkk Ë;ku yxkS.k os vad dks fp  vkyks tks cM+ks gksyks] pk oks ËkukRed gks cSfBxsfu vc r lh fc xhrq ek v∂oh xf.kr [kkst.k yfx xsfuA ;ka dks cf<+;k i{k ;ks N fd ;s uokpkj ls ;k Ω.kkRedA ohjsUnz [kadfj;ky ujsUÊ flag usxh th dk xhrksa dh yksdHkk"kk dk izfr Hkh :>ku c<+.kks N tS ifjos'k ek xf.krh; foospuk djnuA owu usxh th dk ,d xhr rSa cPPkk i<+.kka Nu osdk n`f"Vdks.k rSa fc i<+njk le>.kS xf.kr dk BODMSA ;kfu TkS [kqf.k Hkkxtksx cksYnu rfu dksf'k'k djnu] lalkËku vj ljksdkjksa dk izfr le>nkjh foospuk dfj fdµ Hkh c<+nA Ëkje djh Y;kok dje djh Y;kok] Hkkx tksx latksx xf.kr tuk fo"k; ek ohjsUÊ [kadfj;ky th dks ;ks dh ckr foËkkrk dk gkFk] Ëkje djh Y;kok uokpkj okdbZ cgqr gh vn~Hkqr vj vuwBks N tks xf.kr ;s xhr ls rkSu cPPkksa rSa dks"Bd dk iz'u gy dj.kk tuk fo"k; rSa jkspd c.kkS.k ek vif.k rjg dks vyx fl[kSfu fd dks"Bd dk iz'u gy dj.k ek lcls iSfy Hk ls dke N] tks xhrksa dh laosnu'khyrk rS oSKkfud n`f"Vdks.k Hkkx x ls xq.kk fQj t ls tksM+ vj var ek x ;k ?k ls ?kVkuk dk nxM+h ,d ubZ ifjHkk"kk nsanA qq

èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

39

dfork

/kqjifˇ dks }kj

uwru rUuq iUr

tUe

40

% 1991 uS Nokfˇ~ fd laHkkouk'khy dfo;=h] ns g jknw u ek vË;;ujr èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

E;kjk nkuk fnokuk cksYnk Nk;h fd cqck∑ fe NkSa rqekjks /kqjifˇ dks }kj tc rd cP;wa jkSayks mxM~;ka jkyk }kj [kM+k jkyk eksj laxkM+ rqe fc vk.kk jSY;k ?kkj ukSuk y cksfy fd cqck th fe r ykxq vi.kk cky cPPkksa Ygsfd L;dqUn vc fu #I;s ldnq b± fHkrjh ek eq.M ukSuk fd N~oha lw.kh fd cqck dh vka[kh pw.k cSfBxs val/kfj Cofxu ij Qaqtn# fu jS ckp xcyk.k cSfBxs ij fcaxn: fu jS vkt cqck /kqjifˇ dks }kj nsf[kfd vkaf[k cqt.k cSfBxs fdyS fd tS Qj NS vkl oks fc fujkl dS X;s vkt oh dwMh+ #okUn] fccykan clxkˇ ek pqvkUn vkt ycM+afn gksa;h iBkfˇ /kofM+ yxS fd HkV~;kUn fd gs! iqjk.kksa dh Fkkfr NkSa ekaft dh Nkrh NkSa cqck th dh vaXokˇ NkSa HkS cS.;ksa dk nxM+k fd f[kYkDokM+ NkSa rsjk ckˇk iu dh vUOkkj NkSa fe Doh vkSfj u jS! rsfj /kqjifˇ dks }kjk NkSa vkt fu jkbZ fe R;kjk xqB~;kj ek Mkfˇ R;kjk pkSd ek tfe d.Mkfˇ NkSa vkt fu jkbZ jS fe R;kjk fi=w dh dwMh+ R;kjk vi.k gkFkksadks c.k;wa [kan~okj NkSaA

dfork

euf[k fu jkbZ lqcsj mfB dh yxnh NS N~oha rsfj ehaek esfj rsek xkSa dk xkSa dk ‡sfu [kkyh fe bZ lksp.kksa jkSa C;kfˇ ?kkl ikrk dks MkaMk tkank NkbZ FkM~;k pkSaQˇk [;ynk NkbZ [kSfj [kqn yxkank NkbZ E;kjk xkSa ek tc euf[k NkbZ e;kˇq eq[kfM+ jx;k±fn vkaf[k NkbZ >qjfn ftdqfM+] cMqfˇ yxnh lka[kh NkbZ jksank ckˇk cqF;kank nkuk NkbZ E;kjk xkSa ek tc euf[k NkbZ ?klsfj xhr xkanh NkbZ cS[k Bqedk yxkank NkbZ n~;wj ckSft dh etkd NkbZ n~;wjf.k dk ukd yxnh ?kpkd NkbZ E;kjk xkSa ek tc euf[k NkbZ bxkl cxokˇ vkafn NkbZ fNYYkkSa dk eqV~BkSa dk HkSyk f[kysank NkbZ LOkkˇk HkwM+k idnk NkbZ E;kjk xkSa ek tc euf[k NkbZ qq

fo'o iqLrd esyk ek Ëkkn èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

41

Jºkatfy

tkSulkjh th dks fuËku • foeyk Hk.Mkjh lkfgR;dkj dfo vj jaxdehZ jru flag tkSulkjh th dks 10 fnlEcj dh jkr fluthZ vLirkˇ ek nsgkUr ‡sxAs oks 78 lky dk NkA tkSulkj dk jkS.k oˇk jru flag th vi.kk yksd ls bruk izHkkfor Nk fd rkSu vi.kks uke gh tkSulkjh j[knsA tkSulkjh th ;uk dykdkj Nk tkSu tkSulkjh yksd laxhr rSa jk"V™h; igpku nsA tkSulkjh th tkSulkj dk 'kh"kZ ys[kdksa ek ,d NkA tkSulkjh yksd laLœfr dk ;s f'k[kj iq#"k dks tUe 1 vizy S ] 1936 dks ukxFkkr dk utnhd fclksbZ ([kr&cgykM+) ek ‡sA rkSu 27 o"kZq rd v/;kiu dk;Z djhA 1995 ek lsokfuoŸk ‡sfuA

42

èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

tkSulkjh th ewy :i ls fgUnh dk dfo vj xhrdkj Nk rkSu tkSulkjh yksd laLœfr ek fc csgrjhu dke dfjA rkSaˇ tkSulkjh ek fc dfork] xhr ys[ku dfjA 1979 ek laxhr ukVd vdkneh dk lg;ksx ls c.;k tkSulkj ckoj dk o`Ÿk fp= dks la;kstu vj ys[ku vkiu dfjA 1982 ek vkiu jsfM;ks lhyksu ls tkSulkjh xhrksa vj okrkZ dks izlkj.k dfjA vkidh fy[kha fdrkc ^tkSulkjh yksdxhr* tkSulkj ek HkkSr gh yksdfiz; NA tkSulkj ckcj {ks= dh yksdlaLœfr dk {ks= ek vkidk uke vj ys[ku dk okLrk vki t;Jh lEEkku] laLœfr xkSjo lEEkku] tkSulkj ckcj dk xkSjo lEEkku] lkfgR; lEEkku] nwu jRu] fgefxjh] 'kSy f'k[kj] fgUnh xkSjo] jk"V™h; ,drk] lkjLOkr lkfgR; tuk dfr lEEkkuksa ls lEEkkfur NuA Ëkkn ifjokj dh rjika fcfV tkSulkjh th rSa JºkatfyA

ukVd

fujth jkt

n`';&1 (>ksˇk Nki MkWDVjkS izkosV vL∂rkˇ HkSj cjUMk ek dEiksMj dqlhZ ek cBh max.kw N! rcfj MkWDVj dks izos'k] tks os rS ns[kh fpjM+s ∑ tk°nA) • MkWDVj % D;k js os dEiksMjk ?oPpk! • rq E;k: ;[k lh.kk [kq.ks Ëk;w± N;h\ • dEiksMj % (cjZ C;wftfd) vks----vks MkDVj lkc xqM ekSfu±x------vks ----tjk-----• MkDVj % xqM eksfu±x dk cPpk HkSj ns[kh tjk vQkj }Qjk ‡sxs vj rq fHkrj QLlksjh fl;wa NSµ • dIiksMj % fl;wa d[k NkS lkc] oks r tjfl Vksˇ ,sxs Nks] ij tc }Qjk gosxs r rqe vc rd Nk d[k \ • MkWDVj % vcs VSe ij ft ,sX;s r MkDVj fg D;k° dw] tks trxk nsj ek vko oks mrxk cM+ks MkWDVj! • dEiksMj % vjs lkc D; cM+ks vj D; N~oVq! rqe nsj ls vkSank ;[k r ek[kw rd fu vk.kw N Doh ËkksjkA • MkWDVj % rq fQdj fu dSj] fQdj djyks r fe djyks tSdks br: mV~;k&iqV~;k N d;w°A rsjh rjQ ls C;ksfy Eoj~;k HkkSa C;ksyk fru r HkkRkS&irˇh [kk.kh fg NA • dEiksMj % duDos [kk.k HkkRkS&iRkˇh! ;[k r esfj tk.k HkwfD[k EoUuS ukScr vkanA fcfÿ cV~Vk dqN gks.kw uh NA • MkWDVj % vcs fcÿh cV~Vk dk cPpk] duq ;s Ros [kqf.k jk'ku&ik.kh ∑ nqdku N jsA vcs ;ks vLirkˇ N vLirkˇ vkf[kj dS fc pht rSa te.kk ek VSe yxnA jkRkkSa&jkr r C;Vk Hkaxqyq fc fu tenq! vc efuf[k N r efuf[k rS fcekj gks.k ek VSe yXn] fQj vLirky vk.k ek fc VSe yXnA • dEiksMj % gk° lkc oks r ge laxrS n~;[k.kk Nka fd ejht rS vLirkˇ vkS.k ekfg yXn tks dqN VSe yXn] osdk ckn r dqN VSe fu yXnks • MkWDVj % D; eryc\

fxjh'k lqUnfj;ky

tUe % 9 ebZ] 1969 œfr;k° % ekSY;kj (xhr laxzg)] vUokj (dfork laxzg)] vlxkj vj dc [kqyyh jkr (ukVd laxzg) lEidZ % xzke pqjsMx+ kao] i=ky; txL;k[kky] ck;k pkScV~Vk[kky] ikSMh+ x<+oky èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

43

ukVd

• dEiksMj % eryc---- ,d&vkn ejht vkS.k n~;k rqe lc lfef> tSY;k • MkWDVj % ij ejhtqu vkS.kw dc NA fru dqN izpkj&izlkj] ËkS&ËkofM+ dqN yxs uh N fetkf.k\ • dEiksMj % vft dfu N~oha yxkS.kk Nka lkc] lSj&ctkj D; xkSa&xkˇ D;] ckVk&?kkVkSa ,sMkb&,sMk+ b dS E;kjks r iV~V xkˇks gh fpjQMS+ xsA • MkWDVj % rq izpkj&izlkj dUuw Nk;ks fd gdjksˇ yxk.kw Nk;ksA • dEiksMj % vc Couq D;k NA ;s ejht xS Nuw r xS d[k Nu] ;[kk ∑ HktsMw fd rjkSa lfc L;dqan r fu Hkkft X;k;kA mUu E;kjks vkbfM;k r ;ks N lkc fd vc r MkDVj fg u ejht fc gqL;kj ‡s xsuhA • MkWDVj % gqL;kj\ du gqL;kj] • dEiksMj % vc Couq D;k N lkc] rqe fc laXrS n~;[k.kS yX;ka gosyk fd vc tekuks buq ,sxs fd vc fdLer oGks ejht fg gksyw Doh tks vLirkˇ cVh lq[k&lfUr ,s tkS ?kkSj uFkj tks Xkk;ks lks Xkk;ks] ;ku ejht Lop.kk Nu fd vLirkˇ tSdh T;ku r xS xS ij :I;k fc xk;k] r QSnk D;k] ;ku Qwdk Qq.Mq ?kkSj ekfg Eojyk r flQZ T;ku fg tkyh de ls de #I;k r cP;ka jkykA • MkWDVj % Ros r cl cjcxr #I;ksa dh fg yxh jSanA • dEiksMj % vjs lkc ;s teu #I;S Nu tks dqN Nu~] #I;ksu yksx MkDVj cf.k tk.kk Nu ekLVj cf.k tk.kk Nu] gkSfj r gkSfj tks xkSa dk izËkku fu cf.k ldnk N;k oks fefuLVj cf.k tk.kk Nu] r gkSfj d; CouA • MkWDVj % cl&cl ekSr ‡sxs rq fcxj #I;ksa dk fg bruk cM+ks usrk c.;wa NSA • dEiksMj % vft lkc fcuk #I;ksa dk D; usrk! bu le>k u yhaMw&eqat: xksj! tks u ek[kk gdS lkd u dSa rS flaxS lkd! u ?ksj&ckM+ rksfM+ lkd u mT;kM+ [kS lkd! • MkWDVj % vcs vkt rq dqN tknS&brxk Coynk Coynk MkWDVj rS [kk°lh yxn vj os ij ldL;V ‡s tkan] oS rSa nek dks nkSjk fl IoM+n] fd Lok°&Lok° djh rSa yEch yEch lkal ys.k cSBnA • dEiksMj % gs esfj Cos MkWDVj lkc rSa Qsfj ifM+xs L;ks nek dks nkSjk&D;k ‡s lkc] ikf.k isY;k\ gOok dUuk\ lkal cqts.kq N Nkrh eyln----gOok djn cqck! HkkSRk [krjukd jksx N HkS ;ks! vaDos---- vDos buk cSBk lkc! cSBkds vksgks------- lkc iSfy rqe vi.kks m;kj djkok] rc fn[ks tkyh L;k MkWDVjhA 44

èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

• MkWDVj % la;r ‡sdh vjs dqN fu] mr tjk esjks mfNUMqq fcfYd xs NkSA eh rSa Doh nek&oek uh N gfcZ Lok° Lok° duw jSanA • dEiksMj % gk° lkgc rqerSa D;k N vj D; uh N fe lc n~;[k.kw NkSa vj fcax.kw fc NkSaA • MkWDVj % chaxh ;kys r HkkSr cf<+;kA vc bu dSj fd C;[kqfu fc fl ‡s fg xs] tjk fea noS [kS ysanq] ykS tjk uedhuw dqje.k&dqje.kA brxk Coynk&2 MkWDVj vi.kk FkkSyk∑an cfV nk: ∑ iOok fudˇn] dEiksMj fxykkl ikf.k ykan] MkWDVj f} iSx yxSdh iOok vi.kk FkkSykman Ëkj nsanA • dEiksMj % nq%[kh ‡sdh lkcft rSa noS isdh esjks cqck FofM+ Eofj NkS tks rqe eSa rSa frjk.kk Nka] tjk ,d dqOB~O.k eSa rSa fc p[kS nsank r D; cq: NkSA • MkWDVj % vcs ;g Lis'ky MkWDVj yksxq [kqf.k c.kbZ N] rqe tukS [kqf.k dqN vyx czkaM NA • dEiksMj % vft czkaM&cjkaM NksMk+ ] rqeu ns.kS r ,d rqjkd n~;k uFkj eh rSabZ ft IoM+n vc nkSjk os ij >d÷;V 'kq: ‡s tkan • MkWDVj % vjs-------js-------js------gs D; ∫os Ros\ • dEiksMj % vPNk! v∂Qq r cSB X;ka ?kksMk+ ek vj eh rSa NksfM+ X;k Nkjk ek! vft drxk funZb Nka rqe tks vif.k ,d rqjkd cpk.kk cku esjk ik.k ys.k Pgk.kk Nka]----os ij Qsfj >d÷;V gksan • MkWDVj % ys js N~okjk Qwd rSa ftdqfM+ bruk cksfy iOok os rSa nsan] vkyh ySu (oks >V idMh ∑ fcuk ik.;wa [kM+dS nsan (vgk! ----) • dEiksMj % gk° vc xSau tjk twadkmanA -------u HkS u ;ks D; dS MkWDVj lkc rqeu] ;ks r dqN fu ‡s tk.kq u cy xkSMh+ ∑ ,S.kkS ∑ u cN: ∑ I;kjks ∑A • MkWDVj % r vc D; du js\ • dEiksMj % vft duq D; N] fcj.kq ukSuq ej.kq gks cy r iksV dS ej.kwA jM+kok ,d uksV] Y;kank Nka ,d fiaijh gSd a hA • MkWDVj % #I;k nsdh ys idM+] vc fiaijh YgkS HkkSa ∂;Rok] ij [kcjnkj tks dSek cksyw! • dEiksMj % D; ckr duk NkSa MkDVj lkc] fifM+ Cosdks eSl gksyw tks dSek CokyyksA br fHkrjS ckr N] fHkrjS jS.k pSanA • MkWDVj % vksådså vksådså vc rq tk vj pEe Ygk! • dEiksMj % vft fe b X;k;ks vj fl Ygk;ks (izLFkku)

ukVd

n`';&2 (xkSa dks ckVks] MkWDVj vj dEiksMj >k°> ek ËkqŸk N~oha yxkSan tk.kk Nu~A) • dEiksMj % ;kj ;s---- nk:--- tks gS fdl HkX;ku us--c.kkbZ gksxh----- tqxjkt j;ka oks----- vgk D; xtc dh --- pht gS --- ekWdh --- dle --- vkneh ds d.B [kqy tkrs gSaA • MkWDVj % vjs rq>s D;k irk----- blesa Hkh HkkSr VSe yxrk gSA • dEiksMj % vft rqe ,s crkvks fd VSe fdlesa uS yxrk ij leL;k ;s gS fd ---VSe vtxky gS fdlds ikl---,lkyk -- Ëkkj ek Ëkj~;wa EokMw fc cksyrk gS fd esj ikl VSe uS gS ---A • MkWDVj % gk° ;kj ----- ckr r rq lS cksyrk gS cy ,d tekuk Fkk tc vkneh ds ikl ----- dqN uS Fkk -- ij VSe

• • • • • • • •

HkkSr Fkk --- exj vkt mlds ikl ----- lc dqN gS ----ij VSe u gS -----A dEiksMj % gk° xq# ---- ij gekjs ikl rks VSe fg VSe gS-MkWDVj % vcs VSe ds vykok--- gekjs ikl gS D;k\ dEiksMj % [kkyh cksrˇ fn[kkds vjs gekjs ikl ----- ;s gS! [kkSˇ;sdh vjs ----vjs-MkWDVj % osdk eq.M e ekfjdh vj ------ oks fc[kkyh! dEiksMj % nq%[kh eu ls xq#------- vc D; du\ MkWDVj % C;Vk cksrˇ fc [kkyh vj eh fc [kkyh dEIkksMj % yk cjpks! n ctkok vc rkˇh MkWDVj % vcs pqippki py vc ?kkSj fxp ij yxSdh rkˇh f};ksa dks izLFkkuA

n`';&3 ljdkjh vLirkˇ] HkSj cjUMk ek ejht ijs'kku ,d cq<;+ k] ,d cq
n`';&4

(okMk dks ?kkSj CokMk pkSdk ek ihM+k e cSBh re[kw is.k N% rcfj dEiksMj vkan) • CokMk % D;k cksUUk cqck eksU;ka gks;wa NkSaA • dEiksMj % CokMk iSyxq • dEiksMj % n cksyks] CokMk rqe fiNyk nl lky cfV • CokMk % pjathA Couk Nka fd Eouw NkSa] EoUkw NkSaAvj L;ks Nka T;wank &txnk • dEiksMj % gkSj CokMk [kwc N T;w&tkek fi.M ijk.kA esjh lfef.k CkSB~;kA èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

45

ukVd

• CokMk % ga! rq Lop.kw ∫osyw dc [k;kyw [kq'kxk vj >ofˇ gS! • dEiksMj% u&u&CokMk vc ,d rqeh r j;ka Nka gekjk xkS ek nkuk&fnouk] ckdh r ris xsuh • CokMk% gs jke! E;kjks fc yX;wa N js yEcj! gfcZ [kal.k cSfB tkan) vtxky ldL;V dqN tknS gq;wa N% C;kˇs L;ks os ckatk vLirkˇ xS NkS t[k noS u MkDVj ∫oDdk dEiksMj rSa nsanA • dEiksMj% n CokMk d[k x;ka rqeA • CokMk% cqck os ljdfj vLirkˇA • dEiksMj % vkS gks CokMk o[k fdyS x;ka rqe o[k r Doh jSanw uh N lfc ?kj cSB&cBh ru[kk Nu Hkpxk.kk] owadh vb± N jaxr vj turk fcpfj ijs'kkuA ij vc rqerSa

• • • • • •



ijs'kku gks.kS Doh toZjr uh] vc ukSxkao[kky ek ,d Qlfdykl MkDVj ,sX;k] lqUnj vLirky [kqfyX;kA CokMk % vPNk! gs dc [kqy jsA dEiksMj% cl ik°p&NS fnu ‡suh vfcA CokMk% r D;kadks MkDVj N oksA dEiksMj% CokMk lc dqN dks] oks fQfjtu] flfjtu] TkUkU;w dks enwZ dks cPpksa dks lc dqNkS MkWDVj N vj fe oss nxfM+ dEiksMj NkSaA CokMk% vPNkA dEiksMj % gk° vc rqe bu dj~;k fd Hkksˇ ,s t;ka gekjk vLirkˇ ek] rqEgjks ,d&,d iqtkZ Bhd dj n~;wyk] HkkSˇ L;ks iY;k [kksˇS ?kaq?kqfj cksfMu fc vkS.k] fBd N] Hkksˇ t:j ,s t;ka CokMk % vPNq cqck (dEiksMjkS izLFkku)

n`'; &5 (izkbosV vLirkˇkS n`';] MkWDVj] dEiksMj vj ,d ejht cksMh] pSdvi pYuw N) • MkWDVj% gk° cksMh gkSfj D; ijs'kkuh NA • dEiksMj% cksMh rq fQdj dyS duh N;h fe r yxkSayw okadks r fe lYyh NkSaA • cksMh% cqck Couq D;k N cje.M fjax] eq.M:] tSj] IoVx xxM+V] ftdqMk+ ek dcyV] Dohuk vj ?kq.Mksa • cksMh % vPNk! ij [kpZ&ipZ drxk yxyw ij >eT;V dS jksx gq;ka Nu~A • dEiksMj % n cksMh [kpSZ D; fQdj duh NS rw pkj • dEiksMj% HkS cksMh cq: fu ekuh ,d ckr cksywA yfM+d Nu R;kjk dekSanjk • cksMh % gk°&gk° cksy (gfCkZ MkDVj psdvi duw)A • cksMh% n cqck dekS.kk gksyk r vQq[kqf.k dekS.kk gksykA gejk Y;k[ku xq.Bk }hA ge tus r lcqfd ihB QjdbZa • dEiksMj% cksMh Ros rS MkDVjS toZr uh N Ros rSa r toZr N! yfM+d fu Nu fl [kfM+d Nu [kfM+d vj oks fc N cke.kS dh] cN: dh] y[kqMq&irMq] }h ck°l] lQsn iwlk eSjk [kM[kM+kA diM+k vj pkj vfneq dhA • dEiksMj% cksMh rq r fiUlusj N;h Ros dSdh D; toZjr] • cksMh% oks D;kadks jsA rsjh fg toZr ft N lcqraSA • dEiksMj% vjs cksMh tc brxk jksx YkX;ka Nu Ros ij r duek gks.k fru fBd] rc r rq ,dh txk ∫os ldnh • cksMh % n Nokjk fiUlfuu IoVxq Hojs ldsna ijk.k u] ijk.k fBdA r vi.kk ukfr&ufr.kksa vif.k dqVenfj ns[kh Hojsna A • cksMh % oks d[k js\ • MkWDVj % bcfj r cksMh Rosdks rSa bUtsD'ku Hojsxs] buS mCcq dfj vi.kk fcykstkS ckSˇ a w bUtsD'ku yxk.k (dEiksMj • dEiksMj % cksMh ej?kV ekA ckSayw mCcw djn MkDVj rhu pkj csfj bUtsD ku iqMo+ kan • cksMh% gs eknk fdyS Ygs rc eh lf.k ;[kA cksMh fiM+k fccyS tkan) • MkWDVj % cksMh Cou ns ;s rSa feu R;kjs
èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

ukVd

• cksMh % n N~ojs r xs NkSa fe vkt N~ojs≈°] fe r gwanS N~ojs xs NkSA (rcfj rSa MkWDVj noS fudˇn)A • MkWDVj % ys cksMh ;s noS Ë;ku ls le> fd dcfj&dcfj [k.khu----- ;s }h yky] ,d ihyh ,d lQsn lqcsj&lke vj ;ks VkSfud }h fpepk [kk.kk [kk.k ∑ ckn jkst] rc ns[kh rq ,d gIrk ek Ros ij du pyDokj vkanA • cksMh % n cqck vc eM+?kV ek vkyh pyDokj r dqtaf.k] Qwd QqUMw] vPNk iSalk dnxk ∫osuhA • MkWDVj % cksMh fQygky ,d gIrk dh fn;ha Nu~~] dqy feySdh ‡sX;k pkj lkS frjhlA • cksMh % D;k! gs ckck] gs rqe fc mYVk mLrjku Nk js eqaM.kkA gs flrxk tqye u dkjk ;h >xqyh fd gSadh ch! • dEiksMj % MkDVj lkc esjh cksMh N dqN de dj n~;kokA • MkWDVj % Bhd N cksMh] pkj lkS fg ns nsA • cksMh % ys idM+ vj vkt cfV fe ;[k Fkqd.kkS fc fu vkSaA (cq
• MkWDVj % (tk°p djn gfCkZ) cksMk th tksj&tksj ls lk°l yks] chåihå dc ls gS\ • cq<~;k % dkQh lky ∫osxsuh • MkWDVj % vj lqxj • cq<;k % oks fc fiNyk lkr&vkB lky cVs NA • MkWDVj % ga r cksMk th ekeyk dkQh xEHkhj N ij fpUrk dh Doh ckr uh] cl EkSuk rhusd noS [kk.k iksMyh vj gj gIrk ek }h&}h bUtD'ku Xywdkst dk lkFk yxykA • dEiksMj % cl cksMk gj gIrk ge rqe ij p>ksfM+ nsank vj Hkrxsank&Hkrxsank 'kkUr ‡s tkanA • MkWDVj % (f};k mUkS tkanu) (uCt ns[kh) C;V~Vk---cksMk fc----! • dEiksMj % vc D; duk! f};k&f} ?kCkjSdh pkN~ofM+ n~;[knu • MkWDVj % Hkkx----------! (f};k Hkkx tanu) bfrA qq èkkn fnlEcj] 2015

47

bFkSa mFkSa fd

gq.kR;fˇ Mkfˇ dk pypyk ikr #dek] rsjh fpV~fB fefy ij fe tokc fu ns lD;waA vlyek vc r vËkk ls tknk VSe Qksuh [kPoj.k ek pfy tkanA dfo ∫oVlsi vj dfo Qslcqd ij ;q u;q jksx QSY;wa nqU;k ek vj eh fc ;k Doh ejht NkSa ;ku rsfj fpV~fB dks fc tcko fu ns lD;waA vj mu eh [kqf.k fQjM+k fQjM+ fc HkkSar jSanA dfo ;[k vj dfo o[kA tkSa fnuq rsjh fpV~Bh feyh rSdk dqN fnuq ckn fe ikSM+h t;wa jkSa vj fu vk;ks tks rSbZ fnu o[k 'kjnksRlo dks mn~?kkVu dj.kkS eq[;eaf= fcA os fnu o[k ctkj Qq.M tk.kksa fc Hkkjh eqf'dy gksa;w NkSA LVs'ku ek r lykeh Ygs.k NS eq[;eaf= u r o[kS xkM+h lc buS muS d;hZa NSA yksx r ijs'kku ‡sbZ Nu ij eq[;eaf= fc de ijs'kku fu jk;kA l;kZ fnu oh lykeh Ygs.kkSa gFk eq.MS ij yX;wa jSX;sA eh lkspnkSa fd eq[;eaf= rSa fc jS.k ifM+xs gksfy oha lykeh lsA ij uufru ukSU;kˇq dk okLrk t:jh NkS owadks fc [kM+q jS.kksA lfc dk;Zÿe r vif.k txk gks;kA eh rSa lcls tknk jaxr ,s turk njckj ek tc }h eq[;eaf= ,dh txk ek ;s izns'k dk ckjkek ckr dj.k yfxuA ;ka fd 'kq#vkr ∫os ,d Qfj;kn ls To gSadk eq[;eaf= fd djha NSA Qfj;kn ; NS fd eq[;eaf= th vki crkvks fd ;s izns'k ek ukSU;kˇksa rS bLdksyq ek cSB.kk dks dejk vj i<+kSa.kkS ekLVj dc rd fefy tkyk\ Qfj;kn i<+.k oˇk ftykfËkdkjh pUnz'ks[kj HkV~V th u cksfy fd ; Qfj;kn dSfd N r turk dk chp fcfV ,d ukSfu [kfM+ ‡sxsA ohafd mej ns[kh izns'k dk eq[;eaf= gjh'k jkor thu cksfy&vki dkSu gSa\ ohu cksfy eSa vfnfr 'kekZ cky laln dh eq[;eaf= NkSaA r ,d lHkk ek turk tuknZu rSa }h eq[;eaf= dk n'kZu ‡sxsuhA izns'k dk eq[;eaf= u cksfy fd vki D;k pank\ r cky laln dk eq[;eaf= u cksfy turk dk lef.k vkils ,d

ckr t.k.k pankSa fd gekjk mŸkjk[k.M dh f'k{kk O;oLFkk dc rd fBd ‡s tkyh\ druk lky yxyk b± O;oLFkk Bhd gks.k ek\ feu dbZ fo|ky;ksa dks Hkze.k djh r df[k Hkou fu Nu r df[k ekLVjth fu Nu] cPPkksa dh fLFkfr ;k N fd pkSFkh ikapoh ek i<+.k oˇk cPPkk fgUnh fu ikS<+ ld.kk NuA vkf[kj ; O;OkLFkk dc rd lqËkj ldn\ cky laln dk eq[;eaf= dk tokc ek izns'k dk eq[;eaf= u cksfy ge izns'k dk gj fodkl [k.M ek ikap ikap ekWMy Ldwy rS;kj dj.kk NkSaA r cky laln dk eq[;eaf= u iz'u dfj&ikap fo|ky;ksa ls vki dSfc fodkl [k.M dh f'k{kk fd fLFkfr rSa cf<+;k dj nsY;k\ r eq[;eaf= u cksfy ; dksf'k'k 'kq: gks.kh NA ;ka ij cky laln dk eq[;eaf= u cksfy fd vki turk dk lef.k bfu ?kks"k.kk r dfj |ks fd vkf[kj dFkxk lky yxyk ;ha O;OkLFkk Bhd gks.k ek\ eq[;eaf= jkorth pqi ‡sxsfu fQj cksy.k yfxu dksf'k'k ek tqV~;ka NkaA vj vly eq[;eaf= r vki gh yx.kh NuA cky laln dh eq[;eaf= u ;s izns'k dh f'k{kk ij tks loky mBS m vly ek lcls cM+ks loky N ;s izns'k dks vj ;s izns'k dk Hkfo"; dksA ;ha leL;k dk lekËkku dk okLrk iwjk izns'k rSa dke dj.k iM+yks uFkj ;q ,d loky l;kZ izns'k dh O;oLFkk rS fNUu fHkUUk dfj nsyks vj rc geqek dqN fc fu cp.;kaA #dek ; cM+h ckr N fd vc vi.kk izn's k dk ckjkek uufru fc lksp.kk Nu ij fljQ lksp lksph fd dqN fu gks.k tks dqN gks.k dSjh dh gks.kA vj tks t[kek dke dj.kks N o[keS eu yxSfd dke dkjks r mŸkjk[k.M dh rLohj cny tSyh ij b± cny.kkS mfu yx.k iM+yks tu MkaMk dkaBkS dh ek° cSf.k iSfy vkUnksyu ek yfxfu vj vkt tks ;wa MkaMh dkaB;~ ksa dks eqYd cP;wa fc N r rkSDa oh cPk;wa tu rw NS ?kj xkSa ek ?kj cpk.kha fuFkj ckfd r gkˇ VqVa h NA • rs: Nqa;kˇ

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