2013 Annual Report Huawei Investment & Holding Co., Ltd.

Huawei Investment & Holding Co., Ltd. 2013 Annual Report


Letter from the CEO


Letter from the Rotating and Acting CEO


Business Highlights in 2013


Five-Year Financial Highlights


Letter from the Chairwoman


Core Values


Management Discussion and Analysis


Industry Trends


Independent Auditor’s Report


Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes


Risk Factors


Corporate Governance Report


Sustainable Development


Abbreviations, Financial Terminology, and Exchange Rates



Letter from the CEO

Letter from the CEO Apply the spirit of the tortoise to catch up with the Dragon spacecraft

There is a fable about the race between a tortoise

I. Large companies are not necessarily

and a hare. The hare was born a fast runner, but

synonyms for complacency or conservativeness;

during the race, it had a rest from time to time,

it is not inevitable for them to perish, or

taking an afternoon tea or having a nap on the

otherwise we would not strive to be one.

grass. The tortoise surpassed the hare and won the race in the end.

Can BMW match Tesla’s pace? This has been an issue of debate for some time at Huawei. Most

Huawei is like a big tortoise. In the past 25 years,

believe that Tesla vehicles represent a disruptive

we have crawled along, not seeing the flowers on

innovation and will surpass BMWs. I think that

the road. While many people have become rich,

BMW may not lose the game if they take an open

riding on the rising economy over the last two

approach to improve themselves. We know there

decades, we still are on our journey of hard work

are several elements of a car: powertrain, smart

and dedication. When we look up to find in front

driving (from on-line map, automatic shifting,

of us the likes of Dragon spacecraft and Tesla,

bump shielding, all the way to unmanned driving),

and look at ourselves – the clumsy way we move

mechanical wearing, and safety and comfort. BMW

ahead, we can’t help but think, “Can we catch up

is strong in the last two areas, and they can

and surpass them?”

catch up too on the first two if they are open

Letter from the CEO


and progressive. You could argue of course that

1. We must stay focused. We are a company with

Tesla can buy the capabilities they don’t have, but

limited capabilities and resources. We can only

I’m not saying BMW has to reinvent the wheel

catch up with or surpass US companies within

to establish themselves in the first two areas.

limited areas. A force applied over a smaller

BMW needs success, not a narrow sense of pride

surface area can get us larger pressure, and then

that everything has to come through its own

breakthroughs would be possible. The Strategy


& Development Committee proposed the idea of surpassing US companies and enjoying the

Huawei is like BMW, in that we are also a big

ride, and I guess maybe that’s because they are

company. We live in an information society that is

confident in our profitability in the next few years

fast-changing with lots of disruptive innovations.

and want to invest more in the strategic areas.

Can we continue to survive? Admit it or not, this

However, we can possibly surpass US companies

is a question right in front of us. It took us 25

only when our area of focus is as big as the

years to build a good platform and accumulate

tip of a needle. If we enlarge the focus area to

some resources. Those are our treasures, as they

the size of the head of a match or the end of a

came after loads of money being wasted by our

stick, surpassing US companies will be out of the

executives and experts into projects and products


that had failed. Of course the money wasted comes from what you have earned in the first

We only allow employees to leverage their initiative

place, and more importantly without such wastes,

and creativity along the main route, or in other

we would not be where we are today. We value

words in areas of our strategic business focus. Blind

the success we have gained through learning from

innovation would simply disperse our investment

our failures. If we continue to be progressive,

and energy. Businesses that are not on the main

with the courage to shatter our own vested

route have to learn from successful companies,

interest and embrace new things, Huawei may not

maintain stable and reliable operations, and keep

necessarily lag behind. When we spot a strategic

the management system rational, effective, and

opportunity, we can catch up quickly by pouring

simple. We must avoid innovating blindly. If there

in tons of resources. Different ways of investment

is cry for innovation everywhere, that will be a

can be used, not just by piling up people. This

death song for us.

is quite different from the way small companies approach innovation. People are the most valuable.

The age of Big Data might be terrifying, because

Employees who are open-minded, progressive,

nobody knows exactly what is Big Data, and data

brave to break established advantages and keep

traffic will be incredibly huge. The Big Data I’ve

up with the times are our most solid cornerstone.

been talking about is different from the industry

With such people in the company, we can possibly

definition. The industry looks at Big Data from

catch up with the Teslas of the world.

information search, not data size, point of view.


Letter from the CEO

As Wu Hequan from the Chinese Academy of

The network might loosen what has kept people

Engineering said, data creates value only when it

within bounds. Without this bondage, can we still

is mined, analyzed, inducted, and utilized. By Big

press forward like a torrent? Many people are

Data, I mean the surging and overwhelming data

amazed when they hear us sing the song Huawei

streams, and the fact that no one knows how

People. They wonder why so many people are still

much data has to be transmitted and stored. Of

singing such a song in such an age. At Huawei we

course, we hope what is transmitted is all useful

still have a nucleus of several thousand people.

information, but we cannot stop garbage from

United together, they rally and lead the rest of

being transmitted and stored back and forth,

150,000 employees. We will definitely win.

which makes Big Data even bigger. Don’t get lured by the success of the Internet. We are an Internet

2. We must continue to be dedicated. The tortoise

company too, in the sense that we produce “iron

in the fable is a symbol of persistent effort, and

sheet” for pipes that transmit data streams for

such a spirit of Huawei must not change. The

the Internet. Moving forward, there will be fewer

tortoise spirit also means that our effort and

companies that can produce “iron sheet” for pipes

dedication should be sensible. We don’t need our

as wide as the Pacific Ocean; companies that run

people to have their blood boiled up because that

the pipes will be in the number of hundreds, and

cannot power up the base stations. What we need

companies managing information in the number of

is a controlled passion that allows our people to

thousands. Don’t envy the prominence of others;

work intensely but with order. Value creation has

don’t get so stirred about the Internet. Employees

to be the yardstick for everything we do.

who have such passion should come down-to-earth and try to use the Internet approach to optimize

We must be conscious of the power of the United

our internal supply transactions toward higher

States. They have advanced systems, flexible

efficiency and timely and accurate operations. Our

mechanisms, clear property rights, and respect

annual turnover of commercial notes, including

and protection of individual rights. With such a

internal handovers, has exceeded CNY2,500 billion,

sound business ecosystem, the US has attracted the

expected to reach 5,000 billion pretty soon. And

world’s best talent, in the number of hundreds of

we have more than 5,000 points of supply. There

millions, to invent and innovate on the American

is significant value there, from improving contract

soil. The light that never goes out in the Silicon

accuracy and reducing waste via thorough analyses

Valley continues to shine. The US is not lagging

of contract scenarios. Why not do the “Internet”

behind; it is still a model for us to learn from. Isn’t

internally to better connect our operations? We

Tesla a good example? Catching up will never be as

have to remain focused, for decades, on improving

easy as coining catchwords. Too many catchwords

our capability for the information pipes. Don’t tow

are a waste in management. “Enjoying the ride” as

our huge ship away from the main route.

Eric Xu put it, means we make constant effort for development, fearless of failures or sacrifices. All the work has to be measured by the value created.

Letter from the CEO


Will ultra-broadband be the last battle in the

With the establishment of the 2012 Laboratories,

electronic equipment manufacturing industry? I

we intend to use the tool of self-criticism to

don’t know what others think about it; but to

question ourselves, our status quo, our future

me, it will. If we fail in the ultra-broadband age,

thoughts, and the questioning itself. 2012

we will have no more chance to turn it around. I

Laboratories is studying the approaches of adapting

was in Moscow not long ago. I told our people

to disruptive technical innovations, as well as the

there that the city of Moscow is one circle after

ways of applying sustaining innovations to today’s

another, and the country’s most powerful and

technologies in order to make them future-proof.

wealthiest people live in the area encircled by

In the age of Big Data, we must move decisively

MKAD (the Moscow Ring Road). For more than

to seize the high ground and create high-end

ten years however, no Huawei equipment has been

products that meet customer needs. With regard

deployed within MKAD. Can our ultra-broadband

to our low-and-mid-ranged products, consumer

prosper in Siberia? If we cannot grab opportunities

electronics from Germany and Japan should be

in high-value locations with massive data traffic,

the benchmark for the hardware, which ideally

then our business in that market will eventually

does not need any maintenance throughout the

shrink and we will be marginalized. Today the

service life; the software can be upgraded online.

paradigm of value distribution is being redefined.

Our high-end products are not absolutely stable,

To survive, we must strive to establish ourselves at

so our services have to come along.

high-value regions with massive data traffic. Our technology is being used in Tokyo, London, and

The times are moving way too fast. If we are

many other major cities. I believe we will also build

complacent and stand still just for three months,

our presence within MKAD of Moscow.

we will be erased from history. We survive till today because we have been embracing self-criticism

3. Self-criticism is the most important behavior

since a long time ago. In 2013, our Board

for survival. It has started in our company since

members reflected on the company’s problems

we embraced the beliefs that “from the ashes the

in the Bombarding Huawei series; our mid- and

phoenix is reborn” and “those who climbed out of

senior-level managers wrote and published

the pit of setbacks are sages”. Such self-correction

Management Issues in Our Eyes. There were a

has helped us to maintain steady growth over the

mountain of such introspective articles. I reviewed


and edited every piece of them before being published. Our people can also post their critical

Our company moves forward on two wheels:

opinions at our online forum. Sooner or later there

technology innovation based on customer needs,

will be departments coming out to resolve these

and scientific exploration into the longer future.

issues. The company will keep improving itself.

Huawei must have the courage to embrace disruptive innovations through self-reinvention and self-criticism. While fully tapping into the value of our installed business, we should not be pushing away disruptive innovations in the fear they might smash our “golden bowl”.


Letter from the CEO

II. Core values are the heart and soul of an

soldiers in huge number. The CC3s in our company

organization. The organizational structure in

today are mobilizing the resources they need

the future must fit in with the information

through prompt and accurate calibration using

society. Organizational setup is meant to serve

the corporate platform. And the support to the

nimble strategies and tactics.

frontline, be it sales, delivery, services, or finance, is being provided remotely. CC3s are not alone in

Over the past 25 years, with the help of Western

the field; on project estimation, bidding, delivery,

consulting firms and the efforts of several thousand

or finance, they have with them the support from

HR professionals, business managers and experts,

hundreds in the back office via the network. This is

we have established a pyramid model for human

what Ken Hu has described as “the squad leaders’

resources management as Ken Hu described. This

fight”. Leaders at CC3s should have the courage

has helped us to reach almost USD40 billion in

to fight; they should also keep the big picture

sales revenue. The several thousand outstanding

in mind with the ability of strategic thinking.

managers and experts who have developed and

That’s why we put forward the concept of

evolved the pyramid model are great ones. We

“major-general-company-commanders”. Why not

should grant them the honor of “human resources

colonel-company-commanders? It’s a deliberate

heroes”. Without their efforts and success,

exaggeration to make it more eye-catching. They

today’s pyramid restructuring would have been

are not real major generals of course. Nobody can

impossible. Pyramid-styled management is right

grant you that title. Unless you buy some buttons

for mechanized warfare in the past, in which the

and have them sewn on your collar. One button

cannon-shot was near and communication systems

will make you a major general, and two will make

not as advanced. Soldiers as a result must fight

you a lieutenant general.

face-to-face. When the general on the top of the pyramid signaled “Go” with his hand, tankmen

1. The difference in compensation to employees

at the bottom drove thousands of tanks onto

needs to be widened, based on the value they each

the battlefield; and soldiers in tens of thousands

contribute. “Engines” in the organization have to

charged forward fighting enemies eye-to-eye. This

be fueled to the full so that they can pull the train

was the only way to have enough firepower. In

to run faster and deliver more. To live our core

modern warfare however, as powerful long-range

values, we must have a group of people who set

weaponry is available, operations are done using

the example. People’s compensation is not based

satellites, broadband, Big Data, missiles, airplanes,

on their scope of management; it has to be based

aircraft carriers, and many more. Electromagnetic

on their contribution and responsibility-adjusted

waves become the new battlefield. Those who

result in the first place, and then their dedication.

call for and command all the resources may

Now the direction of our human resources policy

not be the general atop the pyramid, but CC3s

has been set. For next steps, we need to allow

(Customer Centric 3) right at the frontline. The

some flexibility in HR policies at different scenarios,

power projected from a thousand miles away

environments and regions.

is more effective than the face-to-face fight of

Letter from the CEO


I introduced the second law of thermodynamics

3. The internal talent market and the Strategic

from natural science into social science. The

Reserves are established as an important means to

intention is to widen the compensation gap so

improve capability. Bench resources are developed

that we will have a nucleus of several thousand

through real projects in the field.

people to lead the rest of us forward. We must always keep our team active to avoid “entropic

The internal talent market is a place for finding

death”. We will never allow the “black hole” to

Garcia and for dedicated employees, not a cradle

exist in our organization. Slacking off is that “black

for the laggards. The talent flow it facilitates

hole”. We must not let it suck away our light, heat,

will allow employees to find the most suitable

and vitality.

positions and also drive managers to improve their management. When things get moved, vitality is

2. We will experiment with the idea of


“major-general-company-commanders”. Projects should be staffed with the right management and

Through the Strategic Reserves like the “Tiger

expert teams based on project value and difficulty

Teams”, the strategic competition department,

as well as the value and contribution that the

and project managers, we aim to expedite the

projects have delivered. In the traditional pyramid,

circulation of organizations, talents, technologies,

those at the bottom are people of the lowest

management approaches, and experience in the

levels. But those are also the people who face

course of project operations. Also from project

customer CEOs, confront complex projects, and

operations, we can identify more outstanding

deal with extreme difficulties. People that were

managers and experts to lead our company toward

staffed at this level were far away from what they

future progress.

should be. We would like everyone to understand that hope We are having people with major-generals’

is in their own hands. If they work hard, they will



get good results. If they are made of gold, they






will shine sooner or later. Do not moan or live in

“major-general-company-commanders”. I’m not





memories; keep striving forward. For those who are

sure whether some of you would like to be Lei

united as a team in both good times and bad, their

Feng-style major-generals, doing all the good things

names and their deeds may very likely not appear

wanting nothing in return. Well I’m not a supporter

on the stone tablet of merits; such tablets record

to this idea. Lei Feng is a kind of spirit; it cannot

the achievements of generals. However, those

be used as a mechanism. The experiment has to

who have nothing engraved on the stone tablet

start from profitable representative offices that can

of merits might become commanders-in-chief

afford senior experts and managers. In this way,

in the future, organizing tens of thousands of

high-quality resources are channeled to high-quality

men. Nobody knows how the inner world of

customers. To have more capable resources to

commanders-in-chief develops. Selflessness is

better serve high-quality customers, you have to


make more money from such customers in the first place; or otherwise where you can get the money.


Letter from the CEO

III. Nimble strategies and tactics come from

is about value creation, not value distribution. We

rigorous, well-organized, simple, and solid

must continue to strengthen our customer and


supplier interfaces and simplify internal accounting and measurement.

Data traffic is growing, and our company is likely to become bigger. We can grow in size, but

Huawei’s management improvement, as Guo

complexity in management must not increase.

Ping said, has to be built on the improvement in project management. The eight critical roles

We aim to transition our corporate governance

for project management should be well selected

from a centralized model to a new one. Under the

and developed. Mature procedures and a large

new governance model, those who can hear the

management team with high caliber have to be

gunfire call for support; frontline organizations

established. We need to build a pool of managers

have both responsibilities and authorities; and

and experts on project management through the

corporate functions provide enablement and

Strategic Reserves. As people in the pool move from

supervision. Such a model must be built on

project to project, good methods and capabilities

an effective management platform including

are passed on to representative offices. We should

among others, processes, data, information and

be good at identifying the “golden seeds”, and

authorities. Over the past twenty-plus years,

have them blossom out at different locations.

with the help of Western consultants, we have

These transformations represent opportunities for

established a rather integrated platform that

various organizations to create value; they are also

provides guidance and support to the frontline.

the test bed to identify and develop future leaders.

In the next five to ten years, we will build on this foundation and gradually move decision making

The company’s management transformation

closer to the frontline with the right level of

over the years has produced a lot of outstanding

support for them to exercise authority.

people. We will begin to select and commend the “Ten Whiz Kids” to encourage those unknown

Guo Ping said our growth should no longer be

heroes who have contributed to the company’s

driven by scale, but efficiency and effectiveness.

development. Guo Ping said we should look for

Project operations management is an important

those “Whiz Kids”. And I think we have to find

way to get there; it is also a basic skill required

them and honor them with recognition; such search

of all the managers. Performance management

and commendation should cascade down the

both embodies and supports improved leadership

organization, so that those who have contributed

management and business transformation. We

to our success will feel inspired. While we select

should take a broader and longer perspective

outstanding talent for the future, we should not

in understanding responsibility-adjusted result

forget those who have made contributions in the

and performance. We have already optimized

past. Only in this way can our steps toward the

the performance metrics and we will continue

future be more solid. It is a law of history for the

to reduce the number of in-the-course metrics.

new to replace the old. However, we should never

Results are more important than the course.

forget those who have put their best times, their

We must go in the right direction on finance

health, or even their lives into Huawei, and the

management transformation. Finance management

role they have played in paving the way for the company’s sustainable development.

Letter from the CEO


We must take a holistic view to advance the overall

hard winter; we chose the “chicken rib” strategy,

management system. It should be systematic,

increasing the investment into areas where others

constructive, and simple. The management system

were stepping back. In the end we caught up. That

has to be well connected, and processes be

was a difficult time for the world, and even more

harmonized from end to end, to avoid silos from

so for Huawei. Without the courage to change,

isolated transformation. We must respect facts and

we would not be here today. Now we are seeking

ensure the match between the financial book and

changes again, but the situation we are in is much

the physical assets. We allow no lies. Whenever

better, and this time we change for prosperity and

possible, we should try to skip one hop in the

effective growth. We should have more confidence

handover of our internal operations data, provided

to overcome any hardship and difficulty, and more

necessary separation of duties are observed, so as

importantly to surpass ourselves.

to increase the operating efficiency. From the east of the Pacific to the west of the Further progress is expected not only in

Atlantic, from the north of the Arctic Ocean to the

technology and the market. We must also make

south of Southern South America, from the high

our management rigorous, well-organized, and

plateaus of Bolivia to the low lands of the Dead

simple. Internal transactions are to be done

Sea, and from the boundless tropical rainforests

electronically over time, built on transparent

to the scorching deserts... Tens of thousands of

data. A closed-loop management of planning,

Huawei people, leaving behind their home and

budgeting, and accounting will be implemented

family, work diligently in every corner of the world

to ensure sustainable business development. There

to bring network coverage to all. Where there are

has to be a balance between making investment

people, there are dedicated Huawei employees. We

and mitigating risks.

take on the mission of supporting communications services to nearly three billion people. Such a

Managers should get to know each other’s area.

mission keeps inspiring us to move forward.

Financial managers should know business and business managers know finance. We will have

The road ahead is broad and wide; our prospects

well-organized exchange of managers to facilitate

are brighter than ever. It’s a grand cause to be

such knowledge transfer. Frontline teams with

engaged, a cause that gives us unmatched pleasure

mixed knowledge and experience are better

and glory.

positioned to seize opportunities in an efficient, timely, and solid way, to balance project wins with healthy business operations, and to take advantage of the LTC and IFS processes that have been deployed. The closed-loop management will be used to improve the appraisal and selection of managers. Ren Zhengfei When we had the management conference back in 2002, the IT bubble just burst and Huawei was on the verge of bankruptcy with low level of confidence. The Board of Directors believed in changing the industry landscape during the

Chief Executive Officer


Letter from the Rotating and Acting CEO

Letter from the Rotating and Acting CEO

For the past two decades, together with our customers and partners, we have created a stably connected world. In the future, we will continue to be dedicated to our vision as we endeavor to become the leader of the ICT infrastructure industry and create greater value for our customers. We seek to make this connected world a better place to live and open the door for infinite opportunities and possibilities.

A driving force to move the world forward

ICT technologies – Huawei’s area of focus for the past 25 years – are changing from a support system

Connect closely to the world

that improves work efficiency to a production system that drives value creation. The result is

As everything becomes increasingly connected, it

that individuals, businesses, and organizations

is difficult to imagine a time without networks or

will become increasingly dependent on new

an instantaneous flow of information, just as 20

business models, new orders, and new patterns

years ago we could not imagine that information

for collaborative innovation and cross-boundary

would so rapidly and profoundly change how we


live and work today. Provide connectivity As an important contributor to these historical changes, Huawei has never been more closely

By adapting to and staying at the forefront of

connected to the world than it is now. This level

industry trends over the past 25 years, we have

of connectivity has two implications. First, ICT

narrowed the gap with our peers and become a

technologies have been deployed in more than

top three player in the global market, fulfilling a

170 countries and regions, helping more than 3

dream our founder Mr. Ren Zhengfei set out in

billion people connect to the world, communicate

the company’s early days. Our efforts have made

anytime, anywhere, and easily acquire and share

Huawei what it is today, helped our employees

information. Second, this connected world

achieve their dreams, and, more importantly,

is reshaping politics, economics, business, and

contributed significantly to society and the progress

production at an incredible speed and with

of civilization.

formidable force.

Letter from the Rotating and Acting CEO


From narrowband to broadband, from fixed to

We aim to support the highest volume of digital

mobile, from voice to video, and from device to

content, tens of millions of individual applications,

cloud, Huawei has been at the forefront during

and millions of enterprise applications to enable

each of these technological transformations, and

users to work, live, and study in the cloud. We

has ascended to new heights through collaboration

hope to establish absolute leadership in the

with our peers. From the summit of Mount Everest

network field, helping customers build networks

to the Arctic Circle, from vast mountainous rural

as wide as the Pacific Ocean. We will enable

areas to densely-populated metropolises, and from

consumers to stream HD videos anytime, anywhere,

emerging economies in Asia, Africa, and Latin

via 10 Gbit/s broadband that supports holographic

America to developed markets in Europe, Huawei

communication and delivers 100 times the speed

has built ubiquitous broadband networks, crossing

of existing 4G networks. We are poised to provide

borders to remove barriers to connectivity. From

a rich variety of affordable smart devices that

online shopping systems that handle hundreds

deliver superior experience and connect tens of

of thousands of transactions per minute to the

millions of enterprises and hundreds of millions of

discovery of the God particle at 50 trillion collisions

individuals and families.

per second, from high-speed smart transportation systems to gigantic online education systems,

2013: Innovate continuously and facilitate

and from financial data platforms to telemedicine

effective growth

diagnosis systems, Huawei has harnessed Big Data and leveraged cloud computing to drive

In the fiscal year 2013, Huawei achieved

innovation. From flagship devices that offer a

CNY239.025 billion in sales revenue, an increase of

superior experience to affordable smartphones,

8.5% year-on-year, and CNY21.003 billion in net

and from home entertainment centers to wearable

profits. Our strong performance can be attributed

devices, Huawei has made smart devices accessible

to the improved global macro economy, a better

to more people, enabling them to embrace mobility

business environment, and the effective execution

and enjoy the conveniences brought by technology.

of our corporate strategy. Our operating cash flow and asset to liability ratio remained stable, and our

Build a better connected world

operating efficiency continued to improve.

The future will hold a better connected world,

In anticipation of future trends, we launched the

where everyone can share everything. Alongside

SoftCOM network architecture in 2013. In new

our customers and partners, we will build the

areas such as cloud computing and storage, we

world’s most efficient and integrated digital

made notable progress, delivering competitive IT

logistics system to ensure full connectivity between

infrastructure solutions to customers. In enterprise

people, people and things, and things and things.

and data center networking, we launched the agile

Doing so will facilitate the free sharing of ideas. We

network architecture, the world’s first agile switch,

will continue to pursue dreams, spark innovation,

and a data center switch offering the industry’s

and drive the evolution of technologies, industries,

largest capacity at 64T. Our NFV-ready solutions

and human interaction to create a better connected

are recognized by the industry and leading carriers.


This auspicious start has given us a head start at the outset of network architecture transformation.


Letter from the Rotating and Acting CEO

Encouraging results have also been delivered in

customers, and strategic markets, thus laying a

our traditional areas of strength. We reinforced

solid foundation for our future development. In the

our leadership position in the global LTE market;

product and technology domains, we will focus our

our 400G routers have been commercially deployed

investment on the SoftCOM network architecture

by 49 customers on a considerable scale. We

in order to build a future-oriented leadership,

were the first to launch a 1T router line card,

establish our competitive advantage, and create

a 40T WDM prototype, and a new architecture

long-term value for customers.

for All-Optical Switching Networks (AOSNs). In the device market, particularly in the smartphone

Rapidly adapt to change

segment, we significantly improved product quality and brand competitiveness, thereby boosting our

History has proven that Huawei has the ability to

popularity among consumers.

adapt to market changes through self-restructuring. In response to the ICT convergence trend, we

2014: Strive for goals that bring value to

will further promote our internal organizational






delegate authority to frontlines to ensure that our In 2014, the global economy will continue to

organizations in all three dimensions – customers,

recover. The increased coverage of ultra-

products, and regions – create value for customers

broadband and mobile broadband, especially

and take responsibility for our company’s effective

LTE, is set to bring new opportunities for the

growth, market competitiveness, and customer

further development of the telecommunications

satisfaction. To adapt to changes in the business

industry. Smart devices will become an intrinsic

environment, we will strengthen delegation to

necessity for digital natives and emerge as an

field organizations so that they can operate more

extension of the human sensory system. Driven by

flexibly and respond to customers’ high-value needs

the transformation of IT systems and the digital

more quickly. This transformation will increase the

restructuring of traditional industries, IT systems

operating efficiency of our organizations, further

are becoming a production system and a core

unlock our potential, and enable us to better serve

competency for enterprises. Thus, 2014 marks a


new beginning – not just for Huawei – but for the industry as a whole. While continuing to focus on

Glocalize our operations

strategy and simplify management in 2014, we will also work to expedite our effective growth


and lay the foundation for development over the

Protectionism and cyber security are just a few of

next decade.

the challenges and risks that we face. Under any






circumstance, supporting the stable and secure Focus on strategic domains

operations of customers’ networks is our most honored commitment to our customers as well as

To seize valuable strategic opportunities, in 2014,

one of our core strategies. We will work closely

we will invest more efforts and resources in our

with all stakeholders to address cyber security

future growth. We must have the courage to invest


in strategic domains, core technologies, strategic

Letter from the Rotating and Acting CEO


In 2014, we will continue to globalize by

tortoise has been evolving for millions of years

pooling together the world’s best resources to

and has outlived animals of all sizes, including

improve our efficiency and capabilities. We will

dinosaurs. In this process, it has surpassed itself.

delegate authority to local management teams, regardless of nationality, so that they can be truly

We live in an era of opportunities, challenges,

accountable for local operations. We will optimize

and risks. No one can accurately forecast or steer

the operations and management mechanisms of

the future amid such complex environments and

subsidiaries outside of China to ensure compliance,

uncertain markets; Huawei is no exception. This

build a harmonious business environment, and

leaves us no choice but to hold onto our core

contribute to local communities as a responsible

values, focus on our pipe strategy, engage fully in

corporate citizen.

what we do, and continuously evolve and develop at a solid pace.

Unite as many people as possible Huawei is still a young company, and the ICT We must unite as many people as possible as

industry is booming. A connected world has

we move forward. All outstanding employees,

unlocked opportunities beyond our imagination.

regardless of their age, nationality, gender,

Against this backdrop, our 150,000 dedicated

and cultural background, have equal access to

employees must have the courage to take the lead,

our platform to leverage their talents, develop

surpass themselves, and dominate the era. How

themselves, and contribute to the company and

many struggles are there in life? At Huawei, our

society at large. We will have a more human touch

philosophy is – no matter whether we can succeed

when managing our people and business. We

or not, let’s enjoy the ride!

respect and trust our employees, and encourage them to grow with the company. The overall

Huawei’s growth would not have been possible

compensation will be made more competitive and

without the trust and support of our customers

our long-term incentives will be made available

and partners. Let us join hands to create a better

to a larger number of high-performing Huawei

connected world!

employees across the world. All these initiatives are designed to motivate our organization and employees (including managers) to create more value for our customers. Achieve the goal of surpassing and enjoy the ride The spirit of the tortoise has enabled Huawei to survive. The tortoise is focused, persistent, and highly adaptable to environmental change. It travels across land and sea, regardless of weather

Eric Xu

and temperature, subsisting on seaweed. The

Rotating and Acting CEO


Business Highlights in 2013

Business Highlights in 2013

Enhancing resource integration worldwide

Changing the future with agile networks

We set up the Financial Risk Control Center (FRCC) in London to manage global financial risks and ensure that our financial operations remain efficient, secure, and standard-compliant. Our European Logistics Center was put into official operation in Hungary, covering countries throughout Europe, Central Asia, the Middle East, and Africa.

We launched the world’s first service- and user experience-centric agile network architecture, along with the first-of-its-kind agile switch S12700. These offerings are ideal for such new applications as cloud computing, Bring Your Own Device (BYOD), Software-Defined Networking (SDN), Internet of Things (IoT), multi-service support, and Big Data.

Leading 5G research and innovation

Enhancing brand competitiveness of smart devices

As a major facilitator of 5G projects initiated by the European Union and a founding member of the 5G Innovation Centre (5GIC) in the UK, we released a 5G white paper, proactively constructed a global 5G ecosystem, and carried out joint research in close collaboration with more than 20 universities worldwide. We played an active role in contributing to the development of future wireless technologies, industry standards, and the industry chain.

By adhering to a consumer-centric approach and a “Make it Possible” brand proposition, we continued to focus on a quality strategy. Our flagship device, the Ascend P6, achieved extraordinary results in terms of both brand awareness and profit. Historical breakthroughs were made in our smartphone business, and we were ranked among the top three globally. Global brand awareness of our mobile phones saw an annual increase of 110%.

Enabling large-scale commercial use of 400G routers

Building service value

Our commercial 400G router solution was recognized by 49 customers and put into large-scale commercial use. We were the first to launch a 1T router line card for backbone routers, a super-large-capacity 40T WDM prototype, and a new AOSN architecture. Maintaining our global leading position in LTE We remained the leader in commercial LTE deployment worldwide. Our solutions have been deployed in more than 100 capital cities and nine financial centers.

Huawei is committed to increasing service competitiveness. The capabilities of our service solutions and worldwide delivery organizations are continuing to advance, enabling us to deliver uniformly high-quality services on a global scale, tailored to local needs. The HUAWEI SmartCare® CEM solution has further extended our leadership in the telecom CEM area through scaled delivery of verifiable business value and constant innovation. We have worked with the TM Forum (TMF) to develop a CEM metrics system, becoming a leading player in the development of industry CEM standards. Our Managed Services have outperformed the market throughout the year. Huawei has become an industry-leading managed service provider (MSP) with strong business growth. In addition, we have steadily grown our consulting and system integration services and developed key capabilities in end-to-end network planning and evolution services.


Five-Year Financial Highlights

Five-Year Financial Highlights

CNY Million

2013 (USD Million)**













Operating profit







Operating margin







Net profit



















Working capital







Total assets







Total borrowings







Owner’s equity







Liability ratio







Cash flow from operating activities Cash and short-term investments

* As a result of the application of new International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRSs”) and amendments to IFRSs and to conform to current year’s presentation, certain comparative figures have been restated. ** Translated into United States dollar (“USD”) using the closing rate as at December 31, 2013 of USD1.00 = CNY6.0569


Operating profit

Cash flow from operating activities

CAGR: 13%

CAGR: 6%

CAGR: -2%

CNY Million

CNY Million

CNY Million

250,000 200,000 150,000

239,025 220,198 203,929 182,548 146,607

100,000 50,000 0

09 10 11 12 13 Year



30,000 25,000 20,000


35,000 29,128

20,658 18,796

25,000 20,000








09 10 11 12 13 Year





24,969 22,554 17,826

09 10 11 12 13 Year


Letter from the Chairwoman

Letter from the Chairwoman

networking, has further accelerated the integration of the digital and physical worlds. Billions of people have mobile devices and tens of billions of “things” are connected to M2M modules with ubiquitous broadband access made available by mobile, fixed, and enterprise networks, generating copious amounts of data every few seconds. How can such a massive volume of data be transmitted, processed, stored, and presented? Huawei builds highly efficient and fully-connected digital logistics systems with this purpose in mind. Innovation connecting everyone Driven by information-based development, we are no longer restricted by physical boundaries – our world is becoming flat. With mobile networks Flowing water brings energy, vitality, and boundless potential. The increasing flow of information around the world is similar in that it enables humanity to share knowledge, ideas, and wisdom. As the costs associated with information flow are constantly reduced and efficiency is significantly boosted, society becomes more educated and empowered. This is remarkable progress! Today, information-based developments penetrate social-economic activities and nearly every aspect of our daily life as we embrace an era with massive data traffic. The new wave of ICT, characterized by mobile broadband, cloud computing, Big Data analytics, the Internet of Things (IoT), and social

entering the LTE era, cloud technologies have made businesses and organizations more efficient, while individuals can easily find entertainment and shop, study, and job-hunt through a rich variety of smart devices. ICT is the engine that powers innovation worldwide. We develop innovative technologies that can provide access to those who don’t have any, and faster access to those who do. In 2013, we deployed LTE solutions in over 100 countries around the world, allowing people to enjoy easy and fast access to wireless networks. We called for the industry to add 500MHz frequency bands to propel the mobile broadband industry forward and make broadband access available to a wider

Letter from the Chairwoman


group of people. We published a 5G white paper


and established our vision and key technological

consistently across the globe. We are working

goals for 5G development and deployment in the

hard to ensure a global industry chain grounded

hope of making 5G available sooner to advance

in win-win approaches and reciprocal obligations

the ICT industry and improve quality of life for

to help build a sound business ecosystem for

all. We launched the world’s first service – and

the long-term development of the industry. As a

user experience-centric agile network architecture,

responsible corporate citizen, we always contribute

along with the first-of-its-kind agile switch S12700.

significantly to the local markets in which we

These offerings are ideal for such new applications






as cloud computing, Bring Your Own Device (BYOD), Software-Defined Networking (SDN), IoT,

We have fully leveraged the capabilities and cost

multi-service support, and Big Data. In addition,

advantages in different regions, including finance,

we will increase our investments in innovation

services, consulting, and human resources, and

and research on basic scientific and engineering

have set up over 40 centers of expertise (COEs) and

technologies to drive the industry forward with

over 30 shared service centers (SSCs). In 2013, we

leading core technologies.

set up the Financial Risk Control Center (FRCC) in London to manage global financial risks and ensure

Huawei’s products and services have enabled

that our financial operations remain efficient,

nearly half of the world’s population to enjoy easy

secure, and compliant. Our European Logistics

and affordable access to information networks.

Center, based in Hungary, makes the best use

We firmly believe that such networks increase

of regional resources and covers Europe, Central

opportunity and should be available to everyone.

Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. By localizing our operations and cooperating extensively with

Glocalized operations

local and global partners, we have improved our overall capabilities. In addition, our value chain

In the context of globalization, we believe that

enables fluid capability transfer across the entire

open, cooperative, and free trade policies are

world, creating great value. Through glocalization,

guarantees for improving the competitiveness of

we have created tens of thousands of jobs in

the ICT industry and promoting the development

local communities and helped to advance the ICT

of the digital economy. With a global view in mind,

industry in each market. Today, over 70% of our

we integrate the best resources with comparative

employees outside of China are local hires.


Letter from the Chairwoman

Building a robust network

Inspiring organizational vitality

The ICT industry relies on a global supply chain.

As our company becomes more globalized and

Each smartphone, tablet, PC, TV, and even

our business continues to develop, our Board of

home appliance has a global supply network,

Directors (BOD) needs to represent a wider range

which makes it increasingly difficult to trace the

of areas and embrace broader management views

source of security risks and threats. Society is

that will enable it to make timely and informed

increasingly dependent on networks, and the

decisions, thereby helping to ensure sustainable

scale and complexity of networks are increasing

and effective growth in today’s fiercely competitive

exponentially, increasing risks.

market. To this end, we increased the number of BOD members from 13 to 17. New members

To mitigate risks, we have incorporated security

were voted in by representatives of shareholding

requirements into our internal processes and

employees on December 27, 2013. The four new



directors have each worked at Huawei for over 10

trusted security assurance system. In the spirit

years and possess extensive experience in markets,

of cooperation, we have actively participated

technologies, and management; their experience

in standards activities in IEEE, IETF, OMA, UPnP

and insights will contribute significantly to the

Forum, Wi-Fi Alliance, and other such organizations

development of the company.




to help ensure network robustness and security. In 2014, we will gradually restructure our business In 2013, we continued to support stable network

organizations to suit the era of ICT convergence.

operations in over 170 countries and regions,

This is the only way we can provide solutions that

particularly during critical incidents, natural

can fully meet customers’ evolving needs. While

disasters, and special events, including Hajj, the

building closer connections and partnerships with

Ya’an earthquake in China, and Typhoon Haiyan

customers to help them achieve success, we ensure

in the Philippines.

our own health and sustainable growth.

Letter from the Chairwoman

Sowing seeds of opportunity


have yet to be connected. Joining the connected world, they will acquire more knowledge, receive

In 2013, we deployed TD-LTE solutions in Africa,

a better education, and have more development

dramatically increasing access speeds and wireless


broadband coverage. This, in turn, reduced the cost of wireless broadband access and allowed more

I would like to extend my sincere gratitude to all

people to enjoy high-speed broadband networks.

staff members and their loved ones, and to our customers, partners, and industry organizations

We also actively promoted the development of

worldwide. As we move forward, let us work

ICT professionals and knowledge transfers in local

together to create a better connected world – for

communities to help them join the digital society.


As of the end of 2013, Huawei’s “Telecom Seeds for the Future” program covered over 70 universities in more than 20 countries, benefiting over 10,000 students. We firmly believe that everyone should have citizenship in the digital society that will soon connect the entire world. Universal access is a step towards creating a level playing field. Information networks, which so many of us take for granted,

Sun Yafang

hold the potential to change the lives of those who

Chairwoman of the Board


Core Values

Core Values









Customer s First

te gr ity

C Im ont pr inu ov o em us en t


Openness & Initiative


Core Values

Customers First


H u a w e i e x i s t s to s e r v e c u s to m e r s , w h o s e

We win customers’ respect and trust primarily

demands are the driving forces behind our

through dedication. This includes every effort

development. We continuously create long-term

we make to create value for customers and to

value for customers by being responsive to their

improve our capabilities. We value employees'

needs and requirements. We measure our work

contributions and reward them accordingly.

against how much value we bring to customers, because we can only succeed through our customers’ success. Continuous Improvement

Openness & Initiative

Continuous improvement is required for us

Driven by customer needs, we passionately

to become better partners for our customers,

pursue customer-centric innovations in an open

improve our company and grow as individuals.

manner. We believe that business success is the

This process requires that we actively listen and

ultimate measure of the value of any technology,

learn in order to improve.

product, solution or process improvement.



Integrity is our most valuable asset. It drives

We can only succeed through teamwork. By

us to behave honestly and keep our promises,

working closely in both good times and bad, we

ultimately winning our customers’ trust and

lay the foundation for successful cross-cultural


collaboration, streamlined inter-departmental cooperation and efficient processes.

Management Discussion and Analysis


Management Discussion and Analysis

Our Value Propositions Resonating with the revolutionary changes taking place in the information industry, Huawei continuously innovates to meet customer needs and advance our technological leadership. We openly cooperate with industry partners, focus on building future-proof information pipes, and continuously create value for our customers and society at large. Based on these value propositions, Huawei is dedicated to enriching life and improving efficiency through a better connected world. In addition, we strive to be the first choice and best partner for telecom carriers and enterprise customers while becoming a brand of choice among consumers.

Enriching life and improving efficiency through a better connected world Ubiquitous Broadband Mobile and smart Large capacity and ultrabroadband Diversified access anytime anywhere Continuous and smooth evolutions

Agile Innovation Insights into the industry’s opportunities in the Big Data era Integrating resources for efficient collaboration Rapid delivery of innovative services Innovation of services and business models

Inspired Experience Simplified and personalized service experience True-to-life and diversified Zero wait time and rich communication Creating value through experience

Continuously innovating for our customers and advancing our technology leadership; cooperating for win-win outcomes

Ubiquitous Broadband The Internet makes it easier to disseminate and

Given that the requirements for network

obtain information, and stimulates people’s desire

connectivity, bandwidth, reliability, and security are

to go online anytime, anywhere using any device.

far from being satisfied, Huawei is committed to

This level of connectivity enables users to access

helping carriers increase network capacity, optimize

more content and applications and enjoy the

network management, and enable Internet-based

convenience made possible by mobile offices.

operations. We continuously innovate new

Enterprises are migrating their services from IT

architectures (such as SoftCOM), Single platforms,

systems to data centers and clouds, which in

and new technologies. By delivering products and

turn places higher requirements on networks.

solutions with leading technologies and smooth

Harnessing future data surges requires networks

evolution, we help customers build highly efficient

with enhanced capacity, coverage, and efficiency.

network infrastructures that provide on-demand

Huawei aims to bring the benefits of networks to

services to users and offer them easy access to

more people.

ubiquitous broadband.


Management Discussion and Analysis

Agile Innovation

Inspired Experience

The ICT industry is still developing rapidly. New

A superior user experience is the basis of business

trends such as mobility, cloud computing, Big

success. The experience with the product itself is

Data, and social networking are driving the

important, but the experience of cloud services

industry into new frontiers. In addition, significant

provided by the product is more important.

digitalization changes are taking place in the real

Future smart devices, including wearable smart

world. The Internet is driving the modernization

devices, are gaining wider market appeal thanks

and restructuring of traditional industries.

to enhanced user experience made possible by such features as precise emotion recognition and

Enterprises and industries must rapidly gain insights

context awareness.

into business opportunities and continuously enhance IT-enabled organizational collaboration

Our goal is to provide industry-leading device

in order to launch new products and new services

products. Through innovations in key technologies

into markets better and faster. IT is transforming

(e.g., ambient intelligence, voice interaction,

from a support system into a production system

and new materials), industry designs, and cloud

and has become a core competence of enterprises.

services, we will take the user experience to a new level.

Huawei provides data center infrastructure solutions based on cloud computing to help customers enhance utilization of storage and computing resources, and enable business systems to be quickly deployed, easily operated and





Huawei also provides mobile office solutions that help customers improve work efficiency. Our intelligent data analysis system leverages Big Data technologies to help customers gain insights into business opportunities and make agile business innovations. The next 30 years will witness the gradual replacement of private data centers by public cloud data centers. Huawei is positioned to help carriers build public clouds and seize the tremendous opportunities presented by enterprise ICT cloud services.

Management Discussion and Analysis


Business Review 2013



Over the next three to five years, the CAGR of

worldwide helped the company achieve stable and




Huawei’s sales revenue is estimated to stand at

healthy growth in the carrier network, enterprise,

approximately 10%

and consumer businesses. Annual sales revenue amounted to CNY239,025 million, an 8.5% increase over the previous year.

CNY Million China







Sales from the Chinese market totaled CNY84,017





million, an increase of 14.2% year-on-year. The

Asia Pacific




carrier network business continued to maintain














4.0% 32.4%

modest growth, while the enterprise and consumer businesses both achieved rapid growth, increasing by over 35%. Thanks to the growth of infrastructure networks, professional services, and

CNY Million

smartphones, Huawei earned CNY84,655 million

Carrier Network

from Europe, the Middle East, and Africa (EMEA),


which marks an increase of 9.4% in sales revenue

Enterprise Business



year-on-year. Due in large part to the development

Consumer Business




of emerging markets in Southeast Asia, Huawei





maintained its growth momentum in the Asia





Pacific Region and achieved CNY38,925 million in sales revenue, up 4.2% year-on-year. In the Americas, the infrastructure network business grew robustly and the consumer business enjoyed continued growth in Latin American countries. However, due to business slowdown in North America, Huawei earned CNY31,428 million in sale revenue in the Americas, down 1.3% year-on-year.

239,025 Huawei achieved CNY239,025 million in sales revenue, an increase of 8.5% year-on-year.


Management Discussion and Analysis

Carrier Network Business

wireless network capabilities to promote industry development. Multi-dimensional collaboration

Over the past 20 years, an increasingly more

was undertaken to develop higher bandwidth

mobile digital society has profoundly changed the

and improve user experience by facilitating the

way people work and live. Over the next 20 years,

evolution of LTE. We continued to adhere to the

this digital world will be further integrated into

“hybrid copper and fiber” strategy to promote

the physical world. With ubiquitous Internet, such

the sound development of FBB. A pipe as wide as

integration will yield unlimited possibilities and

the Pacific Ocean has been constructed for IP and

drive the emergence of innumerable technological

WDM to support the increase in traffic.

innovations and applications. To integrate various content and applications, we As this integration progresses, consumer needs

developed enterprise cloud service platforms to

are shifting from basic connections to content

explore and cultivate cloud opportunities with

and applications, thereby adding thrust to the ICT

carriers; built video-centric multimedia service

industry as it figures out new ways to keep up

platforms to help carriers develop in-home services;

with the changing demands. Enabling consumers

collaborated with carriers to provide services

to access desired content and applications faster

for consumers, home and enterprise users; and

is quickly becoming the differentiating factor

worked with carriers to transform their operations

between competing carriers. The following

support systems (OSS) into business enablement

key factors decide which carriers maintain

systems based on Internet architecture.

competitiveness: Regarding agile and efficient business operations, ■

Ability to build ubiquitous networks and deliver optimal network experience

carriers transform towards personal consumption

Capacity to integrate a broad range of content and applications

we built mobile Internet service platforms to help services, and developed the HUAWEI SmartCare ® customer

Competency in executing agile and efficient business operations




solution to help carriers transform to user-centric operations.

Remaining steadfast with Huawei’s 2013 overall

Thanks to our focus on the pipe strategy as well

strategy, our focus remained on improving

as our customer-centric product and business &

information transfer, processing, and storage.

service solution strategies, we are becoming the

We provided integrated products, services, and

most trusted business and strategic partner of

solutions to help carriers build networks capable

carriers. In 2013, sales revenue from our carrier

of delivering optimal customer experience.

network business totaled CNY166,512 million, an increase of 4% year-on-year. Our sound financial



performance has enabled us to be more innovative

architectural innovation is the key to cultivating




in development of technologies, products, and

an optimal network experience. We invested in

business & service solutions, therein equipping us

SoftCOM to promote the development of SDN and

with the means to provide continuous strategic

NFV and help carriers build a data center-based

support for the transformation and development

network architecture. We continued to invest

of carriers.

in the research of 5G technology and improve

Management Discussion and Analysis

Wireless Networks


partner for all the top three carriers in the country providing mobile broadband services. In addition,







equipment totaled CNY52,503 million in 2013.

we have maintained our leadership position in the UMTS/HSPA+ market and have deployed 297 commercial UMTS networks worldwide, of which

More than a decade of relentless efforts

97 networks have been upgraded to use the



42 Mbit /s Dual Carrier HSPA+ technology. By

communications field have taken Huawei from





leveraging our world-leading multi-band and super

deploying distributed base stations to establishing

wideband electronic control antenna solutions, we

our SingleRAN solution as an industry standard

have established a leadership role in the global LTE

and developing the industry-leading end-to-

antenna market and provided services to over 360

end mobile broadband (MBB) solution. All these

networks in 155 countries.

remarkable achievements have positioned Huawei as a true industry leader, no longer merely to be

As verified by 3GPP, Huawei has contributed the

perceived just a product provider.

most high-quality LTE/LTE-A standard patents since 2010. Specifically, we have demonstrated our

Mobile broadband is changing the world and

strong capability for standards development by

bringing with it great opportunities and unlimited

contributing 466 granted proposals to LTE/LTE-A

growth potential. With our end-to-end MBB

core standards, achieving the global No.1 position

solutions, we are committed to paving the way

and constituting nearly 25% of all proposals

for carriers to succeed in the mobile broadband

granted globally. We currently hold key positions

era. Ubiquitous ultra-broadband networks provide

ranging from chairperson and board member to

end users with an inspired experience. Network

director, workgroup leader, and speaker in over

architecture optimization and end-to-end resource

100 standards organizations (such as 3GPP, ETSI,

collaboration effectuate rapid and efficient

IEEE, and ITU-T).

network construction and service deployment capabilities for carriers. Enhanced and open

Almost without realizing it, mobile broadband

network capabilities will continue to drive carrier

has expanded its reach into nearly every part of

business innovation and revenue growth.

everyday life. Looking forward, we will increase investment in future key technologies and

By the end of 2013, Huawei had deployed over 500

standards on wireless networks. We will invest at

wireless networks worldwide, serving over two

least USD600 million into 5G technology research

billion end users. With the vigorous development

and innovation by 2018, and expect that by 2020,

of the global mobile industry, large-scale LTE

such countless “things” as cars, meters, medical

deployment was launched worldwide. The issuance

equipment, and home appliances will all be

of 4G licenses in China gave fresh impetus to the

connected to 5G networks. We will be presented

global mobile industry. We remained the leader

with unprecedented development opportunities

in commercial LTE deployment worldwide. Our

in the communications industry as well as the

LTE solutions have been deployed in more than

healthcare, retail, transportation, banking, media,

100 capital cities and nine financial centers. In

education, and manufacturing industries, and

China, Huawei has become the most important

people will lead better, fuller lives rewired to the age of hyper-connectivity.


Management Discussion and Analysis

Fixed Networks

satisfying increasing requirements for bandwidth from subscribers.

Sales revenue from our fixed network equipment totaled CNY45,085 million in 2013.

During the construction of high-speed ultrabroadband networks, we constantly focus on

The fourth information revolution, represented by

customer needs and lead the development of the

cloud computing and Big Data, smart devices, HD/

fixed network industry. In the IP network field,

ultra HD video content, and the popularization of

Huawei has taken a leadership role in the core

over the top (OTT) products are leading the ultra-

router domain with the launch and large-scale

broadband industry into a new era.

commercial implementation of the first 400G/1T core router one year ahead of other industry

To enhance the social and economic value of

players. Our 1T router line card won a prestigious

the ultra-broadband industry, we proposed the

award from InfoVision at the Broadband World

BOOST ultra-broadband business strategy. This

Forum 2013. In the optical transport network

strategy focuses on bandwidth management,

field, we were the first to launch the all-optical

industry cooperation, collaboration between

switching network (AOSN) architecture, a critical

fixed and mobile networks, and on-demand

milestone in the development of optical network

network construction, helping carriers address

technologies. Our 40T WDM equipment supports

the new challenges posed by the ubiquitous ultra-

up to 10 million users concurrently playing HD

broadband environment. We advocate that carriers

video on demand and lays a solid foundation

improve user experience, achieve differentiated

for the construction of a high-speed transport

operations, and provide higher bandwidth at no

network as wide as the Pacific Ocean. In the access

extra charge by providing appealing content and

network field, we launched the Vectoring system,

implementing bandwidth management. In addition,

which provides the industry’s highest capacity,

we are strengthening industry cooperation with

capable of concurrently supporting 100 Mbit/s

OTT service providers by embracing the shift from

broadband access for 768 users. The world’s first

the traditional OTT cooperation model into the Via

Fiber to the Door (FTTD) solution leverages existing

the Telecom (VTT) model. This approach promotes

cable resources to help carriers quickly provision

joint development of content and broadband

services and increase ultra-broadband speed based

technology to create win-win outcomes. To

on customer needs.

enhance the overall return on investment (ROI) for carriers, fixed broadband can be jointly deployed

In 2013, our innovative fixed network products and

with mobile broadband. This provides users with

solutions and excellent service gained worldwide

access to converged fixed and mobile broadband

customer recognition. Huawei’s 400G core router

anytime, anywhere with unified service packages

won 49 customers worldwide and became the

while improving efficiency in network construction

world’s largest supplier for commercial 400G

to the benefit of carriers. On-demand network

core routers. We helped Russia’s MegaFon build

construction can be implemented in the last mile

the world’s longest 100G WDM network across

to leverage existing copper wires, coaxial cables,

the Eurasian continent, and constructed over

power lines, and so forth, thereby achieving

two hundred 100G WDM commercial networks,

optimum use of fiber and deployment resources

covering more than 200,000 kilometers in total –

and alleviating pressure in terms of ROI while

more than five loops around the earth. We offered

Management Discussion and Analysis


both fiber and copper access in the ubiquitous

planning, collaborative design, smooth network

ultra-broadband era. Our Vectoring solution

evolution, and spectrum efficiency to maximize

shipments ranked No. 1 in the world and Vectoring

their ROI. Changes in the business environment,

solutions have been widely deployed by more

use of services and applications, together with

than 20 carriers, including Eircom, Telecom Italia,

user behavior are driving carriers to invest more in

Swisscom, British Telecom, and Telekom Malaysia.

CEM to cultivate further commercial opportunities.

As a leading supplier of IP microwave products,

The demand for Managed Services (outsourcing)

we deployed more than 40 second-generation

remains strong, with the scope becoming

E-band microwave networks, becoming the largest

broader and deeper. The rapid evolution of new

supplier in this field.

technologies and network architectures such as SDN/NFV and cloud data centers is bringing greater

Moving forward, fixed broadband networks will

challenges in all domains, including network

face many opportunities and challenges. Carriers

planning, design, operation, and maintenance.

will gradually adopt SDN/NFV for simplified management, flexible deployment, and its open

To enable carriers to stay abreast of the trends

capabilities. The maturity of the 4K video industry

and stay competitive in a volatile market, Huawei

chain poses higher requirements for network

has set services as a priority for our strategic

bandwidth and adds further impetus to fixed

investment. During 2013, we have continued to

broadband development. In the FMC2.0 era that

increase investment in service solutions, platforms,

features mutual penetration and integration of

and tools, while establishing local service

CT, IT, and the Internet, full-service operations

delivery organizations and supporting platforms

(including fixed, mobile, and content services)

around the world. In addition, we have been

will be the key initiatives to enhance customer

committed to creating greater value for carriers.

experience. In the face of opportunities and

We have established strategic collaboration

challenges brought by development in the industry,

and joint innovation initiatives with carriers,

we will continue to nurture an open and innovative

increased investment in joint innovation with

attitude, provide more competitive solutions to

carriers, and constructed a number of global

develop the industry, and become a strategic

Centers of Expertise (COEs), such as the Service

partner that even more global customers rely

Operation Center (SOC) in Jakarta, Indonesia;


the Big Data COE in Dublin, Ireland; the Global Network Evolution and Experience Center (GNEEC)

Global Services

in Beijing, China; and the Customer Experience Transformation Center (CETC) in Shenzhen, China.

2013 was another year of strong growth in Huawei Global Services. Sales amounted to CNY52,047

In the CEM field, the HUAWEI SmartCare ® CEM


solution has maintained its leadership position in the industry. Huawei, in collaboration with the TM

The major industry trends in 2013 were carriers’

Forum, has led the creation of the CEM Metrics

focus on efficiency, innovation, and growth. The

Guidebook, establishing Huawei as the industry-

rapid evolution of network technologies, services,

leader in standardizing CEM measurements. The

and applications has led to a shortage of spectrum,

guidebook contains over 420 key quality indicators

requiring carriers to place increased emphasis on

(KQIs) related to customer experience. In 2013, we


Management Discussion and Analysis

continued to expand its capabilities in customer

multi-scenario collaborative planning and design,

experience consulting, service modeling, and

integrated verification and simulation, and dynamic

CEM metrics. We have introduced 100G probes

refarming. Furthermore, we have continued to

into large-scale commercial use and developed

invest and innovate in several growing areas

SEQ Analyst to provide mature big data storage

such as green cloud data center integration and

and analysis capabilities. Meanwhile, we have

OSS. In addition, we have integrated advanced

continued to innovate in network and service

geographical technologies for big data analysis

optimization techniques. The end-user oriented

into our network planning and optimization tools,

SOC solution has reached maturity and enabled

increasing our competitiveness in information and

Huawei to be the first in the industry to establish

data analysis. We have maintained steady growth

collaborative closed-loop management with the

throughout 2013. Specifically, we have provided

Network Operation Center (NOC), helping carriers

network planning and design services for more

transform to experience-centric operations. By

than 500 carriers worldwide, provided end-to-

the end of 2013, the HUAWEI SmartCare ® CEM

end network evolution services for 30 carriers,

solution was being widely used in Europe, the

deployed 110 LTE networks and indoor distributed

Middle East, and Asia Pacific. Through successful

systems at 26,000 hotspots, and maintained

project delivery, we have brought verifiable

technical and market leadership in refarming

business value to carriers in terms of VIP care,

technologies. By the end of 2013, we had provided

brand promotion, business development, and end

integrated services to 330 data centers for carriers

user retention.

around the world, including 70 cloud data centers.

In Managed Services, we are continuing to develop

In the network construction and maintenance field,

the next generation Managed Services solutions

we have successfully completed more than 950 key

to enhance the total value of ownership (TVO)

projects in 2013, including network modernization

for operators. The solutions, which include our

projects and national broadband projects. We

innovative strategic alignment and operations

have successfully provided network assurance

transformation model, Managed Services Unified

services to 178 key events, including Formula One

Platform (MSUP) that support ICT and FMC

racing and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

converged operations, and best-in-class OSS

(APEC) summit. Throughout, we have maintained

tools (E-iNOC), can deliver broad value including

an overall high level of customer satisfaction.

operational efficiency enhancement, together with network and service quality improvements. Huawei


has become an industry leading Managed Services

technologies, the convergence of IT and CT, as

Provider in terms of market share and solutions

well as the constant increase of costs will present

that can align with carriers’ business strategies,

new challenges for carriers in terms of operations

serving over 120 carriers in more than 75 countries

and maintenance. We will continue to strengthen

in 2013.

investment in service solutions and related tools






and platforms, develop the technical skills and In the consulting and system integration field,

working efficiency of our global service personnel,

we are committed to increase ROI for carriers

and enhance joint innovation with customers to

and facilitate the smooth evolution of services

provide them with more valuable and competitive

and networks. We have made significant

service solutions, maximizing their ROI, and helping

breakthroughs in a number of areas, including

them transform to value-oriented operations.

precise site planning, multimode/multi-vendor/

Management Discussion and Analysis

Carrier Software & Core Networks


markets in Europe and the US by enhancing multiscreen experiences to meet market demands while

Sales revenue in our carrier software and core

our digital enterprise services saw 100% growth

network business totaled CNY16,877 million in

in the IPCC BPO solution.

2013. In the BSS field, we have been committed to The telecom industry is rapidly entering the digital

building strategic transformation capabilities in

era. No longer merely focused on providing basic

terms of digital enablement of business processes

connections and large-scale telecommunication

and our next-generation digital enablement

services, carriers are transforming to build a

platform. By providing open telecom capabilities

diversified digital ecosystem. In the future, carrier

and monetizing the data assets, we expanded

business models will transform from man to

the operation ecosystem and customer group,

machine, from voice services to diversified digital

and provided online customer experience. We

services, from a closed value chain to an open

continuously expanded our global market presence

ecosystem, and from unilateral business models to

in the BSS field. The new-generation Convergent

multilateral business models. Accordingly, carriers

Billing System has been put into commercial use

will gradually shift their business focus from

worldwide, further dominating the market. Next-

network asset management to both customer asset

generation Business Support System (NGBSS)

management and network asset management.






transformation, helping carriers achieve business Facing the digital wave, we focused on digital


services, business support system (BSS), core network, and IT infrastructure based on customer

In the core network field, we helped carriers

asset management. By providing open telecom

strengthen their core business by best real-time

capabilities necessary to aggregate massive

communication solutions, monetize the network

amounts of digital content and applications, digital

capabilities by Communication as a Service (CaaS),

and Internetized operation processes and systems,

and value the data assets by Data Analysis as a

future-oriented network control capabilities, and

Service (DAaaS), expanding carriers’ pipe business.

cloud-based IT infrastructure, we have helped

We established a leading position in the VoLTE

carriers implement the strategic transformation to

market and have become a strategic partner of

digital services.

Deutsche Telekom, China Mobile, PCCW, and other leading carriers. Our IMS won the National

In the digital service field, we developed the next-

Science and Technology Progress Award of China.

generation unified open telecom platform, built a

Our SingleSDB has provided services for 3 billion

complete digital service ecosystem, and leveraged

users worldwide and maintained a “zero incident”

open telecom capabilities and integrated massive

record for six consecutive years. Our SmartPCC

digital content to help carriers bring in more

continued to direct the industry’s development

accounts, tap into the value of customer assets,

and grew over 40% in sales year-on-year. As an

and implement the strategic transition to digital

industry leader, we played an important role in

services. In 2013, the SDP-based digital service

the development of NFV, and worked together

transformation in hosting model brought revenue

with Deutsche Telekom and China Mobile to

growth of 67%, and our SDP held the largest

implement cloud-based verification and testing

market share. Our digital home services focused on

for core networks by adopting NFV concepts and

video and made significant headway into high-end



Management Discussion and Analysis

In the IT infrastructure field, we focused

digital operating system, and help carriers increase



revenue, optimize their business models, and

technologies, developed the cloud operating

improve operation efficiency, so as to become the

system FusionSphere, rebuilt infrastructure for

best business partner for carrier transformation to

ICT convergence, and helped carriers transform

digital services.




to digital services. We achieved 116% growth in 2013. Our high-end storage products have been

Network Energy

deployed by the top three carriers in China, and we have been ranked No.1 among all suppliers

Our network energy product line focuses on the

in high-end storage testing for China Mobile’s

development opportunities of LTE, data centers,

centralized procurement project. Our UDS cloud

energy conservation and emissions reduction; and

storage system has been put into commercial

deploys power supply solutions in line with primary

use in the European subsidiaries of Vodafone; IT

product solutions. By adhering to the “efficient,

management services have been used by South

secure, reliable, and evolution-compliant” core

Africa MTN and by three Telefonica subsidiaries in

concept, our network energy product line provided

Colombia, Mexico, and Venezuela; and the telecom

communications energy and data center energy

public cloud solution has been commercially

solutions necessary to fully address the demands

deployed at over 20 sites worldwide.

for ICT power supply applications.

In 2013, we fully utilized the advantages of

With the rapid development of LTE networks

collaboration between pipes and the four areas

around the world, construction and maintenance

(digital services, BSS, core network, and IT

of telecommunication sites became more complex.

infrastructure) in the carrier software and core

Hence, carriers were calling for highly-efficient,

network field, and built solutions for customer asset

reliable, and intelligent network energy products

management. The MBB Value Growth Solution

to accommodate future network evolution. In

(VGS) continued to promote mobile broadband

the communications energy field, we were the

traffic operations, came into service in the Western

first to launch a 98% conversion efficient power

European, South Pacific, and North Latin American

supply (the highest efficiency ever commercially

markets, and became well recognized among

released), and were the only vendor to provide

customers. We also worked with carriers to explore

a full range of high-efficiency power products

and develop areas including Big Data and M2M.

and solutions in the industry. Huawei provided

We have become a core member of the Big Data

full services for world-leading carriers. We have

Benchmark of Transaction Processing Performance

worked with leading carriers, such as China

Council (TPC), and lastly our Big Data platform

Mobile, Vodafone, KPN, and British Telecom,

has been commercially deployed in over 10 sites

on all-around energy conservation to help them


implement their energy conservation strategies. In addition, carriers in developing countries suffered

In the years to come, in the carrier software and

high OPEX due to power shortages and high

core network field, we will continue to focus on

carbon dioxide emissions. In response, Huawei

“customer asset management” and "network asset

launched the Alternative Energy Solution, which

management"; adhere to the software platform

significantly decreased carrier OPEX by reducing

strategy; create an open, cooperative, and win-

fuel consumption and thereby increasing customer

win digital ecosystem; develop an internetized

profit. Our Alternative Energy Solution has been

Management Discussion and Analysis


deployed by Airtel, Telefonica, Mobilink, Safaricom,

achieved rapid growth in sales revenue from the

and other carriers, having significantly reduced

China Region. For markets outside of China, we

O&M costs for these customers while lowering

further consolidated our resources in developed

carbon dioxide emissions.

regions such as Western Europe and such emerging markets as Russia, Southeast Africa,

As the digital society develops, data centers based

and Latin America. In these markets, we also

on big data processing and cloud computing

recorded relatively rapid growth and achieved

continued to experience rapid development,

large-scale sales with industry customers and

requiring innovative data center energy solutions

channel partners.

to ensure service continuity and protect customer investments. The advanced modular design of our

As the influence of innovative ICT technologies like

container data center solution and micro-module

cloud computing, Big Data, mobility, and social

data center solution has been widely recognized

networking continues to increase and as the IoT

by the industry. Our Desktop Cloud Container Data

and mobile Internet develop rapidly, the physical

Center was awarded Tier III Design Certification

world and the digital world are merging at an

from Uptime Institute. The mobile warehouse

accelerating pace. Driven by digital restructuring

modular data center jointly built by Huawei and

in the ICT era, ICT is turning into a production

China Mobile Heilongjiang Branch was named the

system and a core competence for enterprises. We

“Green” Data Center of the Year at the Datacenter

continue to take an open and cooperative attitude,

Dynamics Awards (affectionately known as the

innovate, focus on ICT infrastructure solutions,

“Oscars” of the data center industry). In addition,

and work with our partners to provide innovative,

our full range of high-efficiency UPS products

differentiated, and leading products and solutions

addressed a wide range of uninterruptible large-,

to our enterprise customers.

medium-, and small-capacity power supply needs. Currently, our UPS solutions have been deployed in

In the enterprise networking field, we launched the

high-end industries and by key carriers, including

world’s first agile network solution, along with the

Saudi Telecom, Telenor, 21Vianet, as well as the

world’s first agile switch S12700 which has a fully

top three carriers in China. These solutions have

programmable Ethernet Network Processor (ENP).

been implemented globally in Europe, Africa,

With a service-, user-, and experience-centric agile

the Asia Pacific, and other regions, providing

network architecture, the agile network solution

uninterruptible power supply services for all



ubiquitous service, full-scale security collaboration,




IP quality perception, in-depth wired and wireless Enterprise Business

convergence, and smooth evolution to SDN, thereby enabling networks to be more agile for

By adhering to the “focus” and “being integrated”

services. The IP network management model

strategies, our enterprise business embarked on

has transitioned from single-point best effort

a development fast track in 2013. Sales revenue

to full-scale control. The CloudEngine 12816 we

reached CNY15,263 million, an annual increase

launched is a data center switch that boasts the

of approximately 32%. We made significant

industry’s largest switching capacity of 64 Tbit/s

breakthroughs in product competitiveness and

and an impressive virtualization capability of

market presence. Amid global economic recovery

1:16. The USG6000, our next-generation firewall

and challenges, we seized opportunities and

product, identifies up to 6,000 applications, over


Management Discussion and Analysis

20% above the industry average. This firewall

performance test records at Standard Performance

helps customers achieve refined policy control.

Evaluation Corporation (SPEC) 105 consecutive

The AR530, our first next-generation industrial

times. Our storage products also passed the SPEC

switching router that targets the IoT, combines

five million operations per second (OPS) and SPC-

routing, switching, security, wireless, and industrial

1 one million input/output operations per second

bus features on a single platform. Currently, our

(IOPS) performance tests, winning a global leading

enterprise networking products and solutions

advantage in product performance. The Huawei

have been successfully deployed in many projects,

OceanStor 18000 series Enterprise Storage System,

including China’s National e-Government Network,

our enterprise-class high-end storage product,

Agricultural Bank of China, China’s State Grid,

won the 2013 New Product Innovation Leadership

the backbone network of Alibaba, Automatically

Award in High-End Storage Market from Frost

Switched Optical Network (ASON) of the Three

& Sullivan and the Red Dot Award for Product

Gorges Dam across China’s Yangtze River, Borussia

Design in Germany. The OceanStor 18000 series

Dortmund Stadium in Germany, Baidu’s Data

is also the only storage product that won this

Center, and APT Satellite Company’s Data Center.

prestigious award in the industrial design field.

In 2013, our revenue from data communications

We have built more than 330 data centers for

products jumped by 44%. Our share in the

customers worldwide. Our storage solutions and

enterprise router market was ranked by Gartner

server products have been deployed in more

as the second largest worldwide for the fourth

than 100 countries. We have become a storage

consecutive year. In Gartner’s Magic Quadrant for

partner of Vodafone, University of California at

the Wired and Wireless LAN Access Infrastructure

Santa Cruz (UCSC), CSS Insurance of Switzerland,

report, our switch and WLAN products appeared

Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, China

in the Challengers quadrant. Huawei was selected

Construction Bank, and Agricultural Bank of China.

by Technology Business Research (TBR) as the

We also partnered with the China Merchants Bank

fastest-growing company in the global data center

to innovate its Big Data platform for financial data

networking market for second year in a row.

and helped Taobao make e-transaction history

Huawei’s full series of FW, UTM, and IPS products

during the November 11 (widely referred to as

for the security domain were listed in Gartner’s

“double-eleven” and known as “Singles’ Day” in

Magic Quadrant. According to statistics released

China) online shopping spree.

by IDC in 2013, Huawei ranked number one in the combined firewall and UTM market in China.

In the unified communications and collaboration (UC&C) field, we worked closely with partners

In the IT field, by adhering to the concept of “Make

in the industry chain to provide UC&C solutions

IT Simple, Make Business Agile”, we continued

ranging from basic platforms to experience and

to launch innovative IT products and solutions.

application. In 2013, we launched a series of main

Featured offerings included the industry’s first

products, including the 96 series MCU, TE series

distributed cloud data center solution, FusionInsight

videoconferencing endpoints, Intelligent Video

(the industry’s first enterprise-class Big Data

Surveillance (IVS) 2.0, and Contact Center (CC)

analytics platform that supports geographic

2.0. Our main products serve a large number of

redundancy spanning over 1,000 km), and Huawei

industry customers worldwide, including Saudi

Appliance for SAP HANA . Through continuous

Aramco, Ministry of Education of Uzbekistan,

differentiated innovations, our servers set new

and Wing Lung Bank of Hong Kong. According to


Management Discussion and Analysis


Gartner’s Magic Quadrant 2013, our UC products

In vertical industries, we adhere to the “being

maintained its position in the Challengers quadrant

integrated” strategy and integrate our main

and our CC products maintained the top spot in

products into the solutions of our partners to

this quadrant. The 2013 MarketScape report for

jointly create greater value for customers. In the

the UC&C market released by IDC elevated Huawei

government and public sector, our Smart City,

UC to the “Major Players” zone.

e-Government, Emergency Command, e-Education, and Healthcare solutions were integrated by

In the enterprise wireless field, our eLTE broadband

more than 200 partners and supported 64 key

trunking solution was widely deployed in multiple

projects worldwide in 2013. For example, our

projects across government, transportation, and

Smart City solution was deployed by Mobily of

energy industries. These projects include the safe

Saudi Arabia, helping to build efficient and safe

city project of Venezuela, Zhengzhou Metro Line

cities. Our Public Safety solution helped Laos build

1, Tianjin municipal government network, Nanjing

an efficient Emergency Command system that

municipal government network, Ghana municipal

features visualized dispatching, faster reaction,

government network, IB-RED in Spain, and the

and more accurate decision-making. In the energy

Ozarowice project in Poland. We have been

field, our Underground Mining Communication

awarded 41 commercial eLTE contracts. Zhengzhou

solution built industry-leading underground

Metro Line 1 is the world’s first urban rail transit

information highways for Shendong Coal Group,

line to adopt 4G LTE technology. Our eLTE solution

making it more safe and productive. Our all-IP

provided the Passenger Information System (PIS)

solution on power transmission and transformation

and vehicle-mounted video surveillance services

communications facilitated the build-out of a high-

on this line. Our solution effectively addressed

speed and reliable power data network for Eskom,

the problems associated with the current train-

the biggest power company in South Africa. In

ground radio system, including decentralized

the transportation field, our GSM-R solution

construction, vulnerability to interference, and

successfully served the high-speed rail between

service discontinuity. We continued to enhance our

Sochi and its surrounding major cities, contributing

GSM-R solution, which can evolve to LTE smoothly

to the success of the 2014 Winter Olympics in

and is the industry leader in terms of reliability

Sochi. Our intelligent transportation solution

and performance. This solution has covered

helped Moldova effectively alleviate traffic. As for

approximately 14,000 km of railway and has been

the financial services field, our check image data

widely deployed by our customers in Russia, South

management solution helped the Agricultural Bank

Africa, Turkey, Morocco, and Serbia. Our GSM-R

of China effectively manage a massive 10 PB in

solution also helped facilitate smooth operation on

check image data, reducing its management costs

the Harbin-Dalian High-Speed Railway, the world’s

by 20%. Our desktop security solution for the

first high-speed railway in areas of deep freeze.

financial services industry helped Shenzhen Stock Exchange and Industrial Bank build secure and

BYOD has become a widely-accepted working style

controllable business and office platforms.

for enterprises. With our partners, we built mobile platforms featuring rich applications and promoted

Huawei Enterprise Channel business has developed

the highly secure one-stop BYOD solution. This

steadily. Meanwhile, our channel policy, process,

solution was adopted by large enterprises, financial

and IT support system have become significantly

services organizations, and educational institutions,

more mature. By the end of 2013, we had more

such as Haier Group, China Minsheng Bank, and

than 5,000 channel partners worldwide. Huawei

education bureaus in South Africa.


Management Discussion and Analysis

provided more support to our partners with

equal importance to marketing and sales, develop

respect to training & certification, Marketing

innovative, differentiated, leading, and easy-to-

Development Fund (MDF), finance, etc. and

integrate ICT products and solutions, and cultivate

proactively conducted joint marketing activities

specialized channel partners. In the enterprise

with them. Both the quantity and quality of our

market, we will continue to work hard to surpass

partners have considerably increased. A sound and

ourselves, strive to become the best innovation

open channel ecosystem is taking shape.

partner of our enterprise customers in the ICT infrastructure domain, enthusiastically embrace

Huawei Enterprise Services provides ICT services

opportunities and challenges in the ICT era, keep

for the enterprise market, covering the entire

up with technological trends, remain customer-

network lifecycle. It includes technical consulting,

centric, and continue to create value for customer

network planning, network design, deployment,

business success.

technical support, network optimization, as well as technical and pre-sales training and certification.

Consumer Business

We are dedicated to building a strong global ecosystem of service partners through certification,

4G LTE is developing rapidly. In particular, the

authorization, enablement, incentives, and all-

Chinese market will lead the high-speed growth

around service support. Through this partner

of LTE around the globe in the coming years. This

ecosystem we serve customers by leveraging

will present historic opportunities for the rapid

our respective advantages. By the end of 2013,

development of our smart devices. By relying on

we had more than 800 certified and authorized

our end-to-end and leading advantages in 4G LTE,

service partners. Together with our partners

we will continue to launch high-quality mobile

we delivered over 5,000 projects during 2013.

phones by centering on consumer experience,

We have established a global ICT training and

improve consumer satisfaction by combining

certification program, including Huawei’s in-house

experience in hardware, applications, and services,

training centers, authorized training partners, and

and strive to become a leading global smart device

education projects with more than 30 universities.


Our training and certification program has helped develop ICT professionals around the globe. By

In 2013, our consumer business continued to

the end of 2013, we trained more than 16,000

maintain effective growth, earning sales revenue

individuals and certified more than 3,000

of CNY56,986 million, an annual increase of


approximately 18%. Annual shipments totaled 128 million units. Historical breakthroughs were made

The information society is coming at an unstoppable

in our smartphone business, and we were ranked

pace. No industries and enterprises can be outside

among the top three globally. We continued to

of it. To ride on this trend, enterprises must

focus on a quality strategy and launched flagship

embrace advanced ICT technologies & solutions

devices, such as the Ascend P6 and the Ascend

for digital reforming to build leading advantages

Mate. The Ascend P6 was sold in more than 100

into the future. In 2014, we will continue to

countries, achieving extraordinary results in terms

make investments, consolidate resources, and

of both brand awareness and profit. Our Emotion

prioritize the build-up of marketing and channel

UI took user experience to a new level, and our

capabilities and teams in the enterprise business.

investment in the Huawei Fan Club has begun

We will use marketing to promote sales, attach

to pay off. Our share in the mobile broadband

Management Discussion and Analysis


LTE market further increased and we made

Our profit from home devices grew steadily. Our

landscape-shaping breakthroughs in telematics.

share in the fixed access market grew from 14%

Our share in the home access market further

to 21%, and we maintained our global leadership

expanded, with tablet sales increasing by more

position in the fixed wireless terminal market. We

than 200%.

cooperated with many top carriers and Multiple System Operators (MSOs) on set-top box (STB)

In the past year, our smartphone shipments

products. We have established a comprehensive

reached 52 million units, an annual increase of

product portfolio with low-end, mid-range, and

more than 60%. Smartphones accounted for

high-end tablets, and have seen tablet sales

more than 87% of total mobile phone shipments.

increase by more than 200%.

As for the revenue from channel sales, while consolidating our carrier channels, we further

Our Emotion UI took user experience to a new

expanded non-carrier channels. The revenue from

level. The number of cloud service users exceeded

open channels (excluding e-commerce channels)

10 million, with more than 1 million active users.

accounted for 45% of our total revenue and

In terms of user engagement, we implemented a

that from e-commerce channels accounted for

series of innovative marketing models, such as the

5%. In addition, the proportion of shipments of

“Tomorrow’s Partners” program, which achieved

our mid-range and high-end devices priced at

some favorable results. More than six million

more than CNY1,500 rose significantly to 12%,

Huawei fans enrolled in this program.

demonstrating that our quality strategy has yielded some success.

In 2013, we unveiled our “Make it Possible” brand proposition for the consumer business. By focusing

The global shipments of our mobile broadband

on consumer experience, we conducted a series

devices reached 44.5 million sets in 2013; we have

of branding campaigns worldwide, including

maintained a leading share in this market for six

sponsoring football games and clubs, such as

consecutive years. We continued to optimize the

La Liga in Spain, A.C. Milan in Italy, Borussia

overall product landscape. Global shipments of

Dortmund in Germany, and Arsenal in the UK.

LTE products reached approximately eight million

These campaigns significantly boosted brand

units, an annual increase of 103%. We actively

awareness for Huawei mobile phones. According

implemented a diversified channel strategy. In

to a survey by Ipsos, the global brand awareness

2013, the shipments of our mobile broadband

of our mobile phones reached 52% in 2013, an

devices through open channels exceeded four

increase of 110% year-on-year. This figure was

million sets and we developed large channel

68% in China, an increase of 113% compared

markets outside of China, such as Saudi Arabia,

with the previous year. In addition, the brand

India, Germany, and the Philippines. Our Internet

awareness of our mobile phones grew significantly

marketing efforts in the Chinese e-commerce

in Europe, South America, and Southeast Africa.

market also started to show results. Breakthroughs

Brand awareness rose by 230% in Germany, 213%

were made in telematics. We cooperated closely

in Italy, 200% in the UK, and 140% in Spain.

with multiple top international automobile manufacturers on the front-end module and

Our consumer business targets people of action

established strategic partnerships with multiple

who are also idealists — challengers who have

automobile brands.

vision, initiative, and belief that dreams can be realized through hard work. We strive to bring


Management Discussion and Analysis

the latest in technology to consumers everywhere.

markets, which helped promote our large-scale

In product development, we adhere to a quality

sales. In the development of e-commerce channels,

strategy, attaching the utmost importance to

sales from these venues began to generate results

improving consumer experience. We strive to

in 2013. Many of our products remained top

break through technical limitations to provide

sellers online, such as the Ascend Mate, Honor

innovations tailored to consumer requirements.

3 Outdoor, MediaQ M310, Honor 3C, and Honor

By doing so, we enable more people from around

3X. More than 10 million users pre-ordered the

the world to reap the benefits of technological

Honor 3C, setting a new sales record for Huawei

progress and realize their dreams. The Ascend

mobile phones.

product lineup includes the D series with the ultimate in technology, the P series with the

The development of 4G LTE is in full swing

ultimate in fashion, the G series that offers the

around the globe, and a “borderless network” is

best blend of performance and cost, and the Y

becoming reality. With different 4G LTE products

series that delivers the best in terms of accessibility.

and Huawei’s future-proof innovative technologies,

In the future, we will leverage our advantages in

consumers can connect using ultra-broadband

intelligent 4G LTE technologies, strive to make

with zero wait time anytime, anywhere. This level

the impossible possible, and provide ubiquitous

of connectivity provides added conveniences

high-speed connections to consumers. Our goal

and opportunities for consumers whether they

is to enable customers to better experience

are in the office, on the move, or at home —

unparalleled technologies.

smart devices are becoming the most important thing consumers take along. We are a latecomer

In 2013, we made notable achievements in channel

to the smart device field. 4G LTE presents a

development. Our revenue from open channels

unique strategic opportunity for us to surpass

grew by 98% year-on-year. In open markets where

our competitors worldwide by leveraging our

retail accounts for a high proportion of all sales,

advantages in 4G LTE networks as well as leading

such as China, Russia, Italy, the UK, Saudi Arabia,

technologies and patents. With our proven track

the Philippines, and South Africa, the sales of our

record in the communications field, we will lay

smartphones grew by more than 80%. In addition,

hold of this historic opportunity, deliver an inspired

we established strategic partnerships with top

experience, and bring more pleasant surprises to

distributors and retailers in China, Western

consumers worldwide.

Europe, the Middle East, Southeast Asia, and other

Management Discussion and Analysis


Results of Operations 2013 CNY Million Revenue Gross profit


YOY (%)

Restated 239,025






– Gross margin




Total operating expenses and other income




– as % of revenue




Operating profit




– Operating margin




Net finance expenses




Income tax expenses







Net profit

Sales revenue in 2013 amounted to CNY239,025 million, which represents an increase of 8.5% year-on-year. Net profit grew by 34.4% year-on-year to CNY21,003 million. The improvement in profitability is mainly attributed to internal continuous management transformations that reduced operational costs. Thanks to the rising proportion of the enterprise business as well as improved profits from the consumer business, gross margin increased by 1.2% year-on-year.


Management Discussion and Analysis

Total Operating Expenses and Other Income 2013 CNY Million


YOY (%)


Research and development expenses




– as % of revenue




Selling and administrative expenses




– as % of revenue










Other (income)/operating expenses, net – as % of revenue Total operating expenses and other income




– as % of revenue




In 2013, the company’s total expenses ratio decreased by 1.6% due to internal efforts aimed at continuously improving operational efficiency. Specifically, the selling and administrative expenses ratio declined by 1.3%, the research and development expenses ratio fell 0.7%, and the ratio of other income and other operating expenses (as % of revenue) rose 0.3%. Net Finance Expenses 2013 CNY Million Net foreign exchange loss Other net finance expenses Total net finance expenses


YOY (%)

Restated 3,686









Net finance expenses in 2013 amounted to CNY3,942 million, an increase of CNY1,903 million from 2012. This was attributable to an increase of CNY2,601 million year-on-year in net foreign exchange loss and a decrease of CNY698 million year-on-year in other net finance expenses.

Management Discussion and Analysis


Financial Position

CNY Million

December 31,

December 31,



YOY (%)




Current assets




Total assets

Non-current assets




Among which: Cash and short-term investments




       Trade receivables








Non-current liabilities
















Among which: Long-term borrowings Current liabilities Among which: Short-term borrowings        Trade payables Owner’s equity Total liabilities and owner’s equity







Cash and short-term investment balance as of December 31, 2013 rose by 14.4% year-on-year to CNY81,944 million. Huawei’s days of sales outstanding (DSO) as of December 31, 2013 was 90 days, which is the same as that of 2012. Inventory balance increased by 12.1% year-on-year. The inventory turnover days (ITO) increased by four days to 64 days compared with 60 days in 2012. Trade payables balance decreased by 6.7% year-on-year. Huawei’s days of payables outstanding (DPO) as of December 31, 2013 was 80 days, 11 days shorter than that of 2012. Total short-term and long-term borrowings as of December 31, 2013 amounted to CNY23,033 million, an increase of 11.0% year-on-year from CNY20,754 million in 2012.


Management Discussion and Analysis

Cash Flow from Operating Activities 2013 CNY Million


YOY (%)

Restated 21,003











Change in operating assets and liabilities




Cash flow from operating activities




Net profit Adjustment for depreciation, amortization,   and non-operating loss, net Actuarial losses on defined benefit obligations Cash flow before change in   operating assets and liabilities


Cash flow from operating activities in 2013 decreased by 9.7% year-on-year to CNY22,554 million. This decrease was attributable to: ■

Net profit growth of 34.4% year-on-year due to rapid growth of consumer and enterprise businesses and reduction of internal management and operation costs.

Adjustment for depreciation, amortization, and non-operating loss, net contributed CNY5,550 million to the cash flow from operating activities, increasing by CNY2,386 million year-on-year.

In 2013, the change in operating assets and liabilities tied up in the cash flow from operating activities amounted to CNY3,381 million.

Financial Risk Management In 2013, Huawei continuously amended and improved its financial risk management policies and processes to further enhance the company’s capability to withstand financial risks and better support its business development. Liquidity Risk Huawei has continuously improved its system for cash flow planning, budgeting, and forecasting to better assess its short-term and medium to long-term liquidity needs. The company has implemented a variety of prudent financial measures to fulfill its overall liquidity needs, including centralizing cash management, maintaining a reasonable level of funds, and gaining access to adequate and committed credit facilities. In 2013, Huawei established the Financial Risk Control Center (FRCC) in London and set up a global liquidity risk monitoring team, to further improve its liquidity risk monitoring and management capabilities. As of December 31, 2013, cash and short-term investments increased by 14.4% year-on-year to CNY81,944 million. An adequate capital reserve and a stable cash flow from operating activities enabled Huawei to manage its liquidity and borrowing risks, thus ensuring financial stability for the company.

Management Discussion and Analysis


Liquidity Trends CNY Million



YOY (%)

Cash flow from operating activities




Cash and short-term investments




Long-term and short-term borrowings




In addition to maintaining liquidity, Huawei also optimized the debt maturity structure to a more reasonable level. CNY Million Total borrowings

1 year or below

Above 1 year



Foreign Exchange Risk The Group’s functional currency is CNY and has foreign currency exposures related to buying, selling, and financing in currencies other than CNY, which are mainly USD and EUR. According to the foreign exchange policy guidelines of the Group, material foreign exchange exposures are hedged unless hedging would be uneconomical due to market liquidity and/or hedging cost. The Group uses the value at risk (VaR)* model to measure its foreign currency exposures, and uses the following techniques to mitigate such risks: ■

Natural hedging: The Group continuously structures their operations to match its receivables and payables in a foreign currency, to the extent possible.

Financial hedging: For certain currencies where natural hedging does not fully offset the foreign currency position, the Group hedges using a combination of short and long-term foreign currency loans.

With other conditions unchanged, exchange rate fluctuations will impact the group’s net profit as follows: Impact on net profit CNY million 2013 CNY appreciates 5% against USD


CNY appreciates 5% against EUR


2012 CNY appreciates 5% against USD


CNY appreciates 3% against EUR


* The VaR model is a statistical tool. Huawei uses this model to estimate the quantitative value of foreign exchange exposures under a certain confidence level within a period of time based on the Group’s net assets in foreign currencies, historical exchange rate fluctuations, and the relevancy between exchange rates.


Management Discussion and Analysis

Interest Rate Risk Huawei’s interest rate risk arises from its long-term borrowings and long-term receivables. Through the analysis of its interest rate exposures, the company uses a combination of fixed-rate and variable-rate bank loans to mitigate interest rate risks. Interest-bearing long-term financial instruments held by the Group as of December 31, 2013 2013 Effective

2012 Amount

interest rate



interest rate CNY Million

CNY Million

Fixed-rate long-term   financial instruments – Long-term receivables



– Long-term borrowings








Floating-rate long-term   financial instruments – Long-term receivables



– Long-term borrowings








As of December 31, 2013, assume that the interest rate fluctuates by 50 basis points, with other variables unchanged, the Group’s net profit and owner’s equity will increase (decrease) by CNY 81 million (in 2012, the amount was CNY65 million). For the financial instruments that are held at the end of the reporting period and expose the Group to fair value change risks due to interest rate fluctuations, the impacts on net profit and owner’s equity in the preceding sensitivity analysis are a re-measurement of the financial instruments based on the new interest rate, assuming that the interest rate changes at the end of the reporting period. For the floating-rate and non-derivative financial instruments that are held at the end of the reporting period and expose the Group to cash flow change risks due to interest rate fluctuations, the impacts on net profit and owner’s equity in the preceding sensitivity analysis are impacts on interest expense or income estimated on an annual basis due to interest rate fluctuations. The analysis of the previous year is based on the same assumptions and methods.

Management Discussion and Analysis


Credit Risk

Research and Development

The company has established and implemented

Huawei has set up 16 R&D centers in such countries

globally consistent credit management policies

as Germany, Sweden, the US, India, Russia, Japan,

and practices, processes, IT systems, and credit

Canada, Turkey, and China. Huawei employs

risk assessment tools. In addition, dedicated credit

approximately 70,000 product and solution R&D

management organizations have been established

employees, comprising 45% of our total global

across all regions and business units. The company


has used risk assessment models to determine customer credit ratings and credit limits. It has also

We focus investment in key technologies,

implemented risk control points over key processes

architectures, and standards in the ICT field with

along the end-to-end sales cycle to manage credit

the aim of providing broader, smarter, and more

risks in a closed-loop manner. Huawei’s Credit

energy-efficient pipes that require zero wait time

Management Dept regularly assesses global credit

and create a better experience for users. We are

risk exposures, estimates potential losses, and

committed to continuous innovations, and have

determines bad debt provisions as appropriate.

made significant achievements in the fields of

In the event that a credit risk for a specific

future 5G communications, network architecture,

customer or outstanding trade receivable becomes

computing, and storage. We have worked closely

inappropriately high, a special handling process is

with partners from industry, academia, and

initiated to mitigate the risk.

research institutes, enabling us to take the lead in researching, innovating, and implementing future

Sales Financing

networks. We have also set up 28 joint innovation centers with leading carriers to translate leading

With global coverage, Huawei’s sales financing

technologies into competitive edges and business

team maintains close contact with customers to

success for customers.

understand their financing needs and taps into diversified financing resources around the world.

As of December 31, 2013, we had filed 44,168

As a bridge for communication and cooperation

patent applications in China, 18,791 outside China,

between financial institutions and customers, the

and 14,555 under the Patent Cooperation Treaty

sales financing team provides customers with

(PCT). Of these applications, 36,511 have been

professional financing solutions that continuously


contribute to customer success. Third-party financial institutions engage with Huawei in export

We apply mainstream international standards

credit, leasing, and factoring activities to obtain

from the industry, work closely with global tier-1

benefits and they bear the associated risks. Huawei

carriers, and contribute positively to expanding

has established systematic financing policies and

the ICT industry. We actively proposed to

project approval processes to strictly control

identify at least additional 500 MHz spectrum

financing risk exposures. Huawei shares risks with

for international mobile telephony (IMT) at the

financial institutions only on certain projects and

World Radiocommunication Conference 2015

makes provisions for risk contingencies, ensuring

(WRC-15), and published a white paper titled 5G: A

that business risks are under control.

Technology Vision. In addition, we worked to boost such network capabilities as service exposure and service chaining in the areas of System Architecture


Management Discussion and Analysis

Evolution (SAE) and Policy and Charging Control

work collectively to reduce the unexpected risks

(PCC). We also took the lead in developing

resulting from the abuse of technology.

Network Functions Visualization (NFV) standards to build an ICT convergence standards ecosystem;

In 2013, Mr. John Suffolk, Huawei’s Global Cyber

promoted the incubation of the Carrier SDN

Security Officer, authored the second edition of

industry; pushed the development of IP/Internet

our cyber security white paper titled Cyber Security

security rules that expand interoperability and

Perspectives: Making cyber security a part of a

robustness; led the Flex-OTN standards and were

Company’s DNA — A set of integrated process,

recognized as a major contributor of 100GE/400GE

policies and standards. The paper investigates

standards; and took the initiative at IEEE 802.11

how we can infuse cyber security into our

to launch and lead research into next generation

company’s DNA and promote the formulation and

Wi-Fi standards. By the end of 2013, Huawei had

implementation of uniform international cyber

joined more than 170 industry standards and open

security standards. We are more than happy to

source organizations, including 3GPP, IETF, IEEE,

share our understanding and practices in the


area of cyber security in the hope of inspiring a

ONF, INCITS, OpenStack, and OpenDaylight. We

more open, rational, cooperative, and constructive

hold 185 positions in these organizations and

dialogue across the public and private sectors on

serve as a board member for ETSI, CCSA, OMA,

a wider range of issues. In doing so, we hope to

OASIS, and WFA, as well as numerous other

realize our common cyber security objectives.

organizations. In 2013, Huawei submitted more than 5,000 proposals to standards organizations.

In 2013, we optimized each aspect of Huawei to address challenges with cyber security and embed

Huawei’s R&D expenditure totaled CNY30,672

cyber security requirements into our end-to-end

million in 2013, accounting for 12.8% of the

corporate policies and processes, including



strategy and governance, standards and processes,

cumulatively spent more than CNY151,000 million




laws and regulations, personnel management,

on R&D over the last decade.

research and development, verification, third-party supplier management, manufacturing, delivery,

Cyber Security

issue response, traceability, and audits. Huawei employees have adopted improvement measures

Huawei views building and fully implementing

into their daily work to provide customers with

an end-to-end global cyber security assurance

more secure products, solutions, and services.

system as a key corporate strategy and considers cyber security a shared global challenge. Global

In the past year, we continued cyber security

collaboration among suppliers, customers, and

awareness training and education for all Huawei

policy and law makers is crucial to meaningfully

staff, thereby encouraging an atmosphere and

addressing global cyber security threats. As

culture conducive to promoting cyber security

such, all stakeholders must share knowledge

awareness education and regulating employee

and expertise, be practical and cooperative, and

behavior across the company.

Management Discussion and Analysis

We have embedded cyber security requirements


Our manufacturing capabilities continue

into our Integrated Product Development (IPD)

to improve in tandem with our security

process. Cyber security is built into everyone’s

capabilities. Our standardized end-to-end

daily work as well as each product and service,

manufacturing supply chain system enables

meaning that cyber security is everyone’s job.

us to more efficiently resolve security risks

We have also improved the approach that

during manufacturing in a safe manner while

instructs employees to design, develop, and

retaining quality, thus ensuring the integrity of

deliver our products with security in mind.

our hardware and software.

Apart from independent verification, each step of our work can be examined, improved, and

We have embedded key cyber security management requirements into all our service


delivery activities and stringently manage ■

We have greatly strengthened and improved

employees who have access to customer

our Cyber Security Technical Competence

networks, thus ensuring the security of

Center to incorporate security into design,

delivered products and services.

improve product robustness, and enhance privacy protection.

When things do go wrong or customers and researchers identify possible security issues,

We have established a multi-layer cyber security

we respond quickly and effectively to any

evaluation process that allows our products

vulnerability through our closely connected

to be independently tested and evaluated by

Product Security Incident Response Team

different teams; that is, our Internal Cyber

(PSIRT) and core R&D processes. In addition, our

Security Lab, the UK Cyber Security Evaluation

barcode system and electronic manufacturing

Centre (CSEC), customer evaluation teams,

system enable us to forward or backward track

and third-party audit and evaluation teams.

98% of the components used in our offerings

By doing so, we continuously provide our

within just a few minutes.

customers with optimum security assurance. ■ ■

As auditing plays a crucial role in ensuring

We have enhanced our comprehensive supplier

what a company or department claims is true

management system to monitor and evaluate

and effective, we ensure the implementation

the delivery and security performance of our

of cyber security policies, processes, and

qualified suppliers. We select suppliers that can

standards through our internal audit team.

contribute to the quality and security of our

This allows us to provide more effective and

purchased products and services and in turn

comprehensive oversight on cyber security.

benefit our customers.


Management Discussion and Analysis

Huawei is passionate about being transparent

Revenue Recognition

and open. We encourage full and frequent communication with all stakeholders, including

The application of accounting principles related

customers, industry, governments, and media. We

to the measurement and recognition of revenue

aim to raise the understanding of cyber security,

requires the company to make significant judgments

seek views and ideas for reducing security risks,

and estimates. Even for the same product, the

and collectively improve trust in terms of cyber

company often has to determine the appropriate


accounting treatment after analyzing the contract terms and conditions. When installation, training,

We not only care about resolving past and present

and other services are rendered and sold together

cyber security issues. We also seek to lay the

with a product, the company determines whether

foundation for future development. Sticking to our

the deliverables should be treated as separate

commitment, we will continuously collaborate with

units of accounting and recognizes the revenue

all stakeholders to enhance our security capabilities

accordingly. When there are multiple transactions

in design, development, deployment, and other

with the same customer, the company applies

areas. We will continue to position cyber security

significant judgments to determine whether separate

assurance as one of our core strategies, maintain

contracts are considered as part of one arrangement

open and transparent policies, and act responsibly

based on contracts terms and conditions. When

in our operations to ensure a secure cyber world

an equipment that requires installation is delivered

for tomorrow.

and accepted by a customer at different stages, the company determines whether to recognize revenue

Critical Accounting Estimates

by stages based on assessment of whether the completed project is able to be used by the customer,

The consolidated financial statements, on which

and whether the obtained certificate of acceptance

this Management Discussion and Analysis was

would support payment collections.

based, have been prepared in compliance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs).

Revenue recognition is also impacted by various

For details, see note 1(a) to the consolidated

factors, including the creditworthiness of the

financial statements summary.

customer. The company regularly reviews estimates of these factors to assess its adequacy. If these

The application of IFRSs requires the company

estimates were to change, revenue will be

to make judgments, estimates and assumptions

impacted accordingly.

that will directly affect the company’s reporting of its financial position and operating results. The

For a construction contract, revenue is recognized

accounting estimates and assumptions discussed

using the percentage of completion (POC) method,

in this section are those that the management

measured according to the percentage of contract

considers to be the most critical to the company’s

costs incurred to date to the estimated total costs

consolidated financial statements.

for the contract. If at any time these estimates indicate the POC contract will be unprofitable, the entire estimated loss for the remainder of the contract is recorded immediately as a cost.

Management Discussion and Analysis


Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

Inventories Write-down

The company’s gross accounts receivable balances

The company’s inventory balances were CNY24,929

were CNY64,220 million and CNY58,588 million

million and CNY22,237 million as of December

as of December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012,

31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively.

respectively. The allowances for doubtful accounts

Inventories are measured at the lower of cost or

were CNY4,340 million, or 6.8% of the gross

net realizable value. The difference between the

accounts receivable balance as of December 31,

cost of the inventory and the net realizable value is

2013, and CNY3,487 million, or 6.0% of the

recorded as inventory provision. Net realizable value

gross accounts receivable balance as of December

is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course

31, 2012. The allowances are recorded based

of business, less the estimated costs of completion

on the collectability of accounts receivable from

and the estimated costs necessary to make the

customers. The company regularly reviews the

sale. The following factors are considered for the

allowances for doubtful accounts by considering

recognition of net realizable value: purposes of

factors such as historical experiences, customer

the inventories held, inventory aging, percentage

creditworthiness, the age of accounts receivable

of inventory utilization, inventory categories and

balances, and current economic conditions that

conditions, and subsequent events with material

may affect a customer’s ability to pay.

influences on inventory value. The company reviews the inventory provisions periodically to

The company’s provisions for doubtful accounts

ensure its accuracy and reasonableness.

charged to the statement of profit or loss were CNY1,075 million and CNY3,479 million

The company’s inventory provisions charged to the

for fiscal years ended December 31, 2013 and

statement of profit or loss were CNY1,231 million

December 31, 2012, respectively. If key customers’

and CNY17 million for fiscal years ended December

creditworthiness deteriorates, or if the default

31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively.

risk is higher than the historical trend, or if other circumstances arise, the estimates of the

Provision for Warranties

recoverability of amounts due to the company could be overstated, and additional allowances

When recognizing revenue, the company estimates

could be required, which could have an adverse

the possible future liabilities that it may incur

impact on the company’s profit.

under its product warranty obligations and records a warranty provision. The warranty provision balances were CNY2,963 million and CNY2,407 million as of December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively. The company’s products are generally covered by a warranty period of 12 months. The company accrues for warranty costs as part of cost of sales based on historical expenditure on material costs, technical support labor costs, and associated overheads.


Management Discussion and Analysis

The warranty provisions accrued for fiscal years

the ultimate tax determination is uncertain. The

ended December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012

company recognizes tax liabilities for anticipated

were CNY3,491 million and CNY2,844 million,

tax issues based on estimates of whether


additional taxes will eventually be due. The company adequately accrues for tax liabilities for

Increases in warranty claims or higher cost of

all open audit years based on its assessment

warranty services will lead to actual warranty

of many factors, including past experiences and



interpretations of tax law. Deferred tax assets are

provisions, and will in turn adversely affect the

recognized to the extent that future taxable profits

company’s gross margin.

will be available against which the assets can be




utilized. Income Tax Assessment of tax exposures and recognition relies The company is subject to income taxes in China

on estimates and assumptions and may involve a

and numerous foreign jurisdictions. Significant

series of complex judgments about future events.


Where the final tax outcome of these future events






consolidated provision for income taxes.

is different from the amounts that were initially recorded, such differences will impact the income

During the ordinary course of business, there

tax and deferred tax provisions for the period in

are many transactions and calculations where

which such decision is made.

Industry Trends


Industry Trends Riding the digitization trend into a new industrial age The history of human society and civilization

Therefore, enterprises must restructure their

advancement is also a history of scientific

mindset, business, marketing, R&D, operation,



and service models, based on the Internet rather

ICT technologies over the past half century,


than simply overlaying traditional models with the





Internet as a tool. Among them, restructuring of

innovations, have shattered the limits of time



mindset is of paramount importance, as action

and space, bringing the human civilization into

comes after that.

an unprecedented new frontier. Today, we are entering an era of omnipresent networking and

Infiltrating beyond value delivery into value

information. However, this is just the start of a

creation, the Internet is set to redefine

greater information revolution. We are at the door

traditional industries

to the next wave of digital society. Business processes, though complicated, mainly “Internet+” drives the integration of the

comprise value creation and value delivery.

digital and physical worlds and shapes the

Value delivery is what we usually refer to as

next wave of information revolution

information flow, capital flow, and logistics flow. All the three flows have been smoothed out

Today, we are living in a time of Internet and

through mushrooming e-commerce platforms. In

information omnipresence, but the digital and

other words, the Internet has fully infiltrated and

physical worlds are still parallel to each other

transformed the value delivery process. As a result,

and not closely intertwined. For all industries

the digital and physical worlds are integrated, and

and enterprises, “Internet+” will be the focus of

the business chain is restructured, reducing or even

innovation. Traditional industries and enterprises

eliminating many intermediate processes.

are in particular need to realize digital reformation by leveraging the power of the Internet, driving

Currently, the Internet is starting its infiltration

deeper integration of the physical and digital

into value creation, especially the R&D and

worlds. This has become a new growth trend for



comprehensive. It has a technical dimension, as





we see in the case of Tesla redefining automobiles ■

The Internet is not just mere infrastructure, but more a brand new mindset

using IT and the Internet. It also implies changes in the R&D model, toward, for example, user participation and crowd sourcing. The

The essence of the Internet is being connected

manufacturing field is not immune to this. After

anytime, anywhere. Being an infrastructure

the steam engine, electricity, and IT, the Internet is

element just like the power grid, the Internet has

driving the fourth Industrial Revolution, or Industry

greatly boosted social productivity and reduced

4.0, enabling the integration of efficient mass

cost. However, the value of the Internet is far more

production with the diversity of individualized

than providing connectivity. Its impact is profound

manual workshops. With the infiltration of the

and revolutionary, as it represents a brand new

Internet and ICT into the value creation field, the

mindset, with the core being “all connected at

integration of the digital and physical worlds goes

zero distance” among people, enterprises and their

deeper. Transformation of traditional industries

customers, and business partners.

has just begun.


Industry Trends

Through data analytics, a core competence

It is no exaggeration to say that the core of the

for businesses today, the Internet will

Internet mindset is user-centricity. In designing

create new information monopolies and

products, delivering inspired experience, and

asymmetry while shattering the old ones

promoting brand image via word of mouth, user involvement is a must. However, this is not

The Internet makes information dissemination and

simply the building of online communities and

access impossibly easy. It breaks the traditional

user forums; it involves the transformation of

monopoly of knowledge and information by

management, R&D, and technological architecture.

certain industries and enterprises, who will find it hard to grab the high value they used to enjoy.

ICT is becoming the core of enterprise

But every coin has two sides. While shattering the

competitiveness that enables innovation

old one, the Internet has created new monopolies

and redefinition of the market

and asymmetry of information at a higher level. The Internet giants are collecting massive user and

In the information age, the enterprise ICT system is

transaction data, and leveraging Big Data analytics

not just a support system that improves efficiency

to fully explore user behaviors, thus creating new

and reduces cost, but a customer-centric business

information asymmetry and monopolies over the

and production system. It is shifting the focus from

other enterprises and service providers. A new

“digital management and IT assets” to “digital

monopoly at a higher lever then takes shape.

products and data assets.” It is fair to say that

Information has become an asset more important

ICT has become the core competence and engine

than physical infrastructure. Information and

that propels an enterprise’s business development

data operation are and will continue to be core

and enables innovation for enterprises to redefine

competences that carry great weight.

the market. This is true for any enterprise, be it big or small, from automobile manufacturers to

As power in the value chain shifts toward

hotdog stands. Irrespective of business scope and

users, users have to be fully engaged with

size, future enterprises must first be “high-tech”

their wisdom pooled together to build a

enterprises, fully leveraging ICT to upgrade and

new commanding height

transform themselves. Otherwise, they will be left with no chance, just like riding a horse in an

With the traditional information monopoly

attempt to catch up with a high-speed train.

shattered and information transparency increasing in general, users are getting more power.

As we embrace the next wave of digital society, we

Enterprises must go further than just responding

are seeing the infiltration of the Internet into value

to and meeting customer needs. A higher-level

creation and a deeper integration of the digital

of user-centricity is required that involves users

and physical worlds. “Internet+” has become the

in every business process, from requirement

focus of innovation in traditional industries and a

collection, product ideation and design, R&D,

starting point for their reformation towards digital.

testing, production, marketing, to after-sales services. Only by leveraging users’ collective wisdom can enterprises prosper, together with customers.

Industry Trends

Digital reformation: Riding the trend to win


Reforming business: Business models focusing on product digitalization and

in the future information age

cloud services are a must for enterprises The digital society represents an irreversible trend.

in the information era. Cloud services are

Riding on the trend to establish competitive

all about operations of users and their

strengths for today and into the future, and

data. By taking advantages of business

embracing digital reformation by applying the

model transformations powered by cloud

Internet mindset and ICT technologies, becomes an


inevitable choice. Such reformation toward digital

ICT-enabled cloud services to rebuild the

is not about just using the Internet as a tool; it is

telecom industry.




far more comprehensive and profound. As discussed above, the integration of the digital ■



and physical worlds is reflected in the trend of

business mindset around the core of “all




products towards digital. Every industry must

connected at zero distance”

figure out how to digitalize products. Cloud service is a new business model and business mindset.

When the Internet becomes omnipresent, it

While it differs with enterprises, ranging from

becomes an underlying business mindset too.

products, after-sales services, online information

Enterprises have to embrace the Internet as an

services, online games, to e-commerce, and

intrinsic mindset. Then they rebuild the external

e-banking services, its core boils down to user

formalities like business, marketing, and service

and data operation at a higher level, instead

models around the concept of “all connected at

of just product operation itself. Without cloud

zero distance.” Reformation of internal systems

services, enterprises lack the foundation for such

should then follow, to reengineer the management,

operations. The importance of cloud services as the

R&D, and operation models. Enterprise, in such a

foundation for future business is well illustrated by

way, will be redefined culturally, organizationally,

the example of Nike.

and process-wise. This trend creates a great strategic opportunity Mindset change is a very painful choice, but a must

for the telecom industry, as the ICT infrastructure

for industries and enterprises in transition. When

required for enterprise cloud services would

a new era dawns, the life-or-death question is

become a basic cloud offering itself. When we

not whether to change or not, but how fast you

look at the past history from 1900 to 1930, we

can change.

see enterprises relinquishing their own power


Industry Trends

generators and using electricity from power

Reforming ICT infrastructure: Building

plants, as well as the beginnings of IT deployment

DC-centric ICT infrastructure to fully

through primitive systems such as punchers and

explore the value of information and data,

tabulators. For the next 30 years, we expect to

the so-called “digital oil”

see history repeat itself, as enterprises back out of their own data centers and opt for purchased

For enterprises and carriers, ICT infrastructure

ICT cloud services. With cloud computing-based

is the foundation that supports their business

business model transformation, enterprise ICT will

transformation and digital reformation. In the

be moved to the public cloud, which represents

information age, information & data analytics

a market of similar magnitude to the telecom

and operation become core competences for any

market, a strategic business opportunity worth

enterprise. To explore the value of enterprise

trillions of dollars to the industry.

data, the so-called digital oil, data mining and governance are key. With Big Data analytics,




enterprises are endowed with new intelligence

operation to deliver “all online” and “on

and wisdom to gain customer insights, conduct

demand” services in an automatic and

accurate product development, perform precision

intelligent way, shifting focus from internal

marketing, ensure informed management and

control to external services

decisions, and realize energy conservation.

As mentioned before, power is shifting toward

In the future, all business activities will be digitized.

users irreversibly, with the Internet’s all-connected

Data centers (DCs) will become the core of ICT

and zero-distance features shattering time and

infrastructure, or the “switching center in the

space limits as well as asymmetrical information

digital age.” It is the place where information is

distribution. Internetized operation becomes a

stored, processed, and exchanged; it is also the

must for enterprises. By doing so, they allow

hub where services are handled and transactions

users to obtain services on demand, giving users

made. Thus, building DC-centric ICT infrastructure

their most desired freedom, freedom of choice. To

becomes a necessity in the information age.

support on-demand services, online operation is an indispensable foundation. What we are talking

Reforming and




about here is not simply online interface to interact


architec tures


with users, but user-oriented online operation

software-defined, scale-out computing

to drive all of an enterprise’s internal processes

models, thus setting the trend for the next

online, with automation and intelligence built on

wave of technology revolution

that. Driving behind the success of business innovation In other words, reforming operations is not simply

is the force of technological innovation. It is with

providing online customer service and sales; it

these two wings that the Internet is set to fly high.

is reforming all processes to meet customers’

According to the new interpretation of Moore’s law

on-demand requirements, with the focus shifting

from Turing Award-winner Jim Gray, the volume

from internal management and control to external

of data traffic generated every 18 months now

customer services.

equals that for all of human history. Facing such

Industry Trends


a huge amount of data traffic, which could surge

the scale-up model, which is confined by material

suddenly and unpredictably, ICT infrastructure

and processing constraints, scale-out allows for

must be more agile and scalable, which renders

huge capacity and low cost. Software-defined

the traditional hardware-based architecture and

and scale-out computing models are transforming

pre-planned construction model outdated. To

traditional IT and network architectures, setting the

support business development into the future,

trend for the next wave of technology revolution.

brand new technological architectures that allow for agility and scalability are needed.

The information society is coming at an unstoppable pace. No industries and enterprises

This is exactly where software-defined and

can be outside of it. To ride on this trend,

scale-out computing models come in, which are

enterprises must embrace an Internet mindset

becoming the new normal. Software definition

and advanced ICT technologies & solutions for

refers not only to the IT domain, such as

digital reforming to build leading advantages into

software-defined storage and software-defined

the future. The future belongs not only to Internet

DC, but also to the network domain, including

companies based on the virtual world, but also

software-defined networking (SDN) and network

to those deeply rooted in the physical world.

function virtualization (NFV). It realizes more

Huawei will continue to focus on the pipe strategy

flexible architectures via software, on the basis

surrounding ICT infrastructure, and develop our

of programmable hardware. As for the scale-out

SoftCOM strategy, which integrates the latest ICT

computing model, it is permeating everywhere,

ideas and technologies. We will continue to work

from underlying multi-core chips to distributed

hand-in-hand with our partners to help realize


digital reforming of traditional industries, pushing






distributed network architecture. Different from

the information society to a new height.


Independent Auditor’s Report

Independent Auditor’s Report

Independent auditor’s report on the consolidated financial statements summary to the Board of Directors of Huawei Investment & Holding Co., Ltd.

We are the auditor of Huawei Investment & Holding Co., Ltd. and its subsidiaries (the “Group”). We have audited the consolidated financial statements of the Group prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (the “audited consolidated financial statements”) for the year ended December 31, 2013. We have issued an unqualified audit report dated March 10, 2014 on the audited consolidated financial statements of the Group for the year ended December 31, 2013. Huawei Investment & Holding Co., Ltd. is not a public company and is not required to publish its audited consolidated financial statements under the Company Law of the People’s Republic of China. The Group publishes a consolidated financial statements summary set out on pages 55 to 105 comprising the consolidated statement of financial position as at December 31, 2013, the consolidated statement of profit or loss, the consolidated statement of cash flows for the year then ended, and a summary of significant accounting policies and other explanatory information, which is derived from the audited consolidated financial statements of the Group. The audited consolidated financial statements and the consolidated financial statements summary do not reflect the effects of events that occurred subsequent to the date of our report on the audited consolidated financial statements. The consolidated financial statements summary does not contain all the disclosures required by International Financial Reporting Standards in the preparation of the audited consolidated financial statements of the Group, and that reading the consolidated financial statements summary is not a substitute for reading the audited consolidated financial statements of the Group.

Management’s responsibility for the consolidated financial statements summary Management is responsible for the preparation of a consolidated financial statements summary on the basis described in Note 1(a). Auditor’s responsibility Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the consolidated financial statements summary based on our procedures, which were conducted in accordance with International Standard on Auditing 810, “Engagements to Report on Summary Financial Statements”. Our work included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the consistency of the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements summary to the audited consolidated financial statements of the Group. We have not performed an audit on the consolidated financial statements summary, accordingly, we do not express an audit opinion. Opinion In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements summary derived from the audited consolidated financial statements of the Group for the year ended December 31, 2013 are consistent, in all material respects, with those consolidated financial statements, on the basis described in Note 1(a).

KPMG Huazhen (Special General Partnership) Certified Public Accountants 9th Floor, China Resources Building 5001 Shennan East Road Shenzhen 518001, China March 28, 2014

Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes


Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

Consolidated Statement of Profit or Loss




CNY million

CNY million Restated (Note 2)



Cost of sales



Gross profit



Research and development expenses



Selling and administrative expenses




Other (income)/operating expenses, net



Operating profit before financing costs







Net finance expenses


Share of associates’ results



Share of joint ventures’ results
















Profit before taxation Income tax Profit for the year



Attributable to:   Equity holders of the Company   Non-controlling interests Profit for the year

The notes on pages 58 to 105 form part of this consolidated financial statements summary.


Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

Consolidated Statement of Financial Position December 31, 2013 CNY million

December 31, 2012 CNY million

22,209 2,761 2,410 3,343 270 211 584 11,577 335 14 974

20,366 2,361 1,689 3,389 243 250 549 9,805 497 407 982



8,545 24,929 65,534 14,437 73,399 –

4,469 22,237 59,829 15,407 67,180 346

Current assets



Total assets



Equity Equity attributable to equity holders   of the Company Non-controlling interests





Total equity



19,990 9,608 2,746 476 782

16,077 9,686 2,218 784 586



3,043 4,034 31,980 67,889 4,718

4,677 1,653 40,273 55,379 3,649

Current liabilities



Total liabilities



Total equity and liabilities



Note Assets Property, plant and equipment Long-term leasehold prepayments Intangible assets Goodwill Interest in associates Interest in joint ventures Other investments Deferred tax assets Trade receivables Other receivables Other non-current assets

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 18 19

Non-current assets Other investments Inventories Trade and bills receivable Other receivables Cash and cash equivalents Assets held for sale

Liabilities Borrowings Defined benefit obligations Deferred government grants Deferred tax liabilities Provisions

15 17 18 19 20 21


16 26(a)

Non-current liabilities Borrowings Income tax payable Trade and bills payable Other payables Provisions

22 23 24 26(a)

The notes on pages 58 to 105 form part of this consolidated financial statements summary.

Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes


Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows




CNY million

CNY million







Cash flows from operating activities Cash receipts from customers Cash paid to suppliers and employees Other operating cash flows Net cash from operating activities



Net cash used in investing activities



Net cash used in financing activities



Net increase in cash and cash equivalents





Cash and cash equivalents at January 1



Effect of foreign exchange rate changes Cash and cash equivalents at December 31



The notes on pages 58 to 105 form part of this consolidated financial statements summary.

(375) 67,180


Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements Summary

1. Basis of preparation of the consolidated financial


summar y

(c) Translation of foreign currencies


significant accounting policies

i) Foreign currency transactions Foreign

(a) Basis of preparation




the year are translated to the respective functional currencies of group entities at

Huawei Investment & Holding Co., Ltd. (the

the foreign exchange rates ruling at the

“Company”) and its subsidiaries (together

transaction dates. Monetary assets and

referred to as the “Group”) have prepared a

liabilities denominated in foreign currencies

full set of consolidated financial statements

are translated to the functional currency at

(“consolidated financial statements”) for

the foreign exchange rates ruling at the end

the year ended December 31, 2013 in

of the reporting period. Exchange gains and

accordance with all applicable International

losses are recognised in profit or loss.

Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRSs”), which collective term includes all applicable

Non-monetary assets and liabilities that

individual IFRSs, International Accounting

are measured in terms of historical cost

Standards (“IASs”) and Interpretations

in a foreign currency are translated using

issued by the International Accounting

the foreign exchange rates ruling at the

Standards Board (“IASB”).

transaction dates. Non-monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies

The consolidated financial statements

that are stated at fair value are translated

summary has been prepared and presented

using the foreign exchange rates ruling at

based on the audited consolidated financial

the dates the fair value was measured.

statements for the year ended December 31, 2013 in order to disclose material

ii) Foreign operations

financial and operational information.

The results of foreign operations, except

The intended users of the consolidated

for foreign operations in hyperinflationary

financial statements summary can obtain

economies, are translated into CNY at the

access to the audited consolidated financial

exchange rates approximating the foreign

statements for the year ended December

exchange rates ruling at the dates of the

31, 2013 upon consent of the Group’s

transactions. Statement of financial position

Management through the email address,

items are translated into CNY at the closing

[email protected]

foreign exchange rates at the end of the reporting period. The resulting exchange

(b) Functional and presentation currency






comprehensive income and accumulated All financial information in the consolidated

separately in equity in the exchange reserve.

financial statements summary is presented

If the operation is a non-wholly-owned

in Chinese Yuan (“CNY”), which is the

subsidiary, then the relevant proportionate

Company’s functional currency. All amounts

share of the exchange difference is allocated

have been rounded to the nearest million.

to the non-controlling interests.


Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

The results of foreign operations in

The consideration transferred does not

hyperinflationary economies are translated

include amounts related to the settlement

to CNY at the exchange rates ruling at

of pre-existing relationships. Such amounts

the end of the reporting period. Prior to

generally are recognised in profit or loss.

translating the financial statements of foreign operations in hyperinflationary

Any contingent consideration payable is

economies, their financial statements for

measured at fair value at the acquisition

the current year are restated to account for

date. If the contingent consideration

changes in the general purchasing power

is classified as equity, then it is not

of the local currencies. The restatement is

remeasured and settlement is accounted

based on relevant price indices at the end

for within equity. Otherwise, subsequent

of the reporting period.

changes in the fair value of the contingent consideration are recognised in profit or

When a foreign operation is disposed of in


its entirety or partially such that control, significant influence or joint control is lost,

Goodwill arising on a business combination

the cumulative amount in the exchange

represents the excess of:

reserve related to that foreign operation is reclassified to profit or loss as part of the gain or loss on disposal.

(i) the aggregate of the fair value of the consideration transferred, the recognised





When the Group disposes of only part of

controlling interests in the acquiree and

its interest in a subsidiary that includes a

the fair value of the Group’s previously

foreign operation while retaining control,

held equity interest in the acquiree; over

the relevant proportion of the cumulative amount is reattributed to non-controlling

(ii) the net fair value of the acquiree’s

interests. When the Group disposes of

identifiable assets acquired and liabilities

only part of its investment in an associate

assumed as at the acquisition date.

or a joint venture that includes a foreign operation




When (ii) is greater than (i), then this excess

influence or joint control, the relevant

is recognised immediately in profit or loss

proportion of the cumulative amount is

as a gain on a bargain purchase.

reclassified to profit or loss. Goodwill is stated at cost less accumulated (d) Business combinations and goodwill

impairment losses (see note 1(l)). Goodwill is allocated to each cash-generating unit,



or groups of cash generating units, that is

combinations using the acquisition method




expected to benefit from the synergies of

when control is transferred to the Group

the combination and is tested annually for

(see note 1(e)). The consideration transferred

impairment (see note 1(l)).

in the acquisition is generally measured at fair value, as are the identifiable net assets acquired. Transaction costs are expensed as incurred.


Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

(e) Subsidiaries


non - controlling


Non-controlling interests are presented in the consolidated statement of financial position within equity, separately from

Subsidiaries are entities controlled by the

equity attributable to the equity holders of

Group. The Group controls an entity when

the Company. Non-controlling interests in

it is exposed, or has rights, to variable

the results of the Group are presented on

returns from its involvement with the entity

the face of the consolidated statement of

and has the ability to affect those returns

profit or loss and the consolidated statement

through its power over the entity. When

of profit or loss and other comprehensive

assessing whether the Group has power,

income as an allocation of the total profit

only substantive rights (held by the Group

or loss and total comprehensive income for

and other parties) are considered.

the year between non-controlling interests and the equity holders of the Company.

An investment in a subsidiary is consolidated into the consolidated financial statements

Changes in the Group’s interests in

from the date that control commences until

a subsidiary that do not result in a loss

the date that control ceases. Intra-group

of control are accounted for as equity

balances and transactions and cash flows

transactions, whereby adjustments are

and any unrealised profits arising from

made to the amounts of controlling

intra-group transactions are eliminated in


full in preparing the consolidated financial

consolidated equity to reflect the change

statements. Unrealised losses resulting from

in relative interests, but no adjustments

intra-group transactions are eliminated in

are made to goodwill and no gain or loss

the same way as unrealised gains but only

is recognised.




to the extent that there is no evidence of impairment.

When the Group loses control of a subsidiary, it is accounted for as a disposal

Non-controlling interests represent the

of the entire interest in that subsidiary, with

equity in a subsidiary not attributable

a resulting gain or loss being recognised in

directly or indirectly to the Company, and in

profit or loss. Any interest retained in that

respect of which the Group has not agreed

former subsidiary at the date when control

any additional terms with the holders of

is lost is recognised at fair value and this

those interests which would result in the

amount is regarded as the fair value on

Group as a whole having a contractual

initial recognition of a financial asset (see

obligation in respect of those interests that

note 1(o)) or, when appropriate, the cost

meets the definition of a financial liability.

on initial recognition of an investment in

For each business combination, the Group

an associate or joint venture (see note 1(f)).

can elect to measure any non-controlling interests either at fair value or at the noncontrolling interests’ proportionate share of the subsidiary’s net identifiable assets.

Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

(f) Associates and joint ventures


the joint venture, the Group’s interest is reduced to nil and recognition of further

An associate is an entity in which the Group

losses is discontinued except to the extent

has significant influence, but not control

that the Group has incurred legal or

or joint control, over its management,

constructive obligations or made payments

including participation in the financial and

on behalf of the investee. For this purpose,

operating policy decisions.

the Group’s interest is the carrying amount of the investment under the equity method

A joint venture is an arrangement whereby

together with the Group’s long-term

the Group and other parties contractually

interests that in substance form part of the

agree to share control of the arrangement,

Group’s net investment in the associate or

and have rights to the net assets of the

the joint venture.

arrangement. Unrealised profits and losses resulting from An investment in an associate or a joint

transactions between the Group and its

venture is accounted for in the consolidated

associates and joint ventures are eliminated

financial statements using the equity

to the extent of the Group’s interest in the

method. Under the equity method, the

investee, except where unrealised losses

investment is initially recorded at cost,

provide evidence of an impairment of the

adjusted for any excess of the Group’s

asset transferred, in which case they are

share of the acquisition-date fair values

recognised immediately in profit or loss.

of the investee’s identifiable net assets over the cost of the investment (if any).

If an investment in an associate becomes an

Thereafter, the investment is adjusted for

investment in a joint venture or vice versa,

the post acquisition change in the Group’s

retained interest is not remeasured. Instead,

share of the investee’s net assets and any

the investment continues to be accounted

impairment loss relating to the investment

for under the equity method.

(see note 1(l)). Any acquisition-date excess over cost, the Group’s share of the post-

In other cases, when the Group ceases to

acquisition, post-tax results of the investees

have significant influence over an associate

and any impairment losses for the year are

or joint control over a joint venture, it is

recognised in the consolidated statement of

accounted for as a disposal of the entire

profit or loss, whereas the Group’s share of

interest in that investee, with a resulting

the post-acquisition post-tax items of the

gain or loss being recognised in profit or

investees’ other comprehensive income is

loss. Any interest retained in that former

recognised in the consolidated statement

investee at the date when significant

of profit or loss and other comprehensive

influence or joint control is lost is recognised


at fair value and this amount is regarded as the fair value on initial recognition of a

When the Group’s share of losses equals or exceeds its interest in the associate or

financial asset (see note 1(o)).


Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

(g) Investment property

Gains or losses arising from the retirement or disposal of an item of property, plant and

Investment properties are land and/

equipment are determined as the difference

or buildings which are owned or held

between the net disposal proceeds and

under a leasehold interest (see note 1(k))

the carrying amount of the item and are

to earn rental income and/or for capital

recognised in profit or loss on the date of


retirement or disposal.

Investment properties are stated at cost

ii) Subsequent costs

less accumulated depreciation (see note

The cost of replacing part of an item of

1(h)(iii)) and impairment losses (see note

property, plant and equipment is recognised

1(l)). Depreciation is calculated to write off

in the carrying amount of the item if it is

the cost of items of investment property,

probable that the future economic benefits

less their estimated residual value, if any,

embodied within the part will flow to the

using the straight line method over their

Group and its cost can be measured reliably.

estimated useful lives. Rental income from

The carrying amount of the replaced

investment properties is accounted for as

component is derecognised. The costs of

described in note 1(s)(iv).

the day-to-day servicing of property, plant and equipment are recognised in profit or

(h) Other property, plant and equipment i) Recognition and measurement

loss as incurred. iii) Depreciation

Items of property, plant and equipment

Depreciation is calculated to write off

are stated at cost less accumulated

the cost of items of property, plant and

depreciation and impairment losses (see

equipment, less their estimated residual

note 1(l)). Cost includes expenditure that

value, if any, using the straight line method

is directly attributable to the acquisition

over their estimated useful lives as follows:

of the assets. The cost of self-constructed Estimated useful lives

items of property, plant and equipment includes the cost of materials, direct labour, costs of dismantling and removing the items

Freehold land and construction in progress are not depreciated

and restoring the site on which they are


located, and an appropriate proportion of production overheads and borrowing costs

Machinery, electronic equipment and other equipment

(see note 1(t)).

Motor vehicles

Construction in progress is transferred to

Decoration and leasehold improvements

the initial estimate, where relevant, of the

other property, plant and equipment when it is ready for its intended use.

20 years 3 to 10 years 5 years 2 to 5 years


Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

Where parts of an item of property, plant

recognised as expenses in profit or loss in

and equipment have different useful lives,

the period in which they are incurred.

the cost or valuation of the item is allocated on a reasonable basis between the parts

ii) Other intangible assets

and each part is depreciated separately.

Other intangible assets that are acquired

Both the useful life of an item of property,

by the Group are stated at cost less

plant and equipment and its residual value,

accumulate d

if any, are reviewed annually.

the estimated useful life is finite) and

am or tis ation

(w here

impairment losses (see note 1(l)). (i) Long-term leasehold prepayments iii) Amortisation Long-term leasehold prepayments represent

Amortisation of intangible assets with finite

land premium, resettlement fees and related

useful lives is charged to profit or loss on a

expenses in obtaining the relevant land use

straight-line basis over the assets’ estimated

rights. Long-term leasehold prepayments

useful lives. The following intangible assets

are stated at cost, less accumulated

with finite useful lives are amortised from

amortisation and impairment losses (see

the date they are available for use and their

note 1(l)).

estimated useful lives are as follows:

Amortisation is charged to the consolidated


statement of profit or loss on a straight-line


basis over the period of the land use rights


3 years 3 to 22 years 10 years

which is generally not exceeding 50 years. Both the period and method of amortisation (j) Intangible assets i) Research and development

are reviewed annually. Intangible assets are not amortised while

Research and development costs comprise

their useful lives are assessed to be

all costs that are directly attributable to

indefinite. Any conclusion that the useful

research and development activities or that

life of an intangible asset is indefinite is

can be allocated on a reasonable basis

reviewed annually to determine whether

to such activities. Because of the nature

events and circumstances continue to

of the Group’s research and development

support the indefinite useful life assessment

activities, the criteria for the recognition of

for that asset. If they do not, the change in

such costs as assets are generally not met

the useful life assessment from indefinite

until late in the development stage of the

to finite is accounted for prospectively from

project when the remaining development

the date of change and in accordance with

costs are immaterial. Hence both research

the policy for amortisation of intangible

costs and development costs are generally

assets with finite lives as set out above.


Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

(k) Leased assets

made. Contingent rentals are charged to profit or loss in the accounting period in

An arrangement, comprising a transaction

which they are incurred.

or a series of transactions, is or contains a lease if the Group determines that the

(l) Impairment of assets

arrangement conveys a right to use a specific asset or assets for an agreed period

i) Impairment of investments in debt and

of time in return for a payment or a series

equity securities and others receivables

of payments. Such a determination is made

Investments in debt and equity securities

based on an evaluation of the substance


of the arrangement and is regardless of

receivables that are stated at cost or

whether the arrangement takes the legal

amortised cost or are classified as available-

form of a lease.

for-sale securities are reviewed at the end of





each reporting period to determine whether i) Classification of assets leased to the Group

there is objective evidence of impairment.

Assets that are held by the Group under

Objective evidence of impairment includes

leases which transfer to the Group

observable data that comes to the attention

substantially all the risks and rewards of

of the Group about one or more of the

ownership are classified as being held under

following loss events:

finance leases. Leases which do not transfer substantially all the risks and rewards of

operating leases.

significant financial difficulty of the debtor;

ownership to the Group are classified as ■

a breach of contract, such as a default or delinquency in interest or principal payments;

ii) Operating lease charges Where the Group has the use of assets

it becoming probable that the debtor

held under operating leases, payments

will enter bankruptcy or other financial

made under the leases are charged to


profit or loss in equal instalments over the

significant changes in the technological,

accounting periods covered by the lease

market, economic or legal environment

term, except where an alternative basis

that have an adverse effect on the

is more representative of the pattern of

debtor; and

benefits to be derived from the leased asset.





recognised in profit or loss as an integral part of the aggregate net lease payments

a significant or prolonged decline in the fair value of an investment in an equity instrument below its cost.

Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes


If any such evidence exists, any impairment

characteristics, such as similar past due

loss is determined and recognised as

status, and have not been individually


assessed as impaired. Future cash flows for financial assets which are assessed

For investments in associates and joint

for impairment collectively are based on

ventures accounted for under the equity

historical loss experience for assets with

method (see note 1(f)), the impairment

credit risk characteristics similar to the

loss is measured by comparing the

collective group.

recoverable amount of the investment with its carrying amount in accordance

If in a subsequent period the amount of

with note 1(l)(ii). The impairment

an impairment loss decreases and the

loss is reversed if there has been a

decrease can be linked objectively to

favourable change in the estimates used

an event occurring after the impairment

to determine the recoverable amount in

loss was recognised, the impairment

accordance with note 1(l)(ii).

loss is reversed through profit or loss. A reversal of an impairment loss shall

For unquoted equity securities carried

not result in the asset’s carrying amount

at cost, the impairment loss is measured

exceeding that which would have been

as the difference between the carrying

determined had no impairment loss

amount of the financial asset and the

been recognised in prior years.

estimated future cash flows, discounted at the current market rate of return for

For available-for-sale securities, the

a similar financial asset where the effect

cumulative loss that has been recognised

of discounting is material. Impairment

in the fair value reserve is reclassified

losses for equity securities are not

to profit or loss. The amount of the


cumulative loss that is recognised in profit or loss is the difference between

For trade and other current receivables

the acquisition cost (net of any principal

and other financial assets carried at


amortised cost, the impairment loss is

current fair value, less any impairment

measured as the difference between

loss on that asset previously recognised

the asset’s carrying amount and the

in profit or loss.




present value of estimated future cash flows, discounted at the financial asset’s

Impairment losses recognised in profit

original effective interest rate (i.e. the

or loss in respect of available-for-

effective interest rate computed at initial

sale equity securities are not reversed

recognition of these assets), where the

through profit or loss. Any subsequent

effect of discounting is material. This

increase in the fair value of such assets

assessment is made collectively where

is recognised in other comprehensive

these financial assets share similar risk



Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes


If any such indication exists, the asset’s

available-for-sale debt securities are

recoverable amount is estimated. In

reversed if the subsequent increase in

addition, for goodwill, intangible assets that

fair value can be objectively related to

are not yet available for use and intangible

an event occurring after the impairment

assets that have indefinite useful lives, the

loss was recognised. Reversals of

recoverable amount is estimated annually

impairment losses in such circumstances

whether or not there is any indication of

are recognised in profit or loss.






Impairment losses are written off against

Calculation of recoverable amount

the corresponding assets directly, except for

The recoverable amount of an asset is

impairment losses recognised in respect of

the greater of its fair value less costs of

trade and bills receivable, whose recovery is

disposal and value in use. In assessing

considered doubtful but not remote. In this

value in use, the estimated future cash

case, the impairment losses for doubtful

flows are discounted to their present

debts are recorded using an allowance

value using a pre-tax discount rate that

account. When the Group is satisfied that

reflects current market assessments

recovery is remote, the amount considered

of time value of money and the risks

irrecoverable is written off against trade and

specific to the asset. Where an asset

bills receivable directly and any amounts

does not generate cash inflows largely

held in the allowance account relating

independent of those from other assets,

to that debt are reversed. Subsequent

the recoverable amount is determined

recoveries of amounts previously charged to

for the smallest group of assets that

the allowance account are reversed against

generates cash inflows independently

the allowance account. Other changes in

(i.e. a cash-generating unit).

the allowance account and subsequent recoveries of amounts previously written off directly are recognised in profit or loss.

Recognition of impairment loss An impairment loss is recognised in profit or loss if the carrying amount of

ii) Impairment of other assets

an asset, or the cash-generating unit to

Internal and external sources of information

which it belongs, exceeds its recoverable

are reviewed at the end of each reporting

amount. Impairment losses recognised

period to identify indications that the

in respect of cash-generating units are

following assets may be impaired or, except

allocated first to reduce the carrying

in the case of goodwill, an impairment loss

amount of any goodwill allocated to the

previously recognised no longer exists or

cash-generating unit (or group of units)

may have decreased:

and then, to reduce the carrying amount of the other assets in the unit (or group

investment property and other property, plant and equipment;

of units) on a pro rata basis, except that the carrying value of an asset will not be

long-term leasehold prepayments;

reduced below its individual fair value

other long-term deferred assets;

less costs of disposal (if measurable) or

intangible assets; and

value in use (if determinable).


Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

Reversals of impairment losses


related revenue is recognised. The amount

In respect of assets other than goodwill,

of any write-down of inventories to net

an impairment loss is reversed if there

realisable value and all losses of inventories

has been a favourable change in

are recognised as an expense in the period

the estimates used to determine the

the write-down or loss occurs. The amount

recoverable amount. An impairment loss

of any reversal of any write-down of

in respect of goodwill is not reversed.

inventories is recognised as a reduction in the amount of inventories recognised as an

A reversal of an impairment loss is

expense in the period in which the reversal

limited to the asset’s carrying amount


that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognised

(n) Construction contracts

in prior years. Reversals of impairment losses are credited to profit or loss


in the year in which the reversals are

specifically negotiated with a customer for


the construction of an asset or a group




of assets, where the customer is able to (m) Inventories

specify the major structural elements of the design. The accounting policy for contract

Inventories are carried at the lower of cost

revenue is set out in note 1(s)(ii). When the

and net realisable value.

outcome of a construction contract can be estimated reliably, contract costs are

Cost is calculated using the standard cost

recognised as an expense by reference to

method with periodical adjustments of

the stage of completion of the contract

cost variance to arrive at the actual cost,

at the end of the reporting period. When

which approximates weighted average cost

it is probable that total contract costs

formula. The cost of inventories includes

will exceed total contract revenue, the

expenditures incurred in acquiring the

expected loss is recognised as an expense

inventories and bringing them to their

immediately. When the outcome of a

existing location and condition. In the case

construction contract cannot be estimated

of manufactured inventories and work in

reliably, contract costs are recognised as

progress, cost includes an appropriate share

an expense in the period in which they are

of overheads based on normal operating


capacity. Construction contracts in progress at the Net realisable value is the estimated selling

end of the reporting period are recorded

price in the ordinary course of business, less

at the net amount of costs incurred plus

the estimated costs of completion and the

recognised profit less recognised losses

estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

and progress billings, and are presented in the consolidated statement of financial

When inventories are sold, the carrying

position as “gross amount due from third-

amount of those inventories is recognised

party customers for contract works” (as

as an expense in the period in which the

an asset) or “gross amount due to third-


Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

party customers for contract works” (as

by the Group is recognised as a separate

a liability), as applicable. Progress billings

asset or liability. The Group derecognises

not yet paid by the customer are included

a financial liability when its contractual

in the consolidated statement of financial

obligations are discharged, cancelled, or






Amounts received before the related work is performed are included under “other

Financial assets and financial liabilities are


offset and the net amount presented in the consolidated statement of financial

(o) Financial





position when, and only when, the Group has a legal right to offset the amounts and intends either to settle them on a net basis

Non-derivative financial assets of the

or to realise the asset and settle the liability

Group comprise financial assets at fair


value through profit or loss, loans and receivables, cash and cash equivalents and available-for-sale financial assets.

ii) Measurement ■

Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss

Non-derivative financial liabilities of the

A financial asset is classified as at

Group comprise interest-bearing loans and

fair value through profit or loss if it

borrowings, and other financial liabilities.

is classified as held-for-trading or is designated as such on initial recognition. Directly attributable transaction costs

i) Recognition and derecognition Non-derivative financial assets and financial

are recognised in profit or loss as

liabilities are recognised in the consolidated

incurred. At the end of each reporting

statement of financial position when the

period the fair value is remeasured,

Group becomes a party to the contractual

with any resultant gain or loss being

provisions of the instrument.

recognised in profit or loss. The net gain or loss recognised in profit or loss does

The Group derecognises a financial asset

not include any dividends or interest

when the contractual rights to the cash

earned on these investments as these

flows from the asset expire, or it transfers

are recognised in accordance with the

the rights to receive the contractual cash

policies set out in note 1(t).

flows in a transaction in which substantially all of the risks and rewards of ownership

Loans and receivables

of the financial asset are transferred, or it

Loans and receivables are initially

neither transfers nor retains substantially all

recognised at fair value and thereafter

of the risks and rewards of ownership and

stated at amortised cost less allowance

does not retain control over the transferred

for impairment of doubtful debts (see

asset. Any interest in such derecognised

note 1(l)), except where the receivables

financial assets that is created or retained

are interest-free loans made to related

Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes


parties without any fixed repayment

three months of maturity at acquisition.

terms or the effect of discounting

Bank overdrafts that are repayable on

would be immaterial. In such cases,

demand and form an integral part of

the receivables are stated at cost less

the Group’s cash management are also

allowance for impairment of doubtful

included as a component of cash and


cash equivalents for the purpose of the consolidated statement of cash flows.

From time to time, the Group transfers its trade receivables to banks or financial

Available-for-sale financial assets

institutions; the bank or the financial

Available -for-sale



institution fully bears the collection risk

are non-derivative financial assets

without the right to receive payments

that are not classified in any of the

from the Group in the event a loss

above categories of financial assets.

occurs due to the non-collectibility

Available-for-sale financial assets are

of the receivables transferred. The

recognised initially at fair value plus any

Group’s customers make payments of

directly attributable transaction costs.

the receivables transferred directly to

At the end of each reporting period

the bank or the financial institution. In

the fair value is remeasured, with any

such case, trade receivables transferred

resultant gain or loss being recognised

are derecognised from the consolidated

in other comprehensive income and

statement of financial position. The

accumulated separately in equity in the

excess of the carrying amount of trade

fair value reserve. As an exception to

receivables over cash received from the

this, available-for-sale financial assets

banks or financial institutions is included

that do not have a quoted price in an

in “other (income)/operating expenses,

active market for an identical instrument

net” in the consolidated statement of

and whose fair value cannot otherwise

profit or loss.

be reliably measured are recognised in the consolidated statement of financial

Cash and cash equivalents

position at cost less impairment losses

Cash and cash equivalents comprise

(see note 1(l)). Dividend income is

cash at bank and on hand, demand

recognised in profit or loss in accordance

deposits with banks and other financial

with the policy set out in note 1(t) and,

institutions, and short-term, highly liquid

where these investments are interest-

investments that are readily convertible

bearing, interest calculated using the

into known amounts of cash and which

effective interest method is recognised

are subject to an insignificant risk of

in profit or loss in accordance with the

changes in value, having been within

policy set out in note 1(t).


Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

When these assets are derecognised or

settlement is deferred and the effect would

impaired (see note 1(l)), the cumulative

be material, these amounts are stated at

gain or loss is reclassified from equity to

their present values.

profit or loss. ii) Defined benefit obligations ■

Interest-bearing loans and borrowings

The Group’s obligation in respect of defined

Interest-bearing loans and borrowings

benefit plans is calculated separately for

are recognised initially at fair value

each plan by estimating the amount of

less attributable transaction costs.

future benefit that employees have earned



in return for their service in the current and

interest-bearing loans and borrowings

prior periods; that benefit is discounted to

are stated at amortised cost with any

determine the present value. The calculation

difference between the amount initially

is performed by management using the

recognised and redemption value being

projected unit credit method.



recognised in profit or loss over the period of the loans and borrowings,

Service cost and interest cost on the

together with any interest and fees

defined benefit obligations are recognised

payable, using the effective interest

in profit or loss. Service cost is allocated


by function as part of “cost of sales”, “research and development expenses”,

Other financial liabilities Trade




“selling and administrative expenses”. are

Current service cost is measured as the

initially recognised at fair value and

increase in the present value of the

subsequently stated at amortised cost

defined benefit obligations resulting from

unless the effect of discounting would

employee service in the current period.

be immaterial, in which case they are

When the benefits of a plan are changed,

stated at cost.

or when a plan is curtailed, the portion of the changed benefit related to past

(p) Employee benefits

service by employees, or the gain or loss on curtailment, is recognised as an expense in

i) Short term employee benefits and contributions

profit or loss at the earlier of when the plan

to defined contribution retirement plans

amendment or curtailment occurs and when

Salaries, annual bonuses, paid annual leave

related restructuring costs or termination

and contributions to defined contribution

benefits are recognised. Interest cost on

retirement plans are accrued in the year

defined benefit obligations for the period

in which the associated services are

is determined by applying the discount

rendered by employees. Where payment or

rate used to measure the defined benefit

Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

obligation at the beginning of the reporting


ii) Provision for onerous contracts

period to the defined benefit obligations.

A provision for onerous contracts is

The discount rate is the yield at the end

recognised when the expected benefits to

of the reporting period on high quality

be derived by the Group from a contract

corporate bonds that have maturity dates

are lower than the unavoidable cost of

approximating the terms of the Group’s

meeting its obligations under the contract.


The provision is measured at the present value of the lower of the expected cost of

Remeasurements arising from defined

terminating the contract and the expected

benefit plans are recognised immediately

net cost of continuing with the contract.

in other comprehensive income and

Before a provision is established, the Group

shall not be reclassified to profit or loss

recognises any impairment loss on the

in a subsequent period. However, the

assets associated with that contract.




in other comprehensive income may be

iii) Other provisions and contingent liabilities

transferred within equity. Remeasurements

Provisions are recognised for other liabilities

include actuarial gains and losses.

of uncertain timing or amount when the Group has a legal or constructive obligation

(q) Provisions and contingent liabilities

arising as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of economic

i) Provision for warranties

benefits will be required to settle the

The Group provides warranty on its products

obligation and a reliable estimate can be

for a period typically covering 12 to 24

made. Where the time value of money

months. The Group estimates the costs

is material, provisions are stated at the

that may be incurred under its warranty

present value of the expenditure expected

obligations and records a liability in the

to settle the obligation.

amount of such costs when revenue is recognised. Warranty costs generally include

Where it is not probable that an outflow

parts, labour costs and service centre

of economic benefits will be required, or

support. Factors that affect the Group’s

the amount cannot be estimated reliably,

warranty liability include the number of

the obligation is disclosed as a contingent

installed units, historical and anticipated

liability, unless the probability of outflow

rates of warranty claims. The Group

of economic benefits is remote. Possible

periodically reassesses its warranty liabilities

obligations, whose existence will only

and adjusts the amounts as necessary.

be confirmed by the occurrence or nonoccurrence of one or more future events are also disclosed as contingent liabilities unless the probability of outflow of economic benefits is remote.


Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

(r) Income tax

temporary differences, provided those differences relate to the same taxation

Income tax for the year comprises current

authority and the same taxable entity,

tax and movements in deferred tax assets

and are expected to reverse either in the

and liabilities. Current tax and movements

same period as the expected reversal of

in deferred tax assets and liabilities are

the deductible temporary difference or in

recognised in profit or loss except to the

periods into which a tax loss arising from

extent that they relate to items recognised

the deferred tax asset can be carried back

in other comprehensive income or directly

or forward. The same criteria are adopted

in equity, in which case the relevant


amounts of tax are recognised in other

taxable temporary differences support the

comprehensive income or directly in equity,

recognition of deferred tax assets arising


from unused tax losses and credits, that is,




those differences are taken into account if Current tax is the expected tax payable on

they relate to the same taxation authority

the taxable income for the year, using tax

and the same taxable entity, and are

rates enacted or substantively enacted at

expected to reverse in a period, or periods,

the end of the reporting period, and any

in which the tax loss or credit can be

adjustment to tax payable in respect of


previous years. The limited exceptions to recognition Deferred tax assets and liabilities arise

of deferred tax assets and liabilities are

from deductible and taxable temporary

those temporary differences arising from



the initial recognition of goodwill, the

differences between the carrying amounts

initial recognition of assets or liabilities

of assets and liabilities for financial

that affect neither accounting nor taxable

reporting purposes and their tax bases.

profit (provided they are not part of a

Deferred tax assets also arise from unused

business combination), and temporary

tax losses and unused tax credits.

differences relating to investments in

respec tively,


subsidiaries to the extent that, in the case Apart from certain limited exceptions, all

of taxable differences, the Group controls

deferred tax liabilities, and all deferred

the timing of the reversal and it is probable

tax assets to the extent that it is probable

that the differences will not reverse in

that future taxable profits will be available

the foreseeable future, or in the case of

against which the asset can be utilised, are

deductible differences, unless it is probable

recognised. Future taxable profits that may

that they will reverse in the future.

support the recognition of deferred tax assets arising from deductible temporary

The amount of deferred tax recognised is

differences include those that will arise

measured based on the expected manner

from the reversal of existing taxable

of realisation or settlement of the carrying

Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes


amount of the assets and liabilities, using

liabilities on a net basis or realise and

tax rates enacted or substantively enacted

settle simultaneously.

at the end of the reporting period. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are not discounted.

(s) Revenue recognition

The carrying amount of a deferred tax asset

Revenue is measured at the fair value of

is reviewed at the end of each reporting

the consideration received or receivable.

period and is reduced to the extent that

Provided it is probable that the economic

it is no longer probable that sufficient

benefits will flow to the Group and the

taxable profits will be available to allow the

revenue and costs, if applicable, can be

related tax benefit to be utilised. Any such

measured reliably, revenue is recognised in

reduction is reversed to the extent that it

profit or loss as follows:

becomes probable that sufficient taxable profits will be available.

i) Sale of goods and provision of services Revenue from sale of goods is recognised

Current tax balances and deferred tax

when the significant risks and rewards of

balances, and movements therein, are

ownership of goods have been transferred

presented separately from each other and

to the buyer. Revenue from provision of

are not offset. Current tax assets are offset

services is recognised at the time when

against current tax liabilities, and deferred

the services are provided. No revenue

tax assets against deferred tax liabilities, if

is recognised if there are significant

the Group has the legally enforceable right

uncertainties regarding the recovery of the

to set off current tax assets against current

consideration due, associated costs or the

tax liabilities and the following additional

possible return of goods. Revenue excludes

conditions are met:

value added tax or other sales taxes and is after deduction of any trade discounts.

in the case of current tax assets and liabilities, the Group intends either

ii) Contract revenue

to settle on a net basis, or to realise

When the outcome of a construction

the asset and settle the liability

contract can be estimated reliably, revenue

simultaneously; or

from a fixed price contract is recognised

in the case of deferred tax assets and

using the percentage of completion

liabilities, if they relate to income taxes

method, measured by reference to the

levied by the same taxation authority on

percentage of contract costs incurred to


date to estimated total contract costs for

the same taxable entity; or

different taxable entities, which, in

the contract.

each future period in which significant

When the outcome of a construction

amounts of deferred tax liabilities or

contract cannot be estimated reliably,

assets are expected to be settled or

revenue is recognised only to the extent of

recovered, intend to realise the current

contract costs incurred that it is probable

tax assets and settle the current tax

will be recoverable.


Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

iii) Government grants

the fair value of held-for-trading financial

Government grants are recognised in the

assets. Interest income is recognised as

consolidated statement of financial position

it accrues using the effective interest

initially when there is reasonable assurance

method. Dividend income from listed and

that they will be received and that the

unlisted investments is recognised when

Group will comply with the conditions

the equity holder’s right to receive payment

attaching to them. Grants that compensate

is established; dividend income from listed

the Group for expenses incurred are

investments is recognised when the share

recognised as other income in profit or loss

price of the investment goes ex-dividend.

on a systematic basis in the same periods in which the expenses are incurred. Grants

Finance expenses comprise interest expense

that compensate the Group for the cost of

on borrowings, unwinding of the discount

an asset are recognised as deferred income

on provisions and impairment losses

and consequently are effectively recognised

recognised on available-for-sale financial

in profit or loss on a systematic basis over

assets. Borrowing costs that are directly

the useful life of the asset.

attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset which necessarily

iv) Rental income from operating leases

takes a substantial period of time to get

Rental income receivable under operating

ready for its intended use or sale are

leases is recognised in profit or loss in equal

capitalised as part of the cost of that asset.

instalments over the periods covered by

Other borrowing costs are expensed in the

the lease term, except where an alternative

period in which they are incurred.

basis is more representative of the pattern of benefits to be derived from the use of

The capitalisation of borrowing costs as part

the leased asset. Lease incentives granted

of the cost of a qualifying asset commences

are recognised in profit or loss as an

when expenditure for the asset is being

integral part of the aggregate net lease

incurred, borrowing costs are being incurred

payments receivable. Contingent rentals

and activities that are necessary to prepare

are recognised as income in the accounting

the asset for its intended use or sale are in

period in which they are earned.

progress. Capitalisation of borrowing costs is suspended or ceases when substantially

(t) Finance income and expenses

all the activities necessary to prepare the qualifying asset for its intended use or sale

Finance income comprises dividend and

are interrupted or completed.

interest income on funds invested (including available-for-sale financial assets), gains on

Foreign exchange gains and losses are

the disposal of available-for-sale and held-

included under finance income or expenses

for-trading financial assets, and changes in

on a net basis.

Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

(u) Non-current assets held for sale


Impairment losses on initial classification as held for sale, and on subsequent

A non-current asset (or disposal group)

remeasurement while held for sale, are

is classified as held for sale if it is highly

recognised in profit or loss. As long as a

probable that its carrying amount will be

non-current asset is classified as held for

recovered through a sale transaction rather

sale, or is included in a disposal group that

than through continuing use and the asset

is classified as held for sale, the non-current

(or disposal group) is available for sale in

asset is not depreciated or amortised.

its present condition. A disposal group is a group of assets to be disposed of

(v) Segment reporting

together as a group in a single transaction, and liabilities directly associated with

Operating segments, and the amounts of

those assets that will be transferred in the

each segment item reported in the financial


statements, are identified from the financial information provided regularly to the

Immediately before classification as held

Group’s most senior executive management

for sale, the measurement of the non-

for the purposes of allocating resources

current assets (and all individual assets and

to, and assessing the performance of,

liabilities in a disposal group) is brought up-

the Group’s various lines of business and

to-date in accordance with the accounting

geographical locations.

policies before the classification. Then, on initial classification as held for sale and until

Individually material operating segments

disposal, the non-current assets (except

are not aggregated for financial reporting

for certain assets as explained below) or

purposes unless the segments have similar

disposal groups are recognised at the lower

economic characteristics and are similar

of their carrying amount and fair value

in respect of the nature of products

less costs to sell. The principal exceptions

and services, the nature of production

to this measurement policy so far as the

processes, the type or class of customers,

consolidated financial statements of the

the methods used to distribute the products

Group are concerned are deferred tax

or provide the services, and the nature

assets, assets arising from employee benefit

of the regulatory environment. Operating

and financial assets (other than investments

segments which are not individually

in associates and joint ventures). These

material may be aggregated if they share a

assets, even if held for sale, would continue

majority of these criteria.

to be measured in accordance with the policies set out elsewhere in note 1.


Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

2. Changes in accounting policies The IASB has issued a number of new IFRSs and amendments to IFRSs that are first effective for the current accounting period of the Group. Of these, the following developments are relevant to the consolidated financial statements summary: Amendments to IAS 1, Presentation of financial statements – Presentation of items of other comprehensive income IFRS 10, Consolidated financial statements IFRS 11, Joint arrangements IFRS 12, Disclosure of interests in other entities IFRS 13, Fair value measurement Revised IAS 19, Employee benefits Amendments to IFRS 7 – Disclosures – Offsetting financial assets and financial liabilities The Group has not applied any new standard or interpretation that is not yet effective for the current accounting period. Impacts of the adoption of new or amended IFRSs are discussed below: Amendments to IAS 1, Presentation of financial statements – Presentation of items of other comprehensive income The Group has chosen to use the new title “statement of profit or loss” as introduced by the amendments in the consolidated financial statements summary. IFRS 10, Consolidated financial statements IFRS 10 replaces the requirements in IAS 27, Consolidated and separate financial statements relating to the preparation of consolidated financial statements and SIC 12 Consolidation – Special purpose entities. It introduces a single control model to determine whether an investee should be consolidated, by focusing on whether the entity has power over the investee, exposure or rights to variable returns from its involvement with the investee and the ability to use its power to affect the amount of those returns. As a result of the adoption of IFRS 10, the Group has changed its accounting policy with respect to determining whether it has control over an investee. The adoption does not change any of the control conclusions reached by the Group in respect of its involvement with other entities as at January 1, 2013. IFRS 11, Joint arrangements IFRS 11, which replaces IAS 31, Interests in joint ventures, divides joint arrangements into joint operations and joint ventures. Entities are required to determine the type of an arrangement by considering the structure, legal form, contractual terms and other facts and circumstances relevant to their rights and obligations under the arrangement. Joint arrangements which are classified as joint operations under IFRS 11 are recognised on a line-by-line basis to the extent of the joint operator’s interest in the joint operation. All other joint arrangements are classified as joint ventures under IFRS 11 and are required to be accounted for using the equity method in the Group’s consolidated financial statements. Proportionate consolidation is no longer allowed as an accounting policy choice.

Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes


As a result of the adoption of IFRS 11, the Group has changed its accounting policy with respect to its interests in joint arrangements and re-evaluated its involvement in its joint arrangements. The Group has reclassified the investments from jointly controlled entity to joint venture. The investments continue to be accounted for using the equity method and therefore this reclassification does not have any material impact on the financial position and the financial performance of the Group. IFRS 12, Disclosure of interests in other entities IFRS 12 brings together into a single standard all the disclosure requirements relevant to an entity’s interests in subsidiaries, joint arrangements, associates and unconsolidated structured entities. The disclosures required by IFRS 12 are generally more extensive than those previously required by the respective standards. To the extent that the requirements are applicable to the Group, the Group has provided those disclosures in note 13 and 14. IFRS 13, Fair value measurement IFRS 13 replaces existing guidance in individual IFRSs with a single source of fair value measurement guidance. IFRS 13 also contains extensive disclosure requirements about fair value measurements for both financial instruments and non-financial instruments. To the extent that the requirements are applicable to the Group, the Group has provided those disclosures in note 9. The adoption of IFRS 13 does not have any material impact on the fair value measurements of the Group’s assets and liabilities. Revised IAS 19, Employee benefits Revised IAS 19 introduces a number of amendments to the accounting for defined benefit plans. Among them, revised IAS 19 requires all actuarial gains and losses to be recognised immediately in other comprehensive income. As a result of the adoption of revised IAS 19, the Group has changed its accounting policy with respect to defined benefit plans, for which actuarial gains and losses were previously recognised in profit or loss. This change in accounting policy has been applied retrospectively with consequential adjustments to comparatives for the year ended December 31, 2012 as follows: Effect of As previously

adoption of


revised IAS 19

As restated

CNY million

CNY million

CNY million




Consolidated statement of profit or loss   for the year ended December 31, 2012:   Defined benefit plan expense   Income tax   Profit for the year








Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

Amendments to IFRS 7 – Disclosures – Offsetting financial assets and financial liabilities The amendments introduce new disclosures in respect of offsetting financial assets and financial liabilities. Those new disclosures are required for all recognised financial instruments that are set off in accordance with IAS 32, Financial instruments: Presentation and those that are subject to an enforceable master netting arrangement or similar agreement that covers similar financial instruments and transactions, irrespective of whether the financial instruments are set off in accordance with IAS 32. 3. Revenue

Sale of goods and provision of services Rental income



CNY million

CNY million







4. Other (income)/operating expenses, net

Expense on factoring Government grants Net gain on disposal of property, plant and equipment,   and intangible assets Others



CNY million

CNY million











Government grants During the year ended December 31, 2013, the Group received unconditional government grants of CNY307 million (2012: CNY588 million) in respect of its contributions to the development of research and innovation in the People’s Republic of China (the “PRC”). These grants were directly recognised as other income. During the year ended December 31, 2013, the Group received government grants of CNY686 million (2012: CNY523 million) which were conditional upon completion of certain research and development projects. These grants were initially recognised in the consolidated statement of financial position as deferred government grants and amortised through the consolidated statement of profit or loss on a systematic basis in the same periods in which the related research and development expenses are incurred. During the year ended December 31, 2013, conditional government grants of CNY158 million (2012: CNY162 million) were recognised in profit or loss.

Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes


5. Personnel expenses 2013


CNY million

CNY million Restated (Note 2)

Expenses recognised in respect of defined benefit plan



Contributions to defined contribution retirement plans



Total costs on post-employment plans







Salaries, wages and other benefits

6. Net finance expenses 2013


CNY million

CNY million Restated (Note 2)

Interest income Net gain on disposal of available-for-sale wealth   management products





Interest expense



Net foreign exchange loss



Interest cost on defined benefit obligations










CNY million

CNY million

7. Income tax Taxation in the consolidated statement of profit or loss represents:

Restated (Note 2) Current tax Provision for the year (Over)/under-provision in respect of prior years

6,384 (78) 6,306

3,262 108 3,370

Deferred tax Origination and reversal of temporary differences

(2,147) 4,159

(612) 2,758


Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

8. Segment reporting The Group divides its business into three operating

Revenue information in respect of business

segments in accordance with the types of products


and services provided: 2013 ■

CNY million CNY million

Carrier Network Business Develops and manufactures a wide range of

Carrier Network

wireless networks, fixed networks, carrier


software and core networks, as well as services

Enterprise Business



solutions to telecommunications operators.

Consumer Business








Others ■


Enterprise Business Develops






communications technology (“ICT”) products and solutions including enterprise network


infrastructure, cloud-based green data centers,

geographical segments



respec t


enterprise information security and unified 2013

communication & collaboration, and delivers

CNY million CNY million

these solutions to vertical industries such as governments, public utilities, enterprises,


energy, power, transportation and finance.

Europe, the Middle   East and Africa

Consumer Business







Develops and manufactures mobile broadband

Asia Pacific



devices, home devices, smartphones, as well as




the applications on these devices, and delivers




them to consumers and businesses. The reportable segments are determined based on the Group’s organization structure, management requirement and reporting system. Each reportable segment is managed separately because each requires different technology and marketing strategies. The financial information of the different segments is regularly reviewed by the Group’s most senior executive management for the purpose of resource allocation and performance assessment.


Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

9. Property, plant and equipment Machinery, Freehold land

electronic Buildings

equipment and other

Decoration Motor Construction



vehicles in progress





equipment CNY million

CNY million

CNY million

CNY million CNY million

CNY million

CNY million

CNY million

At January 1, 2012








Exchange adjustment















Transfer from construction in progress



Disposals and reclassification









At December 31, 2012









At January 1, 2013



Exchange adjustment















Cost: 484








Transfer from construction in progress



















At January 1, 2012







Exchange adjustment






Depreciation charge for the year







Disposals and reclassification







At December 31, 2012







At January 1, 2013







Exchange adjustment






Depreciation charge for the year


2, 403











At December 31, 2013







At December 31, 2012









At December 31, 2013









At December 31, 2013 Accumulated depreciation:

Carrying amounts:


Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

Investment property The Group leased out certain buildings to third

The fair value of investment property is determined

parties. Such buildings are classified as investment

by the Group internally by reference to market


conditions and discounted cash flow forecasts. The Group’s current lease agreements, which were

The carrying value of investment property as

entered into on an arm’s-length basis, are taken

at December 31, 2013 is CNY127 million (2012:

into account when estimating future cash flow.

CNY149 million). The fair value of investment

The fair value measurement is categorised into

property as at December 31, 2013 is estimated by

level 3 of the three-level fair value hierarchy as

management to be CNY252 million (2012: CNY273

defined in IFRS 13, Fair value measurement.

million). 10. Long-term leasehold prepayments* 2013


CNY million

CNY million






Amortisation for the year



At January 1

At December 31



* For more information, please refer to the Appendix to 2013 Annual Report: Land Use Rights and Building Property.

Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes


11. Intangible assets Software




CNY million

CNY million

CNY million

CNY million














At December 31, 2012





At January 1, 2013

Cost: At January 1, 2012





Exchange adjustment






















At December 31, 2013

Accumulated amortisation and impairment losses: At January 1, 2012 Exchange adjustment

807 1










Impairment losses




At December 31, 2012





At January 1, 2013




















At December 31, 2012





At December 31, 2013





Amortisation for the year

Exchange adjustment Amortisation for the year Disposals At December 31, 2013 Carrying amounts:

The amortisation charge for the year is included in “cost of sales”, “research and development expenses”, “selling and administrative expenses” in the consolidated statement of profit or loss. The impairment losses are included in “other (income)/operating expenses, net” in the consolidated statement of profit or loss.


Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

12. Goodwill




CNY million

CNY million



Cost: At January 1


Exchange adjustment Acquisitions through business combinations


At December 31







Accumulated impairment losses: At January 1 Exchange adjustment



Impairment loss


At December 31





Carrying amounts: At December 31

Impairment tests for cash-generating units containing goodwill Goodwill is allocated to the Group’s cash-generating units (“CGU”) or group of CGUs, which is either an operating segment or at a level not larger than an operating segment, as follows:

Sectors under Enterprise business group International Turnkey Systems Technologies W.L.L.   (“ITS Bahrain”) Beijing Huawei Longshine Information Technology   Company Limited (“Beijing Huawei Longshine”) Others



CNY million

CNY million









Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes


Goodwill is allocated to the Group’s CGUs

The key assumptions for the calculation of value-

expected to benefit from the synergies of the

in-use include the discount rates and growth rates

acquisitions. For annual impairment assessment

applied. The discount rates used are pre-tax rates

purposes, the recoverable amount of the CGUs

and reflect specific risks relating to the respective

are based on their value-in-use calculations. The

CGU or group of CGUs. Cash flows beyond the

value-in-use calculations apply a discounted cash

aforementioned approved financial budget’s

flow model using cash flow projections based

periods are extrapolated using an estimated

on financial budgets approved by management

growth rate applied. The growth rate does not

covering five-year, eight-year and five-year period

exceed the long-term average growth rate for

for sectors under Enterprise business group,

the business in which the CGU or group of CGUs

ITS Bahrain and Beijing Huawei Longshine,

operates. Discount rates and growth rates applied

respectively, based on their industry expertise.

for the calculation of value-in-use are as follows:

As at December 31 2013




Sectors under Enterprise business group 17.0




  – Discount rate



  – Terminal value growth rate







  – Discount rate   – Terminal value growth rate

ITS Bahrain

Beijing Huawei Longshine   – Discount rate   – Terminal value growth rate

During the year ended December 31, 2012, impairment loss of CNY216 million related to goodwill allocated to ITS Bahrain was recognised and the carrying amount of the goodwill allocated was reduced to nil.


Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

13. Interest in associates Details of the Group’s interest in the material associates are as follows: Form of business structure

Place of incorporation and business

TD Tech Holding Limited   (“TD Tech”)


Tianwen Digital Media Technology   (Beijing) Co., Ltd.   (“Tianwen Digital Media”)


Name of associate

Proportion of ownership interest

Principal activity



Hong Kong, PRC



Research and development, production and sale of TD- SCDMA telecommunication products

Beijing, PRC



Development, publication and operation of digital media related services

All of the associates are accounted for using the equity method. Summarised financial information of the material associates, reconciled to the carrying amounts in the consolidated financial statements summary, are disclosed below: TD Tech 2013 2012 CNY million CNY million

Gross amounts of the associates’ Current assets Non-current assets Current liabilities Non-current liabilities Equity (deficit) Revenue (Loss)/profit

Reconciled to the Group’s interest   in the associates Gross amounts of net assets   of the associate Group’s effective interest Group’s share of net assets   of the associate Goodwill Net loss not shared by the Group Carrying amount in the   consolidated financial   statements summary

Tianwen Digital Media 2013 2012 CNY million CNY million

369 56 (429) (87) (91)

1,194 76 (1,189) (3) 78

302 8 (60) (2) 248

257 8 (15) (3) 247

3,972 (170)

2,801 78

139 1

10 (58)











– 45

– –

5 –

5 –




49% (45)

Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes


Aggregate information of associates that are not individually material: 2013


CNY million

CNY million





Aggregate carrying amount of individually immaterial   associates in the consolidated financial statements summary Aggregate amounts of the Group’s share   of those associates’ profit/(loss)

14. Interest in joint ventures Details of the Group’s interests in the material joint ventures are as follows: Form of business structure

Place of incorporation and business

Huawei Marine Systems Co.,   Ltd. (“Huawei Marine”)


Chengdu Huawei   Investment Co., Ltd.   (“CD Investment”)


Name of joint venture

Proportion of ownership interest

Principal activity



Hong Kong, PRC



Construction and operation of submarine fibres

Chengdu, PRC



Investment, lease of property and machinery, developments of high technology products and provision of related services, sale of telecommunication and electronic products

All of the joint ventures are accounted for using the equity method.


Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

Summarised financial information of the material joint ventures, reconciled to the carrying amounts in the consolidated financial statements summary, are disclosed below: Huawei Marine

CD Investment





CNY million

CNY million

CNY million

CNY million









Gross amounts of the joint  ventures’ Current assets Non-current assets





Non-current liabilities


























Interest income

Interest expense



Income tax expense
















Current liabilities

Included in the above assets   and liabilities:   Cash and cash equivalents  Non-current financial liabilities   (excluding trade and other



  payables and provisions) Revenue Profit/(loss) Included in the above profit/(loss): Depreciation and amortisation

Reconciled to the Group’s interest   in the joint ventures Gross amounts of net assets   of the joint venture Group’s effective interest Carrying amount in the   consolidated financial   statements summary

Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes


Aggregate information of joint ventures that are not individually material:

Aggregate carrying amount of individually immaterial joint   ventures in the consolidated financial statements summary Aggregate amounts of the Group’s share of those joint   ventures’ loss



CNY million

CNY million





15. Other investments 2013


CNY million

CNY million

  – Unlisted equity securities stated at cost



  – Listed equity securities stated at fair value



Available-for-sale financial assets:

  – Debt securities   – Wealth management products


Held-for-trading equity securities Less: Impairment losses

Non-current portion Current portion



















(i) The Group purchased certain wealth management products from commercial banks with maturity less than one year. The principal and earnings of these wealth management products were not guaranteed. These wealth management products were classified as available-for-sale in accordance with the policy set out in note 1(o). (ii) As at December 31, 2013 and 2012, certain of the Group’s available-for-sale equity and debt securities were individually determined to be impaired on the basis of a material decline and adverse changes in the market in which the investees operated which indicated that the cost of the Group’s investment in them may not be recovered. Impairment losses on these investments were recognised in accordance with the policy set out in note 1(l).


Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

16. Deferred tax assets and liabilities (a) The components of deferred tax assets/(liabilities) recognised in the consolidated statement of financial position are as follows:

Accruals and provisions



CNY million

CNY million



Depreciation of property, plant and equipment



Provision for impairment losses











Unrealised profit Tax losses Undistributed profits of subsidiaries Fair value adjustments on business combinations Others Total







CNY million

CNY million



Reconciliation to the consolidated statement of financial position:

Net deferred tax assets recognised in the consolidated   statement of financial position Net deferred tax liabilities recognised in the consolidated   statement of financial position

(476) 11,101

(784) 9,021

Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes


(b) Deferred tax assets not recognised At December 31, 2013 and 2012, deferred tax assets were not recognised in relation to certain unused tax losses and other deductible temporary differences. The unrecognized unused tax losses and deductible temporary differences are analysed as follows: 2013


CNY million

CNY million

Other deductible temporary differences



Tax losses





Deferred tax assets have not been recognised in respect of certain provisions for impairment losses and other provisions as management believes that these provisions are unlikely to be allowed for tax deduction by the relevant tax authorities. Deferred tax assets have not been recognised in respect of certain unused tax losses as it was determined by management that it is not probable that future taxable profits against which the tax losses can be utilised will be available before they expire. 17. Inventories (a) Inventories in the consolidated statement of financial position comprise: 2013


CNY million

CNY million

Raw materials



Work in progress



Finished goods



Goods delivered but not completely installed





(b) The analysis of the amount of inventories recognised as an expense and included in profit or loss is as follows:

Carrying amount of inventories sold Write down of inventories



CNY million

CNY million








Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

18. Trade and bills receivable 2013


CNY million

CNY million







Bank acceptance bills



Commercial acceptance bills















Trade receivables Trade receivables due from related parties Trade receivables due from third parties

Bills receivable

Letter of credit receivables

Non-current portion Current portion

(a) Ageing analysis At the end of the reporting period, the ageing analysis of trade receivables due from third parties is as follows: 2013


CNY million

CNY million

Not past due



Less than 90 days past due



90 days to 1 year past due



1 year and above past due





Less: Allowance for doubtful debts






Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes


(b) Impairment of trade receivables due from third parties Impairment losses in respect of trade receivables due from third parties are recorded using an allowance account unless the Group is satisfied that recovery of the amount is remote, in which case the impairment loss is written off against the trade receivables due from third parties directly (see note 1(l)). The movement in the allowance for doubtful debts in respect of trade receivables due from third parties during the year is as follows:

At January 1 Exchange adjustment Impairment loss recognised Collection of previously written-off debtors Uncollectible amounts written off At December 31



CNY million

CNY million



(520) 1,075 411 (113) 4,340

(63) 3,479 – (3,477) 3,487

19. Other receivables 2013


CNY million

CNY million

Advance payments to suppliers



Withholding taxes receivable



Pledged deposits















Gross amount due from third-party customers for contract works Others

Non-current portion Current portion


Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

20. Cash and cash equivalents 2013


CNY million

CNY million



Deposits with banks and other financial institutions



Highly liquid short-term investments




Cash in hand

Cash and cash equivalents in the consolidated statement of   financial position and consolidated statement of cash flows

As at December 31, 2013, the Group had certain short-term investments purchased from commercial banks with maturity less than three months. These short-term investments were highly liquid, readily convertible into known amounts of cash and are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value. These short-term investments were all subsequently matured and settled in January 2014. 21. Assets held for sale According to an agreement entered into by the Company and a third party, the Company committed to sell certain of its property, plant and equipment to the third party with a total consideration of CNY2,800 million. Pursuant to the agreement, the Company shall deliver the related property, plant and equipment to the third party before the end of March 2013. As a result, the related property, plant and equipment were classified as held for sale. The sale of the related property, plant and equipment was completed in two batches in the latter half of 2012 and the first half of 2013 with a net gain of CNY761 million and CNY986 million recognised, respectively. 22. Borrowings 2013


CNY million

CNY million























Short-term loans and borrowings:   – Intra-group guaranteed   – Unsecured

Long-term loans and borrowings:   – Intra-group guaranteed   – Unsecured   – Corporate bond

Non-current portion Current portion

Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes


Terms and debt repayment schedule Terms and conditions of outstanding loans and borrowings are as follows:

Total CNY million

1 year

1 to


or less

5 years

5 years

CNY million

CNY million

CNY million

Intra-group guaranteed bank loans: CNY – variable at 5.9% p.a. Euro (“EUR”) – variable at 1.41% ~ 1.92% p.a. Japanese yen – variable at   0.97% ~ 1.28% p.a. Indian rupee – variable at   9.9% ~ 11.75% p.a. United States dollar (“USD”) – fixed at   4.33% p.a. USD – variable at 1.68% ~ 2.71% p.a. Ethiopian birr – fixed at 9.5% p.a.






































Unsecured bank loans: Bangladeshi taka – variable at   14.5% p.a. CNY – variable at 5.9% ~ 6.55% p.a. Singapore dollar – fixed at 2.5% p.a. Corporate bond: CNY – fixed at 5.30% p.a.

The carrying amount of the above loans and borrowings approximates to the fair value. Certain of the Group’s banking facilities are subject to the fulfillment of covenants relating to certain of the borrower’s statement of financial position ratios, as are commonly found in lending agreements with financial institutions. If the Group were to breach the covenants, the draw down facilities would become payable on demand. The Group regularly monitors its compliance with these covenants. As at December 31, 2013, none of the covenants relating to draw down facilities had been breached (2012: nil). Corporate bond On May 11, 2012, Proven Honour Capital Limited, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, issued a corporate bond with a principal amount of CNY1,000 million and three years maturity at an annual interest rate of 5.30%. This corporate bond is fully guaranteed by the Company.


Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

23. Trade and bills payable 2013


CNY million

CNY million







Trade payables Trade payables due to related parties Trade payables due to third parties

Bills payable Bank acceptance bills



Letter of credit payables









CNY million

CNY million

24. Other payables





  – Staff related



  – Supplies related



Other taxes payable



Purchase of property, plant and equipment









Interest payable Advances received Accrued expenses

Gross amount due to third-party customers for contract works Others

25. Construction contracts The aggregate amount of costs incurred plus recognised profits less recognised losses to date for the Group, included in the gross amount due from/to third-party customers for contract works as at December 31, 2013, is CNY8,067 million (2012: CNY26,723 million).

Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes


26. Provisions and contingencies (a) Provisions 2013


CNY million

CNY million

Provision for warranties




Other provisions






Non-current portion Current portion







Movement in provisions during the year is as below:

At January 1, 2012

Provision for




CNY million

CNY million

CNY million





Provisions made during the year




Provisions utilised during the year







Provisions made during the year




Provisions utilised during the year




At December 31, 2013




At December 31, 2012 and January 1, 2013

(i) Provision for warranties The provision for warranties relates primarily to equipment sold during the year. The provision is determined based on estimates made from historical warranty data associated with similar products and services and anticipated rates of warranty claims for its products. The Group expects to settle the majority of the liability within the next twelve months. (ii) Other provisions Other provisions are mainly for onerous contracts and outstanding litigations and claims.


Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

(b) Contingencies i) In July 2011, InterDigital Corporation (“IDC”)

On February 4, 2013, the Shenzhen Intermediate

filed a complaint with the United States

People’s Court ruled that IDC had violated

International Trade Commission (the “USITC”

the PRC’s Anti-Monopoly Law and ordered

or “Commission”) and the United States District

IDC to compensate the Group for damages of

Court for the District of Delaware against

CNY20 million. The Court also ruled that the

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. (“Huawei

royalty rates licenses to Huawei Tech for IDC’s

Tech”) and Futurewei Technologies Inc.

Chinese essential standard patents in wireless

(“Futurewei”), both wholly-owned subsidiaries

communication should not exceed 0.019% of

of the Company. The complaint alleged that

the actual sales prices of Huawei Tech’s wireless

sales of imported 3G wireless devices by the


said subsidiaries within the United States had infringed IDC’s 3G wireless patents and

On March 11, 2013, IDC filed appeals to the

requested for issuance of exclusion order

Guangdong Higher People’s Court in respect of

and cease and desist order in relation to the

the rulings made by the Shenzhen Intermediate

accused 3G wireless devices concerned (“the

People’s Court. On October 25, 2013, the

first complaint”).

Guangdong Higher People’s Court upheld the Shenzhen Intermediate People’s Court’s ruling

In December 2011, Huawei Tech filed a

which is the final ruling.

complaint against IDC in the PRC for violation of the fair, reasonable, and non-discriminatory

On June 28, 2013 and December 19, 2013,

(“FRAND”) policies and the PRC’s Anti-

the USITC ruled in favor of Huawei Tech,

Monopoly Law. In June 2012, Huawei Tech

Futurewei and USA Device in respect of the

filed another complaint with the European

first complaint in the initial determination and


the final determination, respectively.






investigation into the licensing fees requested by IDC, which it deemed exploitative,

On December 23, 2013, Huawei Tech,

discriminatory, and in violation of the FRAND

Futurewei and USA Device reached a settlement

policies as well as the EC’s antitrust law.

agreement with IDC to withdraw or dismiss all the ongoing legal actions against each other.

On January 2, 2013, IDC filed another two

Under the settlement agreement, the parties

complaints with the USITC and the United

will solve their dispute through arbitration.

States District Court for the District of Delaware against Huawei Tech, Futurewei, and Huawei

At this stage, the Group is unable to predict

Device USA Inc. (“USA Device”), another

the outcome of the litigation, or reasonably

wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company. The

estimate a range of possible loss, if any, given

complaints further alleged that the sales of

the current preliminary status of the litigation.

certain 3G and 4G wireless devices sold by the said subsidiaries within the United States had infringed three of IDC’s other patents.

Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes


ii) On May 23, 2012, Flashpoint Technology Inc.

to predict the outcome of the litigation, or

(“Flashpoint”) filed a complaint with the USITC,

reasonably estimate a range of possible loss, if

requesting the Commission to commence an

any, given the current status of this litigation.

investigation under Section 337 of the Tariff Act of 1930 into certain electronic imaging

iii) On July 24, 2012, Technology Properties

devices manufactured by four alleged infringing

Limited LLC (“TPL”) filed a complaint with

companies and their affiliates by reason of

the USITC, requesting the Commission to

patent infringement and requested for issuance

commence an investigation under Section 337

of an exclusion order and cease and desist

of the Tariff Act of 1930 into certain wireless

order in relation to the electronic imaging

consumer electronics devices and components

devices concerned. Huawei Tech and Futurewei

manufactured by thirteen companies and

were named as respondents. On August 2,

their affiliates by reason of alleged patent

2012, the Administrative Law Judge granted

infringement and requested for issuance of an

a joint motion to substitute Huawei Device

exclusion order and cease and desist order in

Co., Ltd. (“Huawei Device”) and USA Device

relation to the electronic products concerned.

for Huawei Tech and Futurewei. Flashpoint

Huawei Tech was named as one of the thirteen

also filed another complaint before the United

companies. On August 21, 2012, the USITC

States District Court for the District of Delaware

decided to institute Section 337 investigation in

for the same reason against Huawei Device and

relation to the electronic products concerned.

USA Device. The legal action before District

TPL also filed another complaint before the

Court of Delaware was stayed.

United States District Court for the Northern District of California for the same reason.

On September 30, 2013, the Administrative

On September 6, 2013, the Administrative

Law Judge of the USITC issued an initial

Law Judge of the USITC issued an initial

determination in respect of Flashpoint’s

determination that the Group did not infringe

complaint with USITC that Huawei Device

the asserted patent. On February 19, 2014,

and USA Device did not infringe the asserted

the USITC issued a final determination that the

patents. At this stage, the Group is unable

Group did not infringe the asserted patent.


Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

27. Operating leases (a) Leases as lessee As at December 31, 2013 and 2012, the total future minimum lease payments under non-cancellable operating leases are payable as follows: 2013


CNY million

CNY million

Within 1 year



After 1 year but within 5 years







After 5 years

The Group leases a number of warehouses, factory facilities, office premises and staff apartments under operating leases. The leases typically run for an initial period of one to five years. None of the leases includes contingent rentals. During the year ended December 31, 2013, CNY2,392 million was recognised as an expense in the consolidated statement of profit or loss in respect of operating leases (2012: CNY2,334 million). (b) Leases as lessor The Group leases out certain of its properties under operating leases (see note 3 and note 9). As at December 31, 2013 and 2012, the Group’s total future minimum lease payments under non-cancellable operating leases are receivable as follows:

Within 1 year After 1 year but within 5 years



CNY million

CNY million







During the year ended December 31, 2013, CNY77 million was recognised as rental income in the consolidated statement of profit or loss (2012: CNY114 million).

Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes


28. Capital commitments (a) Acquisition and construction of buildings Capital commitments of the Group in respect of acquisition and construction of buildings outstanding at December 31, 2013 and 2012 not provided for in the consolidated financial statements summary were as follows: 2013


CNY million

CNY million

Contracted for



Authorised but not contracted for





(b) Other capital commitments Other contracted capital commitments outstanding at December 31, 2013 and 2012 not provided for in the consolidated financial statements summary were as follows:

Establishment of an associate



CNY million

CNY million


29. Group enterprises (a) Parent and ultimate controlling party The Group’s ultimate controlling party is the Union of Huawei Investment & Holding Co., Ltd.


Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

(b) Major subsidiaries Place of Name of subsidiary

incorporation and business

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.


Proportion of ownership interest 2013




Principal activity Development,





telecommunication products and the technical support & maintenance of electrical equipment and spare parts Huawei Software Technologies




  Co., Ltd. (“Huawei Software Tech”)

Development, manufacture and sale of software and new products in mobile communication area and rendering of related services

Shanghai Huawei Technologies




  Co., Ltd. Beijing Huawei Digital Technologies

Development, sale, consultancy service and after-sale service of telecommunication equipment




  Co., Ltd.

Development, sale, and technical support of mobile communication products, import and export of goods and techniques

Shenzhen Huawei Technologies








Development, manufacture, sale and provide service of communication software and related products

  CO., LTD.

Installation, technology consultancy service and maintenance of telecommunication equipment and auxiliary products

Huawei Machine Co., Ltd.









telecommunication products; offering of technology services HiSilicon Technologies Co., Limited




Huawei Tech. Investment Co., Ltd

Hong Kong



Huawei Device Co., Ltd.




Huawei International Pte. Ltd.




Trading of telecommunication equipment

Huawei Technologies Coöperatief U.A.




Investor of overseas subsidiaries

PT. Huawei Tech Investment




Trading of telecommunication equipment

Huawei Technologies Japan K.K.




Design, development, manufacture and sale of

Design, development and sale of semiconductors of telecommunication products

  (“Huawei Tech Investment”)

Trading of imported materials, sale of overseas device (exclude the United States) and overseas machineries Development, manufacture and sale of mobile communication products and electrical parts

telecommunication and information products, provide auxiliary products and services Huawei Device (Hong Kong)   Co., Ltd.

Hong Kong



Sale and maintenance of electrical equipment and mobile communication products

Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

(c) Acquisition of subsidiaries i) On August 6, 2013, Huawei Tech Investment, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, acquired 100% equity interest in Caliopa NV (“Caliopa”) from third parties for a consideration of EUR7 million (equivalent to CNY56 million). Caliopa is located in Belgium and principally engaged in developing silicon photonics-based optical solutions in the telecommunication industry. In 2013, all of Caliopa’s services were provided to entities within the Group. ii) On December 10, 2013, Huawei Technologies (Australia) PTY Ltd., a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, acquired 100% equity interest in Fastwire PTY Limited (“Fastwire”) from a third party for a consideration of USD19 million (equivalent to CNY117 million). Fastwire is located in Sydney and provides Operation Supporting System services to telecommunication operators. In the period from the acquisition date to December 31, 2013, Fastwire contributed revenue of CNY1 million and net loss of CNY3 million to the Group’s results. If the acquisition had occurred on January 1, 2013, management estimate that consolidated revenue would have been increased by CNY30 million, and consolidated profit for the year would have been decreased by CNY9 million. In determining these amounts, management have assumed that the fair value adjustments that arose on the acquisition date would have been the same if the acquisition had occurred on January 1, 2013.


iii) On March 30, 2012, Huawei Tech Investment, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, acquired the remaining 49% stake in Huawei Digital Technologies (Hong Kong) Co., Limited (formerly “Huawei Symantec Technologies Co., Ltd.”) (“Huawei Digital HK”) from Symantec Hardware Holding LLC (“Symantec Hardware”) for a consideration of USD530 million (equivalent to CNY3,337 million). As a result of this acquisition, the Group’s equity interest in Huawei Digital HK increased from 51% to 100% and Huawei Digital HK became a whollyowned subsidiary of Huawei Tech Investment, which in turn is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company. Huawei Digital HK is a Hong Kong-based joint venture established by Huawei Tech Investment and Symantec Hardware in 2008. Huawei Digital HK is principally engaged in research and development, production and sale of network storage and security products. In the period from the acquisition date to December 31, 2012, Huawei Digital HK contributed revenue of CNY3,225 million and net loss of CNY69 million to the Group’s results. If the acquisition had occurred on January 1, 2012, management estimate that consolidated revenue would have been increased by CNY4,289 million, and consolidated profit for the year would have been decreased by CNY375 million. In determining these amounts, management have assumed that the fair value adjustments that arose on the acquisition date would have been the same if the acquisition had occurred on January 1, 2012. iv) On March 31, 2012, Huawei Software Tech, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, acquired the remaining 48% stake in Beijing


Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes

Huawei Longshine from Longshine Information Technology Company Limited (“Longshine Information”) for a consideration of CNY116 million. As a result of this acquisition, the Group’s equity interest in Beijing Huawei Longshine increased from 52% to 100% and Beijing Huawei Longshine became a whollyowned subsidiary of the Company.

In the period from the acquisition date to December 31, 2012, Beijing Huawei Longshine contributed revenue of CNY130 million and profit of CNY13 million to the Group’s results. If the acquisition had occurred on January 1, 2012, management estimate that consolidated revenue would have been increased by CNY130 million, and consolidated profit for the year would have been decreased by CNY9 million. In determining these amounts, management have assumed that the fair value adjustments that arose on the acquisition date would have been the same if the acquisition had occurred on January 1, 2012.

Beijing Huawei Longshine is a China-based company established in 1996. Beijing Huawei Longshine is principally engaged in production and sale of network communication products, computer hardware and software and provision of related services.

The above acquisitions had the following effect on the Group’s assets and liabilities on the acquisition date: Recognised values on acquisition 2013 2012 Caliopa


Huawei Digital HK

CNY million Note 29(c)(i)

CNY million Note 29(c)(ii)

CNY million Note 29(c)(iii)

Beijing Huawei Longshine CNY million Note 29(c)(iv)

Property, plant and equipment Available-for-sale financial assets Intangible assets Trade and other receivables Inventories Cash and cash equivalents Trade and other payables Borrowings Defined benefit obligations Deferred tax liabilities

2 – 26 5 – 3 (15) – – (1)

1 – 116 7 – 1 (15) (1) – –

88 26 375 509 543 1,025 (1,629) (170) (313) (61)

2 – 92 62 16 33 (24) (63) – (14)

Total net identifiable assets








Consideration, satisfied by cash





Analysis of the net outflow of cash and cash   equivalents in respect of the acquisitions: Cash consideration paid Cash and cash equivalents acquired

53 (3)

117 (1)

3,337 (1,025)

116 (33)

Net cash outflow





Acquisition-related costs

Consolidated Financial Statements Summary and Notes


Goodwill Goodwill was recognised as a result of the acquisitions as follows: Recognised values on acquisition 2013

Total consideration Fair value of pre-existing interest Fair value of identifiable net assets

2012 Huawei




CNY million

CNY million

CNY million

CNY million

Note 29(c)(i)

Note 29(c)(ii)

Note 29(c)(iii)

Note 29(c)(iv)















Digital HK

Huawei Longshine

Caliopa The goodwill is attributable mainly to the skills and technical talent of Caliopa’s work force. None of the goodwill recognised is expected to be deductible for tax purposes. Fastwire The goodwill is attributable mainly to the skills and technical talent of Fastwire’s work force, and the synergies expected to be achieved from integrating Fastwire into the Group’s existing network business. None of the goodwill recognised is expected to be deductible for tax purposes. 30. Comparative figures As a result of the application of new IFRSs and amendments to IFRSs and to conform to current year’s presentation, certain comparative figures have been adjusted to provide comparative amounts in respect of items disclosed for the first time in 2013. Further details of these developments are disclosed in note 2.

Risk Factors


Risk Factors

All risk factors mentioned in this Annual Report,

Huawei has incorporated risk management factors

particularly those outlined in this section, refer

into its strategic planning and business planning

to key future uncertainties that may affect

processes; through strategic planning, all domains

the company’s business objectives. They were

systematically identify and assess their risks. In

identified from the company’s strategic planning,

the 2013 business plan, all domains developed

business model, external environment, and

risk countermeasures, thereby giving managerial

financial system. Major risk factors are events that

priority to risk monitoring and reporting in daily

will significantly impact the company’s competition

operations. The company ensures the continuity of

landscape, reputation, financial conditions,

business operations by clarifying major risks during

operating results, and long-term prospects within

strategic decision making and planning, while also

the next 18 months. Hereinafter, all risk factors

preemptively controlling risks in business plans and

refer to major risk factors.


Huawei’s Risk Management System

Strategic Risks



Intense competition: The markets in which Huawei

Organizations of the Treadway Commission

operates are highly competitive in terms of product

(COSO) framework, in line with our organizational

price, functionality, and service quality, as well

structure and operating model, and by referring

as the timing of new product launch. The rapid

to the ISO31000 risk management standards,

development of science and technology, and

Huawei designed and established an enterprise risk

changes in alternative technologies or industry

management (ERM) system, issued corresponding

standards will lead to shorter product lifecycles

ERM policies and processes, and optimized our

and may attract more new entrants into the

ERM organizations and operating mechanism. The

markets in which we operate.





ERM system consists of three major roles: In this market context, we will remain committed ■

The Finance Committee (FC) makes routine decisions on corporate risk management.

All business executives are responsible for risk management of their assigned business domains.

The Enterprise Risk Mgmt Dept assists the FC and coordinates all business executives in managing all major risks.

to thoroughly understanding, digging out, and satisfying diversified customer requirements. To secure and strengthen our competitive advantage and continuously improve our operating results, we will launch products and services of even higher quality to the market while reducing the total costs for our customers.

Risk Factors

External Risks


Natural disasters: Earthquakes, floods, and other natural disasters may impact the company’s supply

Economic environment: Many uncertainties and

chain operations, and slow down or even prevent

downside risks will persist in the global economy in

delivery in a certain region or even all regions.

the future. To improve financial conditions, telecom carriers may postpone investments or initiate other

Operational Risks

cost-cutting measures. These factors could result in reduced demand for network infrastructures

Supply continuity: Although Huawei strives to avoid

and services, which would in turn affect Huawei’s

procurement from single-source suppliers, it is not

operating results.

always possible due to objective factors. Finding an alternative supplier or redesigning products may

Country-specific risks: Huawei conducts business

be time-consuming and costly. As such, supply and

in more than 170 countries and regions. Operating

delivery of our products to our customers could

in these countries involves certain risks, such as

be seriously affected if any of our single-source

civil unrest, economic and political instability,

suppliers were unable to ensure continuous supply

imposition of exchange controls, sovereign debt

or met with product quality issues. To mitigate this

crisis, supervision over the right of operations, and

risk, we periodically assess and conduct audits on

labor issues. All these risks require Huawei to have

our suppliers, and preemptively initiate component

a high aptitude for risk management.

replacements or solution redesign.

Legal risks: In certain regions where we operate,

Rising labor costs: Increasing labor costs in China

the complex legal environments may pose various

may offset the company’s efforts to improve

adverse impacts although we strive to comply with

efficiency and ultimately affect our profitability.

all local laws and regulations. Information security and intellectual property Trade barriers: Today, as Huawei conducts business

right (IPR): While Huawei has judiciously adopted

around the world, the complex international

information security measures to protect our IPR,

economic and financial conditions along with

they may not be adequate to prevent infringement

increasingly fierce industry competition may

or improper use of our information, patents, or

challenge Huawei with different types of trade

licenses. Misappropriations of this nature will

barriers in some countries. Measures resulting in

cause losses to Huawei even though we may be

trade barriers have become more complicated and

protected to some extent by intellectual property

include trade investigations, the imposing of large


amounts of anti-dumping and anti-subsidy duties, and setting special product quality and technical

Financial Risks

specifications. All of these measures may impact the free trade of Huawei products. Although we

For further information on financial risks, see

proactively respond to mitigate risks from such

“Financial Risk Management” on pages 40 to 43

trade barriers, these barriers may still adversely

of this Annual Report.

affect Huawei’s operating results.

Corporate Governance Report


Corporate Governance Report

Corporate Governance Structure Adhering to “customers as our focus and dedicated employees as our foundation” from our core values, we continue to improve our corporate governance structure, organizations, processes, and appraisal systems to achieve long-term effective growth.

Shareholders’ Meeting Board of Directors (Executive Committee)

Independent Auditor Human Resources Committee

Supervisory Board

Strategy & Development Committee

Finance Committee

Audit Committee

CEO/Rotating CEOs Group Functions HR 

Finance JCR

Corporate Development


Strategy Marketing


Legal Affairs Internal Audit

Cyber Security

Ethics & Compliance

Service BG (SBG)

Financial Investment Management Platform

2012 Laboratories

Carrier Network BG

Enterprise BG

Consumer BG

Integrated Business Services (IBS) Manufacturing Huawei University Huawei Internal Services

Regional Organizations

In 2014, we will gradually restructure our business organizations in order to establish our innovative and technological advantages in the era of ICT convergence, and to provide solutions that can fully meet different customers’ needs, so as to deliver a superior user experience. In addition, we will build closer connections and partnerships with customers and help them achieve business success while ensuring healthy, sustainable, and effective growth for our company. Shareholders Huawei Investment & Holding Co., Ltd. (“the Company” or “Huawei”) is a private company wholly owned by its employees. Shareholders of Huawei are the Union of Huawei Investment & Holding Co., Ltd. (the “Union”) and Mr. Ren Zhengfei. Through the Union, the company implements an Employee Shareholding Scheme (the “Scheme”), which involved 84,187 employees as of December 31, 2013. The Scheme effectively aligns employee contributions with the company’s long-term development, fostering Huawei’s continued success. Mr. Ren Zhengfei is the individual shareholder of the Company and also participates in the Scheme. As of December 31, 2013, Mr. Ren’s investment accounts for nearly 1.4% of the Company’s total share capital.

Corporate Governance Report






Representatives’ Commission


Mr. Wang Kexiang, Mr. Lv Ke, Mr. Yang Kaijun, Mr. Jiang Yafei, Ms. He Tingbo, Mr. Sun Ming, Mr. Wu Kunhong, Mr. Zhao Yong, Ms. Yan Weimin,

The Shareholders’ Meeting is the highest authority

Mr. Tang Xiaoming, Mr. Wang Jiading, Mr. Wei

within the Company, and is comprised of two

Chengmin, Mr. Xiong Lening, Mr. Li Shanlin, Mr. Xu

shareholders: the Union and Mr. Ren Zhengfei.

Chi, Mr. Yang Shu, Mr. Song Liuping, Mr. Zhou Hong, Ms. Chen Jun, and Mr. Hui Chun.

The Company’s major issues, which involve the decisions of the Union as the shareholder of

Board of Directors and Committees

the Company, shall be primarily reviewed and decided by the Representatives’ Commission

The Board of Directors (BOD) is the decision-

(the “Commission”). The Commission consists


of all representatives of shareholding employees

management. The BOD guides and oversees the

(“Representatives”) and exercises rights on behalf

overall business operations and makes decisions

of these shareholding employees. In 2013, the

on significant strategic issues. The BOD has

Commission held three meetings. At the meetings,

established the Human Resources Committee, the

the Commission received reports on the company’s

Finance Committee, the Strategy & Development

2012 operational performance, consolidated

Committee, and the Audit Committee to assist and

financial statements, and the operations of the

support BOD operations.






Supervisory Board. In addition to reviewing and approving proposals about profit distribution,

The key roles and responsibilities of the BOD

capital increases, and regulations on the by-


elections of members of the Board of Directors and the Supervisory Board, the Commission elected

Deciding on the company’s strategic directions; approving its medium-to-long-term business

four additional members to the Board of Directors.

plan; monitoring the execution of the plan. The









Alternate the

risks and market changes.

shareholding employees with a term of five years. In the event that there is a vacancy in the

Providing advice and guidance to management regarding significant issues, including major

active ■

Reviewing the company’s business operations,

Representatives, the Alternate Representatives shall


take up the vacancy in sequence. The existing

major organizational restructurings, business ■

Approving the company’s operational and financial results; approving the company’s

Wan Biao, Mr. Zhang Ping’an, Mr. Yu Chengdong,

financial statements.

Mr. Liang Hua, Mr. Peng Zhiping, Mr. Ren Shulu, ■






mechanisms and overseeing their execution.

Cai Liqun, Mr. Jiang Xisheng, Mr. Yin Xuquan, Mr. Yao Fuhai, Mr. Zha Jun, Mr. Li Yingtao, Ms. Ji

Approving the company’s major financial transactions.

Ren Zhengfei, Mr. Xu Wenwei, Mr. Li Jie, Mr. Ding

Mr. Tian Feng, Mr. Deng Biao, Mr. Zhou Daiqi, Mr.


policies, financial arrangements, and business

Mr. Guo Ping, Mr. Xu Zhijun, Mr. Hu Houkun, Mr. Yun, Ms. Meng Wanzhou, Ms. Chen Lifang, Mr.


transformations, and process transformations.

Commission was elected in December 2010. At present, the Representatives are Ms. Sun Yafang,





Ping, Mr. Tao Jingwen, Mr. Zhang Shunmao, Mr.

structure and organizing its optimization and

Ding Shaohua, Mr. Li Jin’ge, Mr. Wang Shengli,



Corporate Governance Report

Deciding on the selection, appraisal, and compensation of the Chief Executive Officer;

In 2013, the attendance record for each Director is as follows:

approving the appointment and compensation Director

of other members of senior management. ■

Approving the corporate-level HR planning and

Meetings Attended

Ms. Sun Yafang


Mr. Guo Ping


In 2013, the BOD held 12 meetings. Throughout

Mr. Xu Zhijun


the year, the BOD reviewed and approved the

Mr. Hu Houkun


company’s medium-to-long-term business plan,

Mr. Ren Zhengfei


Mr. Xu Wenwei


Mr. Li Jie


accountability, and other major HR and financial

Mr. Ding Yun


policies and activities. In addition, the BOD

Ms. Meng Wanzhou


organized a training session for its members in

Ms. Chen Lifang


Mr. Wan Biao


Mr. Zhang Ping’an


Mr. Yu Chengdong


major HR policies.

the annual business plan and budget, revisions to the Articles of Association, operations of the committees of the BOD, organization building and

which they had in-depth discussions about training topics with external experts. On December 27, 2013, the Representatives elected four additional members to the BOD, increasing the number of BOD members from 13 to


17. Currently, BOD members are Chairwoman Ms.

Sun Yafang; Deputy Chairmen Mr. Guo Ping, Mr. Xu Zhijun, Mr. Hu Houkun, and Mr. Ren Zhengfei; Executive Directors Mr. Xu Wenwei, Mr. Li Jie, Mr. Ding Yun, and Ms. Meng Wanzhou; Directors Ms. Chen Lifang, Mr. Wan Biao, Mr. Zhang Ping’an, Mr. Yu Chengdong, Mr. Li Yingtao, Mr. Li Jin’ge, Ms. He Tingbo, and Mr. Wang Shengli.

Mr. Li Yingtao, Mr. Li Jin’ge, Ms. He Tingbo, and Mr. Wang Shengli were elected to the BOD on December 27, 2013, and did not attend BOD meetings in 2013.

The BOD has established the Executive Committee, which acts as the executive body of the BOD while the BOD is adjourned. Members of the Executive Committee include Mr. Guo Ping, Mr. Xu Zhijun, Mr. Hu Houkun, Mr. Xu Wenwei, Mr. Li Jie, Mr. Ding Yun, and Ms. Meng Wanzhou. In 2013, the Executive Committee of the BOD held 21 meetings.

Corporate Governance Report

Human Resources Committee


The Human Resources Committee meets on a monthly basis and convenes special sessions

The Human Resources Committee manages and

as needed. At the invitation of the committee,

improves the core elements of organizational

business executives and subject matter experts may

management such as organization, talent,

attend the meetings as non-voting participants.

incentives, and culture. Under the authorization

The Human Resources Committee held 12 meetings

of the BOD, this committee develops and decides

in 2013 to meet the requirements of the BOD, the

on key policies and transformation initiatives

global development needs of multiple business

related to HR management and oversees their

groups, and the challenges of managing diversified

implementation. To support business development,


the committee ensures that HR policies reflect the company’s HR management philosophy and

In 2013, the committee continued to conduct

core concepts while also considering the business

strategic planning regarding HR management.

characteristics and management models of

Focusing on the “Talent Pyramid” and its

departments at all levels.

solution architecture, the committee developed management





The key roles and responsibilities of the Human

professional positions. To address the problems

Resources Committee include:

and needs related to incentive management, the committee optimized the company’s compensation

Managing the succession plans, allocation,

and incentive structure and ensured that it was

appointments or removals, performance

effectively implemented. To adapt to business

appraisals, compensation, and incentives for key

development needs, the committee restructured

managers and talent under the authorization of

relevant organizations and continued to solidify

the BOD.

the flexible governance mechanism for headcount

Managing overall incentive policies, benefit

budgeting that aligns with business needs. The

policies, the compensation structure, and job

committee continuously carried out major tasks


related to employee disciplinary compliance. In





addition, the committee made expected progress

development and optimization; managing the

in areas such as development of HR management

HR budget and staffing for each budgetary

frameworks and policies and supervision of the


implementation of key decisions and policies.

Managing employee learning and development

Setting policies related to employee disciplinary

the company’s major HR policies issued in recent

compliance and managing disciplinary actions

years, the Human Resources Committee held the

in the case of major violations.

2013 Huawei Annual Management Conference.

policies and providing guidance.

To help managers at all levels better understand

Setting policies related to the occupational

At the conference, in-depth discussions about

health and safety of employees and providing

corporate vision and major directions and policies


regarding talent and incentive management were

Managing strategic HR plans and key HR transformation initiatives.

conducted, and consensus was reached. The discussions facilitated the effective implementation of corporate policies in organizations at all levels.

Corporate Governance Report


The Human Resources Committee is comprised

of 15 members, including BOD members, senior

proposals for major financing activities, the

business executives, and senior HR experts. The Chairman of the committee is Mr. Hu Houkun. The

asset structure, and profit distribution. ■

members include Mr. Guo Ping, Mr. Xu Zhijun, Mr.

Reviewing the company’s key financial policies, annual financial statements, and issues related

Xu Wenwei, Mr. Li Jie, Mr. Ding Yun, Ms. Meng Wanzhou, Mr. Li Yingtao, Mr. Wan Biao, Ms. He

Reviewing the capital structure plan; making

to information disclosure. ■

Reviewing capital operations and strategic

Tingbo, Mr. Zhang Ping’an, Mr. Zha Jun, Mr. Tian

cooperation projects, submitting proposals

Feng, Mr. Peng Bo, and Mr. Li Shanlin.

to the BOD, and periodically assessing the execution of such projects.

Finance Committee

Reviewing the company’s risk management framework, advising on trade compliance

The Finance Committee is positioned as the

issues, and establishing a business continuity

overall enterprise value integrator of the company.

management system.

Under the authorization of the BOD, the Finance Committee exercises macro-control over the

The Finance Committee meets on a monthly basis



and convenes special sessions as needed. Based

activities, and enterprise risks, helping to strike



on business needs and requirements of the BOD,

a dynamic balance between opportunities and

the Finance Committee held 13 meetings in 2013.

resources. This facilitates the company’s effective

At the meetings, the committee reviewed such


items as the company’s medium-to-long-term business plan, annual budgeting plan, operational

The key roles and responsibilities of the Finance

management, capital operations projects, the

Committee include:

capital structure, enterprise risk management, and subsidiary and joint venture management.

Aligning resources with business needs based

The Finance Committee discussed and established

on the company’s resources and resource

relevant financial policies and systems, reviewed

acquisition capabilities.

and decided on relevant activities, and monitored

Setting financial objectives for the growth

the execution of these activities.

and investment projects of the company

and responsibility centers; determining the

The Finance Committee is comprised of 15

standards, structure, and pace for resource

members, including BOD members and financial


experts. The Chairman of the committee is Mr. Guo

Measuring the monetary value of key strategies,

Ping. The members include Mr. Xu Zhijun, Mr. Hu

conducting forward-looking forecasts and

Houkun, Mr. Xu Wenwei, Mr. Li Jie, Mr. Ding Yun,

analysis, and submitting proposals to the BOD.

Ms. Meng Wanzhou, Mr. Liang Hua, Mr. Yi Xiang,

Reviewing the company’s annual budgeting

Mr. Fang Weiyi, Mr. Zou Zhilei, Mr. CT Johnson,

plan, approving the annual budget for each

Mr. Qiao Nengdong, Mr. Yao Fuhai, and Mr. Xiong

responsibility center, and ensuring closed-


loop management of the corporate-level plan, budget, accounting, and performance appraisals.

Corporate Governance Report

Strategy & Development Committee


The SDC held 12 regular meetings in 2013 and a four-day event comprised of strategy development

The Strategy & Development Committee (SDC)

workshops in September. During 2013, the SDC

develops, sets, and executes the company’s

reached 28 resolutions on business direction,

strategic directions. The SDC gains insight into

positioning, and investment focus. In accordance

major trends concerning the industry, technologies,

with the positioning and responsibility determined

and customer needs; and identifies opportunities

by the BOD, the SDC focused on formulating the

and paths for the company’s development.

company's strategy and steering its direction,



guided each business unit to continue along the

investments, technologies, business models,

macro -management


path of strategic focus, innovation, differentiation,

and transformations, the SDC ensures that the

and leadership to build future-proof core

company continues to achieve effective growth

competences based on the pipe strategy and

through concerted efforts.

industry development trends, and managed the company's business presence and the focus of

The key roles and responsibilities of the SDC

its industrial investment portfolio. On this basis,


the SDC improved and institutionalized processes and methodologies for strategy management,

Managing the company’s medium-to-long-

systematically analyzed the uncertainties in the

term strategic plan, key initiatives, and major

future development of the ICT industry, and

objectives of the year.

continuously promoted key strategic initiatives,

Managing the company’s brand strategy,

such as globalization, SoftCOM, and 5G, to

architecture, and characteristics, as well as

support the company's long-term sustainable

the publicity strategy and direction of the


company. ■

Managing the company’s strategy for strategic

The SDC is comprised of 15 members, including

partnerships and alliances, as well as the

BOD members, senior business executives, and

selection of strategic partners and allies.

senior subject matter experts. The Chairman of the

Managing the company’s business portfolios

Managing the company’s pricing policies,

Mr. Li Jie, Mr. Ding Yun, Ms. Meng Wanzhou,

commercial authorization principles, and actual

Mr. Yu Chengdong, Mr. Li Yingtao, Mr. Liang Hua,

pricing of key strategic products.

Mr. Zhang Ping’an, Mr. Zha Jun, Mr. Deng Biao,

and scope.

Managing the company’s medium-to-long-

committee is Mr. Xu Zhijun. The members include Mr. Guo Ping, Mr. Hu Houkun, Mr. Xu Wenwei,

Mr. Wang Shengqing, and Mr. Zhang Shunmao.

term technology development plan, standards and patent strategy, and major technology

Audit Committee

investments. ■

Managing the company’s medium-to-long-term

The Audit Committee oversees internal controls

business transformation strategy, process and

under the authorization of the BOD. The oversight

management system structure, quality policies,

responsibilities include monitoring the internal


control system, internal and external audits, and

Reviewing the company’s business portfolios

corporate processes, as well as compliance with

frequently to ensure investments are made in

laws and regulations and the Business Conduct

the strategic domains.

Guidelines (BCG).


Corporate Governance Report

The key roles and responsibilities of the Audit

on topics such as risk management and internal

Committee include:

control construction and promotion, the Audit Committee reviewed and approved the annual

Approving the internal audit plan of the year;

internal audit planning and the annual planning

reviewing the scope of the internal audit plan,

for global process control construction, and

resources required for its execution, and the

received reports on the trend analysis of Internal

results of the execution.

Control Maturity (ICM), the Semi-Annual Control

Approving corporate policies related to internal

Assessment (SACA), GPOs’ control improvements,

control management; approving the company’s

the internal control framework and responsibility

internal control development plan and key

system assessment, etc. The Audit Committee also

milestones; regularly assessing the company’s

improved employee compliance with Huawei’s

overall internal control posture.

BCG by publicizing major audit findings and non-

Overseeing the effectiveness of the ethics

compliance cases. In addition, the Chairman of

and compliance function, and the company’s

the Audit Committee discussed the management


improvement proposal with the external auditor.




regulator y

requirements as well as corporate policies. ■

Reviewing the selection of external auditors;

The Audit Committee is comprised of eight

reporting the change of external auditors to

members, including members of the Supervisory

the BOD for approval, and approving all related

Board, BOD members, and subject matter experts.

fees; assessing the effectiveness of external

The Chairman of the committee is Mr. Liang Hua.

auditors’ performance.

The members include Mr. Peng Zhiping, Mr. Ren

Supervising the integrity, completeness, and legal compliance of the company’s financial

Shulu, Mr. Tian Feng, Mr. Li Jie, Mr. Peng Zhijun, Mr. Hui Chun, and Mr. Zhou Daiqi.

statements; reviewing accounting policy compliance and application as well as disclosure

Supervisory Board

of financial statements. ■

The Audit Committee approves the control

Pursuant to the requirements of the Company

KPIs at the beginning of each year, and has the

Law of the People’s Republic of China, Huawei

right to summon Global Process Owners (GPOs)

has established a Supervisory Board. The key

and business executives to report their control

roles and responsibilities of the Supervisory


Board include overseeing the company’s financial and operational performance, monitoring the

The Audit Committee meets on a quarterly basis

responsibility fulfillment of BOD members and

and convenes special sessions as needed. At

senior management, as well as the standardization

the invitation of the Audit Committee, business

of BOD operations. Members of the Supervisory

executives and subject matter experts may attend

Board attend BOD meetings as non-voting

the meetings as non-voting participants. The Audit


Committee held five meetings in 2013. Focusing

Corporate Governance Report

In 2013, the Supervisory Board held four meetings.


Rotating CEOs

At the meetings, the Supervisory Board reviewed and approved regulations on its own operations,

Huawei implements the rotating CEO system

and developed a work plan for the next three years.

under the leadership of the BOD. Acting as the

According to the work plan, the Supervisory Board

primary person of the company’s operations and

will strengthen its operations in three aspects:

crisis management during his tenure, the Rotating

supervision of the responsibility fulfillment of BOD

and Acting CEO is responsible for the company’s

members and senior management, monitoring

survival and development.

of the financial performance of the company, and building of the Supervisory Board itself. In

The Rotating and Acting CEO is responsible for

addition, the Supervisory Board reviewed and

convening and chairing the meetings of the

assessed the company’s financial performance,

Executive Committee of the BOD. During routine

and received reports by the company’s supervisory

management decision making, the Rotating and

departments. Throughout the year, members of

Acting CEO apprises members of the BOD and the

the Supervisory Board attended 12 meetings of

Supervisory Board of his responsibility fulfillment

the BOD as non-voting participants, monitoring

in a timely manner.

the financial performance of the company, the responsibility fulfillment of BOD members and

Three Deputy Chairmen take turns to act as the

senior management, and the standardization of

Rotating and Acting CEO for a tenure of six

BOD operations. In 2013, the Supervisory Board

months. In 2013, the acting tenures for the three

began to appraise the annual responsibility

rotating CEOs are as follows:

fulfillment of BOD members. The Supervisory Board is comprised of five members,






Mr. Guo Ping: October 1, 2012 – March 31, 2013

Mr. Hu Houkun: April 1, 2013 – September 30,

Mr. Xu Zhijun: October 1, 2013 – March 31, 2014



Representatives. The members of the Supervisory Board are Chairman Mr. Liang Hua, and members Mr. Peng Zhiping, Mr. Ren Shulu, Mr. Tian Feng, and Mr. Deng Biao.


Corporate Governance Report

Members of the Board of Directors, the Supervisory Board, and the BOD Committees

Members of the Board of Directors From the left in the first row: M r. Li Jin’ge, Mr. Guo Ping, Ms. Meng Wanzhou, Mr. Xu Zhijun, Mr. Ren Zhengfei, Mr. Hu Houkun, Ms. He Tingbo, Mr. Li Jie From the left in the second row: Ms. Chen Lifang, Mr. Wan Biao, Mr. Zhang Ping’an, Ms. Sun Yafang, Mr. Xu Wenwei, Mr. Yu Chengdong, Mr. Ding Yun, Mr. Li Yingtao, Mr. Wang Shengli

Corporate Governance Report


Director Biographies Ms. Sun Yafang

Mr. Xu Zhijun (Eric Xu)

Ms. Sun joined Huawei in 1989, and had served

Born in 1967, Mr. Xu holds a doctorate degree

as an engineer of the Marketing & Sales Dept,

from Nanjing University of Science & Technology.

Director of the Training Center, President of the

Mr. Xu joined Huawei in 1993 and has served

Procurement Dept, General Manager of Wuhan

as President of the Wireless Product Line, Chief

Office, President of the Marketing & Sales Dept,

Strategy & Marketing Officer, Chief Products &

Chair of the Human Resources Committee, Chair

Solutions Officer, Chairman of the Investment

of the Business Transformation Executive Steering

Review Board, Deputy Chairman of the Board,

Committee (BT-ESC), Chair of the Strategy and

Rotating CEO, and Chairman of the Strategy &

Customer Standing Committee, and President of

Development Committee.

Huawei University. Since 1999, Ms. Sun has been the Chairwoman of the Board.

Mr. Hu Houkun (Ken Hu) Born in 1968, Mr. Hu holds a bachelor’s degree

Prior to joining Huawei, Ms. Sun worked as a

from Huazhong University of Science and

technician at the state-owned Xinxiang Liaoyuan

Technology. Mr. Hu joined Huawei in 1990 and has

Radio Factory in 1982, a teacher at China Research

served as President of the Marketing & Sales Dept

Institute of Radio Wave Propagation in 1983,

in China, President of the Latin America Region,

and an engineer at Beijing Research Institute of

President of the Global Sales Dept, Chief Sales &

Information Technology in 1985.

Service Officer, Chief Strategy & Marketing Officer, Chairman of the Corporate Global Cyber Security

Ms. Sun was born in 1955, and graduated in 1982

Committee, Chairman of the BOD of Huawei USA,

with a bachelor’s degree from Chengdu University

Deputy Chairman of the Board, Rotating CEO, and

of Electronic Science and Technology.

Chairman of the Human Resources Committee.

Mr. Guo Ping

Mr. Ren Zhengfei

Born in 1966, Mr. Guo holds a master’s degree

Born on October 25, 1944 into a rural family

from Huazhong University of Science and

where both parents were school teachers, Mr.

Technology. Mr. Guo joined Huawei in 1988 and

Ren Zhengfei spent his primary and middle school

has served as an R&D project manager, General

years in a remote mountainous town in Guizhou

Manager of Supply Chain, Director of Huawei

Province. In 1963, he studied at the Chongqing

Executive Office, Chief Legal Officer, President of

Institute of Civil Engineering and Architecture.

the Business Process & IT Mgmt Dept, President of

After graduation, he was employed in the civil

the Corporate Development Dept, Chairman and

engineering industry until 1974 when he joined

President of Huawei Device, Deputy Chairman of

the military’s Engineering Corps as a soldier tasked

the Board, Rotating CEO, and Chairman of the

to establish the Liao Yang Chemical Fiber Factory.

Finance Committee.

Subsequently, Mr. Ren had taken positions as a


Corporate Governance Report

Technician, an Engineer, and was lastly promoted

Ms. Meng Wanzhou (Cathy Meng)

as a Deputy Director, which was a professional

Born in 1972, Ms. Meng holds a master’s degree

role equivalent to a Deputy Regimental Chief, but

from Huazhong University of Science and

without military rank. Because of his outstanding

Technology. Ms. Meng joined Huawei in 1993.

performance, Mr. Ren was invited to attend the

She obtained her M.A. in 1998. Ms. Meng has

National Science Conference in 1978 and the

served as Director of the International Accounting

12th National Congress of the Communist Party

Dept, CFO of Huawei Hong Kong, President of

of China in 1982. Mr. Ren retired from the army

the Accounting Mgmt Dept, President of the Sales

in 1983 when the Chinese government disbanded

Financing & Treasury Mgmt Dept, and currently,

the entire Engineering Corps. He then worked in

CFO of Huawei.

the logistics service base of the Shenzhen South Sea Oil Corporation. As he was dissatisfied with his job, he decided to establish Huawei with a capital of CNY21,000 in 1987. He became the CEO of Huawei in 1988 and has held the title ever since. Mr. Xu Wenwei (William Xu)

Ms. Chen Lifang Born in 1971, Ms. Chen graduated from Northwest University in China. Ms. Chen joined Huawei in 1995 and has served as Chief Representative of the Beijing Representative Office, Vice President of the International Marketing Dept, Deputy Director

Born in 1963, Mr. Xu holds a master’s degree from

of the Domestic Marketing Management Office,

Southeast University. Mr. Xu joined Huawei in 1991

President of the Public Affairs and Communications

and has served as President of the International

Dept, and Corporate Senior Vice President.

Technical Sales & Marketing Dept, President of the European Area, Chief Strategy & Marketing Officer, Chief Sales & Service Officer, President of the Joint Committee of Regions, CEO of the Enterprise BG, and President of the company’s Strategy Marketing Dept. Mr. Li Jie (Jason Li) Born in 1967, Mr. Li holds a master’s degree from

Mr. Wan Biao Born in 1972, Mr. Wan holds a bachelor’s degree from the University of Science and Technology of China. Mr. Wan joined Huawei in 1996 and has served as Director for the UMTS RAN System, President of the UMTS Product Line, President of the Wireless Product Line, CEO of Huawei Device, and President of the Russia Region.

Xi’an Jiaotong University. Mr. Li joined Huawei in 1992 and has served as Regional President, President of the Global Technical Service Dept, President of the Human Resource Mgmt Dept, and President of the Joint Committee of Regions. Mr. Ding Yun (Ryan Ding)

Mr. Zhang Ping’an (Alex Zhang) Born in 1972, Mr. Zhang holds a master’s degree from Zhejiang University. Mr. Zhang joined Huawei in 1996 and has served as Product Line President, Senior Vice President, Vice President of Strategy & Marketing, Regional Vice President, Vice President

Born in 1969, Mr. Ding holds a master’s degree

of the Global Technical Service Dept, CEO of

from Southeast University. Mr. Ding joined Huawei

Huawei Symantec, COO of the Enterprise BG, and

in 1996 and has served as Product Line President,

currently, President of the Carrier Software & Core

President of the Global Solution Sales Dept,

Network Business Unit.

President of the Global Marketing Dept, Chief Products & Solutions Officer, and CEO of the Carrier Network BG.

Corporate Governance Report


Mr. Yu Chengdong (Richard Yu)

Ms. He Tingbo (Teresa He)

Born in 1969, Mr. Yu holds a master’s degree

Born in 1969, Ms. He holds a master’s degree from

from Tsinghua University. Mr. Yu joined Huawei in

Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications.

1993 and has served as 3G Product Director, Vice

She joined Huawei in 1996 and has since served as

President of the Wireless Technical Sales Dept,

Principal ASIC Engineer, R&D Director of HiSilicon,

President of the Wireless Product Line, President

President of HiSilicon, Vice President of the 2012

of the European Area, Chief Strategy & Marketing

Laboratories, and member of the Human Resources

Officer, Chairman of Huawei Device, and CEO of


the Consumer BG. Mr. Wang Shengli (Victor Wang) Mr. Li Yingtao

Born in 1963, Mr. Wang holds a master’s degree

Born in 1969, Mr. Li holds a doctorate degree

from Wuhan University. He joined Huawei in 1997

from Harbin Institute of Technology. Mr. Li joined

and served as Regional Vice President, Regional

Huawei in 1997 and has served as Chief of the

President, and President of the Asia Pacific Region.

Sweden Research Center, Director of the Product

He is now President of the European Region,

Mgmt Dept of Wireless Marketing, Director

executive member of the Management Team of

of the Research Dept of Products & Solutions,

the Joint Committee of Regions, Director of the

Director of the General Technology Office of

overseas subsidiaries’ Board Bureau, and Chairman

Products & Solutions, President of the Central

of the Board of Huawei Technologies Cooperatief,

Research & Development Unit, President of the


2012 Laboratories, Director of the Integrated Technology Management Team, member of the Human Resources Committee, and member of the SDC. Mr. Li Jin’ge Born in 1968, Mr. Li holds a bachelor’s degree from Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications. Mr. Li joined Huawei in 1992 and has served as Regional Vice President, Regional President, President of the Global Technical Sales Dept, President of the Sub-Sahara Area, member of the Joint Committee of Regions, member of the Finance Committee, and President of the Asia Pacific Area.


Corporate Governance Report

Members of the Supervisory Board From the left: Mr. Deng Biao, Mr. Ren Shulu, Mr. Liang Hua, Mr. Tian Feng, Mr. Peng Zhiping

Supervisory Board Member Biographies Mr. Liang Hua (Howard Liang) Born in 1964, Mr. Liang holds a doctorate degree from Wuhan University of Technology. Mr. Liang joined Huawei in 1995 and has served as President of Supply Chain, CFO of Huawei, President of the Business Process & IT Mgmt Dept, President of the Global Technical Service Dept, and Chairman of the Audit Committee. Mr. Peng Zhiping (Benjamin Peng) Born in 1967, Mr. Peng holds a master’s degree from Fudan University. Mr. Peng joined Huawei in 1996 and has served as President of the Terminal Product Line, President of the Optical Network Product Line, President of the Supply Chain Mgmt Dept, President of the Procurement Qualification Mgmt Dept, Chief Operations & Delivery Officer, President of the Integrated Business Services (IBS), and Chief Supply Chain Officer. Mr. Ren Shulu (Steven Ren) Born in 1956, Mr. Ren holds a bachelor’s degree from Yunnan University. Mr. Ren joined Huawei in 1992 and has served as President of Shenzhen Smartcom Business Co., Limited, Chairman of the Capital Construction Investment Management

Committee, and currently, President of the Internal Service Mgmt Dept. Mr. Tian Feng Born in 1969, Mr. Tian holds a bachelor’s degree from Xidian University. Mr. Tian joined Huawei in 1995 and has served as EVP of the Middle East and Northern Africa Area, President of the Middle East Region, President of the China Region, CEO of Huawei Agisson, Vice President (acting) of the Human Resource Mgmt Dept, EVP of Huawei University, Director of the Institute of Education of Huawei University, Director of the Disciplinary and Supervisory Sub-committee of the Human Resources Committee, and executive member of the Management Team of the Joint Committee of Regions. Mr. Deng Biao (Alex Deng) Born in 1971, Mr. Deng holds a bachelor’s degree from Jiangxi University. Mr. Deng joined Huawei in 1996 and has served as President of the Access Network Product Line, President of the Network Product Line, President of the Carrier Software & Core Network Business Unit, and President of the Business Process & IT Mgmt Dept.

Corporate Governance Report


Committee Member Biographies Only the biographies of committee members not listed in “Director Biographies” or “Supervisory Board Member Biographies” are included in this section. (The order in which the biographies are provided is based on the number of strokes needed to complete the Chinese character that corresponds to the member’s surname.) Mr. Wang Shengqing (Ken Wang)

Mr. Zou Zhilei

Born in 1972, Mr. Wang holds a master’s degree

Born in 1971, Mr. Zou holds a bachelor’s degree

from Huazhong University of Science and

from Hefei University of Technology. Mr. Zou

Technology. Mr. Wang joined Huawei in 1997

joined Huawei in 1998 and has served as

and has served as Deputy Director of the Mobile

General Manager of the Xi’an Representative

Technical Sales Dept in China, Deputy Director

Office, General Manager of the Guangzhou

(acting) of the Technical Sales Dept in the Asia

Representative Office, President of the Northern

Pacific Area, Deputy General Manager of the

Africa Region, President of the Global Sales Dept

Indonesia Representative Office, Director of the

under the Enterprise BG, President of the Global

Telefonica Account Dept, and President of the

Sales and Service Dept under the Enterprise BG,

Marketing & Solution Dept.

and currently, EVP of the Carrier BG and member of the Finance Committee.

Mr. Fang Weiyi Born in 1965, Mr. Fang holds a master’s degree

Mr. CT Johnson, CPA

from the Aeronautics Computing Technique

Born in 1968, Mr. Johnson received an MBA in

Research Institute. Mr. Fang joined Huawei in

Finance and a Master of Science in Accounting at

1995 and has served as an engineer, Director of

the University of Texas at Dallas. He worked as an

the Intelligent Network Product Line, Director

Auditor with Ernst & Young starting in 1993 (US,

of the Strategy and Planning Dept, President of

Russia), as Finance Director for InBev from 1998

the Finance Mgmt Dept, President of the Sales &

(Russia) and then as a turn around CFO for multiple

Delivery Finance Mgmt Dept, and currently, CFO

companies starting in 2000 (US, Germany). He

of the Carrier Network BG and member of the

joined Ericsson in 2006 as the Controller for

Finance Committee.

the North America Region, later becoming the head of their Hosted Services Business, and finally

Mr. Li Shanlin

taking over as head of Commercial Management.

Born in 1968, Mr. Li holds a master’s degree from

In 2012, Mr. Johnson joined Huawei and served

Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics.

as Corporate Controller in the Group Finance

Mr. Li joined Huawei in 1996 and has served as

Mgmt Dept, and is now Director of the Contract

an R&D project manager, Department Manager at

Commerce and Fulfillment Mgmt Dept and member

Huawei Technologies India Private Limited, Deputy

of the Finance Committee.

Chief of the Beijing Research Center, Director of the R&D Dept of the Data Communications Product Line, Deputy Director of the HR Branch of Products & Solutions, Vice President of the Human Resource Mgmt Dept, and member of the Human Resources Committee.


Corporate Governance Report

Mr. Zhang Shunmao (Patrick Zhang)

Mr. Zha Jun

Born in 1966, Mr. Zhang holds a master’s degree

Born in 1971, Mr. Zha holds a master’s degree

from Fudan University. Mr. Zhang joined Huawei

from Zhejiang University. Mr. Zha joined Huawei in

in 1992 and has served as Director of the Switch

1997 and has served as an R&D product manager,

Business Dept of the Central Research Dept, Vice

Director of the IMS Product Line, President of

President of the Technical Support Dept, Corporate

the Router and Network Security Product Line,

Senior Vice President, EVP of the Marketing Dept,

President of the Network Product Line, President

President of the Fixed Network Product Line,

of the Fixed Network Business Unit, member of

President of the Wireless Product Line, EVP of the

the Human Resources Committee, and member

Latin America Area, President of the Northern Latin

of the SDC.

America Region, and President of the Enterprise Business Marketing & Solutions Dept.

Mr. Yao Fuhai Born in 1968, Mr. Yao holds a bachelor’s degree

Mr. Yi Xiang (Steven Yi)

from the University of Electronic Science and

Born in 1975, Mr. Yi holds a bachelor’s degree

Technology of China. Mr. Yao joined Huawei in

from Wuhan University. Mr. Yi joined Huawei in

1997 and has served as Director of the Pricing

1998 and has served as Director of the Sales Mgmt

Center, Vice President of the Business Process

Dept in the Asia Pacific Area, General Manager of

& IT Mgmt Dept, Vice President of the Strategy

the Pakistan Representative Office, President of the

Cooperation Dept, Vice President of the Global

Middle East Region, President of the Middle East

Technical Sales Dept, President of the Global

and Africa Area, and currently, President of the

Technical Service Dept, and currently, President

Sales & Delivery Finance Mgmt Dept, Deputy CFO

of the Procurement Qualification Mgmt Dept,

of Huawei, and member of the Finance Committee.

Director of the Group Procurement Management Committee,

Mr. Zhou Daiqi







Born in 1947, Mr. Zhou graduated from Xidian University. Mr. Zhou joined Huawei in 1994 and

Mr. Peng Bo (Vincent Peng)

has served as an ATM product manager, Chief

Born in 1976, Mr. Peng holds a bachelor’s degree

Engineer and General Manager at the Multimedia

from Harbin Institute of Technology. Mr. Peng

Dept, Director of the Hardware Dept, Chief of the

joined Huawei in 1999 and has served as Account

Xi’an Research Center, Director of the HR Branch

Manager of the Customer Relationship Mgmt

of Products & Solutions, and currently, Chief Ethics

Dept, Account Manager of the Hong Kong

& Compliance Officer, Director of the Corporate

Representative Office, President of the Vodafone

Committee of Ethics and Compliance, and member

Account Dept, Vice President of the Western

of the Audit Committee.

European Region, President of the Accounts Business Dept, President of the Global Sales Dept under the Carrier Network BG, member of the Carrier Network BG EMT, member of the Human Resources Committee, and member of the SDC.

Corporate Governance Report

Mr. Peng Zhijun (Peter Peng) Born in 1969, Mr. Peng holds a master’s degree from Shanghai University of Finance and Economics. Mr. Peng joined Huawei in 1997 and has served as Director of the Investment Mgmt Dept, CFO of the Latin America Area, Director of the Tax Mgmt Dept, Vice President of the Finance Mgmt Dept, Deputy Director of the Business Control and Enterprise Risk Mgmt Dept, and currently, Chief Risk Review Officer and member of the Audit Committee.


Independent Auditor An independent auditor is responsible for auditing a company’s annual financial statements. In accordance with applicable accounting standards and audit procedures, the independent auditor expresses an opinion as to whether the financial statements are true and fair. The scope of the financial audit and the annual audit results are subject to review by the Audit Committee. Any relationship or service that may

Mr. Hui Chun (Clark Hui)

potentially affect the objectivity and independence

Born in 1963, Mr. Hui holds a master’s degree from Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Mr. Hui joined Huawei in 1989 and has served as President of the Procurement Qualification Mgmt Dept, Vice President of Finance & President of the Business Control Dept, Vice President of the

of the independent auditor can be discussed with

Business Process & IT Mgmt Dept, and currently, Director of the Engineering Inspection Dept and member of the Audit Committee.

KPMG has been Huawei’s independent auditor

Mr. Qiao Nengdong (Joe Qiao) Born in 1973, Mr. Qiao holds a master’s degree from Nankai University. Mr. Qiao joined Huawei in 1998 and has served as Vice President of the Accounting Mgmt Dept, CFO of the Northern Africa Region, CFO of the Enterprise BG, and currently, Director of the General Procurement Qualification Dept and member of the Finance Committee. Mr. Xiong Lening Born in 1969, Mr. Xiong holds a bachelor’s degree from Zhejiang University. Mr. Xiong joined Huawei in 1993 and has served as Deputy Director of the Development and Pilot (D&P) Dept, General Manager of the Chengdu Representative Office, Director of the Beijing Branch, Director of the China Mobile Account Dept, Vice President of the China Region, EVP (acting) of the Russia Region, and currently, President of the Supply Chain Mgmt Dept and member of the Finance Committee.

the Audit Committee. The independent auditor may discuss any issues identified or any difficulties encountered during the course of the financial audits with the Audit Committee.

since 2000. Business Structure The company has established three BGs. Each BG is a responsibility center for the end-to-end operations in a particular customer domain. BGs are the main driving force behind Huawei’s operations. Each BG is responsible for ensuring effective growth and improving efficiency for the company as well as achieving business objectives and ensuring customer satisfaction for its business domain. Service BGs (SBGs) are responsibility centers that provide end-to-end support and services for BGs. SBGs shall continuously increase efficiency and reduce operating costs. The Group Functions provide BGs with support, services, and supervision. They are positioned to offer accurate, timely, and effective services to field offices and strengthen supervision while delegating sufficient authority to field offices. In 2014, we will gradually restructure our organization.


Corporate Governance Report

Continuous Improvement of Management

and other business domains. Besides this, we


streamlined our processes end-to-end. We employed the Six Sigma methodology to enhance

Huawei established global management systems

the ability of all employees to improve. We also

to promote and pass down our corporate culture

promoted continuous improvements through

while achieving effective business management.

quality measurements, reviews, and assessments in

The aim is to:

accordance with the best practices of the industry.

Advocate customer centricity and further enable customer success.

Ensure risks are controlled and business continuity is guaranteed.

To ensure that the products and services we provide to our customers are effective and reliable, we had our systems certified by multiple independent third parties. Additionally, Huawei

Shoulder corporate social responsibilities (CSR)

obtained certification in ISO9001/TL9000 (quality),

to promote sustainable social development.

ISO14001 (environment), OHSAS18001 (health and safety), and ISO27001 (information security).

Huawei’s management systems are based on

Huawei also obtained certification in SA8000 (CSR)

ISO9001 (an international standard for quality

in the device domain.

management systems) and TL9000 (an international standard for quality management systems of the


telecom industry). Through continuous evolutions,

comprehensive audits, regular assessments, and

Huawei has developed the capabilities of making

stringent reviews conducted by 33 of the world’s

frequent self-assessments and improvements

top 50 carriers as well as by enterprises and

to continuously meet the requirements and

industries. The items covered include financial

expectations of customers and other stakeholders.

stability, quality management, delivery, supply






chain management, knowledge management, We fulfilled the requirements of our management

project management, information and cyber

systems in accordance with our corporate strategy.

security, risk management, EHS, CSR, and

We continuously strengthened the capabilities

business continuity management. We enjoy wide

of our customer-centric management systems

recognition from our customers in these key

based on integrated business processes to

domains, as evidenced by their choice of Huawei

effectively support our business development and

as a strategic partner.

continuous improvement. In addition, on the basis of excellent business practices, we developed a

Huawei continued to entrust professional third-

comprehensive process system, encompassing

party market survey companies to conduct

operating, enabling, and supporting processes.

customer satisfaction surveys around the globe.

Through these processes, we incorporated

Based on customer feedback, we summarized

requirements associated with quality, internal

and identified our top issues, made improvements

controls, Environment, Health, and Safety (EHS),

accordingly, and managed the issues in a closed-

cyber security, and CSR into marketing, R&D,

loop manner to further improve customer

supply chain, procurement, delivery, service,


Corporate Governance Report

Strategy to Execution


of transformation programs, we ensured prompt responses to and end-to-end management of

Huawei launched its “Develop Strategy to Execute

customer requirements, further lowered our

(DSTE)” strategy management system to enable

internal operating costs, and improved our

strategy-driven business planning, budgeting, and

business operational efficiency, thereby bolstering

performance appraisal. This action aims to ensure

the company’s strategic goals of globalization and

that the medium-to-long-term strategic objectives

sustainable development.

of the company and each business unit are taken into account in the annual plan and budgets,





thus helping ensure that business units are well

Relationship Management (CRM): Huawei

coordinated. This action also aims to effectively


manage corporate investments and assist the

for customer-centric marketing, sales, and

company in achieving its strategic and business

services to ensure that we remain focused


on customer expectations and requirements,



improve efficiency, and reduce risks and During the annual business planning and

costs in order to create maximum value for

budgeting, Huawei utilizes balanced scorecards to

customers and enable their and eventually

measure its organizational performance. Corporate

Huawei’s success. To date, we have completed

strategic objectives are broken down into

the development of the Lead to Cash (LTC)

organizational performance objectives at all levels.

process and the IT system, and optimized

At Huawei, work reports are conducted level-by-

them for regions based on local conditions.

level, personal business commitments (PBCs) are

The Manage Client Relationship (MCR) process

managed for employees, and the applications

has been implemented effectively in 14 regions

of organizational and individual performance

and 10 key account departments worldwide to

results are strengthened. These approaches ensure

effectively manage customer relationships and

that organizational and individual objectives are

customer satisfaction.

aligned with the company’s objectives and that the company’s strategy is effectively understood and implemented across the organization.

Continuous Customer Issue Management Transformation: The Issue to Resolution (ITR) process has been launched and fully deployed,

Management Transformations

allowing us to handle non-technical problems, complaints, and other customer concerns

In 2013, Huawei focused on strengthening the

in addition to technical issues. As such, we

integration of its process architecture, ensuring

ensure that issues raised by customers are

the smoothness of main business flows, further

resolved in accordance with contracts in a

delegating authority to field offices based on

timely and effective manner to protect service

processes, better aligning organizations with

continuity and cyber security of customer

processes, and improving process performance

equipment and networks. This initiative also

and operations. In addition, we incorporated

drives the company to improve its products and

the design of internal controls into the process

management to ensure customer satisfaction.

management system. By implementing a variety


Corporate Governance Report

Continuous Integrated Financial Services (IFS)

to change related processes, organizations,

Transformation: Huawei is building a global

resource allocation mechanisms, and appraisal

financial management system to facilitate the

mechanisms so that projects are treated as

company’s sustainable and profitable growth

independent operating units. To improve

through data-based management. Huawei

organizational efficiency, Huawei also deploys a

is close to finishing the streamlining of its

resource buy-and-sell mechanism that enables

financial and business processes and data at

project teams to buy resources from Group

the transaction level. As such, we are now

Functions. In addition, Huawei has devoted

focusing on developing comprehensive financial

more efforts to knowledge management,

capabilities related to operations and decision

document management, and knowledge


communities to enhance knowledge and experience sharing, thus improving employees’

Continuous Optimization of the Integrated


Product Development (IPD) Process: Huawei has deployed the One Track development model

Organizational Capabilities

through the Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) system, achieving process integration and

Functional departments at Huawei, such as finance,

ensuring data consistency. We have integrated

HR, business process & IT, sales support, service &

operation systems that support end-to-end

delivery, and administrative affairs, have widely

R&D activities, from product requirement,

deployed the shared service model to integrate

design, implementation, validation, version

resources and support the improvement of the

building, to release. In addition, a complete IT

company’s business capabilities and operational

system that supports R&D activities has almost

efficiency. Huawei has established over 40 Centers

been developed. These measures have helped

of Expertise (COEs) across 16 countries, with

improve R&D efficiency and product quality

the focus on filling capability gaps and sharing

while ensuring that cyber security and product

expertise. By integrating global professional

compliance requirements are defined and

talent, we are able to make breakthroughs in key

fulfilled in the product R&D process. We have

technologies, share professional experiences, and

optimized innovation management in terms of

improve business capabilities. In addition, Huawei

process architectures, built innovation DNAs

has set up more than 30 Shared Service Centers

in the company’s process and management

(SSCs) worldwide. Some mature SSCs, such as the

systems, and continued to develop the service

finance and contract fulfillment SSCs, are shifting

and device IPD processes to support the

their roles from regional to global integration

development of new industries.

centers. The bidding, IT, HR, supply chain, and logistics SSCs have also been established and


started operations. COEs and SSCs aim to better

Knowledge Management: Huawei is making

provide quality and efficient services to the three

efforts to build a management culture

BGs and regional organizations, enabling them to

focused on project operations, and continues

focus more on customers.


Projec t


Corporate Governance Report

Establishment of the Internal Control System


made in terms of internal controls to the CFO of Huawei, and assists the CFO in building the

Huawei has designed and implemented an internal

internal control environment. The Internal Audit

control system based on its organizational structure

Dept independently monitors and assesses the

and operational model. The internal control

effectiveness of internal controls for all operational

framework and its related management system


apply to all business and financial processes of the company and its subsidiaries and business units.

Risk Assessment

The system of internal controls is based on the COSO model, which consists of five components:

Huawei has established a dedicated internal control

Control Environment, Risk Assessment, Control

and risk management department to regularly

Activities, Information & Communication, and

assess risks related to all business processes around

Monitoring. The internal control system also

the globe. This department identifies, manages,

includes internal controls for financial statements

and monitors significant risks, forecasts potential

to ensure that the financial statements are true,

risks caused by changes in both the internal

complete, and accurate.

and external environments, and submits risk management strategies along with risk mitigation

Control Environment

measures for decision making. All process owners are responsible for identifying, assessing, and

A control environment is the foundation for an

managing business risks and taking internal control

internal control system. Huawei is dedicated

measures accordingly. Huawei has established a

to maintaining a corporate culture of integrity,

mechanism for improving internal controls and risk

placing a high value on business ethics, and strictly

controls in order to efficiently manage critical risks.

complying with laws and regulations. Huawei has established BCG to define the company’s

Control Activities

standards for acceptable conduct. Huawei also provides training programs, requires all employees

Huawei has established the Global Process

to acknowledge their understanding of and

Management System (GPMS) and the Business

commitment to complying with the BCG, and

Transformation Management System (BTMS),

asks all employees to sign the BCG on a regular

released the global Business Process Architecture

basis. Huawei has a well-established governance

(BPA), and appointed Global Process Owners

structure with clear authority delegation and

(GPOs) based on the BPA. As the role responsible

accountabilities. The governance structure is

for building processes and internal controls,

comprised of the BOD, its committees, Group

GPOs identify Key Control Points (KCPs) and the

Functions, and multi-level administrative teams.

Separation of Duties Matrix for each process

Huawei has clearly defined roles and responsibilities

and apply them to all regions, subsidiaries, and

for its teams to ensure checks and balances. The

business units. GPOs organize monthly compliance

CFO of Huawei is in charge of internal control

tests on the KCPs to continuously monitor the

management. The Business Control Dept identifies

effectiveness of internal controls and publish test

areas for improvement, reports improvements

reports. GPOs optimize processes and internal

Corporate Governance Report


controls based on business pain points to improve


operational efficiency and help achieve business objectives. In addition, GPOs perform Semi-

The company has established an internal complaint

Annual Control Assessments (SACAs) to assess

channel, an investigation mechanism, and an

the effectiveness of the overall process design and

accountability system. We have clearly defined

execution effectiveness of each business unit, and

guidelines in the Agreement on Honesty and

then report the results to the Audit Committee.

Integrity, which stipulates that suppliers can report any improper conduct concerning Huawei

Information & Communication

employees through the channels provided in the agreement. The Internal Audit Dept independently



assesses the effectiveness of the company’s

and communication channels to ensure timely


internal controls and investigates any suspected






violations of the BCG. The Internal Audit Dept

customers, suppliers, and other parties. Huawei



reports the audit and investigation results to the

has created formal channels for transferring

Audit Committee and senior management. Huawei

internal information. Huawei has also established

has established and implemented a mechanism

an online forum that provides a channel for

for internal control appraisal, accountability, and

employees to communicate freely with each other.

impeachment of GPOs and regional managers.

Corporate management holds regular meetings

The Audit Committee and the CFO of Huawei

with departments at all levels to effectively pass

regularly review the effectiveness of the company’s

on management orientation and ensure that

internal controls and receive reports on action

management decisions are effectively implemented.

plans for internal controls and the progress of plan

All business policies and processes are available on

execution. Both have the right to request that the

the company’s intranet. Managers and process

GPOs or top management of each business unit

owners regularly organize training programs on

provide explanations for identified internal control

business processes and internal controls to ensure

issues and, if necessary, take corrective actions.

that all the up-to-date information is available

The Audit Committee and the CFO of Huawei may

to all employees. The company has established

also suggest that the Human Resources Committee

a mechanism for process owners at all levels to

take disciplinary action or propose impeachment

regularly communicate with one another, review

when necessary.

the execution effectiveness of internal controls, and follow up on resolving internal control issues.

Sustainable Development


Sustainable Development

In 2013, we redoubled our efforts to manage our sustainability initiatives. We have incorporated sustainability requirements into our business activities and have built sustainability into our operations, making sustainability an integral part of the day-to-day work for every Huawei employee. We continued to focus on our four sustainability strategies: bridging the digital divide, supporting stable and secure network operations, promoting environmental protection, and seeking win-win development. Our goal is to ensure harmony in the economy, environment, and society. Bridging the Digital Divide Communications for All Resolving Communications Challenges for 8 Million People in Remote Areas of the “Mountain Kingdom” Located in the Himalayas, Nepal is known as the “Mountain Kingdom” as it has many mountains with elevations of over 6000 km above sea level. Nepal’s mountainous terrain makes transportation in this developing country rather difficult. In the country, goods are mainly carried by manual labor, oxen, or helicopters. Electricity supply is another major challenge for the country. Every winter, some areas of the country suffer from power outages of up to 16 hours every day. Carriers in Nepal have long been troubled by such issues

The Huawei SingleSite solution makes

as difficult construction of common base stations, long

communications convenient for

construction periods, and high construction costs, and

Nepalese in mountainous areas

thus have been unable to more effectively promote local communications. People in Nepal could not even make smooth calls, let alone communicating with the outside world. After gaining a deep understanding of the conditions in Nepal, Huawei helped local carriers deploy integrated base stations in rural areas using the Huawei SingleSite solution. The deployment of energy-efficient outdoor base stations powered by solar energy significantly helped carriers lower their site construction costs, effectively reduced the dependency of base stations on electric power, and quickly achieved signal coverage in the relevant areas. By the end of 2013, Huawei rolled out 2G networks in mid-west, western, and far west Nepal, the country’s three remote mountainous areas, providing coverage for over 8 million people. Convenient communications have made the lives of the Nepalese much easier.

As part of our efforts to bridge the digital divide, Huawei is committed to providing people across all geographic areas with easy access to basic voice communications services. Our products and solutions have been deployed in more than 170 countries and regions, including a large number of underdeveloped countries and regions.


Sustainable Development

Broadband Inclusion for All Providing High-Speed Broadband Access for More Africans According to analysis by the International Telecom Union (ITU), only 6.7% of African homes had access to broadband connections by 2013. In Europe, this figure reached up to 77%. African users are eager to gain access to the Internet. What they need is fast, reliable, and affordable broadband services. Given that Africa has rigid demands for broadband access but lacks fixed network resources, wireless broadband becomes especially important for bridging the digital divide in Africa. With its ultra-high downlink bandwidth and industry chain maturity, Huawei’s TD-LTE solution effectively improves the

Huawei’s TD-LTE solution increased the penetration of broadband services in Africa

penetration of broadband access in Africa while reducing the cost of wireless broadband access. In the past, broadband access was a luxury that could be afforded only by wealthy individuals and enterprises in Africa. Now, Huawei’s TD-LTE solution has changed broadband access from a luxury to a basic ICT service accessible to ordinary people in Africa. Wireless broadband is developing rapidly, playing an increasingly important role in reducing the number of Africans who lack internet connections. More and more Africans have gained access to high-speed broadband services and benefited from the efficiency and convenience of the information society.

Huawei enables broadband inclusion for all, ensuring that broadband is available everywhere. As an active member of broadband projects in different regions, Huawei seeks to bridge the broadband divide around the globe. In addition, Huawei enthusiastically promotes future-proof ICT technologies to improve people’s livelihoods and provide local communities with easy access to the information society.

Sustainable Development


Nurturing ICT Talent Telecom Seeds for the Future Program The Telecom Seeds for the Future Program offers hands-on ICT training, scholarships, work experience, and internships to students from different countries. By the end of 2013, the Program had been extended to benefit more than 10,000 students from over 70 universities in more than 20 countries, including Australia, France, Germany, Ghana, Indonesia, Kenya, Morocco, Norway, and Spain.

Students are participating in hands-on ICT training

As issues surrounding broadband access are gradually resolved, the task of nurturing digitally literate ICT professionals has moved up our agenda. As of the end of 2013, Huawei had established 45 global training centers to nurture professionals for local communities and transfer knowledge to them. In close collaboration with local higher education institutes and other organizations, Huawei offers scholarships and internships to excellent students in order to support ICT education and nurture talent.


Sustainable Development

Application of ICT Technologies Providing Aid for Visually Impaired Students Visually impaired students find it challenging to switch between computers because they can hardly detect the differences of different computers and desktops. Huawei virtual desktop technology takes the needs of the visually impaired students into consideration and allows for customization based on the needs of individual students. As a result, students have no difficulty using different devices, and can easily log in to a familiar graphical user interface (GUI) from any device.

Visually impaired students learn with Huawei’s Desktop Cloud

In March 2013, Huawei successfully completed the installation of 80 classroom ports for the Shanghai School for the Blind. The Huawei Desktop Cloud system provides students with quick and easy access to connectivity and an improved learning experience. A high school student surnamed Pan said, “The cloud desktop system gives us the chance to log in to the desktop easily in different classrooms, and seamlessly connect with our tablets and mobile phones, which makes learning easier.”

Huawei actively promotes the application of ICT technologies for consumers, governments, the public sector, and industries such as transportation and energy. Our customized ICT solutions help different geographic areas and groups use ICT technologies to increase their economic status, work efficiency, and competitiveness.

Sustainable Development


Supporting Stable and Secure Network Operations Network Stability Supporting Network Stability in Response to the Ya’an Earthquake On April 20, 2013, a magnitude 7.0 earthquake hit Ya’an, Sichuan Province, creating widespread destruction and a wave of more than 4,000 aftershocks. Electricity and water supplies were cut off, roads were blocked, and critical telecommunication lines and wireless base stations were destroyed, affecting thousands of people. Bad weather, powerful aftershocks, and landslides proved ongoing challenges to the effort to restore communications. Huawei staff is working on the frontline in Ya’an In the wake of the earthquake, Huawei quickly initiated an emergency plan, established an emergency command center in Ya’an to coordinate local efforts, and worked alongside carriers, government agencies, subcontractors, and relief workers to carry out rescue efforts. In spite of the danger posed from numerous aftershocks, possibility of building collapse, and landslides, Huawei employees courageously went to such severely stricken areas as Baoxing and Lushan immediately after the disasters occurred to collaborate with local carriers in providing communications for rescue and relief efforts. Huawei designated more than 400 employees to disaster-stricken areas to restore equipment. All Huawei communications equipment was recovered by midday on April 26. Through dedication and collaboration with related parties, we quickly restored communications for local communities and provided effective support for relief efforts.

In 2013, Huawei ensured smooth communications for nearly 3 billion people worldwide and supported the stable operations of over 1,500 networks for more than 600 customers in over 170 countries and regions. We spared no effort in guaranteeing network availability during 181 critical events, natural disasters (including the Ya’an earthquake and Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines), and special occasions (such as Hajj).


Sustainable Development

Cyber Security Huawei's Cyber Security White Paper In 2013, Huawei released the second version of our cyber security white paper, Cyber Security Perspectives: Making cyber security a part of a company’s DNA – A set of integrated processes, policies and standards. In the white paper, Huawei discussed ways to make cyber security a part of our DNA, and called for the development and implementation of consistent international cyber security standards. “We confirm our company’s unswerving commitment to continuing to work with all stakeholders to enhance our capability and effectiveness in designing, developing, and deploying secure technology.” —— Chairman of the Huawei Global Cyber Security Committee

网络安全透视 构筑公司的网络安全基因 —— 一套综合流程、政策与标准 约翰 萨福克 ●

高级副总裁 | 全球网络安全官 华为技术有限公司


Huawei’s cyber security white paper

Cyber security assurance has been one of Huawei’s core strategies. It has long been an area of focus of our company. In 2013, we comprehensively incorporated cyber security requirements into our corporate policies and business processes in 12 domains, such as strategy & governance, laws & regulations, personnel management, R&D, and verification. We have developed and implemented an end-to-end global cyber security assurance system. Promoting Environmental Protection Green Pipe 20,000 Base Stations Powered by Natural Resources Normal base stations are usually powered by diesel generators. This not only generates carbon dioxide and other hazardous emissions; it also requires carriers to regularly refuel base stations and designate skilled workers for maintenance, resulting in extra travel and maintenance expenditures. Base stations powered by renewable energy have low operation costs, conserve energy, and are environmentally friendly. Renewable energy is therefore an ideal power supply solution for base stations.

Solar-powered base stations in Inner Mongolia, China

Huawei has deployed approximately 20,000 green base stations worldwide. Wind and solar energy can be leveraged to supply most of the power used by these base stations, saving 80% of fuel consumption. This helps carriers reduce carbon dioxide emissions during network expansions and lower their operational expenditures.

Sustainable Development


Huawei emphasizes green concepts in the entire product lifecycle, including design, R&D, manufacturing, delivery, and service. We make continuous innovations in our technology, aiming to increase the resource utilization efficiency of our products. We also provide customers with world-leading products and solutions that are highly energy efficient and environmentally friendly, helping customers reduce their operational expenditures and decrease their carbon emissions. Green Operations Reducing Carbon Footprints with Solar Power Stations In recent years, Huawei has actively researched and utilized new energy solutions to help reduce the carbon footprints of our products while reducing our operational expenditures. In particular, the solar power stations used at Huawei’s Dongguan Campus generated 3.5 million kWh of power in 2013, which is equivalent to a 3,228 ton reduction in carbon dioxide emissions. In addition, Huawei plans to build solar power station projects at other Huawei campuses, including

Solar power stations at Huawei’s Dongguan Campus

Shenzhen, Hangzhou, and Nanjing. Once these stations are put into use, they will generate more power for Huawei’s operations. This, in turn, will help the company achieve the goal of reducing carbon dioxide emissions and contribute to the building of a low-carbon society.

Huawei not only actively responds to climate change, but also takes concrete measures to increase the efficiency of energy utilization, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and build ourselves as a role model of environmentally-friendly operations. By strengthening our energy management and leveraging our management and technological approaches to energy conservation, Huawei saved 41.98 million kWh of electricity in 2013, which is equivalent to a 38,000 ton reduction in carbon dioxide emissions.


Sustainable Development

Green Partner Huawei Green Partner Certification The Huawei Green Partner (HW GP) Program aims to encourage our suppliers to systematically manage their environmental protection efforts and pay attention to green initiatives throughout product lifecycles, ranging from “green” design to “green” manufacturing. By controlling the use of prohibited materials from sources, we strive to establish a green supply chain. In 2013, Huawei upgraded the HW GP standards to GP2.0 by adding the requirements for the

HW GP award ceremony

environment management system as well as energy and greenhouse gas management. In 2013, 34 suppliers passed our HW GP certification.

Huawei makes every effort to ensure that our products meet environmental protection requirements, and that our partners operate in compliance with environmental protection laws and regulations. During supplier qualification, selection, performance management, and material selection, we clarify environmental protection requirements for suppliers and their materials. By enforcing clear requirements for our suppliers to adopt better approaches to energy conservation and emissions reduction, we play an active role in promoting carbon emissions reduction and environmental protection in the industry chain. Green World Huawei SmartExchange Program Contributes to Circular Economic Growth The Huawei SmartExchange Program encourages consumers to trade in old mobile phones for recycling or reuse, in exchange for a discounted new smartphone. As a result, this Program reduces e-waste and encourages environmentally responsible consumer behavior. In 2013, Huawei developed the SmartExchange platform in France and collected 300 used mobile phones through a pilot program. We ensured that no phone ended up in a landfill, and reduced the

SmartExchange platform

equivalent of 13 tons of carbon dioxide emissions. In 2014, we plan to continue to work with our partners to expand the reach, visibility, and benefits of this initiative. The SmartExchange Program is expected to further reduce e-waste and give a strong impetus to circular economic growth.

Sustainable Development


A wide variety of our green integrated ICT solutions enable industries to conserve energy and reduce emissions. As such, Huawei is an active player in promoting an energy-conserving, environmentallyfriendly, and low-carbon society. Seeking Win-Win Development Caring for Employees Making Employees Happier At Huawei, we advocate the motto of “work hard, play hard”. Apart from emphasizing good work performance and helping employees increase individual capabilities by providing them with broad development platforms, Huawei also strives to increase employee happiness and help them achieve a work-life balance. In 2013, Huawei championed a variety of activities to help employees experience the pleasure of being part of our “big family”, remain mentally and physically

A variety of activities for employees

healthy, and have a fulfilling life outside of work. These activities include “Family Day,” “3+1” (make a friend, join in a sports activity, take up a hobby, and read a thought-provoking book), and “Looking for Huawei Health-Conscious Employees”.

Huawei considers our employees to be our most valuable assets and the key to retaining our competitiveness and leadership position in the long run. Employee health, safety, and benefits are at the top of our mind. We provide reasonable and timely rewards to dedicated employees. Also, we give employees access to broad platforms where they can realize their individual value.


Sustainable Development

Social Charity An Overview of Huawei’s Major Social Charity Activities in 2013 France – Launched the SmartExchange program to promote mobile recycling – Partnered with the Institute of Civil Service to support young people Spain – Launched the SmartBus program to promote the responsible use of ICT United Kingdom – Supported the Prince's Trust Foundation Portugal – Launched the SmartBus program to promote the responsible use of ICT US – Supported the K to College non-profit organization

Kenya – Partnered with SlumCode to fight against digital illiteracy – Partnered with Red Cross as its strategic relief partner – Supported the Lewa Charity marathon Venezuela – Donated Huawei MediaPads to outstanding students

Tanzania – Promoted e-education in schools Uganda – Supported a charity marathon to protect the environment Nigeria – Supported the ICT training of 1,000 girls – Supported the Nungtso Charity Fund South Africa – Supported the Khulisani Foundation to promote ICT education

Launch of the Telecom Seeds for the Future Program

Sustainable Development


Hungary – Supported top ICT students through the Huawei Innovative Leaders of Tomorrow Scholarship Belgium – Launched the InnoApps Challenge to foster youth entrepreneurship Turkey – Supported the region of Van in cooperation with the Ministry of Education, Turkcell and Turkey Education Association (TEV) for post-disaster relief

China – Guaranteed to stable communication in Ya'an after the 2013 earthquake and donated 3000 handsets to the quakestricken area – L aunched social charitable activities to donate books to children in remote areas, helping them realize their dreams

India – Supported students enrolled in Chinese universities through the Huawei Maitree Scholarship Program Philippines – Implemented the Instant Network with Vodafone Foundation in disaster-stricken areas following Typhoon Haiyan

Japan – Supported the Charity Relay Run to support community activities in the disaster areas of Tohoku United Arab Emirates – Supported a charity marathon to raise awareness about education

Australia – Supported the Children’s Hospital to train nurses – Supported the Tour de Cure Foundation to fight against cancer

Singapore – Launched a GPON Training Centre as part of Telecom Seeds for the Future


Sustainable Development

At Huawei, our social charity activities are designed to attain four goals: bridging the digital divide, creating opportunities through education, promoting environmental initiatives, and contributing to the communities where we operate. Specifically, we contribute to local communities by supporting charity, education, environmental protection, health, and disaster relief efforts. We aim to become part of local communities, create value for them, and help them achieve prosperity and sustainability. Operations in Compliance with Applicable Laws and Regulations Anti-Corruption and Anti-Bribery Huawei abides by business ethics, operates with integrity, complies with applicable laws and regulations in countries where we operate, and prohibits bribery and corruption. In 2013, Huawei continuously optimized our control mechanism for preventing and eliminating bribery and corruption, and required all employees worldwide to adhere to the Huawei Business Conduct Guidelines (BCG) and attend associated training. Furthermore, Huawei also asked all partners and suppliers to sign the Anti-Bribery, Honesty, and Integrity Agreement.

Huawei abides by ethical business practices, conforms to international conventions as well as laws of local countries, and operates with integrity. We adhere to the BCG, implement “transparent procurement” and “transparent sales”, and oppose bribery and corruption. In addition, we advocate fair competition and obey antidumping and antitrust laws and regulations defined by local countries. We protect our own intellectual property rights (IPR) while respecting the rights of other IPR holders, and ensure that Huawei complies with international IPR regulations. All these initiatives aim to create a harmonious business ecosystem.

Sustainable Development


Sustainability Risk Management Ensuring Safety in Engineering Delivery To meet customer requirements and comply with applicable laws and regulations, Huawei has set up specialized departments for Environment, Health, and Safety (EHS) management of subcontractors and engineering delivery activities through cooperation with subcontractors. As a result, our delivery employees are protected against health and safety hazards, and our engineering delivery activities will not adversely affect the environment. Huawei has developed four EHS management strategies for delivery projects: “practice EHS leadership and

Huawei’s executives are conducting security check at the engineering delivery site

EHS Absolute Rules

build an EHS culture and atmosphere,” “require subcontractors to implement EHS,” “apply the minimum EHS standards and comply with EHS absolute rules,” and “warn about accidents ahead of time, report violations, and hold violators accountable.” These strategies are set to achieve the


Do Wear a seat belt when driving

Never work under alcohol or drugs

Wear protective equipment when working at heights

Never exceed speed limits when driving

Operate powered-on equipment only when qualified

Never use the phone when driving

EHS goal of “zero accidents, injury, and pollution” during project delivery. For high-risk areas, such as transporting equipment, working at heights, and operating powered-on equipment during project delivery, we have developed “six absolute rules for EHS management of delivery projects” as the EHS management red lines. All delivery personnel must obey these rules. Building security leadership is crucial for security management in engineering delivery. Huawei’s executives have become more and more concerned about security management and set an example by participating in security management at construction sites. In 2013, Huawei executives at the regional vice president level and above paid 77 visits to project sites for security checks.

Sustainability risk management is a priority during our operation activities and service processes. We are mindful of EHS management during engineering delivery, and have continuously invested more in this regard and extended EHS management requirements to subcontractors. We also spare no effort to provide secure products to our customers and consumers. Additionally, we have established a sustainability management system and continuously improve our approaches to managing sustainability risks. We are becoming a global and industry leader in sustainability.


Sustainable Development

Supply Chain Management Collaboration on Sustainability Means Better Business On September 25, 2013, Huawei hosted the Fifth Huawei Core Partner Convention in Shenzhen under the theme of “Collaboration on Sustainability Means Better Business”. The event attracted 341 attendees, including representatives from government agencies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), sustainability experts, executives of 170 suppliers, and carrier customers (including British Telecom, Deutsche Telekom, Orange, and Vodafone). Huawei Rotating and Acting CEO Eric Xu addressed

Fifth Huawei Core Partner Convention

the audience, and emphasized the need for Huawei to collaborate with suppliers worldwide for win-win development. Customers and NGOs shared ideas about the trends and requirements of sustainability. Representatives from suppliers presented their best practices in sustainability. The conference was well received by the representatives present.

In 2013, apart from extensively adopting customer-oriented methods for managing supplier CSR risks, Huawei also transformed our risk management approach into one that focuses on efficiency management. We have incorporated sustainability requirements into our supplier management process, helped suppliers develop their capabilities and awareness, and boosted our procurement efficiency to set the trend for sustainability initiatives across the industry chain. For details, please see Huawei 2013 Corporate Sustainability Report.

Abbreviations, Financial Terminology, and Exchange Rates

Abbreviations, Financial Terminology, and Exchange Rates Abbreviations Abbreviations

Full name


All Optical Switching Network


Asynchronous Transfer Mode


Business Group


Business Process Owner


Business Support System


Bring Your Own Device


Compound Annual Growth Rate


Customer Experience Management


Customer Experience Transformation Center


Customer Relationship Management


Corporate Social Responsibility


Development Strategy to Execution


Environment, Health and Safety


Executive Management Team


European Telecommunications Standards Institute


Fixed Mobile Convergence


Fiber To The Door


Global Network Evolution and Experience Center


Gigabit-capable Passive Optical Network


Global Position System


Global System for Mobile communications


High-Speed Packet Access


International Accounting Standards


Information and Communications Technology


Internet Data Center


Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers


International Financial Reporting Standard


Integrated Financial Services


IP Multimedia Subsystem


Internet Protocol


IP Call Center Business Process Outsourcing


Integreted Product Development


Information Technology


Issue To Resolution


International Telecommunication Union


Long Term Evolution


Mobile Broad Band


Managed Services Unified Platform


Network Functions Virtualization


Next Generation Business Support System


Network Operation Center


Open Mobile Alliance


Operations Support System



Abbreviations, Financial Terminology, and Exchange Rates


Full name


Optical Transport Network


Policy and Charging Control


Patent Cooperation Treaty


Percentage of Completion


Radio Access Network


Service Business Group


Service Database


Software Defined Networking


Service Delivery Platforms


Service Operation Center


Strategic Plan


Set Top Box


Time Division-Synchronous Code Division Multiple Access


TeleManagement Forum


Total Value of Ownership


Universal Mobile Telecommunication System


Value Growth Solution

Financial Terminology Operating profit Gross profit less research and development expenses, selling and administrative expenses, plus other (income)/operating expenses, net Cash and short term investments Cash and cash equivalents plus other current investments Working capital Current assets less current liabilities Liability ratio Total liabilities expressed as a percentage of total assets Days of sales outstanding (DSO) Trade receivables at the end of the year divided by revenue, and multiplied by 360 days Inventory turnover days (ITO) Inventory at the end of the year divided by cost of sales, and multiplied by 360 days

Days of payables outstanding (DPO) Trade payables at the end of the year divided by cost of sales, and multiplied by 360 days Cash flow before change in operating assets and liabilities Net profit plus depreciation, amortization, unrealized exchange loss, interest expense, loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets, and other non-operating expenses, less unrealized exchange gain, interest income, investment income, gain on disposal of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets, and other non-operating income. Exchange rates Exchange rates used in the annual report: CNY/USD



Average rate



Closing rate









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